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System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia: research,
adoption, and opportunities
www.ukm.my
Febri Doni and Rizky Riscahya Pratama Syamsuri
Universitas Padjadjaran/ Indonesian SRI Research and Innovation Network
System of Crop Intensification (ICSCI 2022) for Climate Smart Livelihood and
Nutritional Security, ICAR – IIRR, Hyderabad, Telangana, India, 12-14 December 2022
Rice is the most important crop in the world in terms of total developing world
production and the number of consumers (2.5 billion) dependent on it as their
staple food.
Rice is the staple food of South East Asia (Including Indonesia) that are associated to specific
local customs, folk wisdom, literature and hence belief system. Paddy planting communities
play an integral part in the expressions of belief, development and social harmony
Introduction to rice production
STAGNANT INCREASED
Excessive large scale-agriculture takes away from smallholder (family based)
access to land, water and seeds. Land bought over, contaminated water,
seeds not own by farmers
Changing Climate caused the decreased of arable land and thus food
production. Man-made or a naturally occurring cyclical events
Pest and diseases
We need a new approach
What is SRI?
The System of Rice
Intensification (SRI) is a
synergistic management
methodology for planting and
growing rice that involves:
• Providing healthier growing
conditions for plants by
minimizing competition
among them through single
planting and wider spacing
of seedlings
• Providing conditions for
healthier soil and soil biota
by (a) supplying them with
organic amendments, (b)
aerating the soil as part of
weeding, and (c) managing
water carefully to avoid both
flooding and water stress.
SRI vs. Conventional methods
SRI Methods
Mostly aerobic unsaturated soil Organic matter as fertilizer for
soil enhancement
Mechanical weeding, IPM
and soil aeration
Conventional Methods
Continuous flooding Use of chemical fertilizer Herbicide use
SRI vs. Conventional methods
SRI Non-SRI
SRI
Non-SRI
SRI Non-SRI
Lodging from
storm damage
Darker green color, more chloro-
phyll and more photosynthesis
SRI Conventional SRI Conventional
Conventional
SRI
SRI Methods enhance rice agronomic and physiological potency
Previous research on how SRI method increases rice growth and
yield focuses on G x E
SRI in Indonesia
The Spread of SRI in Indonesia
• SRI was introduced in 1997
to Ministry of Agriculture,
Indonesia by Prof. Norman
Uphoff.
• Encouraged by Prof. Uphoff
presentation, Indonesian
Agency for Agricultural
Research and Development
started to evaluate SRI in
Indonesia.
SRI evaluations were started by the
Indonesian Agency for Agricultural
Research and Development (IAARD)
in 1999 at its rice research station at
Sukamandi, with a yield of 6.2 t/ha
the first season, and up to 9 t/ha in
the next season.
The Indonesian IPM program began evaluating SRI in 2000.
Farmer Field School participants in Ciamis evaluated SRI methods
in 2001 and got a 52% increase in yield. A series of four
workshops held in January 2003 with Farmer Field School
participants across Java found that SRI methods were averaging
9.25 t/ha.
Several International NGOs Begin Promoting SRI Methods in 2002
Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA), a major international NGO working in West
Timor with USAID funding. Farmer SRI plots averaged 11.7 t/ha compared to the conventional
comparison yield of 4.4 t/ha.
From 2005 to 2006, SRI promotion was centred in Java and Eastern Indonesia
Presiding at an 'SRI Harvest Festival' in Cianjur district, West Java, on July 30,
2007. President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono made a strong statement of
support for the spread of SRI within Indonesia and even the world, citing
concerns about environmental quality and climate change as well as meeting
the food requirements of a still-growing population.
SRI spread in Morowali, South Sulawesi
>100,000 ha rice fields are converted into SRI in Morowali
SRI is spread across Indonesia
SRI is adopted by million of farmers in Indonesia
SRI research in Indonesia
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Number articles by year
SRI research items published by Indonesian researchers
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
Water
Management
Weed
Management
Nutrient
Management
Soil Biota Adoption Review Economi
Evaluation
Plant Density Policy Variety Trial Climate Change
Mitigation
SRI main research topics
94
258
Journal Indexing
Scopus Non-Scopus
SRI published items indexed by Scopus
Need improvement in
term of QUALITY
What’s next?
Challenges
While the numerous trainings and meetings by NGO’s and individuals have helped
SRI to spread in Indonesia, it demands stronger understanding and support from the
government sector.
Problems Face by SRI farmers:
• Rice policies which always change
• Inadequate infrastructure – economic and administrative
• Post-harvest and market challenges facing small-scale rice farmers remain the
main obstruction to SRI spread.
• The main obstacle is to get farmers to unlearn conventional rice farming and to
appreciate SRI approaches that has proven productivity records.
Our Efforts
IndoSRInet: Indonesian SRI Research and Innovation Network
2205 - System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia - Research, Adoption, and Opportunities

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2205 - System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia - Research, Adoption, and Opportunities

  • 1. System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia: research, adoption, and opportunities www.ukm.my Febri Doni and Rizky Riscahya Pratama Syamsuri Universitas Padjadjaran/ Indonesian SRI Research and Innovation Network System of Crop Intensification (ICSCI 2022) for Climate Smart Livelihood and Nutritional Security, ICAR – IIRR, Hyderabad, Telangana, India, 12-14 December 2022
  • 2. Rice is the most important crop in the world in terms of total developing world production and the number of consumers (2.5 billion) dependent on it as their staple food.
  • 3. Rice is the staple food of South East Asia (Including Indonesia) that are associated to specific local customs, folk wisdom, literature and hence belief system. Paddy planting communities play an integral part in the expressions of belief, development and social harmony
  • 4. Introduction to rice production STAGNANT INCREASED
  • 5. Excessive large scale-agriculture takes away from smallholder (family based) access to land, water and seeds. Land bought over, contaminated water, seeds not own by farmers
  • 6. Changing Climate caused the decreased of arable land and thus food production. Man-made or a naturally occurring cyclical events
  • 8. We need a new approach
  • 9. What is SRI? The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is a synergistic management methodology for planting and growing rice that involves: • Providing healthier growing conditions for plants by minimizing competition among them through single planting and wider spacing of seedlings • Providing conditions for healthier soil and soil biota by (a) supplying them with organic amendments, (b) aerating the soil as part of weeding, and (c) managing water carefully to avoid both flooding and water stress.
  • 10. SRI vs. Conventional methods SRI Methods Mostly aerobic unsaturated soil Organic matter as fertilizer for soil enhancement Mechanical weeding, IPM and soil aeration Conventional Methods Continuous flooding Use of chemical fertilizer Herbicide use
  • 11. SRI vs. Conventional methods SRI Non-SRI SRI Non-SRI SRI Non-SRI Lodging from storm damage Darker green color, more chloro- phyll and more photosynthesis
  • 12. SRI Conventional SRI Conventional Conventional SRI SRI Methods enhance rice agronomic and physiological potency
  • 13. Previous research on how SRI method increases rice growth and yield focuses on G x E
  • 15. The Spread of SRI in Indonesia • SRI was introduced in 1997 to Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesia by Prof. Norman Uphoff. • Encouraged by Prof. Uphoff presentation, Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development started to evaluate SRI in Indonesia.
  • 16. SRI evaluations were started by the Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD) in 1999 at its rice research station at Sukamandi, with a yield of 6.2 t/ha the first season, and up to 9 t/ha in the next season.
  • 17. The Indonesian IPM program began evaluating SRI in 2000. Farmer Field School participants in Ciamis evaluated SRI methods in 2001 and got a 52% increase in yield. A series of four workshops held in January 2003 with Farmer Field School participants across Java found that SRI methods were averaging 9.25 t/ha.
  • 18. Several International NGOs Begin Promoting SRI Methods in 2002 Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA), a major international NGO working in West Timor with USAID funding. Farmer SRI plots averaged 11.7 t/ha compared to the conventional comparison yield of 4.4 t/ha.
  • 19. From 2005 to 2006, SRI promotion was centred in Java and Eastern Indonesia
  • 20. Presiding at an 'SRI Harvest Festival' in Cianjur district, West Java, on July 30, 2007. President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono made a strong statement of support for the spread of SRI within Indonesia and even the world, citing concerns about environmental quality and climate change as well as meeting the food requirements of a still-growing population.
  • 21.
  • 22. SRI spread in Morowali, South Sulawesi
  • 23. >100,000 ha rice fields are converted into SRI in Morowali
  • 24. SRI is spread across Indonesia
  • 25. SRI is adopted by million of farmers in Indonesia
  • 26. SRI research in Indonesia
  • 27. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Number articles by year SRI research items published by Indonesian researchers
  • 28. 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% Water Management Weed Management Nutrient Management Soil Biota Adoption Review Economi Evaluation Plant Density Policy Variety Trial Climate Change Mitigation SRI main research topics
  • 29. 94 258 Journal Indexing Scopus Non-Scopus SRI published items indexed by Scopus Need improvement in term of QUALITY
  • 31. Challenges While the numerous trainings and meetings by NGO’s and individuals have helped SRI to spread in Indonesia, it demands stronger understanding and support from the government sector. Problems Face by SRI farmers: • Rice policies which always change • Inadequate infrastructure – economic and administrative • Post-harvest and market challenges facing small-scale rice farmers remain the main obstruction to SRI spread. • The main obstacle is to get farmers to unlearn conventional rice farming and to appreciate SRI approaches that has proven productivity records.
  • 32. Our Efforts IndoSRInet: Indonesian SRI Research and Innovation Network