The originator of DesuggestopediaGeorgi Lozanov.A Bulgarian psychiatristand educator.” Learning is a matter ofattitude, not aptitude.”
The meaning of desuggestopedia suggest => desuggestThis method puts importanceon “desuggesting limitations onlearning.”
We set up psychological barriers tolearning and thus we do not use thefull mental powers we have; in orderto use our reserved capacity, thelimitations we think we have need tobe “desuggested.”
The goal of the teachersThe goal of the teachers usingthe teaching method is to helpstudents eliminate andovercome the barriers tolearning and increase theircommunicative ability.
The teacher speaks confidently;The teacher should integrateindirect positive suggestions (thereis no limit to what you can do) intothe learning situation.
Peripheral learningWe perceive much more in ourenvironment than that to which weconsciously attend.“When there is a unity betweenconscious and subconscious,learning is enhanced.”
Fine artsOne of the ways the students’mental reserves arestimulated is throughintegration of the fine arts-music, drama, or paintings.
Enjoy your learningThe teacher gives thestudents the impression thatlearning is easy and enjoyable.
Choosing a new identityThis enhances students’feeling of security and allowsthem to be more open.
Active concertTeacher will introduce a story as related inthe dialog and call the students’ attentionto some particular grammatical points thatarise in it, she reads the dialog in thetarget language. Music is played. Theteacher begins a slow, dramatic reading,synchronized in intonation with the music.The music is classical and the teacher’svoice rises and falls with the music.
Passive concertIn the phase, the students are askedto put their scripts aside. They simplylisten as the teacher reads the dialogat a normal rate of speed. Theteacher is seated and reads withmusical accompaniment.
Primary activationThe students playfully reread thetarget language dialog out loud, asindividuals or in groups. Students areasked to read the dialog in particularmanner: sadly, angrily, and cheerfully.
Creative adaptationThe students engage in variousactivities designed to help them learnthe new material and use itspontaneously. Activities particularlyrecommended for this phase includesinging, dancing, dramatizations, andgames.