In the lexical approach, instruction focuses on fixed expressions thatoccurfrequently in dialogues,The basic concept on which this approach rests is the idea that animportant part of learning a language consists of being able tounderstand and produce lexical phrases as chunks. Students arethought to be able to perceive patterns of language (grammar) aswell as have meaningful set uses of words at theirdisposal whenthey are taught in this way.
single Words (pencil, watch)Polywords (by the way,anyway
Trinomials: cool, calm, upside downSimiles: as old as the hills. ConvincedConnectives: finally, to
Fixed Expressions Social greetings( Good morning! It’s a lovely morning, isn’t it )
Semi-fixed Expressions Minimal variation ( It’s /That’s not my fault)Idioms: shead crocodile tears,dead drunk, to runpartnerships
There are some combinations of words which co-occur naturally withgreater than random frequency.
Introduction of chunks – practice of chunks – accumulation of chunks,use of chunks and coolocationsTeaching individual collocationsMaking students aware of collocattionsExtanding what students already know by adding knowledge ofcollocationrestrictions to know vocabularyStoring collocations through encouragin students to keep a lexicalnotebook
It lacks fullcharacterization of anapproach lack of adetailed learning theory
Deliberately draw attention to chunks, collocations, idioms, etc.. Andinvitelearners to do the sameFocus attention on identifying and using chunksTeach learners to be critically awareTeach the what good language learners do and how to do itIt is lexically based theory of languageIt doesn’t have any certain learning theoryLearning lexis is not an easy task, it is a slow and complex processwhichrequire a lot of dedication and effort from teachers and learnerS