Lessons Learned from the application of Outcome Mapping to an IDRC EcoHealth project: a double-acting participatory process.Outcome Mapping Reﬂection of the Ecosystem Approaches to the Better Managementof Zoonotic Emerging Infectious Diseases in the Southeast Asia Region (EcoZD) project The 1st Pan Asia-Africa Monitoring & Evaluation Forum, Bangkok, Thailand 2012 Tohtubtiang, K., Assé, R., Wisartsakul, W., and Gilbert , J.
Introduction Presentation Overview • Outcome Mapping (OM) and its essence • Rationale of using of OM • The process of developing outcomes • Assessing outcomes • Outcomes: capacity building & organisational development • Conclusion
Outcome Mapping & Its Essence3 Key Concepts of Outcome Mapping (OM)A participatory planning, and M&E tool which emphasises 3concepts:• Outcomes = Targeted changes in attitude, knowledge, practices, and behaviour at stakeholder levels. Ø Changes in personal and organisational levels Ø Targeted changes contribute to impact (not attribution)• Targeted stakeholders or Boundary Partners (BP) Source: Outcome Mapping Learning Community http://www.outcomemapping.ca/
Outcome Mapping & Its Essence3 Key Concepts of Outcome Mapping (OM)• Social and organisational learning. Goal I will change gradually in The goal is capability / behavior. All outcome my depend on my intention response, I want it BP BP My goal is to increase BPs’ capability, Proje encourage BPs to ct I realize my change their behavior. own limitation Source: Outcome Mapping Learning Community http://www.outcomemapping.ca/
Project OverviewEcosystem Approaches to the Better Management of Zoonotic EmergingInfectious Diseases in the Southeast Asia Region (EcoZD)• Funded by International Development Research Centre, Canada (IDRC)• 5-year project implemented by International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)• Goals: capacity building & evidence-based knowledge• 8 Research & outreach teams in 6 countries.
Rationale for the use of OM OM process compliments & reinforces: • EcoZD’s goal: capacity ü Non-linear, iterative building process • EcoHealth Concept. ü Systems Thinking ü Transdisciplinary collaboration ü Participatory methods ü Equity (social justice) ü Knowledge to action ü Sustainability
The Process of Developing Outcomes3 Stages of OM Source: Outcome Mapping Learning Community http://www.outcomemapping.ca/
The Process of Developing OutcomesA Two-layer processLayer 1: Relationship between EcoZD project & 8 teams to inﬂuence teams’ changesin knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP).Layer 2: Relationship between teams & their Boundary Partners (BPs) to support BPs’changes in KAP. Layer 2 CHI CAM Layer 1 Para IND VTN professional ILRI-‐ EcoZD Slaughterhouse LAO JTV owners CMU UGM Students
The Process of Developing Outcomes Progress Markers (PMs) PMs = a set of gradual development of Boundary Partners (BPs) towards expected outcomes. PMs are collaboratively developed and mutually agreed by the project & BPs. PMs - not static & respond to project’s changing situation.
The Process of Developing OutcomesOM process in both layers accentuates ‘Cycle of Learning’ • Understanding purposes Internal • Analysing Stakeholders • Using Progress exchange of Markers as a info. & framework understanding • Progress Makers • Improving strategies development & based on feedbacks conﬁrmaIon received • Self-‐assessment • Feedback from Boundary Partners ParBcipatory Adapt & Plan interacBon Process with BPs
Assessing OutcomesAs a part of ‘Cycle of Learning’ Capacity • Progress Makers development Building for BPs & conﬁrmation • Self-assessment & evidence Organisational given by Boundary Partners Learning • Feedback from Boundary Partners ParBcipatory Process with BPs Outcome Journal, Performance Journal
Assessing OutcomesInformation from self-assessment and feedback from BPs are used instrategic planning. • Using Progress Markers as a framework • Improving strategies based on feedbacks received AdapBng & Planning interacBon
Assessing OutcomesLayer 1 & Layer 2 Progress Markers (PMs)Key themes of PMs:Layer 1: EcoZD – Teams Layer 2: Teams – BPs• Understanding and applying • BPs’ improved understanding/ EcoHealth principles. speciﬁc knowledge.• Communicating research • BPs’ changes in practices. ﬁndings. • BPs’ communication of• Networking & policy particular knowledge/ practices engagement. to communities.
Assessing OutcomesLayer 1: self assessment CHI CAM VTN Team Team TeamPM 1: Have an increased understanding ofEcoHealth principles, goals, and cost-beneﬁts H H- Mcompared with previous researchPM 3: Strategically plan communication L L+ M-and dissemination of research ﬁndingsto Boundary Partners
Outcomes & capacity buildingLayer 1 Outcomes: changes in KAP of teamsAttitude & Knowledge Changes« CA M : Towa r d t ra n s d i s c i p l i n a r y collaboration« CHI: Engaging in policy-making process, a do-able attempt.Practice Changes« VTN: Intentional dissemination of research ﬁndings
Outcomes & capacity buildingLayer 1 Outcomes: what does EcoZD project learn?Organisational Learning:« Research management & the success of EcoHealth research: administration, communication, and time management.« An intentional knowledge transfer is a necessary step for capacity building.
Outcomes & capacity buildingLayer 2 Outcomes: changes in KAP of BPsAttitude & Knowledge Changes« Indonesia Team and its interaction with BPs, Rabies Cadres
Outcomes & capacity buildingLayer 2 Outcomes: changes in KAP of BPsPractices Changes:« Thailand – Vietnam team & better hygienic practices of slaughterhouse owners March 2012 August 2012
Outcomes & capacity buildingLayer 2 OutcomesOrganisational Learning: what do teams learn from this process?« Integrate lessons learned into strategic planning & practical action plans: examples from Cambodia Team & China Team.
Conclusion« OM is used as a framework for the process of developing outcomes and also a formative reﬂection which contributes to project management.« Challenges faced by implementation of this process: 1) subjectivity of the tool, 2) seen as a seperate part of the project, 3) resources, especially time & skills of personnel in the teams.
Reference• Charron, D.F. (2012) (ed) EcoHealth Research in Practice: Innovative Applications of an EcoSystem Approach to Health, Ottawa, International Development Research Centre• Jones, H., Jones, N., Shaxson, L., and Walker, D. (2012) ‘Knowledge, Policy, and Power in International Development: a Practical Guide’, Bristol: The Policy Press.• Patton, M. (2010) Developmental evaluation: Applying complexity concepts to enhance innovation and use, New York, NY: Guildford Publications• Outcome Mapping Learning Community, www.outcomemapping.ca
EcoZD ProjectFor more information about the EcoZD project, please visit: www.ilri.org/ecozd www.ilriasia.wordpress.com/tag/ecozd Or contact: Korapin Tohtubtiang email@example.com