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Altmetrics and the Changing Societal Needs of Research Communications at R&D Centres in an Emerging Country: A Case Study of India

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Presentation titled "Altmetrics and the Changing Societal Needs of Research Communications at R&D Centres in an Emerging Country: A Case Study of India", presented in the 2nd Altmetrics Conference
Session: Altmetrics as indicators of economic and social impact
On 7th October 2015, at Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

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Altmetrics and the Changing Societal Needs of Research Communications at R&D Centres in an Emerging Country: A Case Study of India

  1. 1. Anup Kumar Das Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India http://anupkumardas.blogspot.in Altmetrics and the Changing Societal Needs of Research Communications at R&D Centres in an Emerging Country: A Case Study of India 2AM: 2nd Altmetrics Conference Session: Altmetrics as Indicators of Economic and Social Impact Presented on 7th October 2015, at Amsterdam
  2. 2. Challenges • Altmetrics Score or Citation Count are not given priority in impact measurement or research evaluation in most of the Indian universities/ research institutions. • Research Funders in India don’t have appropriate strategy for considering Altmetrics Score in impact measurement or research evaluation or funding decision. • University Grants Commission (UGC), apex body in University System in India, introduced Academic Performance Indicators (APIs) in 2010 for career advancement/ promotion. • However, APIs do not seek an Altmetrics Score or a Citation Count for a published work. • This demoralizes researchers/ faculty members having high Altmetrics Score or a Citation Counts. • Few Indian Journals have taken appropriate initiative to derive Altmetric score from the journal website.
  3. 3. Exemplary Initiative for Improving Altmetric Score • Only few research departments or centres in Indian universities have social media presence. • Few of them maintain an active email-based discussion forum or listserv for promoting scholarship and academic networking. • CSSP (Centre for Studies in Science Policy @Jawaharlal Nehru University) has taken exemplary initiative to promote published works emanated from the Centre. • CSSP gets article alerts from the Google Scholar Alerts. • Then CSSP shares information on every published work to social media channels, including: – Twitter – Facebook – Google+ – Email-based Discussion Forum – Research Blog – CSSP Website – Posts to Subject-Specific Multiple FB Groups and Listservs
  4. 4. Exemplary Initiative for Improving Altmetric Score • CSSP’s Research Students also get training on how to create and maintain their academic profiles on – Academia.edu – ResearchGate.net – Linkedin.com – Google Scholar profile – Personal Blogs – Slideshare.net – Orcid.org • Many of the Research Students maintain their academic profiles on these sites. • Their academic profiles include List of Published Papers, Bibliographic Details and Hyperlinks to Full-text Contents.
  5. 5. Outreaching to Global Audience: Research Blog http://cssp-jnu.blogspot.in
  6. 6. Outreaching to Global Audience: Twitter @IndiaSTS
  7. 7. Outreaching to Global Audience: Facebook http://www.facebook.com/csspjnu
  8. 8. Outreaching to STS Researchers in India: Email-Based Discussion Forum cssp-forum@googlegroups.com
  9. 9. Outreaching to Global Audience: Audio Archive http://www.mixcloud.com/cssp_jnu/
  10. 10. Open Access Repositories in Indian Universities Total No. of Universities in the Country as on 03.09.2015 (University Grants Commission): 733 Universities Total No. State Universities 336 Deemed to be Universities 127 Central Universities 46 Private Universities 224 • Institutional Repositories of Indian Universities • 70 OA Repositories from India are recorded in OpenDOAR – About 40+ Repositories from Indian Universities – About 5.5% Indian Universities Have OA Repositories
  11. 11. Notable OA Initiatives • Shodhganga [Indian ETD Repository @ INFLIBNET] • A Repository for Theses and Dissertations from Indian Universities http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in • 44441 theses and dissertations uploaded as on 05-10-2015 • Top 5 Contributing Universities – Jawaharlal Nehru University [4450+] – Gujarat University [2924+] – Anna University [2836+] – Mahatma Gandhi University [2080+] – Bundelkhand University [1690+] • Shodhgangotri [Research in Progress @ INFLIBNET] • A Repository for Doctoral Research in Progress from Indian Universities http://shodhgangotri.inflibnet.ac.in
  12. 12. Shodhganga [Indian ETD Repository @ INFLIBNET]
  13. 13. Open Access Harvestor and Central Platform
  14. 14. IR@DST http://dst.sciencecentral.in • Open Access Institutional Repository from Department of Science and Technology (DST). [Non-Functional as on 05-10-15]
  15. 15. IR@DBT http://dbt.sciencecentral.in • Open Access Institutional Repository from Department of Biotechnology (DBT). [Non-Functional as on 05-10-15]
  16. 16. Information and Media Literacy Toolkit for Altmetrics • UNESCO Open Access Curricula for Researchers Module 4: Research Evaluation Metrics – UNIT 1: Introduction to Research Evaluation Metrics and Related Indicators – UNIT 2: Innovations in Measuring Science and Scholarship – UNIT 3: Article and Author Level Measurements – UNIT 4: Online Citation and Reference Management Tools
  17. 17. Conclusion • Lack of research communications strategies in Indian universities. • Published literatures remain unnoticed due to non-availability of dedicated and specialised research communicators in academic departments. • Academic staff members such as Documentation Officers, Research Officers and Information Scientists can be engaged as departmental Research Communicators and Communications Strategists for promoting published research to worldwide research communities. • Exemplary initiatives can be up-scaled and implemented across the universities and research institutions in India. • Apex bodies, such as UGC, DST, DBT and CSIR, need to be proactive in promoting Altmetric and other modern impact measurement methods.
  18. 18. References • Das, Anup Kumar (2015). Research Evaluation Metrics [Open Access for Researchers, 4]. Paris: UNESCO, ISBN: 9789231000829. • Das, Anup Kumar & Mishra, Sanjaya (2014). Genesis of Altmetrics or Article-level Metrics for Measuring Efficacy of Scholarly Communications: Current Perspectives. Journal of Scientometric Research, 3(2): 82-92. • Das, D. N., & Chattopadhyay, S. (2014). Academic Performance Indicators: Straitjacketing Higher Education. Economic & Political Weekly, 49(50), 68-71. • Sujatha, V. (2015). The Academic Performance Indicators Regime and Its Follies. Economic & Political Weekly, 50(5), 23-25. • UGC (2010). Proposed Scores for Academic Performance Indicators (APIs) in Recruitments and Career Advancement Scheme (CAS) Promotions of University / College Teachers.
  19. 19. Thank you for your kind attention. http://anupkumardas.blogspot.in

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