LANGUAGEA word is a symbol or a sign forsomething which forms a language.Words have multiple meanings.Denotative meaning is a basic andacceptable definition.Connotative meaning is theemotional or response that peoplehave to it.
LANGUAGECognitive language is the language we use todescribe people, things, or situations in ourmind.This is related to our thoughts, attitudes, co-cultures, the society in which we live.This can influence language and how we formour message.
GRAMMARThe system of rules of a language that serves as a way tocreate words, phrases and sentences.Language is bound by relational, situational, and culturalcontext.To communicate well, you must understand the context asmuch as the grammar.
PROBLEMS Semantics is the meaning of words. Pragmatics is the appropriate use of words. Use of labels can erase individual differences.
PROBLEMS Biased language is infused with subtle meanings that might affect our perceptions. PC-Politically Correct! facts, opinions, inferences “Just so you know, we’re on the good side with y’all. We do not want this war, this violence, and we’re ashamed that the President of the United States is from Texas.”
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Speech repertoires are files of language possibilities. church family friends work
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Relationships High language Low language How comfortable are you?
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Sapir-Whorf hypothesis says our words influence our thinking. If there is no word in that language for something, then the culture likely has few thoughts about that concept.
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Linguistic determinism- language determines how we see the world around us. Linguistic relativity- speakers of different languages have different world views.
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS High-context cultures use the context to communicate in subtle ways. Low-context cultures use direct methods of communicating.
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Gender Roles Geographic Area Dialects
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS Accommodation Code switching and Style switching changes your regular language and slang to fit into a particular group. You can also change your vocal tone, pitch, rhythm and inflection.
LANGUAGE BEHAVIORS In technology our language must be precise. English is the language of the internet. Chat rooms and texting also has it’s own language.