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Naming Organic Compounds

Naming Organic Compounds

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  • 1. Organic Chemistry MUST : Draw full structural formulae of :- 2-methyl hexane 2,4-diethyl nonane 3-chloro-octanoic acid SHOULD : Identify where name is NOT in agreement with IUPAC rules COULD : Draw the repeat unit of the condensation polymer formed from benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid and 1.6- diaminohexane.
  • 2. Aims• Understand what is meant by a homologous series.• Distinguish between empirical, structural and molecular formulae.• Deduce structural isomers up to C6.
  • 3. Homologous Series• http://www.mp- docker.demon.co.uk/as_a2/topics/homologou s_series/quiz_1.html
  • 4. Gradation of Physical Properties• http://www.colby.edu/chemistry/OChem/DE MOS/physprops.html
  • 5. Empirical Molecular Structural• Empirical Formula of a compound shows the ratio of elements present in a compound.• Molecular Formula of a compound shows how many atoms of each element are present in a molecule of the compound.• Structural Formula shows every atom and bond.
  • 6. Empirical Formula Calculations• http://www.ausetute.com.au/empirical.html
  • 7. Structural Isomers (SL to Hexane only )• http://www.creative- chemistry.org.uk/molecules/hexane.htm• HL How many isomers are there of Heptane ? – Name them • http://www.3rd1000.com/chem301/heptane. htm