DRINKING WATER SUPPLY DURING DROUGHT
Jayashree Muralidharan, I.A.S.,
District Collector, Tiruchirappalli District, Tamil N...
TIRUCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICT
• Tiruchirappalli District is
located centrally in Tamil
Nadu
• Basically an agrarian district
wi...
DISTRICT MAP
DISTRICT PROFILE
Administrative Units
Corporation 1
Municipalities 3
Town Panchayats 16
Taluks 9
Revenue Villages 507
Bloc...
River Cauvery and River Kollidam are the main sources
for drinking water in the delta areas. However, ground
water is the ...
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
Avg.
Rain
fall
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
upto
July
761.50
906.29
...
Very poor rainfall coupled with parched
Cauvery, resulted in a drought situation since
January, 2013
Drinking Water scarci...
DISTRICT AVERAGE BORE WELL DEPTH (in feet)
Block Category
Average Depth of the
Bore Wells
During 2012-13
(Drought year)
De...
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
395
365 365
430
395
295
365
395
365
230
295
230
395
230
495
525
625
820
560
430
590 ...
ANTICIPATING THE PROBLEM - ADVANCE ACTION
The District Administration rose to the occasion and
formulated a multi-pronged ...
WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED IN
TIRUCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICT
Agency
2011-12 & 2012-13
PHYSICAL
FINANCIAL
(Rs. In Lakhs)
Tiru...
DOVETAILED FUNDS FROM VARIOUS SCHEMES
Funding Source / Scheme
2011-12 & 2012-13
PHYSICAL
FINANCIAL
(Rs. In Lakhs)
General ...
WATER SUPPLY WORKS
Deep Bore well in Cauvery River
Filling up water in PVC tank for public supply through lorries
Ward 28 – Ariyamangalam
3859 works were taken up at a total cost of
Rs.314.05 Crores to ensure adequate water supply in the
district. (Of this 368...
Water supply through HDPE Tank WARD 30 – GOLDENROCK
WATER SUPPLY WORKS
GENSET FOR PUMPING WATER DURING POWER CUT - PONMALAIPATTI
WATER SUPPLY WORKS
OHT MINI POWER PUMP INDIA MARK-II
HAND PUMP
RURAL WATER SUPPLY WORKS
OHT TANK,
SEKKANAM PANCHAYAT,
VAIYAMPATTI UNION
MINI POWER PUMP
AYYAMPALAYAM PANCHAYAT,
MUSIRI UNION
WATER SUPPLY WORKS
Podhavur Panchayat, Manikandam Union
New Hand Pump
Mini Power Pump
WATER SUPPLY HELP LINE – 1077 (TOLL FREE )
The District Administration setup a 24 X 7 toll free Water supply
Helpline 1077...
QUICK REDRESSAL
HELP LINE – 1077 (TOLL FREE )...
1077 – Awareness created through News Paper
Location
No. of Complaints
Received
No. of Complaints
Rectified
Tiruchirappalli City Corporation 902 902
Village Panchayat...
To improve the water table which had gone
down steeply, a massive farm pond scheme was
implemented through MNREGS
A total ...
RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE
Farm pond at Perugamani in Andanallur Union
RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
Farm pond at Thiruparaithurai Panchayat
Check dam in Thathaiyangar Pettai
RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
Check dam in Thottiyam
RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
Thuvakudi Municipality - Rain Water Harvesting Pond
RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
Based on the past
experience on Rain Water
Harvesting in 2003 under
the leadership of the
Hon’ble Chief Minister of
Tamil ...
RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE IN CHIEF MINISTER’S
SOLAR POWERED GREEN HOUSE SCHEME – 2012 - 13
Mrs. Yashmin Beevi w/o Ab...
Community wells, a traditional source of drinking
water, are not maintained and are in a dilapidated
condition in most vil...
BEFORE DURING
The defunct Community well at Kamalapuram Panchayat in Thottiyam Union
AFTER
RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE...
BEFORE EXECUTION
The defunct Community well at Manakkal Panchayat, Lalgudi Union
AFTER EXECUTION
RAIN WATER HARVESTING STR...
The defunct Panchayat Union well is being recharged by RWH structure
with roof top rain water at Thottiyam Block office
RA...
Srinivasanallur Panchayat, Thottiyam Union
RWH structure of a defunct bore well
RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
Integrated and holistic plan formulated by the district
administration, anticipating the water crisis, coupled
with expedi...
WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED BY
TIRUCHIRAPPALLI CITY CORPORATION
Funding Source / Scheme
2011-12 & 2012-13
PHYSICAL
FINA...
WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED BY
RURAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT
Funding Source / Scheme
2011-12 & 2012-13
PHYSICAL
FINANCIA...
WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED BY
MUNICIPALITIES AND TOWN PANCHAYATS
Funding Source / Scheme
2011-12 & 2012-13
PHYSICAL
FI...
WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED BY
TWAD BOARD
Name of Scheme
2011-12 & 2012-13
PHYSICAL
FINANCIAL
(Rs. In Lakhs)
IPP (Regul...
WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED BY
AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT
Name of the Scheme
2011-12 & 2012-13
PHYSICAL
FINANCIAL
(Rs. In ...
WATER LEVEL MONITORING FROM OBSERVATION WELLS (in feet)
Block Category
Average water Level
Depth
During 2012-13
(Drought y...
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
13.45
8.42
18.04
37.88
13.78 12.46
20.12 21.21
25.04
3.5 4.37
13.12
7.05
2.51
54.69
47.56...
RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE IN CHIEF MINISTER’S
SOLAR POWERED GREEN HOUSE SCHEME – 2012 - 13
Mrs. Chandra w/o Somasund...
Farm pond at Pettavaithalai in Andanallur Union
RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
PER CAPITA WATER SUPPLY
Area
Quantity of Water Supplied (LPCD)
December
2012
February
2013
April
2013
August
2013 Water
su...
PER CAPITA WATER SUPPLY
Area
Quantity of Water Supplied (LPCD)
December 2012 January 2013
Rural Panchayats 40.00 20.00
Cor...
Ensuring Access & Availability of Drinking Water Supply During Drought. Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.
Ensuring Access & Availability of Drinking Water Supply During Drought. Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.
Ensuring Access & Availability of Drinking Water Supply During Drought. Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.
Ensuring Access & Availability of Drinking Water Supply During Drought. Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.
Ensuring Access & Availability of Drinking Water Supply During Drought. Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Ensuring Access & Availability of Drinking Water Supply During Drought. Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.

2,659 views

Published on

The Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances, Government of India, organized the 2nd 'District Collectors Conference', which took place on the 6th & 7th of September in New Delhi. Over 30 district collectors participated, making presentations on best practices to overcome challenges faced in the sectors of rural development, education, urban development, law & order, and disaster management. 



The Planning Commission is providing these presentations for the public to see examples of the good work being done by young IAS officers in the field, and to promote cross-learning and innovation.

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,659
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ensuring Access & Availability of Drinking Water Supply During Drought. Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.

  1. 1. DRINKING WATER SUPPLY DURING DROUGHT Jayashree Muralidharan, I.A.S., District Collector, Tiruchirappalli District, Tamil Nadu.
  2. 2. TIRUCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICT • Tiruchirappalli District is located centrally in Tamil Nadu • Basically an agrarian district with industrial growth supported by the public sector companies like BHEL, HAPP, OFT and Railway workshop • Tiruchirappalli is an important Educational Hub • River Cauvery flows through the district TAMIL NADU
  3. 3. DISTRICT MAP
  4. 4. DISTRICT PROFILE Administrative Units Corporation 1 Municipalities 3 Town Panchayats 16 Taluks 9 Revenue Villages 507 Blocks 14 Village Panchayats 404 Habitations 2210 Area and Population Area (Sq. Km.) 4,403.83 Population(2011 Census) 27,22,290 Male Population 13,52,284 Female Population 13,70,006 Rural Population 13,84,257 Urban Population 13,38,033 Density (Sq. Km.) 549 Literates 20,38,981
  5. 5. River Cauvery and River Kollidam are the main sources for drinking water in the delta areas. However, ground water is the major source for the other parts of the district Average rainfall is 761.50 mm. During 2012, rain fall was only 578 mm and it was the worst year in the last 10 years In the normal course, Mettur Dam (Cauvery Water) is released from 12th June to 28th January of succeeding year – 8 months Due to very poor rainfall in the catchment areas, Mettur Dam was opened only on 17th Sep 2012 and closed again on 22nd December 2012 – 3 months CAUVERY RIVER – STILL DRINKING WATER PROBLEM ?
  6. 6. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 Avg. Rain fall 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 upto July 761.50 906.29 1311.63 689.62 751.07 1074.82 653.99 893.11 764.23 578.16 65.92 Average Rain fall in mm Rain fall in mm TIRUCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICT RAIN FALL (in mm)
  7. 7. Very poor rainfall coupled with parched Cauvery, resulted in a drought situation since January, 2013 Drinking Water scarcity loomed large in 10 out of 14 Blocks There was a sharp drop in water table throughout the district as indicated by the table. In Thathaiyangar Pettai Block, the water table dropped from 430 feet to 820 feet during the current year
  8. 8. DISTRICT AVERAGE BORE WELL DEPTH (in feet) Block Category Average Depth of the Bore Wells During 2012-13 (Drought year) Depth of the Bore Wells Manapparai OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 395 495 Vaiyampatti OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 365 525 Musiri OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 365 625 Thathayangarpet OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 430 820 Thottiyam OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 395 560 Manikandam OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 295 430 Thuraiyur OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 365 590 Uppiliyapuram OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 395 590 Mannachanallur OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 365 495 Andanallur SAFE (70%) 230 295 Thiruverumbur SAFE (70%) 295 430 Pullambadi SAFE (70%) 230 460 Marungapuri SEMI-CRITICAL ( 70-90%) 395 590 Lalgudi SEMI-CRITICAL ( 70-90%) 230 365 District Average Bore well Depth in Feet 340 520
  9. 9. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 395 365 365 430 395 295 365 395 365 230 295 230 395 230 495 525 625 820 560 430 590 590 495 295 430 460 590 365 DISTRICT AVERAGE BORE WELL DEPTH (in feet)
  10. 10. ANTICIPATING THE PROBLEM - ADVANCE ACTION The District Administration rose to the occasion and formulated a multi-pronged strategy , to avert the drinking water crisis Ban on taking up any work other than then drinking water supply by the Village Panchayats, Panchayat Unions, District Panchayat, Town Panchayats and Municipalities was imposed since August, 2012 and enforced very strictly Dovetailing funds from all schemes towards drinking water supply helped us to a great extent, without much external funding Motivating the stakeholders, especially the elected representatives , to cooperate in the effort
  11. 11. WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED IN TIRUCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICT Agency 2011-12 & 2012-13 PHYSICAL FINANCIAL (Rs. In Lakhs) Tiruchirappalli City Corporation 177 23681.21 Village Panchayats 2759 3898.96 Municipality and Town Panchyats 254 478.42 Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board 669 3346.10 TOTAL 3859 31404.69
  12. 12. DOVETAILED FUNDS FROM VARIOUS SCHEMES Funding Source / Scheme 2011-12 & 2012-13 PHYSICAL FINANCIAL (Rs. In Lakhs) General Fund 2108 3329.32 Water Supply Fund 761 25390.96 THAI 440 710.40 MLACDS 185 356.66 MPLADS 70 112.73 CSIDS 8 11.60 SSS 11 43.50 IGFF 59 104.30 SUB TOTAL 3642 30059.47 EXTERNAL FUND Integrated Urban Development Mission (IUDM) 8 505.00 Drought Relief Fund 209 840.22 SUB TOTAL 217 1345.22 GRAND TOTAL 3859 31404.69
  13. 13. WATER SUPPLY WORKS Deep Bore well in Cauvery River
  14. 14. Filling up water in PVC tank for public supply through lorries Ward 28 – Ariyamangalam
  15. 15. 3859 works were taken up at a total cost of Rs.314.05 Crores to ensure adequate water supply in the district. (Of this 3682 works at a cost of 77.22 crores was taken up in the rural areas) In Tirurchirappalli City Corporation  149 HDPE tanks were provided in various locations  10 lakh litres of drinking water supplied through 84 lorry trips daily  5 diesel Gensets were purchased for continuous pumping even at the time of power cut.
  16. 16. Water supply through HDPE Tank WARD 30 – GOLDENROCK WATER SUPPLY WORKS
  17. 17. GENSET FOR PUMPING WATER DURING POWER CUT - PONMALAIPATTI WATER SUPPLY WORKS
  18. 18. OHT MINI POWER PUMP INDIA MARK-II HAND PUMP RURAL WATER SUPPLY WORKS
  19. 19. OHT TANK, SEKKANAM PANCHAYAT, VAIYAMPATTI UNION MINI POWER PUMP AYYAMPALAYAM PANCHAYAT, MUSIRI UNION WATER SUPPLY WORKS
  20. 20. Podhavur Panchayat, Manikandam Union New Hand Pump Mini Power Pump
  21. 21. WATER SUPPLY HELP LINE – 1077 (TOLL FREE ) The District Administration setup a 24 X 7 toll free Water supply Helpline 1077 to redress the water woes of the public Control Rooms were commissioned in the Collectorate and in all the local bodies Any person from rural or urban area could inform 1077, through mobile or landline. Complaints were registered online and a complaint number was given The problem was conveyed to the area officer concerned immediately through wireless The official concerned had to attend to the complaint and give compliance within 24 hours This was cross checked with the complainant and only after 100% redressal, the complaint was logged as closed
  22. 22. QUICK REDRESSAL
  23. 23. HELP LINE – 1077 (TOLL FREE )... 1077 – Awareness created through News Paper
  24. 24. Location No. of Complaints Received No. of Complaints Rectified Tiruchirappalli City Corporation 902 902 Village Panchayats 205 205 Municipalities 14 14 Town Panchayats 10 10 Total 1131 1131 Of the total No. of 1131 Complaints received, all were attended and water supply effected/restored within 24 hours.
  25. 25. To improve the water table which had gone down steeply, a massive farm pond scheme was implemented through MNREGS A total of 1458 farm ponds were constructed at a cost of Rs.763.90 lakhs to provide adequate moisture to the parched soil and to stabilize the water table 723 tanks and 651 channels were desilted at a cost of Rs. 9852.16 lakhs 114 check dams were built at a cost of Rs. 444.75 lakhs, through the Agriculture Department
  26. 26. RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE Farm pond at Perugamani in Andanallur Union
  27. 27. RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE … Farm pond at Thiruparaithurai Panchayat
  28. 28. Check dam in Thathaiyangar Pettai RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
  29. 29. Check dam in Thottiyam RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
  30. 30. Thuvakudi Municipality - Rain Water Harvesting Pond RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
  31. 31. Based on the past experience on Rain Water Harvesting in 2003 under the leadership of the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, all Government Buildings including Housing Schemes have been provided with Rain Water Harvesting Structure
  32. 32. RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE IN CHIEF MINISTER’S SOLAR POWERED GREEN HOUSE SCHEME – 2012 - 13 Mrs. Yashmin Beevi w/o Abdul Hameed, Ariyaur Panchayat
  33. 33. Community wells, a traditional source of drinking water, are not maintained and are in a dilapidated condition in most villages 460 defunct community wells were converted into Rain Water Harvesting structures and are being put to use Similarly, defunct bore wells, were converted into rain water harvesting structures, so as to recharge and put them to use Conversion of Defunct community wells / bore wells into Rain Water Harvesting Structures
  34. 34. BEFORE DURING The defunct Community well at Kamalapuram Panchayat in Thottiyam Union AFTER RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
  35. 35. BEFORE EXECUTION The defunct Community well at Manakkal Panchayat, Lalgudi Union AFTER EXECUTION RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
  36. 36. The defunct Panchayat Union well is being recharged by RWH structure with roof top rain water at Thottiyam Block office RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
  37. 37. Srinivasanallur Panchayat, Thottiyam Union RWH structure of a defunct bore well RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
  38. 38. Integrated and holistic plan formulated by the district administration, anticipating the water crisis, coupled with expeditious implementation involving all the stakeholders, helped in overcoming the crisis Law and order problems including road rokos, were averted Appreciation from the public and in particular by the Government for the effective tackling of drinking water crisis
  39. 39. WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED BY TIRUCHIRAPPALLI CITY CORPORATION Funding Source / Scheme 2011-12 & 2012-13 PHYSICAL FINANCIAL (Rs. In Lakhs) General Fund 139 869.96 Integrated Urban Development Mission (IUDM) 6 325.00 Drought Relief Fund 25 344.25 Water Supply Improvement Scheme (WSIS) 7 22142.00 TOTAL 177 23681.21
  40. 40. WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED BY RURAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT Funding Source / Scheme 2011-12 & 2012-13 PHYSICAL FINANCIAL (Rs. In Lakhs) General Funds- Village Pts. 1117 1360.79 General Funds- Block Pts. 685 914.21 THAI 440 710.40 MLACDS 185 356.66 MPLADS 70 112.73 CSIDS 8 11.60 SSS 11 43.50 Drought Relief Fund 156 249.77 NRDWP 28 35.00 IGFF 59 104.30 TOTAL 2759 3898.96
  41. 41. WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED BY MUNICIPALITIES AND TOWN PANCHAYATS Funding Source / Scheme 2011-12 & 2012-13 PHYSICAL FINANCIAL (Rs. In Lakhs) General Fund 167 184.36 Drought Relief Fund 13 22.20 Water Supply Funds 72 91.86 Integrated Urban Development Mission (IUDM) 2 180.00 TOTAL 254 478.42
  42. 42. WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED BY TWAD BOARD Name of Scheme 2011-12 & 2012-13 PHYSICAL FINANCIAL (Rs. In Lakhs) IPP (Regular) 370 1473.20 Special Approval 46 42.35 Special Programme 235 1370.26 CWSS 3 236.29 Drought Relief works 15 224.00 TOTAL 669 3346.10
  43. 43. WATER SUPPLY WORKS IMPLEMENTED BY AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT Name of the Scheme 2011-12 & 2012-13 PHYSICAL FINANCIAL (Rs. In Lakhs) Formation of Percolation Pond 96 38.40 Formation of Cattle Pond 52 52.00 Formation of Farm Pond 115 46.00 Formation of Village Pond 91 136.50 Formation of Sunken Pond 244 61.00 Construction of Checkdam 78 78.00 Construction of Surplus Weir 40 10.00 Tank / Pond Renovation 18 18.00 Channel Renovation 82 21.60 TOTAL 816 461.50
  44. 44. WATER LEVEL MONITORING FROM OBSERVATION WELLS (in feet) Block Category Average water Level Depth During 2012-13 (Drought year) level of water Depth Manapparai OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 13.45 54.69 Vaiyampatti OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 8.42 47.56 Musiri OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 18.04 63.96 Thathayangarpet OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 37.88 99.49 Thottiyam OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 13.78 41.33 Manikandam OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 12.46 49.75 Thuraiyur OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 20.12 65.82 Uppiliyapuram OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 21.21 87.36 Mannachanallur OVER-EXPLOITED ( > 100 % ) 25.04 59.7 Andanallur SAFE (70%) 3.5 19.79 Thiruverumbur SAFE (70%) 4.37 25.58 Pullambadi SAFE (70%) 13.12 35.83 Marungapuri SEMI-CRITICAL ( 70-90%) 7.05 43.79 Lalgudi SEMI-CRITICAL ( 70-90%) 2.51 23.83 District Average Water level in Feet 14.35 51.32
  45. 45. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 13.45 8.42 18.04 37.88 13.78 12.46 20.12 21.21 25.04 3.5 4.37 13.12 7.05 2.51 54.69 47.56 63.96 99.49 41.33 49.75 65.82 87.36 59.7 19.79 25.58 35.83 43.79 23.83 TIRUCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICT WATER LEVEL MONITORING DATA - OBSERVATION WELLS (in feet)
  46. 46. RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE IN CHIEF MINISTER’S SOLAR POWERED GREEN HOUSE SCHEME – 2012 - 13 Mrs. Chandra w/o Somasundaram, Kodiyalam Panchayat
  47. 47. Farm pond at Pettavaithalai in Andanallur Union RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE …
  48. 48. PER CAPITA WATER SUPPLY Area Quantity of Water Supplied (LPCD) December 2012 February 2013 April 2013 August 2013 Water supply restored Rural Panchayats 40.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 Corporation 110.00 60.00 70.00 110.00 Municipalities 82.00 35.00 54.00 82.00
  49. 49. PER CAPITA WATER SUPPLY Area Quantity of Water Supplied (LPCD) December 2012 January 2013 Rural Panchayats 40.00 20.00 Corporation 110.00 60.00 Municipalities 82.00 35.00

×