RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Experiences from Koraput
Sachin R Jadhav I.A.S
District Magistrate-cum-Collector
Koraput, Odisha
1
Koraput – A brief profile
Number of Blocks 14
No of Gram Panchayat 226
Population 13.7 Lakh
BPL (1997) 84%
Scheduled Tribe...
Financial Overview
Ser
No
Department 2010-11 2011-13 2012-13
Agreed
Outlay
Actual
Expenditure
Agreed
Outlay
Proposed
Outla...
Sl. No Flagship
Schemes
Allocation (2012-13)
Rs. in crores
Administering Agency
MGNREGA 48.8 District Rural Development Ag...
Flagship
Schemes
Focus Area
Infrastructure Service Delivery Livelihood Promotion
MGNREGA
BRGF
IAY
Biju KBK
RLTAP
MPLAD
MLA...
Jeypore Koraput
Koraput
No of Blocks 9
No of Villages 1261
Total Population 5.3 lakh
Population Density 127
ST Population ...
Key Focus Areas
• Sustainable Livelihoods
• Sanitation (Open Defecation Free)
• Health
• Grievance Redressal Mechanism
7
Our focus priorities vis-à-vis MDGs
Provide avenues for better
source of income and
sustainable livelihoods
Improved stand...
Sustainable Livelihoods
SHG led micro-enterprises
• Koraput has a well structured Mission Shakti Federation.
• A massive l...
Profit Analysis of Livelihood projects under IAP
Livelihood projects Qty Fixed capital
(Rs.in lakh)
Working
Capital
(Rs.in...
11
Niger Oil Extraction Unit
• Koraput has a huge production of Niger Seeds which was being directly sold
to traders without ...
From a Grantee to a Funder!
• MANAS is a school for the mentally retarded children. For last couple
of year it had not rec...
14
Project SAADHAN
Improving skills and promoting sustainable livelihood
Name of the PIA Batches Trained Placed
Srei Sahaj 3 ...
MGNREGS
Creating assets, promoting livelihoods
• Land Development
• More than 2300 land development projects were undertak...
2. Sanitation (Open Defecation Free)
• Community Approach to Total Sanitation
• Focus on Collective Behavioral Change and ...
Orientation of stakeholders Training of motivators Training of masons
The final outcomeSocial Mobilization Construction in...
Women SHG Led Total Sanitation
A case of Bandaguda village
• Bandaguda is a tribal village comprising of 45 Kondh families...
20
3. Reproductive Child Health – reducing
IMR
62
59
56
53
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
2010-11 2011-12 2010-11 2011-12
ODISHA ...
Our approach
• Capacity Building of Frontline Workers
• ASHAs & AWWs were trained in 60 batches
• Around 1500 frontline wo...
Our approach-continued
• Establishment of critical infrastructure
• Special New Born Care Unit (SNCU)
• SNCU established a...
4. Grievance Redressal
Project Samadhan
24
LWE Affected GPs in Koraput 25
Challenges
• LWE
• Propaganda-LWE related
• Governance Deficit
• Trust
• Manpower
26
Thank you
27
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Experiences from Koraput District, Odisha.

2,855 views

Published on

The Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances, Government of India, organized the 2nd 'District Collectors Conference', which took place on the 6th & 7th of September in New Delhi. Over 30 district collectors participated, making presentations on best practices to overcome challenges faced in the sectors of rural development, education, urban development, law & order, and disaster management.

The Planning Commission is providing these presentations for the public to see examples of the good work being done by young IAS officers in the field, and to promote cross-learning and innovation.

Published in: Business
2 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,855
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
68
Comments
2
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Experiences from Koraput District, Odisha.

  1. 1. RURAL DEVELOPMENT Experiences from Koraput Sachin R Jadhav I.A.S District Magistrate-cum-Collector Koraput, Odisha 1
  2. 2. Koraput – A brief profile Number of Blocks 14 No of Gram Panchayat 226 Population 13.7 Lakh BPL (1997) 84% Scheduled Tribe (2001) 49% Scheduled Caste (2001) 13.4 % IMR (AHS 2011) 56 MMR (AHS 2011) 311 “Carved out of undivided Koraput in 1992 2
  3. 3. Financial Overview Ser No Department 2010-11 2011-13 2012-13 Agreed Outlay Actual Expenditure Agreed Outlay Proposed Outlay 1 District Sector 41612.21 38814.02 (93.27%) 39787.79 55356.98 2 Urban Sector 2960.94 1893.38 (63.94%) 3037.86 4256.99 3 Rural Sector 40213.08 29972.27 (74.53%) 34303.60 37579.47 4 Untied and Special Scheme 11244.69 3038.82 (27.02%) 12264.94 12684.88 Total 96030.92 73718.49 (76.76%) 89394.19 109878.32 3
  4. 4. Sl. No Flagship Schemes Allocation (2012-13) Rs. in crores Administering Agency MGNREGA 48.8 District Rural Development Agency BRGF 16.83 (-do-) IAY 19.58 (-do-) NRLM 7 (-do-) Biju KBK 21 District Planning & Monitoring Unit RLTAP 50 (-do-) MPLAD 3.5 (-do-) MLALAD 5 (-do-) IAP 30 (-do-) PMGSY 31.81 Rural Works Department NRHM 34 Chief District Medical Officer TSC 4 Rural Water Supply and Sanitation SSA 130 District Project Coordinator-SSA ICDS 36.73 District Social Welfare Office Article 275 3.25 Integrated Tribal Development Agency SCA to TSP 7.11 (-do-) 4
  5. 5. Flagship Schemes Focus Area Infrastructure Service Delivery Livelihood Promotion MGNREGA BRGF IAY Biju KBK RLTAP MPLAD MLALAD PMGSY IAP OLM NRHM TSC SSA ICDS MDM Article 275 SCA to TSP RKVY RGGVY 5
  6. 6. Jeypore Koraput Koraput No of Blocks 9 No of Villages 1261 Total Population 5.3 lakh Population Density 127 ST Population 62418 Habitations (<100) 796 Jeypore No of Blocks 5 No of Villages 767 Total Population 4.5 lakh Population Density 164 ST Population 49526 Habitations (<100) 611 6
  7. 7. Key Focus Areas • Sustainable Livelihoods • Sanitation (Open Defecation Free) • Health • Grievance Redressal Mechanism 7
  8. 8. Our focus priorities vis-à-vis MDGs Provide avenues for better source of income and sustainable livelihoods Improved standard of living of parents encourages higher enrollment of children in school SHGs as a foundation for livelihood intervention and participation of women in livelihood activities As a direct outcome of the special initiatives being taken to reduce child mortality Better income ensures availability of adequate food for mother together with improvement in delivery related infrastructure Enhanced sanitation and access to clean drinking water in the villages reduces the risk of diseases Massive plantations being carried out will certainly have positive impact on the environment Partnership with international agencies like UNICEF, UNFPA etc 8
  9. 9. Sustainable Livelihoods SHG led micro-enterprises • Koraput has a well structured Mission Shakti Federation. • A massive livelihood support programme was launched under IAP to promote entrepreneurship among the SHG women. • 42 micro enterprises spread across all the blocks were planned with an outlay of around 326 lakh. • Out of this 42, two Niger oil extraction units, two fly ash bricks manufacturing, Sanitary Napkin production unit at Koraput have started their operation and marketing linkages has been established Employment Potential 1450 - No of SHG Members to be involved 350 - Additional persons to be engaged (including administrative & technical) 1000 - Women to be benefitted from support services like raw material collection, marketing of products etc. 2800 - Total no of people to be benefitted 9
  10. 10. Profit Analysis of Livelihood projects under IAP Livelihood projects Qty Fixed capital (Rs.in lakh) Working Capital (Rs.in lakh) Total Cost (Rs.in lakh) Profit (Rs.in lakh) Estimate d profit % Multipurpose unit for Oil Ghani& Flour Mill 02 19.50 5.35 24.85 8.79 35 Flyash brick making unit 02 42.54 5.30 47.84 18.00 38 Spices/ Curry powder machinery unit 03 3.51 1.49 5.00 2.56 51 Gunny bags preparation unit 01 3.67 1.34 5.00 2.10 42 Tailoring Centre 03 3.50 1.51 5.00 2.09 42 Paper Carry bag making Unit 05 1.45 0.60 2.05 0.90 44 Honey Bee keeping unit 05 4.05 0.95 5.00 2.38 47 Cake and detergent making unit 02 2.58 2.42 5.00 1.42 28 Atta Basan plant machinery unit 03 3.35 1.65 5.00 2.23 44 Vermi compost production unit 02 2.23 0.77 3.00 1.41 47 Animal feed processing & business unit 01 2.68 2.32 5.00 2.00 40 Tamarind pulp machinery unit 06 1.72 3.28 5.00 0.66 13 Hand-made paper making unit 01 2.98 2.02 5.00 0.61 12 Sanitary napkin unit 01 2.27 1.24 3.50 1.37 39 Agarbathi production centre 01 1.25 1.75 3.00 0.95 32 Turmeric machinery processing unit 01 3.35 1.65 5.00 0.71 14 Hill brooms binding unit 02 3.02 1.98 5.00 2.00 40 Candle production unit 01 0.45 2.55 3.00 0.97 32 Dry cleaning unit 01 4.54 0.46 5.00 1.80 36 Ginger processing unit 01 0.25 4.75 5.00 1.69 34 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. Niger Oil Extraction Unit • Koraput has a huge production of Niger Seeds which was being directly sold to traders without processing, at nominal profit. • In September 2012, a Niger Oil Unit was set up in Koraput with an investment of 24.85 lakhs out of IAP funds. • The unit has a capacity of producing 200 liters per day and employs 5 technical persons to run the machines and is managed by Mission Shakti District Federation. • More than 15 SHGs are engaged in this work. Farmers get 35 rupees per kg instead of 15-20rupees that they were getting earlier. • Marketing tie-up has been established with a marketing agency for marketing of the Niger Oil. Tie-ups have also been made with the residential schools, police/BSF camps. • In this short span the unit has generated a revenue of more than 2 lakh rupees. 12
  13. 13. From a Grantee to a Funder! • MANAS is a school for the mentally retarded children. For last couple of year it had not received any funding and was in a bad shape. • Koraput district requires 1,93,500 printed bags for packing of chatua which is part of the Take Home Ration for pregnant mothers. • District Federation of Mission Shakti started a screen printing unit in 2012 to print these bags and this initiative was funded through IAP • District Federation volunteered to contribute 50percent of the profit generated. • In this short span the unit has a turnover of around 30 lakh rupees. • It has contributed around 3lakh rupees to MANAS as the first installment. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. Project SAADHAN Improving skills and promoting sustainable livelihood Name of the PIA Batches Trained Placed Srei Sahaj 3 81 50 L & T 10 136 28 I Lead 1 57 ongoing 14 274 78 • Project SAADHAN was started in the year 2012-2013. • An Integrated hub for placement linked skill development with requisite training and residential facilities. • 3 PIAs have already setup their training facility. • Focus more on youths from the disturbed areas 15
  16. 16. MGNREGS Creating assets, promoting livelihoods • Land Development • More than 2300 land development projects were undertaken during 2012-13 • Current year more than 1700 land development projects have been taken up (more to be added subsequently) • Plantation Variety Hectares Mango 2200 Cashew 2100 Lemon grass & aromatic 50 Coffee Shade 1353 Coffee 160 16
  17. 17. 2. Sanitation (Open Defecation Free) • Community Approach to Total Sanitation • Focus on Collective Behavioral Change and ensure Open Defecation Free Villages through • An approach extensively based on Social Mobilization. • Engaging community motivators to spread the message of Open Defecation Free and the importance of toilet. • As a pilot the approach was used in Charangul GP of Semiliguda Block • In convergence with MGNREGS 90 toilets have been constructed. 17
  18. 18. Orientation of stakeholders Training of motivators Training of masons The final outcomeSocial Mobilization Construction in progress 18
  19. 19. Women SHG Led Total Sanitation A case of Bandaguda village • Bandaguda is a tribal village comprising of 45 Kondh families • Under Total Sanitation Campaign construction of toilets was undertaken in this village. • Using SHG members as an important stakeholder, toilets were constructed. • Revolving fund of Rs.50000 was given to a SHG for brick making • The SHG members were involved in the entire planning process. They were able to overcome the initial resistance from the men-folk in the village. • The members acted as motivators and motivated the entire village to construct toilets. • Apart from the sum of Rs. 2200 provided per households, families came together and contributed their maximum in terms of labour and also materials. • Maximum local materials were used to minimize the cost of construction 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. 3. Reproductive Child Health – reducing IMR 62 59 56 53 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 2010-11 2011-12 2010-11 2011-12 ODISHA KORAPUT Source: AHS 2010-11 & 2011-12 21
  22. 22. Our approach • Capacity Building of Frontline Workers • ASHAs & AWWs were trained in 60 batches • Around 1500 frontline workers were trained in Post Natal Checkup (PNC ) visits & BPCR (Birth Planning & Complication Readiness). • IMNCI (Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood illness) training has been given to key members including AWW, ANM, Supervisors & Doctors for successful management of Neonatal cases. • Breast Feeding Campaign • Social mobilization activities carried out in villages through volunteers of Community Based Theater (CBT) to familiarize breast feeding among community. 44.6 85.7 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0 Baseline (2005) Endline (2012) Percentage of children less than 6 months exclusively breastfed 22
  23. 23. Our approach-continued • Establishment of critical infrastructure • Special New Born Care Unit (SNCU) • SNCU established at DHH Koraput and SDH Jeypore. • FBNC (Facility Based Newborn Care) and Observership trainings conducted for SNCU staff. • Post discharge tracking being done • New Born Care Corners in Community Health Centres • 24 New Born Care Corners (NBCC) are functioning in Delivery points 23
  24. 24. 4. Grievance Redressal Project Samadhan 24
  25. 25. LWE Affected GPs in Koraput 25
  26. 26. Challenges • LWE • Propaganda-LWE related • Governance Deficit • Trust • Manpower 26
  27. 27. Thank you 27

×