METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHESThe Lexical Approach María Teresa Quiroz Mirko Manfredi
The Lexical ApproachKey figures:Dave Willis – “Lexical Syllabus” - (1990)Michael Lewis – “The Lexical Approach” - (1993) “Implementing the Lexical Approach” – (1997)
The Lexical ApproachWhat are the main features of the lexical approach ?LEXIS, rather than grammar, plays a primary role in the acquisition of language.LEXIS is not just vocabulary.CHUNKS (lexical prefabricated items) represent a significant portion of a native speaker’s spoken and written output. Therefore, these chunks of language are vital for fluent production.
The Lexical Approach“Language consists not of traditional grammar and vocabulary but often of multi-word prefabricated chunks.” Michael Lewis
The Lexical Approach“The essential idea is that fluency is based on the acquisition of fixed and semi-fixed prefabricated items, which are available as the foundation for any linguistic novelty or creativity.” Michael Lewis
The Nature of Lexis There is a distinction between vocabulary, traditionally thought to be constituted of single items, and lexis, which includes not only the single words but also the word combinations that we store in our mental lexicon.MULTI-WORD ITEMS OR CHUNKSWORDS book, penPOLYWORDS by the way, upside down, on the other handCOLLOCATIONS community service, do a jobFIXED EXPRESSIONS I´ll get it; We´ll see; If I were you ...SENTENCE FRAMES OR HEADS The problem is …, That is all very well, but …
The Lexical ApproachROLE OF TEACHERThe teacher: the main source of learners` inputAssisting learners by providing scaffoldingHelping learners manage their own learning
The Lexical Approach ROLE OF STUDENTSAnalizing real life language samples based on his own explanationsObserving, classifying and making generalizationsThe student is the discoverer.
The Lexical Approach ROLE OF MATERIALSCourse packagesCollection of vocabulary teaching activitiesPrint-out versions of computer corporaComputer concordance programs