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Introducing Kenyan Participation - Producing More with Less Input with SRI


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PowerPoint by Bancy Mati presented at the video conference "South-South Knowledge Sharing on Climate-Smart Agriculture Practices" at KDLC, Nairobi, on August 24, 2011.

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Introducing Kenyan Participation - Producing More with Less Input with SRI

  1. 1. INTRODUCING KENYAN PARTICIPATION<br />KDLC, Nairobi, 24th August 2011<br />South-South Knowledge Sharing on <br />Climate-Smart Agriculture Practices<br />Producing More with Less Input through <br />SRI – the System of Rice Intensification<br />Prof. Bancy M. MatiSRI Projects Coordinator<br />
  2. 2. Kenyan Participants<br />40 participants are here:<br />Farmers from Mwea, Ahero, Bunyala & West Kano<br />Researchers from JKUAT<br />Government officials from the Ministry of Water & Irrigation, and the Ministry of Agriculture<br />Regional/international organizations from World Bank<br />Majority are adopters and practitioners of SRI<br />
  3. 3. Rice Production in Kenya<br />Huge demand for rice – partly due to urbanization <br />National consumption - 300,000 tons /year - increasing at 12% (4% for wheat, 1% for maize)<br />Rice production - 45,000-80,000 tons /year<br />Deficit is imported - Ksh.7 billion /year<br />Rice - the most expensive grain in Kenya (retailing at Ksh.150-200 per kg)<br />Rice to become main cereal food in Kenya<br />
  4. 4. Background to SRI efforts in Kenya<br />SRI was introduced in Kenya at the Mwea Irrigation Scheme in July 2009<br />Initial partners - JKUAT, NIB, AICAD, WB, WBI, MoA, MWI, KARI, Cornell University (of USA), Mwea Irrigation Scheme/MIAD, private sector, and farmers<br />The first six months (July-Dec 2009) were funded by AICAD to test if SRI works in Mwea.<br />Good results were obtained from two pioneer farmer trials,<br />In Sept. 2009 and Jan. 2010, WBI organized two South-South knowledge sharing on SRI between India, Rwanda, Madagascar, Japan, and Kenya. <br />Since April 2010, JKUAT Innovation Fund has been supporting a 3-year SRI research & capacity-building project in Mwea.<br />From June 2011, NIB is supporting a six-month project to upscale SRI in 4 schemes, i.e. Ahero, West Kano, Bunyala & Mwea.<br />
  5. 5. Institutions and individuals supported SRI efforts<br />Participants at 2nd SRI planning meeting on 18 August 2009<br />Participants in 1st National SRI workshop 7 May 2010<br />
  6. 6. Activities Implemented<br />Awareness-creation <br />Scientific research on SRI (1 PhD, 3 MSc)<br />Quantifying yields, economic returns, and water savings from SRI<br />Assessing mosquito survival under SRI<br />Capacity-building through workshops, field days, and invited trainers from India & Japan<br />1,800 individuals trained on SRI so far<br />Dissemination of SRI brochures, training notes, video conferences<br />
  7. 7. SRI research & farmer trials<br />Measuring water input in a research plot <br />Farmer SRI trials<br />Mosquito trap in research plot<br />9/1/2011<br />
  8. 8. Field days & open days for SRI training<br />SRI field day in Mwea - 5 August 2010<br />SRI field day in Mwea - 7December 2010<br />SRI Open Day - 4 November 2010<br />8<br />8<br />9/1/2011<br />SRI field day (transplanting) -21 July 2011<br />
  9. 9. Up-scaling SRI in Ahero, West Kano & Bunyala <br />Launching SRI in Ahero Scheme<br />Launching SRI in West Kano Scheme<br />Launching SRI in Bunyala Scheme<br />
  10. 10. Key findings – based on SRI farmer crop of Dec 2010<br />Results show that SRI works in Mwea<br />SRI yields 6.0 - 8.5 t/ha, compared to 5.0-6.0 t/ha under conventional local practice<br />Net increase averaged 4.36 bags/acre (0.98 t/ha) - some farmers got 7 bags/acre more from SRI<br />SRI rice is heavier, weighing 100-110 kg compared to the 85-90 kg using conventional method<br />Net average incomes for SRI was KSh.98,605/acre (KSh.246,513/ha) compared to KSh.75,526/acre (KSh.188,815/ha) - 28% increase.<br />Farmers use 5 kg/acre of seed for SRI compared to 25 kg conventional paddy<br />Water savings were 25% less under SRI compared to conventional flooded paddy<br />
  11. 11. SRI Results have been good<br />SRI fields in Mwea<br />Harvesting SRI rice<br />
  12. 12. Training of Trainers for SRI Up-scaling in Kenya<br />SRI ToT in class - combined for Ahero, Bunyala, West Kano and Mwea<br />SRI ToT in the field combined with farmer exchange visit <br />
  13. 13. Challenges<br />Mindset, skepticism, resistance<br />Young, newly-transplanted SRI seedlings are vulnerable to bird damage<br />A higher incidence of weeds with no flooding<br />Crops not weeded with rotary weeders due to lack of proper weeders to date<br />Rice blast (a disease) affected crop in 2010<br />Some farmers are applying partial SRI principles<br />Planting calendar at Mwea affected rice yields<br />Shortage of extension workers to reach out to farmers<br />
  14. 14. Sharing Experiences on SRI<br />SRI Field day in Mwea<br />SRI ToT <br />&<br />Video Conference<br />
  15. 15. Lessons<br />Scientific basis for adoption of SRI has been proven<br />Aggressive awareness-creation and hands-on training has resulted in good adoption rates<br />SRI message is now accepted in all 4 schemes<br />There are many spin-off innovations, e.g., 3 local people have begun fabricating rotary weeders<br />Farmer behaviour has changed – most use less water<br />Private sector - interest by Numerical Machining Complex to support development of rotary weeders<br />Government support – extending of SRI to Ahero, West Kano & Bunyala by NIB<br />
  16. 16. THANK YOU<br />“Rice is nice….it is eaten with a spoon…” A nursery ryme<br />I say, SRI rice is better… it is eaten with a smile……B. Mati<br />16<br />9/1/2011<br />