National consortium on sri (ncs)


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National consortium on sri (ncs)

  1. 1. NATIONAL CONSORTIUM ON SRI Annual SDTT Partners’ Meet Gaya January 23-25, 2012
  2. 2. SRI Heralding ChangeMaking significantdifference in –smallholder farms &livelihoods in rainfedareas
  3. 3. SRI an Agro-ecological innovation - benefits• SRI gives 20–90 % more rice from same piece of land• Higher net incomes (86 – 165 %)• Lower costs (11 – 20 %), less labour use after acquired skill• Sustainable NRM: SRI uses 22–72 % less water,• Reduced dependency on external inputs – seeds (less by 80 – 90 %), fertilizers, pesticide• Climate change resilience & adaptability (drought tolerance, resistance to storm, reduced pest damage, limited data even in GHG emission)• Conserving of Biodiversity (even indigenous varieties respond well)• SRI is ‘Pro-poor’ – auto fit for small and marginal farmers who operate on own labour
  4. 4. SRI in Other Crops: Innovation spillover WHEAT RAJMA SUGAR CANE MAIZE FINGER MILLET SOY BEAN
  6. 6. SRI- substantial coverage Today an estimated three million farmers in not less than a million hectares have adopted SRI partially or fully in India SRI map draft Aug 2010 ICRISAT
  7. 7. Time to scale up• SRI/SCI has achieved significant scale in a relatively short period of time• Need to scale up further to really make an impact on issues of food security• About 13 m ha of rice production area where SI scale up immediately possible; even a ton of extra production can make millions food secure• This needs paradigm shift in policies, streamlining and strengthening practice and deepening research to inform practice
  8. 8. Advocacy, SRI upscaling and Genesis of NCSDate ActivityNov-2006 1st National SRI Symposium at HyderabadOct-2007 2nd National Symposium at AgartalaDec-2008 3rd National Symposium at CoimbatoreFeb-2009 SRI scaling up - future directions meeting at ICRISATMay-2009 Planning Commission consultation at ANGRAU, HyderabadDec-2009 Policy meeting on SRI at Delhi, PRADAN, NFSMMar-2010 Presentation to NABARD and SDTT by SRI expert review teamApr-2010 Proposal discussion by SRI group with NFSMMay-2010 SRI meeting in Madagascar, attended by some NCS membersJun-2010 Proposal submitted by NABARD to NFSM for SRI coverage through NGOsJul-2010 NRMC holds national conference on SRIJul-2010 National SWI workshop; AP SRI consortium formedOct-2010 National SRI Consortium meeting organized by PRADAN & NCAPDec-2010 Planning Commission 12th plan consultation on food security HyderabadDec-2010 National SRI workshop, WWF HyderabadFeb-2011 SCI workshop at Patna, BiharMar-2011 Round Table on SRI at IARI arranged on behalf of NCS, SRI MelaJul-Oct -11 Participation by NCS members in different PC Working GroupsOct -2011 NCS officially launched, post meeting at XIMBNov –2011 SWI Trial at IARI Regular state‐level workshops/ learning alliances in Orissa, Bengal, Uttarakhand, AP, etc
  9. 9. Shifting to SRI means..• Reorientation of farmers in rice agronomy – Nursery management (farmer) – Organic matter addition and soil health improvement – Land preparation: leveling and marking (farmer) – Timely inter-cultivation (weeding ) (farmer + labor) – Water management (farmer + moisture conservation) – Management of pests and diseases / agro-ecological knowledge• New farm management routines & knowledge transfer – Reorientation in skills – New transplantation methods – Mechanical weeding, in place of manual weeding• Ensuring control on moisture – Better irrigation systems management where it exists – Directing investments (through convergence) to soil moisture conservation
  10. 10. Shift in focus on extension requiredParameter Conventional From CSO ExperienceApproach Scattered demonstrations Blocks or contiguous areas /and focus (0.4 ha per 100 ha) clusters of villagesExtension Agri-extension departments Farmer / community-led extensionstrategy & scientific establishmentIncentives input-centric, input subsidy- Confidence & skill-building of led extension; farmer field farmers; labor support and skilling of schools to a limited extent labor; farmer field schools and investments on facilitationSupport Correcting the nutrient Correcting and conserving soil deficiencies healthequipment Centrally-supplied – one type De-centralized – locally suitable for all areas design; custom hiring center
  11. 11. Long term strategy for SRI scale up• Transform selected areas into sustainable SRI hubs over a period of time• Paradigm shift from conventional demonstration approach to an area focused approach• Lobby for convergence to attract investments in natural resource management• Adopt a cluster based strategy to address issues of knowledge and behavioral changes in farmers• Changes and adaptations to be embedded/ habituated into local economies.• Enhancing the economic status of the rice farmer
  12. 12. Main challenges for policy on SRI• Re-orienting farmers towards management and increasing farmer knowledge on rice agro-ecology• Mobilise investments for SRI scale –up from different sources – MGNREGA, NFSM, NABRD, RKVY and so on• Converge investments for developing land and water resources in large scale• Establishing decentralised manufacturing of SRI implements and appropriate distribution system• Build up cadres of SRI resource farmers• Mobilise organic matter and resources for improving soil productivity• Establish research back-up and support• Investments not just for inputs, implements and training, but for a new institutional architecture
  13. 13. Institutional Architecture for upscaling innovation (suggested for SRI) Streams 1&2: Ministry (DAC, RD), NARS (KVK & SAU) Policy formulation Stream 3: Autonomous agencies SERP, BRLPS etc. FUND Stream 4: NABARD through NGOs Stream 5: Corporate, NGOs (through donors) … R&D and policy inputs/ Technology Capacity building National State level Resource Org support role Consortium on (SRO; knowledge body) SRI Dept of Ag (MoA), DOA/KVK CSO/ NGOs CBOs R&D Org., Universities,donors, innovation Master Trainersbrokers, farmers etc Village Resource Persons Monitoring/ Grassroot Farmer Groups/FFS/SHG Feedback Loop FARMERS
  14. 14. The National Consortium on SRI• A collective of individuals, organizations and networks engaged in promoting SRI at various levels.• An inclusive association of like-minded individuals. and an open ended network• No fixed membership, encourages voluntary participation, involvement and engagement with SRI and agro-ecological innovations• NCS seeks to facilitate interaction and encourage learning and sharing amongst its members through multiple means – meetings, seminars, collaborative research, web-site and other learning events and processes• Build on and complement efforts of existing and upcoming networks and processes of cross learning
  15. 15. Objectives of NCS• Enhance scientific understanding of SRI through – Establishing a research network for sharing and learning about the science of SRI – Encouraging collaborative research; both experimental (research station) and on-farm research (Farmers fields) on SRI and its principles – Building partnership with national and international research agencies, individuals, and networks• Improve our understanding of the cultivation practice by – Development of SRI machinery and small farmers oriented implements. – Collaboration with members to develop relevant research and development agenda on other contemporary issues of SRI – facilitating and supporting establishment of knowledge sharing platforms at national and state levels – Documentations of comprehensive compendium of farmers’ experiences, programs, research and publication etc.• Promote policy engagement at national level – Synthesizing recommendations of various Sub-Groups on SRI for the XII Five year plan – To organize interface meetings with the Ministry of Agriculture, NABARD and other agencies at National and State level – Supporting large scale mainstream experiences on promotion of SRI in collaboration/ convergence with Government programs
  16. 16. Organisations in Consortium• CSOs at field level are at the forefront of extension – PSI, PRADAN, AKRSP, Orissa Learning Alliance, Banglar SRI, etc.• Govt. agencies introducing SRI – Tripura, Tamil Nadu (IAMWARM), Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, HP• Researchers - ICAR/DRR, WMC, other agencies• Financial institutions – NABARD, SDTT• Govt. institutions - NFSM, NRLM, Planning Commission, NFSM, NRLM, DRD• Consortium facilitators – NCAP, PRADAN (NRCRL), XIMB, WASSAN, SRI Secretariat of SDTT
  17. 17. Governance• Secretariat – To enable NCS to achieve its purpose and objectives it is envisaged that one of the organisations active in the Consortium would anchor its Secretariat – Secretariat a lean-body of full-time professionals anchored by a host organization for a period of 3 years or so – Anchorage of Secretariat to rotate over time – Secretariat is meant to look-after daily functions of NCS and further NCS ideas with external stakeholders in keeping with its mission• Core Group: – A Core Group consisting of not more than 5 individuals to provide an intensive oversight and support to Secretariat – Responsible to nurture engagement of larger network/and evolve operational agenda for NCS from time to time – Discourse with the larger network that exist in various media, periodical interactions, symposia, policy discussions etc., shall form the basis for Core Group to evolve action agenda for the NCS
  18. 18. Immediate deliverables – next 3 years• Research – Review of SRI Research in India, emphasizing on comprehensive clarity on Science of SRI or how SRI works – Understanding dis-adoption of SRI – A concept note on Indigenous Varieties and SRI• Practice – SRI resource book and learning modules – Status of development of SRI machinery and small farmer oriented implements – Invite members to develop relevant research and development work and other contemporary issues of SRI to be pursued by NCS – Documentation of comprehensive compendium of farmers’ experiences, programs, research publications etc. and development of a website – As a core mandate, NCS will strive to promote and support state level consortia and enable active exchange of strategies, experiences and synthesis of lessons across the state• Policy – Synthesizing recommendations of various Sub-Groups on SRI for the 12th Five Year Plan constituted by the Planning Commission and organizing advocacy events on the emerging strategic framework – To organize interface meetings with the Ministry of Agriculture, NABARD and other agencies at national and state levels on appropriate strategic framework for strengthening SRI.
  19. 19. Action Plan – Next 1 year• Strengthening the consortium – setting up Secretariat, building rules and norms, stabilising membership, setting up web site, e-group• Specific engagement with the Planning Commission on integrating lessons from various sub group reports and ensure their incorporation in the XII Plan• Working with MoRD /MoA for design of suitable programmes/pilots• Working with ICAR/IARI/AUs for on and off-station trials on SCI• Publication of policy brief• Systematic documentation of important aspects of SCI such as experiences and methodologies of scale up, to be decided by Core Group• Research on specific issues such as dis-sdoption behaviour, impact, to be decided by Core Group
  20. 20. Thank you