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Climatic Vulnerability of the Sundarbans in South Asia
 

Climatic Vulnerability of the Sundarbans in South Asia

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In this visualization project I have given brief overview of Sundarbans delta region in South Asia. The Sundarbans is one of the largest mangrove forests in the world. It lies on the delta of the Bay ...

In this visualization project I have given brief overview of Sundarbans delta region in South Asia. The Sundarbans is one of the largest mangrove forests in the world. It lies on the delta of the Bay of Bengal, covering two countries – India and Bangladesh. More than half of it is in India, the rest is in Bangladesh. It has status of protected and reserved forests in both countries. Indian side Sundarbans was inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987, whereas Bangladesh side was inscribed in 1997. It lies in climatically vulnerable zones, capturing the spectrum of climatic events – erosion, submergence and cyclone. Zones have experienced differential effect of climatic events. Deltaic islands in this region are slowly submerging due to global warming.

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    Climatic Vulnerability of the Sundarbans in South Asia Climatic Vulnerability of the Sundarbans in South Asia Presentation Transcript

    • Climatic Vulnerability of the Sundarbans in South Asia
    • Overview • • • • • • • • • • The Sundarbans - one of the largest mangrove forest in the world. Lies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal. Covers two countries – India and Bangladesh (more than half of it in India, the rest in Bangladesh). Status of reserved forests in both countries. Inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List - Natural Site. Sundarbans National Park (Indian side), inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List, in 1987 The Sundarbans (Bangladesh side), inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List, in 1997 Climatically vulnerable zones Capturing the spectrum of climatic events – erosions, submergence, cyclone Differential effect of climatic events
    • • Sundarbans – Covering two countries in South Asia – India and Bangladesh • Deltaic islands – slowly submerging due to global warming
    • Sundarbans National Park (Indian side), inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List, in 1987.
    • Scientific Findings on Climate Change in the Sundarbans • Sea level rise increase at 17.8 mm/year between 2000 and 2009 • Increase in Sea Surface Temperature (SST) in Sundarbans for all three seasons- pre-monsoon, monsoon and winters • Shift in the monsoon patterns • Higher disaster risk with more frequent and intense cyclones and higher damages to infrastructure
    • Depleting Mangrove Forests
    • Climate Change impact on the Sundarbans - Decreasing population of royal Bengal tiger and other endangered wildlife - Reducing biodiversity - Climatic uncertainties lead to extinction of many flora and fauna
    • Climate Resilience • Long term plan and implementation of use of renewable energy sources • Participatory development of Environmental Management and Biodiversity Conservation Plan • Participatory success story from the Sundarban's Tiger Project • STEPS Centre Project “Climate Change and Uncertainty from Below and Above” to study how do people deal with uncertainty about climate, disease or natural disasters like floods? • Explores how different people see climaterelated challenges and resilience – residents of the Sundarbans, informal health workers & NGO workers Visualization by Anup Kumar Das http://anupkumardas.blogspot.in