Prisoner's Rights and Geneva Convention

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Prisoner's Rights and Geneva Convention

  1. 1. 5 Essential Questions  1- What is the Geneva Convention?  2- What Rights do prisoners have today ?  3- What tests were done in WW2?  4- What were the prisoner conditions during the 1900’s -1950’s period?  5- Do we still do tests on human today's and do any other countries do it too?
  2. 2. HSR (Human Subject Research)  Definition: A living individual about whom an investigator conducting research obtains:  Data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or  Identifiable private information
  3. 3. USA-Radiation experiments  Done to children and mentally disabled  Tricked sick people into thinking they were receiving medical treatment  Injected radiation, tested chemical weapons, and mind altering substances
  4. 4. Sweden-Viphelom Experiments  Started in 1945 at Viphelom, a facility for retarded people  Were fed large sugary diets to induce tooth decay  About 50 of 660 people’s teeth were completely ruined
  5. 5. • Tested on 75 people who played prisoners • Faced with physical abuse and torture • Many prisoners accepted the abuse and willingly would hurt other prisoners • Prisoners became crazy and experiment was stopped because it became out of control •Tested on 75 people who played prisoners •Faced with physical abuse and torture •Many prisoners accepted the abuse and willingly would hurt other prisoners •Prisoners became crazy and experiment was stopped because it became out of control
  6. 6. The Monster Study  Tested orphans in 1939 to try to induce stuttering  Half received positive therapy while other half received negative  Many of the 22 orphans suffered stuttering for the rest of their lives  6 orphans received $925,000 from Iowa for long term emotional and physiological issues
  7. 7. NUREMBURG CODE  Code that states guidelines to be used when testing humans  10 points to follow  Created in 1947 after the doctor’s trial
  8. 8.  You must have the consent of the subject  The subject must fully know what you are going to do  There cannot be any risk of injury  There must be a proper facility for use
  9. 9. Science Behind
  10. 10.  Many tests went on by the Nazis during world war two on Jews and other prisoners  Most experiments results were used to help benefit their soldiers
  11. 11. Tested on Russian prisoners to learn how to prevent or fix hypothermia  Also wanted to see if Russians were better fitted for the cold 100 people are estimated to have died from this
  12. 12. Versuch Nr. (Attempt No.) Wasser- temperatur (Water temperature ) Körpertemp eratur bei Entfernung aus dem Wasser (Body temperature when removed from the water) Körpertemp eratur beim Eintritt des Todes (Body temperature at death) Verweildaue r im Wasser (Length of time in the bath) Eintritt des Todes (Occurrence of death) 5 5.2° 27.7° 27.7° 66' 66' 13 6° 29.2° 29.2° 80' 87' 14 4° 27.8° 27.5° 95' 100' 16 4° 28.7° 26° 60' 74' 23 4.5° 27.8° 25.7° 57' 65' 25 4.5° 27.8° 26.6° 51' 65' 4.2° 26.7° 25.9° 53' 53'
  13. 13. Sea-water experiments • Tested on 60 people • Given nothing to eat or drink, but sea-water • Wanted to see various ways to make it drinkable • People would like newly moped floors for any source of water
  14. 14.  Tested on about 1,500 people  Tested on twins by injecting chemicals in an attempt to change eye colors
  15. 15. POISON EXPERIMENTS  Would take random inmates and put poison in there food  Prisoner would have no idea
  16. 16.  Tested on 400,000 people to try to sterilize them  Injected chemicals like iodine  Prisoners walked into room to fill out forms while during this radiation was administered making the prisoner completely sterile
  17. 17. Doctor’s Trial  Put on trial 23 Nazi testers  Testers where faced with 4,000 charges  15 convicted and 7 put to death
  18. 18. History of Prison Rights • In 1963
  19. 19.  Right to be protected by authorities in the case of assault or rape  Right to Medical Treatment  Right to freedom of expression, reading materials, and communication  Right to a court of law with regards to prison authorities  Right to freedom of religion  Right to drink safe water  Right to food and clothing  Right to equal and fair treatment
  20. 20. Prison Rights today out of U.S. • Africa • Russia • Germany
  21. 21. GENEVA CONVENTIONS  Four Treaties that are sworn by 194 countries  It says that these countries cannot violate these treaties  Henri Dunant first introduced the Geneva Convention (Technically)
  22. 22. 4 CONVENTIONS/ TREATIES  First Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, 1864  Second Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea, 1906  Third Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, 1929  Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, 1949
  23. 23.  Not all violations will be off limits such as : 1. Willful killing or torture 2. Hostages from different states (That is only if the break Country Laws or trespassing onTerritory without permission)
  24. 24. Jean Henri Dunant May 8, 1828 Geneva, Switzerland Died October 30, 1910 (aged 82) Heidein, Switzerland
  25. 25. Connection to theme  During World War Two and the holocaust the Nazis took many prisoners. These prisoners were tested on, and had poor living conditions. Because of these experiments the Nuremburg code was made to help prevent this from happening again.
  26. 26. Essential Answer #1 • What is the Geneva Convention? • A. Four Treaties that are sworn by 194 countries, Countries cannot violate these treaties
  27. 27. Essential Answer #2 • What Rights do prisoners have today ? • A. They have the basic human rights but still kept in jail cell because of wrong doing.
  28. 28. Essential Answer #3 • What tests were done in WW2? • A. Many different tests were done during WW2 by the Nazis. Testing on Jews they tested 100’s of different things.
  29. 29. Essential Answer #4 • What were the prisoner conditions during the 1900’s -1950’s period? • A. The prisoner conditions were that you could do anything you want to them such as torture them and abuse them so pretty much the conditions were bad and the prisoners would get food only if the guards gave them some if they wanted to.
  30. 30. Essential Answer #5 • Do we still do tests on human today's and do any other countries do it too? • A. Yes we and other countries still do tests, but follow the Nuremburg code.
  31. 31. Bibliography • Movie: “Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi state” • Books: • Why Wars come By: A. P. Niblack
  32. 32. THE END

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