Status of SRI in Nigeria Regional Workshop on the System of Rice IntensificationOuagadougou, Burkina Faso, 26 & 27 July, 2012 Shaibu, Abraham Attah, Shaibu, Abdulrazak and Muhammad Ahmad AdamuWest Africa Agricultural Productivity Program (WAAPP) Green Sahel & Rural Development Initiative (GSARDI) Agricultural Research Council of Nigeria (ARCN)
Outline of Presentation Introduction Background Objective Constraints Perspective of SRI in Nigeria Expectations
Introduction The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) was developed as a set of insights and practices that changed the management of plants, soil, water and nutrients used in growing irrigated rice. The concepts and practices of SRI methods is promoting growth of more productive and robust plants:
Background There have been a number of contacts made and trials started over the years, but so far, there has been no well-documented start-up of SRI in Nigeria, So it has not been counted as one of the countries where the validity of SRI methods has been satisfactorily demonstrated.
Background cont’d There were trials reported from the Sabon Gari station of Ahmadu Bello University in 2006- 07, but these were not satisfactorily documented. In 2007, there was SRI training reported from Ondo State but the results of farmer trials were not reported.
Background cont’d In 2009, contacts were made with Department of Agronomy, Ahmadu Bello University and University of Ibadan who were interested in SRI, but programs have not started at these universities yet.
Background cont’d In July 2011, a promising start for SRI evaluation and demonstration was made in Jigawa State. An NGO, Green Sahel Agricultural and Rural Development Initiative (GSARDI), conducted a training program on SRI and organic methods with support from the Expanded Agribusiness and Trade Promotion (E-TAP) project of USAID.
Facilitators of 1st SRI workshop inNigeria with Chairman RIFAN
Step Down Training after the workshop Rotary weeder fabricated locally by GSARDI
Seedlings at 10 days fortransplanting after the workshop
Conventional Vs SRI transplanting Conventional SRI
SRI Demo Plot showing lowwater management (18 DAP)
Background cont’d Trial/demonstration plots, transplanted as part of the training program as shown below and reported to be doing well.
Background cont’d The photo below shows rice plants at 23 days after transplanting that were originally transplanted when 10 days old (single seedling).
Background A farmer in Lagos State, Nigeria, attended a training program on SRI methodology in Jigawa State under GSARDI His average yield recorded under standard practices was 0.8 – 1.0 t/ha Yield recorded using SRI methodology was 3.8 t/ha
Objective Main: SRI methods are particularly accessible to and beneficial for the poor, who need to get the maximum benefit from their limited land, labour, water and capital. Specific: Give higher yield -- more tons of rice per unit area (hectare or acre),
Constraint Lack of appropriate awareness, information and data documentation on SRI methodology Poor resource base and ignored agricultural development strategies Lack of adequate training for Technical Personnel at initial stage of SRI in collaborative institutions
Perspective of SRI in Nigeria SRI can be widely adopted in Nigeria if practices are properly disseminated and adopted by the target audience (poor farmers) SRI practices are feasible but validation of comparative advantage of the system over the existing standard practices could enhance its adoption Research data on SRI and standard practices are often useful for generating hypothesis or understanding of the best option
Expectations Enhanced understanding of the SRI concept Understanding the status of SRI in member- countries of ECOWAS Cross-fertilization of ideas on SRI in ECOWAS Determining concepts for SRI in various countries Development of the resource base for country take off of SRI activities Development of ACTION PLAN for Nigeria A. Research B. Extension
One of the organizers in a happy mood aftertransplanting the 1st SRI Demo in Jigawa State,Nigeria