Lexical approach

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Lexical approach

  1. 1. METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHESThe Lexical Approach María Teresa Quiroz Mirko Manfredi
  2. 2. The Lexical ApproachKey figures:Dave Willis – “Lexical Syllabus” - (1990)Michael Lewis – “The Lexical Approach” - (1993) “Implementing the Lexical Approach” – (1997)
  3. 3. The Lexical ApproachWhat are the main features of the lexical approach ?LEXIS, rather than grammar, plays a primary role in the acquisition of language.LEXIS is not just vocabulary.CHUNKS (lexical prefabricated items) represent a significant portion of a native speaker’s spoken and written output. Therefore, these chunks of language are vital for fluent production.
  4. 4. The Lexical Approach“Language consists not of traditional grammar and vocabulary but often of multi-word prefabricated chunks.” Michael Lewis
  5. 5. The Lexical Approach“The essential idea is that fluency is based on the acquisition of fixed and semi-fixed prefabricated items, which are available as the foundation for any linguistic novelty or creativity.” Michael Lewis
  6. 6. The Nature of Lexis There is a distinction between vocabulary, traditionally thought to be constituted of single items, and lexis, which includes not only the single words but also the word combinations that we store in our mental lexicon.MULTI-WORD ITEMS OR CHUNKSWORDS book, penPOLYWORDS by the way, upside down, on the other handCOLLOCATIONS community service, do a jobFIXED EXPRESSIONS I´ll get it; We´ll see; If I were you ...SENTENCE FRAMES OR HEADS The problem is …, That is all very well, but …
  7. 7. The Lexical ApproachROLE OF TEACHERThe teacher: the main source of learners` inputAssisting learners by providing scaffoldingHelping learners manage their own learning
  8. 8. The Lexical Approach ROLE OF STUDENTSAnalizing real life language samples based on his own explanationsObserving, classifying and making generalizationsThe student is the discoverer.
  9. 9. The Lexical Approach ROLE OF MATERIALSCourse packagesCollection of vocabulary teaching activitiesPrint-out versions of computer corporaComputer concordance programs
  10. 10. EXERCISES WITH LEXICAL APPROACH
  11. 11. features
  12. 12. expensive CHEAP PR OD UC T IO N COST
  13. 13. WARRANTY
  14. 14. CURRENT BOEING 1940
  15. 15. Installing
  16. 16. Resented
  17. 17. lifetime motivate Staff of employees High quality
  18. 18. Attain
  19. 19. sources WHERE IS THE PROBLEM?
  20. 20. individualistic Quality circles have been less successful in individualistic cultures

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