Civil RightsMovement
Civil Rights Movement WWII opened the door for the civil rights movement. In 1941, Roosevelt banned discrimination in de...
Civil Rights Movement De    jure segregation , or imposed by law,    existed in the South. De    facto segregation , or ...
Civil Rights Movement                                                                  In 1947, Jackie                   ...
Civil Rights Movement The NAACP       became the most powerful civil    rights organization in the U.S. and wanted to    ...
Civil Rights Movement Brown  v. Board of Education (1954) – Supreme Court ruled that segregation in schools was unconstit...
Civil Rights Movement Southern states resisted integration and the    KKK re-emerged. In 1957, the Little  Rock Nine wer...
Civil Rights MovementDOUBLE V CAMPAIGNcasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
Civil Rights Movement                                                       In 1955, Rosa                                ...
Civil Rights Movement The boycott was led by    Dr. Martin Luther    King, Jr . He only supported    nonviolent protests...
Civil Rights Movement By the 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement had gained broad support and momentum!!! In 1960, four col...
DOUBLE V CAMPAIG Ncasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
Civil Rights Movement In 1961, CORE staged    a “freedom ride ”    through the South to    challenge segregation    on in...
Civil Rights Movement TV news coverage compelled the FEDERAL    government to get involved!!! In 1962, James     Meredit...
Civil Rights Movement Birmingham, AL was    known as the most    segregated city in the    South!!! Nonviolent protester...
Civil Rights Movement In 1963, King joined the protests and was arrested. He wrote the famous “Letter from a Birmingham ...
Civil Rights Movement In 1963, more than 200,000 people gathered at the March on Washington to pressure Congress to pass ...
Civil Rights Movement President Kennedy was assassinated, but Lyndon B. Johnson continued the fight. CivilRights Act of ...
Civil Rights Movement Southern states had used the literacy test, poll tax, and grandfather clause to keep African Americ...
DOUBLE V CAMPAIG Ncasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
Civil Rights Movement In 1965, King organized a major campaign to  pressure the FEDERAL government to pass a  voting righ...
Civil Rights Movement Voting    Rights Act of 1965 – banned the  literacy test and gave FEDERAL authorities  the right to...
Civil Rights Movement                                     Malcolm       X                                         convert...
Civil Rights Movement Stokely  Carmichael was the first to use the term “Black Power .” Black Panthers was founded in Oa...
Civil Rights Movement King was assassinated in 1968 in Memphis,    TN, and riots broke out in hundreds of cities in    th...
Latino Rights César Estrada Chávez was   an American farm worker,   labor leader, and civil rights   activist who co-foun...
Women’s Movement of 1960s and           1970s  Feminism   – Theory of political, social and economic     equality of men ...
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Civil rights movement

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Civil rights movement

  1. 1. Civil RightsMovement
  2. 2. Civil Rights Movement WWII opened the door for the civil rights movement. In 1941, Roosevelt banned discrimination in defense industries, and in 1948, Truman desegregated the military. DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN casillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil +Rights +Movement +VD.ppt
  3. 3. Civil Rights Movement De jure segregation , or imposed by law, existed in the South. De facto segregation , or resulting by custom or tradition, existed in the North. African Americans were denied housing in neighborhoods and only offered low-paying jobs. DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN casillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil +Rights +Movement +VD.ppt
  4. 4. Civil Rights Movement  In 1947, Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play major league baseball.DO UBLE V CAMPAIGNcasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
  5. 5. Civil Rights Movement The NAACP became the most powerful civil rights organization in the U.S. and wanted to challenge segregation in the courts. Thurgood Marshall NAACP lawyer who became the first African-American Supreme Court justice.DO UBLE V CAMPAIGN casillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../ Civil +Rights +Movement +VD.ppt
  6. 6. Civil Rights Movement Brown v. Board of Education (1954) – Supreme Court ruled that segregation in schools was unconstitutional; overturned “separate but equal.” DOUBLE V CAMPAIGNcasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
  7. 7. Civil Rights Movement Southern states resisted integration and the KKK re-emerged. In 1957, the Little Rock Nine were not allowed to enter Central High School. President Eisenhower sent FEDERAL troops to protect students and enforce the Court’s ruling. DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN casillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil +Rights +Movement +VD.ppt
  8. 8. Civil Rights MovementDOUBLE V CAMPAIGNcasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
  9. 9. Civil Rights Movement  In 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a segregated bus in Montgomery, AL.  This sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott .“ It was time for someone to stand up – or in my case, sit down.” DOUBLE V CAMPAIGNcasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement+VD.ppt
  10. 10. Civil Rights Movement The boycott was led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr . He only supported nonviolent protests!!!DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN casillas- ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil +Rights +Movement +VD.ppt
  11. 11. Civil Rights Movement By the 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement had gained broad support and momentum!!! In 1960, four college students from NCA&T protested against discrimination at lunch counters in the Greensboro Sit-in . Also formed the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) for college students. DOUBLE V CAMPAIGNcasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
  12. 12. DOUBLE V CAMPAIG Ncasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
  13. 13. Civil Rights Movement In 1961, CORE staged a “freedom ride ” through the South to challenge segregation on interstate buses. In Alabama, the bus was firebombed and a white mob attacked the riders. DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN casillas- ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil +Rights +Movement +VD.ppt
  14. 14. Civil Rights Movement TV news coverage compelled the FEDERAL government to get involved!!! In 1962, James Meredith became the first African American to attend the University of Mississippi (escorted by Federal Marshalls).DO UBLE V CAMPAIGN casillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil +Rights +Movement +VD.ppt
  15. 15. Civil Rights Movement Birmingham, AL was known as the most segregated city in the South!!! Nonviolent protesters faced armed police, high-pressure fire hoses, and attack dogs.DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN casillas- ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil +Rights +Movement +VD.ppt
  16. 16. Civil Rights Movement In 1963, King joined the protests and was arrested. He wrote the famous “Letter from a Birmingham Jail.” President Kennedy pushed for a new civil rights law. DOUBLE V CAMPAIGNcasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
  17. 17. Civil Rights Movement In 1963, more than 200,000 people gathered at the March on Washington to pressure Congress to pass the law. King delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” Speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN casillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil +Rights +Movement +VD.ppt
  18. 18. Civil Rights Movement President Kennedy was assassinated, but Lyndon B. Johnson continued the fight. CivilRights Act of 1964 – outlawed discrimination in public places and employment based on race, religion, or national origin. DOUBLE V CAMPAIGNcasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
  19. 19. Civil Rights Movement Southern states had used the literacy test, poll tax, and grandfather clause to keep African Americans from voting. In 1964, SNCC organizedFreedom Summer to help register African Americans to vote. Three volunteers disappeared, and their bodies were found weeks later. DOUBLE V CAMPAIG Ncasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
  20. 20. DOUBLE V CAMPAIG Ncasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
  21. 21. Civil Rights Movement In 1965, King organized a major campaign to pressure the FEDERAL government to pass a voting rights law. Police became violent with protesters!!! DOUBLE V CAMPAIG Ncasillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement +VD.ppt
  22. 22. Civil Rights Movement Voting Rights Act of 1965 – banned the literacy test and gave FEDERAL authorities the right to oversee voting registration and elections in southern states. 24 th Amendment – abolished the poll tax. African American participation in politics (voting and running for office) increased!!! D
  23. 23. Civil Rights Movement  Malcolm X converted to the Nation of Islam and appealed to many urban young people.  He promoted more militant tactics.DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN casillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement+VD.ppt
  24. 24. Civil Rights Movement Stokely Carmichael was the first to use the term “Black Power .” Black Panthers was founded in Oakland, CA and often faced violent confrontations with police. DOUBLE V CAMPAIGNcasillas-
  25. 25. Civil Rights Movement King was assassinated in 1968 in Memphis, TN, and riots broke out in hundreds of cities in the U.S.!!! U.S. slowly began a policy of affirmative action , or giving special consideration to women and minorities to make up for past discrimination. Some called it “reverse discrimination .” casillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil +Rights +Movement +VD.ppt casillas-ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil
  26. 26. Latino Rights César Estrada Chávez was an American farm worker, labor leader, and civil rights activist who co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers. he used boycott as a method of non violent protest DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN casillas- ushistory.wikispaces.com/.../Civil+Rights+Movement+VD.ppt
  27. 27. Women’s Movement of 1960s and 1970s  Feminism – Theory of political, social and economic equality of men and women  Known as Women’s Liberation Movement  Gloria Steinem was a nationally known leader for this movement

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