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Civil Rights Era

Civil Rights Era

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Civil Rights Era

  1. 1. Civil Rights Era<br />
  2. 2. Civil Rights Timeline<br /><ul><li>1963
  3. 3. More than 200,000 march on Washington D.C, in the largest civil right demonstration ever
  4. 4. Four African American girls are killed in the bombing of the sixteenth street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama
  5. 5. Sidney Politier becomes the first black actor to win an Oscar for best actor
  6. 6. Martin Luther King writes his letter from a Birmingnam Jail
  7. 7. Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is killed by a sniper's bullet.
  8. 8. Race riots prompt modified martial law in Cambridge, Maryland.
  9. 9. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivers "I Have a Dream" speech to hundreds of thousands at the March on Washington.
  10. 10. 1956
  11. 11. The US Supreme court rules that segregation of Montgomery Alabama buses is unconstitutional
  12. 12. Coalition of Southern congressmen calls for massive resistance to Supreme Court desegregation rulings
  13. 13. 1960
  14. 14. Election of 1960
  15. 15. Four African Americans college students hold a sit-in to integrate a Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro
  16. 16. Congress approves a watered-down voting rights act after a filibuster by Southern senators.
  17. 17. 1961
  18. 18. The CORE begins to organize Freedom Rides throughout the South
  19. 19. John F. Kennedy takes office as president
  20. 20. 1958
  21. 21. Alvin Ailey founds the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, now world-renowned
  22. 22. 1954
  23. 23. Brown v. Board of Education Ruling
  24. 24. 1962
  25. 25. Kennedy is assassinated
  26. 26. Malcom X becomes minister of The Nation of Islam
  27. 27. President Kennedy sends federal troops to the University of Mississippi to quell riots so that James Meredith, the school's first black student, can attend.
  28. 28. The Supreme Court rules that segregation is unconstitutional in all transportation facilities.
  29. 29. The Department of Defense orders full integration of military reserve units, the National Guard excluded
  30. 30. 1959
  31. 31. First play by an African American woman to produced on Broadway
  32. 32. Motown Record is founded in Detroit</li></ul>1955<br />Rosa Parks got arrested<br />Montgomery bus boycott<br />begins<br />Chuck Berry begins recording his music<br />Federal Interstate Commerce Commission bans segregation on interstate trains and buses.<br /><ul><li>1957
  33. 33. Martin Luther King help found the SCLC he also heads it
  34. 34. SCLC is organized
  35. 35. Althea Gibson becomes first African American tennis player to win a major title
  36. 36. Arkansas Gov. OrvalRubus uses National Guard to block nine black students from attending a Little Rock High School; following a court order, President Eisenhower sends in federal troops to ensure compliance
  37. 37. 1960
  38. 38. Election of 1960
  39. 39. Four African Americans college students hold a sit-in to integrate a Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro
  40. 40. Congress approves a watered-down voting rights act after a filibuster by Southern senators.</li></li></ul><li>Timeline continued <br /><ul><li>1967
  41. 41. Thurgood Marshall becomes the first African American justice on the Supreme Court
  42. 42. Riots in Detroit, Newark, New Jersey.
  43. 43. Carl Stokes and Richard G. Hatcher elected first black mayors of major U.S. cities.
  44. 44. 1965
  45. 45. Voting Rights of 1965
  46. 46. Malcom X is assassinated
  47. 47. Race riots break out in the Watts area of Los Angeles
  48. 48. King organizes a protest march from Selem to Montgomery, Alabama, for African American voting rights
  49. 49. 1964
  50. 50. Martin Lither King is awarded the Nobel Peace Prizw
  51. 51. Civil Rights of 1964 is passed
  52. 52. The SNCC and the NAACP and other civil rights groups organize a massive African American voter registration
  53. 53. Congress passes Civil Rights Act declaring discrimination based on race illegal after 75-day long filibuster.
  54. 54. Three civil rights(CORE) workers disappear in Mississippi after being stopped for speeding; found buried six weeks later.
  55. 55. Riots in Harlem, Philadelphia.
  56. 56. 1968
  57. 57. Shirle Chisholm becomes the first African American women in congress
  58. 58. Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee; James Earl Ray later convicted and sentenced to 99 years in prison.
  59. 59. Poor People's March on Washington planned by King before his death goes on
  60. 60. 1966
  61. 61. The holiday of Kwanzaa is created
  62. 62. National Organization for women is created
  63. 63. The Black Panther Party is found
  64. 64. Edward Brooke, R-Massachusetts, elected first black U.S. senator in 85 years.</li></li></ul><li>Important Civil Rights Figures<br />Malcolm X May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965),was an African American Muslim minister, public speaker and human rights activist.He was a courageous advocate for the rights of African Americans, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans. He has been described as one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history<br />W.E.B. Du Bois, February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963an American civil right activist . He became the head of the NAACP in 1910, becomingfounder and editor of the NAACP’s journal The Crisis<br />Martin Luther King, Jr.January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968 was leader in the African American civil rights movement. His main legacy was to secure progress on civil rights in the United States, and he has become a human rights iconHe led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott King's efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his “I Have a Dream" speech. There, he raised public consciousness of the civil rights movement and established himself as one of the greatest orators in U.S. history.<br />Rosa Parks February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005 was an African American civil rights activist who was later called the "Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement<br />On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery Alabama, Parks, age 42, refused to obey bus driver order that she give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Nine months before Parks refused to give up her seat, 15-year-old refused to move from her seat on the same bus system., Parks' action sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott.<br />
  65. 65. What was the Literacy test?<br />The literacy test, was the government practice of testing the literacy of potential citizens and potential voters. <br />As used by the states, the literacy test gained infamy to African-American. Adopted by a number of southern states, the literacy test was applied in a unfair manner, as it was used to disfranchise many literate blacks while allowing many illiterate whites to vote. The literacy test, combined with other discriminatory requirements, effectively disfranchised the vast majority of African-Americans in the north from the 1890s until the 1960s. Southern states abandoned the literacy test only when forced to do so by federal legislation . The Voting Rights Act of 1965 suspended the use of literacy. <br />
  66. 66. Key events<br />
  67. 67. 1954 -1968<br />
  • shawnawilliams3158

    Apr. 17, 2013
  • paulawilliamsturner

    Dec. 12, 2012

Civil Rights Era

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