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Understanding Global Perspectives in Open Science: Positions of BRICS Countries

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Paper titled "Understanding Global Perspectives in Open Science : Positions of BRICS Countries", was presented in International Conference on Data Sharing and Integration for Global Sustainability (SciDataCon 2014) in the Session: Strategies Towards Open Science, at JNU Convention Centre, New Delhi, 2-5 November 2014.

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Understanding Global Perspectives in Open Science: Positions of BRICS Countries

  1. 1. Understanding Global Perspectives in Open Science : Positions of BRICS Countries Anup Kumar Das Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India http://anupkumardas.blogspot.in Session: Strategies Towards Open Science Presented in International Conference on Data Sharing and Integration for Global Sustainability (SciDataCon 2014) at JNU Convention Centre, New Delhi, 2–5 November 2014
  2. 2. BRICS – an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa Purpose of this presentation is •To situation analysis in the fronts of –Open Access Policies –Open Data Policies –BRICS Countries’ contributions in • OA Journal Publishing • OA Institutional Repositories • OA Data Repositories
  3. 3. Sherpa/JULIET [Research Funders' Open Access Policies] Country Number Brazil 0 Russia 0 India 0 China 2 South Africa 0 Missing Policies from the Global South: e.g. India’s DST/DBT, CSIR, ICAR, NDSAP, etc.
  4. 4. Sherpa/RoMEO [Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving] Country Number of Publishers Found Brazil 36 Russia 18 India 62 China 8 South Africa 16 Missing Publishers: India’s NISCAIR, INSA, ICMR, ICAR, etc.
  5. 5. Open Access Journals in BRICS Countries Source: DOAJ.org Number Brazil 942 Russia 98 India 597 China 77 South Africa 70 Grand Total = 10,048 BRICS Total = 1784 (17.54% Contributions) Data as on 04-11-2014
  6. 6. Open Access Journals in BRICS Countries (No Charges – Publishing Fee) Source: DOAJ.org Number Brazil 845 Russia 65 India 251 China 36 South Africa 37 Grand Total = 6436 BRICS Total = 1234 (19.17% Contributions) Global = 6436 / 10,048 = 64.05% OAJs have No Charges/ Publishing Fee BRICS = 1234 / 1784 =69.17% OAJs have No Charges/ Publishing Fee Data as on 04-11-2014
  7. 7. Open Access Repositories in BRICS Countries Source: OpenDOAR Number Brazil 84 Russia 22 India 68 China 39 South Africa 29 Grand Total = 2726 BRICS Total = 242 (08.89% Contributions) Data as on 04-11-2014
  8. 8. OA Repositories in BRICS Countries as Indexed in “Ranking Web of Repositories” Source: Repositories.webometrics.info Country Number Brazil 45 Russia 15 India 35 China 17 South Africa 22 Grand Total = 1983 BRICS Total = 134 (06.76% Contributions) Data as on 04-11-2014
  9. 9. http://repositories.webometrics.info/en/top_portals
  10. 10. http://repositories.webometrics.info/en/Asia
  11. 11. http://repositories.webometrics.info/en/Asia/India
  12. 12. http://dlnetsa.info/advanced-library-search/
  13. 13. Data Repositories in BRICS Countries Countries Number in Databib.org Number in Re3Data.org Brazil 6 2 Russia 10 12 India 28 26 China 25 18 South Africa 6 4 Re3Data = Registry of Research Data Repositories Data as on 04-11-2014
  14. 14. http://www.datacite.org/
  15. 15. Clinical Trials Registry India • The Clinical Trials Registry - India (CTRI.NIC.IN) • A free and online system for registration all clinical trials being conducted in India • Set up at the National Institute of Medical Statistics, ICMR, New Delhi • Registration of clinical trials in the CTRI is now mandatory, as per notification of the Drugs Controller General (India). • Trials registered in the CTRI are freely searchable, both from the CTRI site as well as the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) of the WHO. • International Committee for Medical Journals Editors (ICMJE) released an editorial statement on compulsory registration of clinical trials in 2004. • ICJME member journals now require, as a consideration for publication, registration in a public trials registration. • About 1650 journals from across the world are listed with ICJME.org • About 50+ Indian journals are listed with ICJME
  16. 16. Conclusion • Global accessibility, visibility and collaborative research are increased in BRICS countries due to increased contributions to: – Open Access (OA) Journals – OA Institutional Repositories • However research institutions in BRICS countries need to establish: – OA Institutional Repositories – Open Data Repositories – Contents Produced with Creative Common (CC) Licenses – National/ Institutional Data Policies – National/ Institutional Open Access Policies • Need to strengthen – Advocacy, Capacity Building & Awareness Raising on Open Access Publishing including Data Publishing and Self Archiving in OA Repositories • Global Disciplinary • National/ Funder’s Level • Institutional – Bidirectional Information Flows [i.e., online moderated comments from readers/ fellow researchers similar to newspapers’ or blogs’ comments] – Interfaces of Researchers and Journal Editors – Civil Society Participation in Policy Debates >> Formation of Advocacy Groups – Knowledge Networking amongst Research Institutions in the Global South
  17. 17. Thank You http://anupkumardas.blogspot.in

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