Lessons Learned from the application of Outcome Mapping to an IDRC EcoHealth project: A double-acting participatory process

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Presented by Tohtubtiang, K., Asse, R., Wisartsakul, W., and Gilbert , J. at the 1st Pan Asia-Africa Monitoring and Evaluation Forum, Bangkok, Thailand, 26-28 November 2012 …

Presented by Tohtubtiang, K., Asse, R., Wisartsakul, W., and Gilbert , J. at the 1st Pan Asia-Africa Monitoring and Evaluation Forum, Bangkok, Thailand, 26-28 November 2012

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  • 1. Lessons Learned from the application of Outcome Mapping to an IDRC EcoHealth project: a double-acting participatory process.Outcome Mapping Reflection of the Ecosystem Approaches to the Better Managementof Zoonotic Emerging Infectious Diseases in the Southeast Asia Region (EcoZD) project The 1st Pan Asia-Africa Monitoring & Evaluation Forum, Bangkok, Thailand 2012 Tohtubtiang, K., Assé, R., Wisartsakul, W., and Gilbert , J.
  • 2. Introduction Presentation Overview •  Outcome Mapping (OM) and its essence •  Rationale of using of OM •  The process of developing outcomes •  Assessing outcomes •  Outcomes: capacity building & organisational development •  Conclusion
  • 3. Outcome Mapping & Its Essence3 Key Concepts of Outcome Mapping (OM)A participatory planning, and M&E tool which emphasises 3concepts:•  Outcomes = Targeted changes in attitude, knowledge, practices, and behaviour at stakeholder levels. Ø  Changes in personal and organisational levels Ø  Targeted changes contribute to impact (not attribution)•  Targeted stakeholders or Boundary Partners (BP) Source: Outcome Mapping Learning Community http://www.outcomemapping.ca/
  • 4. Outcome Mapping & Its Essence3 Key Concepts of Outcome Mapping (OM)•  Social and organisational learning. Goal I will change gradually in The goal is capability / behavior. All outcome my depend on my intention response, I want it BP   BP   My goal is to increase BPs’ capability, Proje encourage BPs to ct   I realize my change their behavior. own limitation Source: Outcome Mapping Learning Community http://www.outcomemapping.ca/
  • 5. Project OverviewEcosystem Approaches to the Better Management of Zoonotic EmergingInfectious Diseases in the Southeast Asia Region (EcoZD)•  Funded by International Development Research Centre, Canada (IDRC)•  5-year project implemented by International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)•  Goals: capacity building & evidence-based knowledge•  8 Research & outreach teams in 6 countries.
  • 6. Rationale for the use of OM OM process compliments & reinforces: •  EcoZD’s goal: capacity ü  Non-linear, iterative building process •  EcoHealth Concept. ü  Systems Thinking ü  Transdisciplinary collaboration ü  Participatory methods ü  Equity (social justice) ü  Knowledge to action ü  Sustainability
  • 7. The Process of Developing Outcomes3 Stages of OM Source: Outcome Mapping Learning Community http://www.outcomemapping.ca/
  • 8. The Process of Developing OutcomesA Two-layer processLayer 1: Relationship between EcoZD project & 8 teams to influence teams’ changesin knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP).Layer 2: Relationship between teams & their Boundary Partners (BPs) to support BPs’changes in KAP. Layer  2     CHI   CAM   Layer  1     Para   IND   VTN   professional   ILRI-­‐ EcoZD   Slaughterhouse   LAO   JTV   owners      CMU    UGM   Students  
  • 9. The Process of Developing Outcomes Progress Markers (PMs) PMs = a set of gradual development of Boundary Partners (BPs) towards expected outcomes. PMs are collaboratively developed and mutually agreed by the project & BPs. PMs - not static & respond to project’s changing situation.
  • 10. The Process of Developing OutcomesOM process in both layers accentuates ‘Cycle of Learning’ •  Understanding  purposes   Internal   •  Analysing  Stakeholders  •  Using  Progress   exchange  of   Markers  as  a   info.  &     framework   understanding   •  Progress  Makers  •  Improving  strategies   development  &   based  on  feedbacks   confirmaIon   received     •  Self-­‐assessment   •  Feedback  from   Boundary  Partners   ParBcipatory   Adapt  &  Plan   interacBon   Process  with   BPs  
  • 11. Assessing OutcomesAs a part of ‘Cycle of Learning’ Capacity •  Progress Makers development Building for BPs & confirmation •  Self-assessment & evidence Organisational given by Boundary Partners Learning •  Feedback from Boundary Partners ParBcipatory   Process  with   BPs   Outcome Journal, Performance Journal
  • 12. Assessing OutcomesInformation from self-assessment and feedback from BPs are used instrategic planning. •  Using Progress Markers as a framework •  Improving strategies based on feedbacks received AdapBng  &   Planning   interacBon  
  • 13. Assessing OutcomesLayer 1 & Layer 2 Progress Markers (PMs)Key themes of PMs:Layer 1: EcoZD – Teams Layer 2: Teams – BPs•  Understanding and applying •  BPs’ improved understanding/ EcoHealth principles. specific knowledge.•  Communicating research •  BPs’ changes in practices. findings. •  BPs’ communication of•  Networking & policy particular knowledge/ practices engagement. to communities.
  • 14. Assessing OutcomesLayer 1: self assessment CHI CAM VTN Team Team TeamPM 1: Have an increased understanding ofEcoHealth principles, goals, and cost-benefits H H- Mcompared with previous researchPM 3: Strategically plan communication L L+ M-and dissemination of research findingsto Boundary Partners
  • 15. Outcomes & capacity buildingLayer 1 Outcomes: changes in KAP of teamsAttitude & Knowledge Changes«  CA M : Towa r d t ra n s d i s c i p l i n a r y collaboration«  CHI: Engaging in policy-making process, a do-able attempt.Practice Changes«  VTN: Intentional dissemination of research findings
  • 16. Outcomes & capacity buildingLayer 1 Outcomes: what does EcoZD project learn?Organisational Learning:«  Research management & the success of EcoHealth research: administration, communication, and time management.«  An intentional knowledge transfer is a necessary step for capacity building.
  • 17. Outcomes & capacity buildingLayer 2 Outcomes: changes in KAP of BPsAttitude & Knowledge Changes«  Indonesia Team and its interaction with BPs, Rabies Cadres
  • 18. Outcomes & capacity buildingLayer 2 Outcomes: changes in KAP of BPsPractices Changes:«  Thailand – Vietnam team & better hygienic practices of slaughterhouse owners March 2012 August 2012
  • 19. Outcomes & capacity buildingLayer 2 OutcomesOrganisational Learning: what do teams learn from this process?«  Integrate lessons learned into strategic planning & practical action plans: examples from Cambodia Team & China Team.
  • 20. Conclusion«  OM is used as a framework for the process of developing outcomes and also a formative reflection which contributes to project management.«  Challenges faced by implementation of this process: 1) subjectivity of the tool, 2) seen as a seperate part of the project, 3) resources, especially time & skills of personnel in the teams.
  • 21. Reference•  Charron, D.F. (2012) (ed) EcoHealth Research in Practice: Innovative Applications of an EcoSystem Approach to Health, Ottawa, International Development Research Centre•  Jones, H., Jones, N., Shaxson, L., and Walker, D. (2012) ‘Knowledge, Policy, and Power in International Development: a Practical Guide’, Bristol: The Policy Press.•  Patton, M. (2010) Developmental evaluation: Applying complexity concepts to enhance innovation and use, New York, NY: Guildford Publications•  Outcome Mapping Learning Community, www.outcomemapping.ca
  • 22. EcoZD ProjectFor more information about the EcoZD project, please visit:  www.ilri.org/ecozd www.ilriasia.wordpress.com/tag/ecozd Or contact: Korapin Tohtubtiang tkorapin@gmail.com