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Total Weather (in progress)

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  • 1. 1.WEATHER
  • 2. Weather is…
    THE SHORT TERM CONDITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE
  • 3. Weather is the result of the interrelationship between the following 4 ATMOSPHERIC VARIABLES:
    TEMPERATURE
  • 1.Air Temperature:
    • measures how much kinetic energy the air molecules have
  • 2. Air Pressure:
    • caused by the weight of atmosphere pushing down
  • 3. Wind:Horizontal Movementof aircaused by differencesin pressure
  • 6. 4. Humidity:Moisture content of the atmosphere
  • 7. In what layer of our atmosphere
    does our weather occur?
    Troposphere
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10. What is our atmosphere made of?
  • 11. Argon
    0.93 %
    Carbon Dioxide
    0.03 %
    Water vapor
    0.0 to 4.0 %
    0.01 %
    Neon
    Helium
    Methane
    Krypton
    Hydrogen
    Ozone
    Xenon
    Oxygen
    21%
    Nitrogen
    78%
    Other
    1%
  • 12. See Front Cover of your ESRT!!!
  • 13. 1.Air Temperature:
    • measures how much kinetic energy the air molecules have
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19. Each time
    a molecule
    hits the
    thermometer bulb
    energy is
    transferred
    and the
    temperature
    rises
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22. Air molecule
    COLD
    HOT
  • 23. WHICH SAMPLE HAS MORE
    KINETIC ENERGY?
    Motion
    COLD
    HOT
  • 24. WHICH SAMPLE HAS MORE
    KINETIC ENERGY?
    Motion
    HOT
    COLD
    Energy transferred
  • 25. COLD
    HOT
  • 26. COLD
    HOT
  • 27. COLD
    HOT
  • 28. HOT
    COLD
  • 29. HOT
    COLD
  • 30. HOT
    COLD
  • 31. HOT
    COLD
    Hot air rises
    because of
    increased
    kinetic energy
  • 32. Three scales are use to measure temperature:
  • WE WILL USE THIS
    THERMOMETER TO
    CONVERT FROM
    CELSIUS TO
    FARENHEIT TO
    KELVIN
    SEE REFERENCE
    TABLE PAGE 13
  • 35. Each notch
    Is worth
    2 degrees
    Each notch
    is worth
    1 degree
    95
    190
    85
    355
    170
    Each notch
    is worth
    1 degree
    345
    150
    335
  • 36. ALL YOU NEED TO DO
    IS READ ACROSS AND
    USE A STRAIGHT EDGE
    ICE
    BOILING
    WATER
    1. FARENHEIT
    2. CELSIUS
    3. KELVIN
    32
    212
    0
    100
    273
    373
  • 37. 158
    70 CELSIUS = FARENHEIT
    = KELVIN
    343
  • 38. 82
    180 FARENHEIT = CELSIUS
    = KELVIN
    355
  • 39. ABSOLUTE ZERO
    (ZERO DEGREESKELVIN)
    Lowest possible temperature
    NO KINETIC ENERGY
    THE MOLECULES ARE NOT MOVING
  • 40. Quick Energy Review!
  • 41. REVIEW QUESTONS:
    WHICH SKIIER HAS THE GREATEST
    KINETIC ENERGY?
    A
    B
    D
    C
  • 42. WHICH SKIIER HAS THE GREATEST
    POTENTIAL ENERGY?
    A
    B
    D
    C
  • 43. DURING ENERGY CHANGES,
    IF ONE BODYIS LOSING ENERGY,
    THE OTHER IS _______ ENERGY:
    Gaining
    THE WAVE LOSES
    ENERGY:
    THE SAND
    GAINS
    ENERGY
  • 44. DURING ENERGY CHANGES,
    IF ONE BODYIS LOSING ENERGY
    THE OTHER IS GAINING ENERGY:
    THE WAVE LOSES
    ENERGY:
    THE SAND
    GAINS
    ENERGY
  • 45. DURING ENERGY CHANGES
    THE TOTAL ENERGY
    REMAINS THE SAME
    ENERGY ALWAYS FLOWS
    FROM
    HIGH TO LOW (source to sink)
  • 46. THE ENERGY WILL FLOW FROM:
    THE FLAME TO THE
    FINGER
  • 47. ENERGY WILL FLOW FROM
    ICE
    THE FINGER TO
    THE ICE
  • 48. THE LIQUID
    LOSES ENERGY
    AS THE
    ICE
    GAINS ENERGY
  • 49. WHEN WILL THE EXCHANGE
    OF ENERGY STOP?
    WHEN
    EQUILIBRIUM
    IS REACHED
    THE LIQUID AND
    THE ICE REACH
    THE SAME
    TEMPERATURE
  • 50. The Affects of Air Temperature
  • 51. Imagine two open
    containers of air:
    One is filled with hot air
    and the other is
    filled with cold air
    HOT
    COLD
  • 52. Which container has more kinetic energy?
    HOT
    COLD
  • 53. Which container has higher air pressure?
    HOT
    COLD
  • 54. Which container has greater density?
    HOT
    COLD
  • 55. Air molecule
    Water molecule
    Which container can hold more water?
    COLD
    HOT
  • 56. Air molecule
    Water molecule
    HOT
    COLD
  • 57. In summary:
    • Hot air has more kinetic energy
    • 58. hot air has less pressure
    • 59. hot air can hold more water
    • 60. hot air is less dense
    • 61. hot air rises
  • 2. Air Pressure:
    • caused by the weight of atmosphere pushing down
  • As altitude
    increases
    Pressure
    decreases
  • 62. Indirect
    Pressure
    Altitude
  • 63.
  • 64. Indirect
    Pressure
    Temperature
  • 65. A barometer
    measures
    pressure in inches
    of mercury or millibars
    see reference table page 13
  • 66. Standard pressure is
    1013.2 millibars or
    29.92 inches of mercury
  • 67. Each notch is worth 1.0
    Each notch is
    worth 0.01
    1039.0
    30.65
    1038.0
    1037.0
  • 68. Convert
    1040.0 millibars
    to inches of mercury
  • 69. 30.71
  • 70. Atmospheric Pressure:
    Effected by water vapor
  • 71. Water vapor is very _________ compared to dry air:
    light
    (Nitrogen is heavier
    than hydrogen and oxygen)
  • 72. SO:
    When water vapor is added to dry air the air pressure
    ___________
    decreases
  • 73. Because the air is
    lighter
    Decreases in air that is full of water vapor
    Pressure
  • 74. Indirect
    pressure
    Humidity
  • 75. Summary
    HOT:
    COLD:
  • What will happen?
    If you add water vapor to the inside of a container and seal it, what will happen?
    SIT BACK AND WATCH!
  • 81. equilibrium
    The Earth is always trying to achieve_______________
  • 82. high
    Energy is constantly being re-distributedflowing from _______to _______
    low
  • 83. How can we decreasepressure without changing our elevation?
    Increase temperature
    Increase humidity
  • 84. Warmer and Wet
    Low pressure
    High pressure
    Cooler and Dry
  • 85. Latitude…. Earth
    Poles
    low
    Temp:
    pressure:
    density:
    humidity:
    high
    high
    low
    EQUATOR
    high
    temp:
    pressure:
    density:
    humidity:
    low
    low
    high
  • 86. WIND:
  • 87. Come from
    Winds are described by the direction they ___________
  • 88.
    • Winds distribute energy
    high
    • They blow from _______ pressure to______pressure
    low
  • 89. ISOBARS
    White lines are
  • 90. WINDS BLOW FROM
    HIGH TO LOW
  • 91. FASTESTWINDSOCCURWHERE THE ISOBARS ARE_________________
    Close together
  • 92.
  • 93. N
    30.0
    29.8
    W
    S
    FASTEST
    SPEED
    29.6
    NE WIND
    E
  • 94. 29.6
    29.8
    SW WIND
    30.0
    N
    W
    E
    FASTEST
    SPEED
    S
  • 95. 29.8
    FASTEST
    SPEED
    L
    29.6
    30.0
    N
    W
    E
    Winds blow
    Toward
    The center
    S
  • 96. 4. Humidity and CLOUD FORMATION
  • 97. The Formation of Clouds
    A. Define cloud:large group of H2O
    droplets suspended in air
    B. Steps involved in cloud formation:
    warm moist air rises
    expands
    cools
    condenses
  • 98. 1. Describe the mass of air that would lead to cloud formation in terms of temperature, humidity, density
    Warm
    Moist
    Low density
  • 99. 2. The air will risebecause of
    low density
    3. Describe what the air does as
    it rises:
    expands
    cools
    condenses
  • 100. 4. Clouds will form if this rising moist air
    a. cools to the dew point temp.
    b. has condensation nuclei available. (dust, pollutants etc..)
  • 101. C. Basic Cloud Types:
    1. Cirrus: high and feathery
    (fair weather)
    2. Cumulus: white and puffy
    (fair weather)
    3. Stratus: covers the sky like a blanket
    (precipitation probable)
  • 102. Cirrus Clouds
  • 103. Cumulus clouds
  • 104. Cumulonimbus clouds
  • 105. Stratus clouds with fog
  • 106. D. Effects of aMountain Range:
    OrographicEffect
    (adiabatic cooling)
  • 107. Condenses
    Dry air
    cools
    Sinks
    expands
    Wind
    compresses
    warms
    Moist
    air
    rises
    mountain
  • 108. 1. The side of the mountain with the moist prevailing winds is called the
    _____________
    Summary:
    Windward side
    moist air
    rises
    expands
    cools
    condenses
    Wind
  • 109. 2. The air descends to the otherside of the mountain which is called the
    ______________________
    Summary:
    Leeward side
    dry air
    sinks
    compresses
    warms
    Wind
  • 110. D. Precipitation
    A. Describe what causes precipitation:
    Precipitation forms around Dust particles (pollutants) droplets combine (coalesce)become heavy
    and fall
  • 111. B. Explain why precipitation cleans the atmosphere:
    as precipitation forms around dust/pollutants…they are removed from theatmosphere as precipitation falls
  • 112. When the dew point temperature
    and air temperature approach
    each other what happens to the
    chance of precipitation and why?
    The chance of precipitation
    increases
    because the air is more
    saturated
  • 113. E. Complete the chart below:
    Warm
    moist
    Rise
    Expand
    Decrease
    Decrease
    Cool
    Sink
    Compress
    Increase
    Increase
  • 114. Dew Point and Relative Humidity!
  • 115. Dew Point Temperature
    The temperature at which the air is holding the ____________ amount of water. The air is _____________
    Maximum
    saturated
  • 116. Relative Humidity:
    The ratio of the amount of water vapor in the air, to the maximum amount it can hold. It is usually expressed as a __________. As the temperature increases, the maximum absolute humidity _____________ but the relative humidity will decrease
    percentage
    Stay the same,
  • 117. The dew point and relative humidity are determined by using an instrument called a _______________________
    sling
    psychrometer
  • 118. The psychrometer has two thermometers, a dry bulb and a wet bulb. The psychrometer is whirled in the air so that evaporation will occur.
  • 119. The lower the moisture content of the air, the ________ evaporation will occur from the wet bulb and the wet bulb temperature will be _________
    more
    lowered
  • 120. Use your ESRT to fill in the chart…The answer the questions
  • 121. Do Now:
    Read the “Structure of the atmosphere notes” and answer questions 1 through 6 using your reference tables.
  • 122. Construct a Station Model
    Using the following Weather Data:
    Cloud cover: 50 %
    Air temp = 20°C
    Air pressure = 996 mb
    Dew point temperature = 18 °C
    Wind speed 25 knots
    Wind direction SW
  • 123. Synoptic Weather Maps
    Atmospheric variables are collected from thousands of weather stations around the world four times each day.
  • 124. 1. Station Model
    Provides a summary of the current atmospheric conditions in an area.
  • 125.
  • 126. Additional symbols used on weather maps and station models
  • 127.
    • The circle represents the actual weather station at its location
    • 128. The shaded portion of the circle represents the % cloud.
    • 129. The line represents the direction the wind is coming from.
    • 130. The feathers represent the wind speed. Each whole feather is 10 knots and each half feather is 5 knots. 1 knot = 1.15 m/hr.
    • 131. The number in the upper left represents the current temperature in Fahrenheit degrees.
    • 132. The symbol * represents the present weather.
    • 133. The number to the left of present weather is visibility in miles.
    • 134. The bottom left number represents the dew point in degrees Fahrenheit.
    • 135. The top right number represents the barometric pressure in short hand millibars. 196 = 1019.6 millibars.
    • 136. The middle right number represents the barometric trend. A steady 1.9mb rise in the past 3 hours.
    • 137. Bottom right is the amount of precipitation in the last 6 hours
    Weather Station Models
    196
    28
    6
    *
    +1.9/
    27
    .25
  • 138. The Barometric Pressure on a Station Map is in code… The number 9 or 10 has been omitted from the front
  • 139. Rule for converting the code into millibars:
    1088.7
    887= ___________
    Because if the first digit is 5 or greater add _________ and place a decimal point before the last digit.
    A 10 in front
  • 140. Rule for converting the code into millibars:
    916.5
    2. 165= ___________
    Because if the first digit is less than 5 add ________ and place a decimal point before the last digit.
    a 9 in front
  • 141. Change the following to abbreviated form:
    956.4:______________
    1014.3: _____________
    564
    143
  • 142. Change from abbreviated form:
    964:______________
    126: _____________
    996.4
    1014.3
  • 143. Construct a Station Model
    Using the following Weather Data:
    Cloud cover: 50 %
    Air temp = 20°C =
    Air pressure = 996 mb
    Dew point temperature = 18 °C
    Wind speed 25 knots
    Wind direction SW
    68°F
    68
  • 144. Construct a Station Model
    Using the following Weather Data:
    Cloud cover: 50 %
    Air temp = 20°C
    Air pressure = 996 mb =
    Dew point temperature = 18 °C
    Wind speed 25 knots
    Wind direction SW
    0
    996
    68
    960
  • 145.
  • 146. Construct a Station Model
    Using the following Weather Data:
    Cloud cover: 50 %
    Air temp = 20°C
    Air pressure = 996 mb
    Dew point temperature = 18 °C =64 °F
    Wind direction SW
    Wind speed 25 knots
    960
    68
  • 147.
  • 148. Construct a Station Model
    Using the following Weather Data:
    Cloud cover: 50 %
    Air temp = 20°C
    Air pressure = 996 mb
    Dew point temperature = 18 °C =64
    Wind direction SW
    Wind speed 25 knots
    960
    68
    64
  • 149. Construct a Station Model
    Using the following Weather Data:
    Cloud cover: 50 %
    Air temp = 20°C
    Air pressure = 996 mb
    Dew point temperature = 18 °C
    Wind direction SW
    Wind speed 25 knots
    960
    68
    64
  • 150.
  • 151. Construct a Station Model
    Using the following Weather Data:
    Cloud cover: 50 %
    Air temp = 20°C
    Air pressure = 996 mb
    Dew point temperature = 18 °C
    Wind direction SW
    Wind speed 25 knots
    960
    68
    64
  • 152.
  • 153. Construct a Station Model
    Using the following Weather Data:
    Cloud cover: 50 %
    Air temp = 20°C
    Air pressure = 996 mb
    Dew point temperature = 18 °C
    Wind direction SW
    Wind speed 25 knots
    Add sleet
    960
    68
    64
  • 154.
  • 155. Construct a Station Model
    Using the following Weather Data:
    Cloud cover: 50 %
    Air temp = 20°C
    Air pressure = 996 mb
    Dew point temperature = 18 °C
    Wind direction SW
    Wind speed 25 knots
    Add sleet
    960
    68
    64
  • 156. Construct a Station Model
    Using the following Weather Data:
    Cloud cover: 50 %
    Air temp = 20°C
    Air pressure = 996 mb
    Dew point temperature = 18 °C
    Wind direction SW
    Wind speed 25 knots
    Add Rain
    a steady 1.9mb
    rise in the past
    3 hours
    960
    68
    +1.9/
    64
  • 157. Construct a Station Model
    Using the following Weather Data:
    75% clouds
    winds from the N.W.
    wind speed 35 knots
    air temperature 28F,
    dew point temp. 20F
    visibility 5 miles
    barometric pressure 1032.5
    barometric trend 1.1
    falling steadily
    present weather is snow
    325
    28
    5
    *
    -1.1
    20
  • 158. 5. The Greenhouse
    EFFECT
  • 159. Video:
    The Greenhouse Effect
    Handout: label the diagrams
  • 160. THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT
  • 161. THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT
    HEAT IS
    TRAPPED BY
    THE GLASS OF
    THE GREENHOUSE
    Incoming is
    Short wave
    outgoing is
    Longer wave
    Energy absorbed
  • 162. What are the Greenhouse gases?
    CO2
    H20 VAPOR
    INFRARED
    METHANE GAS
  • 163. The Earth Receives Energy from two sources:
  • 164. SUN
  • 165. Radioactive
    Energy
    CORE
  • 166. Electromagnetic
    All matter radiates some__________________________
    Energy
  • 167. ALL
    The sun emits energy in _____ wavelengthsof the electromagneticspectrum
  • 168. ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM:
    REFERENCE TABLE PAGE 14
    10-10 10-8 10-6 10-4 10-2 10 0 10 2 10 4
    gamma
    X ray
    Microwaves
    Ultra violet
    Infrared
    Radio waves
    Increasingwavelength
    Decreasingwavelength
    visible
    Violet Blue Green Yellow Orange Red
  • 169. infrared
    The Earth radiates_____________ (heat)
  • 170. Each type of energy differs
    in its __________
    wavelength
    10-10 10-8 10-6 10-4 10-2 10 0 10 2 10 4
    gamma
    X ray
    Microwaves
    Ultra violet
    Infrared
    Radio waves
    Increasingwavelength
    Decreasingwavelength
    visible
    Violet Blue Green Yellow Orange Red
  • 171. 10-10 10-8 10-6 10-4 10-2 10 0 10 2 10 4
    gamma
    X ray
    Microwaves
    Ultra violet
    Infrared
    Radio waves
    Increasingwavelength
    Decreasingwavelength
    visible
    Violet Blue Green Yellow Orange Red
  • 172. ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM:
    REFERENCE TABLE PAGE 14
    10-10 10-8 10-6 10-4 10-2 10 0 10 2 10 4
    gamma
    X ray
    Microwaves
    Ultra violet
    Infrared
    Radio waves
    Increasingwavelength
    Decreasingwavelength
    visible
    Violet Blue Green Yellow Orange Red
  • 173. SHORT WAVE LENGTHS ARE:
    MOSTLY ABSORBED by
    THE OZONE
    GAMMA
    OZONE
  • 174. ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM:
    REFERENCE TABLE PAGE 14
    10-10 10-8 10-6 10-4 10-2 10 0 10 2 10 4
    gamma
    X ray
    Microwaves
    Ultra violet
    Infrared
    Radio waves
    Increasingwavelength
    Decreasingwavelength
    visible
    Violet Blue Green Yellow Orange Red
  • 175. SHORT
    WAVE LENGTHS ARE MOSTLY
    ABSORBED by THE OZONE IN
    THE STRATOSPHERE
    gamma,
    X-RAYS
    OZONE
  • 176. ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM:
    REFERENCE TABLE PAGE 14
    10-10 10-8 10-6 10-4 10-2 10 0 10 2 10 4
    gamma
    X ray
    Microwaves
    Ultra violet
    Infrared
    Radio waves
    Increasingwavelength
    Decreasingwavelength
    visible
    Violet Blue Green Yellow Orange Red
  • 177. SHORT
    WAVE LENGTHS ARE MOSTLY
    ABSORBED by THE OZONE IN
    THE STRATOSPHERE
    gamma, x-rays,
    UV
    OZONE
  • 178. ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM:
    REFERENCE TABLE PAGE 14
    10-10 10-8 10-6 10-4 10-2 10 0 10 2 10 4
    gamma
    X ray
    Microwaves
    Ultra violet
    Infrared
    Radio waves
    Increasingwavelength
    Decreasingwavelength
    visible
    Violet Blue Green Yellow Orange Red
  • 179. OZONE
    VISIBLE LIGHT :
    PASSES THROUGH
    THE ATMOSPHERE
    WITH THE
    GREATEST
    INTENSITY
  • 180.
  • 181. ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM:
    REFERENCE TABLE PAGE 14
    10-10 10-8 10-6 10-4 10-2 10 0 10 2 10 4
    gamma
    X ray
    Microwaves
    Ultra violet
    Infrared
    Radio waves
    Increasingwavelength
    Decreasingwavelength
    visible
    Violet Blue Green Yellow Orange Red
  • 182.
  • 183. 10-10 10-8 10-6 10-4 10-2 10 0 10 2 10 4
    gamma
    X ray
    Microwaves
    Ultra violet
    Infrared
    Radio waves
    Increasingwavelength
    Decreasingwavelength
    visible
    Violet Blue Green Yellow Orange Red
  • 184. Sun emits all
    wavelengths
    (heat)
    infrared
    Earth re-radiates
  • 185. Interactions between Electromagnetic Energy & The Environment:
  • 186. 1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.
    ABSORBTION
    - UV ABSORBED by
    OZONE IN STRATOSPHERE
    INFRARED ABSORBED BY
    CO2&H2O vapor
    methane, nitrous oxide
    REFLECTION
    SCATTERING
    REFRACTION
    TRANSMISSION
    - BY CLOUDS, ICE,
    SNOW & WATER
    - BY AEROSOLS,
    WATER DROPLETS, ICE CRYSTALS,
    AIR POLLUTANTS, DUST, POLLEN
    LIGHT IS BENT AS IT
    MOVES THROUGH
    VARIED DENSITIES
    WHEN ENERGY
    PASSES THROUGH
    A MEDIUM
  • 187. 1. ABSORPTION
    2. REFLECTION
    3.SCATTERING
    4. REFRACTION
    5. TRANSMISSION
  • 188. half
    Less than ______of the incoming solar radiationis receivedby the Earth’s surface
  • 189. Surface properties of the Earth and Absorption of Energy:
  • 190. Reflection vs. Absorption & Radiation
    Color:
    Texture:
    Light (white) reflects
    dark (black) absorbs
    Rough surface absorbs
    smooth surface reflects
  • 191. ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM:
    LAB
    10-10 10-8 10-6 10-4 10-2 10 0 10 2 10 4
    gamma
    X ray
    Microwaves
    Ultra violet
    Infrared
    Radio waves
    Increasingwavelength
    Decreasingwavelength
    visible
    Violet Blue Green Yellow Orange Red
  • 192. 6. How does too
    Much contribute to
    Global warming?
    CO2
    CO2
    H20 VAPOR
    INFRARED
    METHANE GAS
    CO2 absorbs
    infrared
  • 193.
  • 194. I. Air Masses-
  • 195. A. Air Mass:
    large amount
    of air with
    the same
    temperature
    and humidity
  • 196. B. List the characteristics
    that an air mass picks up
    from its place of origin:
    1.
    2.
    temperature
    humidity
  • 197. C. Types of Air Masses:
    Describe the
    Air Mass
    Origin
    Symbol
    c
    Over Land
    Dry - Heavier
    Continental
    m
    Over Water
    Moist - Lighter
    Maritime
    Low
    Latitudes
    T
    Warm - Less Dense
    Tropical
    High
    Latitudes
    P
    Cool - More Dense
    Polar
    Very High
    Latitudes
    A
    Arctic
    Cold - Very Dense
  • 198. Name and Description
    Describe the Air Mass
    Symbol
    ContinentalTropical
    cT
    Dry and Warm
    mT
    Moist and Warm
    MaritimeTropical
    Continental Polar
    cP
    Dry and Cool
    Maritime Polar
    mP
    Moist and Cool
    Continental Arctic
    cA
    Dry and Very Cold
  • 199. E. Types of Air Masses:
    cP
    mP
    mP
    cP
    cT
    mT
    mT
  • 200.
  • 201. Local wind
    • Caused by the unequal heating of land and water.
    • 202. This creates density difference.
    • 203. Draw the diagrams in your notes.
  • Planetary Wind Belts
    Reference Tables
    Page 14
  • 204. Planetary wind Pattern If The Earth Didn’t Rotate
  • 205. Cold air would_______ at the poles and flow along the surface of the Earth toward the__________
    sink
    equator
  • 206. rise
    low
    Air would then warm atthe equator and_____________(due to ___________ density) and flow back to the_____________
    poles
  • 207. this would create two great _________ cells over the Earth
    convection
  • 208. II. Earth’s Rotation Effect On Wind Patterns:
    convection
  • 209. Coriolis (Rotation)
    right
    ___________________ effect causesthe winds to deflect to the __________ in theNorthern Hemisphere
  • 210. Right in the
    Northern
    Hemisphere
    Intended
    Actual due
    To coriolis
    (rotation)
  • 211. Left in the
    Southern
    Hemisphere
    Intended
    Actual due
    To coriolis
    (rotation)
  • 212. Left
    And to the __________ in theSouthernHemisphere
  • 213. two convection cells tobreak into ________convection cells
    6
  • 214. Planetary Wind and Moisture Belts in the Troposphere
    Dry
    NE
    Wet
    60°N
    SW
    Dry 30°N
    Horse latitudes
    NE
    Doldrums
    Wet 0°
    SE
    Dry 30°S
    Horse latitudes
    N
    NW
    Wet
    60°S
    W
    E
    SE
    Dry
    S
  • 215.
  • 216. Use your ReferenceTables Page 14 to describe the wind for the following latitudes:1. 42ºN _______2. 23º½N _______3. 23º½ S _______4. 70º N _____
    SW
    NE
    SE
    NE
  • 217. 5. Which planetary wind belt is New York State Located?
    Dry
    NE
    SW
    Wet
    60°N
    SW
    Dry 30°N
    NE
    Wet 0°
    SE
    Dry 30°S
    N
    NW
    Wet
    60°S
    W
    E
    SE
    Dry
    S
  • 218. 6. Complete the following:The Coriolis Effect causes winds to curve to the __________________ in the N. Hemisphere
    right
  • 219. To Summarize:
    In high pressure winds blow In low pressure winds blow
    In or Out In or Out
    Clockwise or clockwise
    counterclockwise or counter clockwise
    L
    H
  • 220. The arrows show the wind direction:
    Is this a High or low pressure system?
    Does it carry moist or dry air?
    L
    moist
  • 221. Practice Questions:
  • 222. 29.6
    29.8
    30.0
    N
    Is this a high or low
    Pressure system?
    W
    E
    S
  • 223. 29.60
    29.80
    30.00
    N
    W
    E
    What is the pressure at
    the inner isobar on
    This map?
    S
  • 224. 29.6
    H
    29.8
    30.0
    N
    Is this a high or low
    Pressure system?
    W
    E
    S
    High
  • 225. 29.60
    H
    29.80
    30.00
    N
    W
    E
    What is the pressure at
    the inner isobar on
    This map?
    S
    30.20
  • 226. Which direction do winds curve in theNorthern Hemisphere?
    right
    Why?
  • 227. Earth’s Rotation
    Coriolis Effect
  • 228. Is this clockwise or
    counter clockwise?
  • 229. The arrows show the
    wind direction:
    Is this a High
    or Low pressure system?
    H
  • 230. Does this
    carry moist
    Or dry air?
    H
    Dry
  • 231. What planetary windbelt do we live in?
    SW