"I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC.
April 14-Tens of thousands of enslaved African Americans of all ages escaped to Union lines for freedom. Others traveled with the Union Army. By the end of the war, more than 180,000 African Americans, fought with the Union Army and Navy
"It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin." 1954 May 17 Civil Rights Act of 1991, strengthening existing civil rights laws and providing for damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination Feb. 2007 The two confessed murderers, J. W. Milam and Roy Bryant, were dead of cancer by 1994, and prosecutors lacked sufficient evidence to pursue further convictions.
a 14-year-old African-American boy visiting from Chicago
Malcolm X , leads demonstration outside a police station in Harlem, to protest the beating of a Black Muslim and demand his transfer to a hospital. Sit-ins-North Carolina, Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Louisiana, and Texas
Freedom Riders-organized by CORE and SNCC June 11- in which he calls racial discrimination "a moral crisis" and proposes passage of a new civil rights bill. September 15-Denise McNair, age 11, Cynthia Wesley, 14, Carole Robertson, 14, and Addie Mae Collins, 14.
Malcolm X , leads demonstration outside a police station in Harlem, to protest the beating of a Black Muslim and demand his transfer to a hospital. Sit-ins-North Carolina, Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Louisiana, and Texas Freedom Riders-organized by CORE and SNCC June 11- in which he calls racial discrimination "a moral crisis" and proposes passage of a new civil rights bill. September 15-Denise McNair, age 11, Cynthia Wesley, 14, Carole Robertson, 14, and Addie Mae Collins, 14.
At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize
In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his "Letter from a Birmingham Jail", a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, "l Have a Dream", he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure. While at seminary King became acquainted with Mohandas Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolent social protest. On a trip to India in 1959 King met with followers of Gandhi.
Martin Luther King was born in Atlanta, Georgia on 15th January, 1929
She passed the Bar examination (A huge exam taken to become a lawyer)Mrs. Edelman, a graduate of Spelman College and Yale Law School, began her career in the mid-60s when, as the first black woman admitted to the Mississippi Bar, she directed the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund office in Jackson, Mississippi. San Francisco State University's Institute for children, youth and families is proud to bear the name of Marian Wright Edelman. Although Mrs. Edelman is not directly involved with the Institute, she willingly lends her name to it as a means of demonstrating her support for our work, our shared philosophy and our common concerns. Marian Wright Edelman, founder and president of the Children's Defense Fund (CDF), has been an advocate for disadvantaged Americans for her entire professional career.
The Selma to Montgomery marches were three marches in 1965 that marked the political and emotional peak of the American civil rights movement.
The Children’s Crusade was the name bestowed upon a march by hundreds of school students in Birmingham, Alabama, on May 2, May 3, and May 4, 1963, during the American Civil Rights Movement's Birmingham Campaign. Initiated and organized by Rev. James Bevel, the purpose of the march was to walk downtown to talk to the mayor about segregation in their city. Many children left their schools in order to be arrested, set free, and then to get arrested again the next day.
WE WANT FREEDOM. WE WANT POWER TO DETERMINE THE DESTINY OF OUR BLACK AND OPPRESSED COMMUNITIES WE WANT FULL EMPLOYMENT FOR OUR PEOPLE WE WANT AN END TO THE ROBBERY BY THE CAPITALISTS OF OUR BLACK AND OPPRESSED COMMUNITIES WE WANT DECENT HOUSING, FIT FOR THE SHELTER OF HUMAN BEINGS WE WANT DECENT EDUCATION FOR OUR PEOPLE THAT EXPOSES THE TRUE NATURE OF THIS DECADENT AMERICAN SOCIETY. WE WANT EDUCATION THAT TEACHES US OUR TRUE HISTORY AND OUR ROLE IN THE PRESENT-DAY SOCIETY WE WANT COMPLETELY FREE HEALTH CARE FOR ALL BLACK AND OPPRESSED PEOPLE WE WANT AN IMMEDIATE END TO POLICE BRUTALITY AND MURDER OF BLACK PEOPLE, OTHER PEOPLE OF COLOR, ALL OPPRESSED PEOPLE INSIDE THE UNITED STATES WE WANT AN IMMEDIATE END TO ALL WARS OF AGGRESSION WE WANT FREEDOM FOR ALL BLACK AND OPPRESSED PEOPLE NOW HELD IN U. S. FEDERAL, STATE, COUNTY, CITY, AND MILITARY PRISONS AND JAILS. WE WANT TRIALS BY A JURY OF PEERS FOR ALL PERSONS CHARGED WITH SO-CALLED CRIMES UNDER THE LAWS OF THIS COUNTRY. WE WANT LAND, BREAD, HOUSING, EDUCATION, CLOTHING, JUSTICE, PEACE AND PEOPLE'S COMMUNITY CONTROL OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY
Naacp leader harry t moore dies of a kkk bombing
13th Amendment in 1865 -- abolished slavery, but did not give blacks equality. Civil Rights Act of 1866 -- "all persons shall have the same rights...to make and enforce contracts, to sue, be parties, give evidence, and to the full and equal benefit of all laws..." 14th Amendment of 1868 -- "All persons born or naturalized in the US...are citizens...nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person...the equal protection of the laws.“ 19th Amendment in 1920 -- "The rights of citizens...to vote shall not be denied or abridged...on account of sex.“ Civil Rights Act of 1964 -- Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based on race, sex, national origin, or religion. Title VI prohibits public access discrimination, leading to school desegregation. Title VIII is the original "federal fair housing law," later amended in 1988.
Civil Rights Movement
Brief Talk Of
Civil War vs.
How, when, and
why did slavery
start in America?
What was the
Difference in the
Movement and the
How did Martin
Luther King Jr.
make such a
What was behind the
prejudice behind the
white people and the
Why was Emmett
Till’s death so
important for the
April 12 – The American Civil
January 1 – The Emancipation
Proclamation goes into effect
November 19-Lincoln gives
April 9- General Lee surrenders
at Appomattox Courthouse.
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT, 1941
•10,000 African-Americans to march on
•Roosevelt issues Executive Order 8802
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT,
•Franklin Roosevelt is reelected
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT, 1945
•Roosevelt dies on April 12 and Vice-
President Harry S. Truman becomes
•Supreme Court rules 9-0
that schools desegregate
•Emmett Till is beaten and
shot to death
•The Montgomery Bus
•Supreme Court orders
reargument in Brown v.
Board of Education of
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT,
•Arguments on case Brown v.
Board of Education
ends (Big Win!!)
•Several sit-ins occur in America
•Malcolm X , leads
outside a police
station in Harlem
bus stations are
beaten by mobs
•Martin Luther King Jr.
•More than 200,000
people attend March
for Jobs and Freedom
Johnson signs the
Civil Rights Act of
•King receives the
Nobel Peace Prize
•Edward Brooke becomes the
first black senator since 1881
becomes first African-
American justice on the
•King is assassinated
CIVIL WAR VS. CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
Fought for freedom
Fought between the
Union and the
Main leader; Abraham
Underground railroad was
Fought for equality
Fought between the
Whites and the Blacks
Main Leader; Martin
Luther King Jr.
Groups such as
N.A.A.C.P was formed
16th Street Baptist Church
•Large African American Church
•Site of Bombing
•Headquarters during Civil rights
•Front bus seat
•U.S. supreme court bus
•Nobel Peace Prize
•I have a dream speech
“By the time I was six, I was old enough to realize that we were not actually free….I had a very strong
sense of what was fair.”
“I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the
sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood.”
“The message of my racially segregated childhood was clear: let no man or
women look down on you, and look down on no man or women.“
“The future belongs to those who prepare for it today.”
Born during the Civil War
Influenced creation of Jazz,
Country, and Rock and Roll
Lyrics telling a bad time
Means “Lover of the
Structure similar to Blues
More upbeat than Blues
“The origins of blues is not unlike the origins of life”
Black Panther party
Association For the
KKK (Ku Klux Klan)
of A Nation
•“Half child, half animal”
•Portray the KKK as heroes
Still feel effects
What we learned
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Laws for civil rightsToday
Why people went
with the Civil
What was the Difference in the Civil
Rights Movement and the Civil War?
The difference was that the Civil War was
fought to end slavery, Civil Rights
Movement was fought and won to stop
discrimination between white people and
5 Essential Answers #3
How did Martin Luther King Jr. make such a
He made a big change with his “I have a
dream” speech and he was also involved
in several groups and riots for change,
What was behind the prejudice behind the white
people and the black people?
The prejudice of the whites and blacks are similar to the prejudice of Germans and
Jews. The whites are trying to stay the perfect race when suddenly all these
colored people come to America. Whites try to solve that by making the colored
slaves, but that only lead to the Civil War. After the whites and blacks became
“equal” whites are still mad.
Why was Emmett till’s death so important to the Civil Rights Movement?
5 ESSENTIAL ANSWERS #5
When Emmett Till was murdered, the trial
for the murderers was unfair because the
jury was all white. The death of a child is
more shocking than the death of an adult,
and many people were mad seeing the
killers walk on by after they just killed a
Women leaders During Civil
Leaders of the Civil Rights
We Shall Overcome- By: Reggie
Civil Rights- By: David Seidman
The Civil Rights Movement- By:
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