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  • Short-lived but very significant.\nBook burnings (including Confucius!)\nMillions of peasants were forced to build the Great Wall along the northern border.\n\nChina, from Qin, developed as the name outsiders used to refer to China. But the Chinese still refer to themselves as Han people. \n
  • Short-lived but very significant.\nBook burnings (including Confucius!)\nMillions of peasants were forced to build the Great Wall along the northern border.\n\nChina, from Qin, developed as the name outsiders used to refer to China. But the Chinese still refer to themselves as Han people. \n
  • Short-lived but very significant.\nBook burnings (including Confucius!)\nMillions of peasants were forced to build the Great Wall along the northern border.\n\nChina, from Qin, developed as the name outsiders used to refer to China. But the Chinese still refer to themselves as Han people. \n
  • Short-lived but very significant.\nBook burnings (including Confucius!)\nMillions of peasants were forced to build the Great Wall along the northern border.\n\nChina, from Qin, developed as the name outsiders used to refer to China. But the Chinese still refer to themselves as Han people. \n
  • Short-lived but very significant.\nBook burnings (including Confucius!)\nMillions of peasants were forced to build the Great Wall along the northern border.\n\nChina, from Qin, developed as the name outsiders used to refer to China. But the Chinese still refer to themselves as Han people. \n
  • Short-lived but very significant.\nBook burnings (including Confucius!)\nMillions of peasants were forced to build the Great Wall along the northern border.\n\nChina, from Qin, developed as the name outsiders used to refer to China. But the Chinese still refer to themselves as Han people. \n
  • Short-lived but very significant.\nBook burnings (including Confucius!)\nMillions of peasants were forced to build the Great Wall along the northern border.\n\nChina, from Qin, developed as the name outsiders used to refer to China. But the Chinese still refer to themselves as Han people. \n
  • Short-lived but very significant.\nBook burnings (including Confucius!)\nMillions of peasants were forced to build the Great Wall along the northern border.\n\nChina, from Qin, developed as the name outsiders used to refer to China. But the Chinese still refer to themselves as Han people. \n
  • Short-lived but very significant.\nBook burnings (including Confucius!)\nMillions of peasants were forced to build the Great Wall along the northern border.\n\nChina, from Qin, developed as the name outsiders used to refer to China. But the Chinese still refer to themselves as Han people. \n
  • Note the western terminus at Jiayu Pass and the eastern terminus at Shanhai Pass.\n
  • Note the western terminus at Jiayu Pass and the eastern terminus at Shanhai Pass.\n
  • Note the western terminus at Jiayu Pass and the eastern terminus at Shanhai Pass.\n
  • Note the western terminus at Jiayu Pass and the eastern terminus at Shanhai Pass.\n
  • How effective do you think this kind of fortification would have been in pre-modern times? \n
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  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
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  • What about this map suggests that Chang’an was a city of an advanced civilization?\nAnswers might include: \nGrid pattern. \nPalaces and administrative buildings suggest centralized governments.\nMarkets suggest trade.\n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
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  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
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  • Above is a picture of Suzhou in Jiangsu province showing houses along the Grand Canal.\nFrom north to south, the Grand Canal is over 1,700 kilometers (roughly 1,100 miles) long,\nlinking Hangzhou in Zhejiang province with Beijing in the north. An extremely important\nwater project that was first started in the Sui dynasty (589-618), it connects several big rivers\nand provides an important means of transportation and communication.\nWith the two pictures below in mind, how do you think the access to rivers and lakes would\nhave made the lifestyle of people in the south different from that of people in the north?\n
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  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • Above is a picture of Suzhou in Jiangsu province showing houses along the Grand Canal.\nFrom north to south, the Grand Canal is over 1,700 kilometers (roughly 1,100 miles) long,\nlinking Hangzhou in Zhejiang province with Beijing in the north. An extremely important\nwater project that was first started in the Sui dynasty (589-618), it connects several big rivers\nand provides an important means of transportation and communication.\nWith the two pictures below in mind, how do you think the access to rivers and lakes would\nhave made the lifestyle of people in the south different from that of people in the north?\n
  • Above is a picture of Suzhou in Jiangsu province showing houses along the Grand Canal.\nFrom north to south, the Grand Canal is over 1,700 kilometers (roughly 1,100 miles) long,\nlinking Hangzhou in Zhejiang province with Beijing in the north. An extremely important\nwater project that was first started in the Sui dynasty (589-618), it connects several big rivers\nand provides an important means of transportation and communication.\nWith the two pictures below in mind, how do you think the access to rivers and lakes would\nhave made the lifestyle of people in the south different from that of people in the north?\n
  • Above is a picture of Suzhou in Jiangsu province showing houses along the Grand Canal.\nFrom north to south, the Grand Canal is over 1,700 kilometers (roughly 1,100 miles) long,\nlinking Hangzhou in Zhejiang province with Beijing in the north. An extremely important\nwater project that was first started in the Sui dynasty (589-618), it connects several big rivers\nand provides an important means of transportation and communication.\nWith the two pictures below in mind, how do you think the access to rivers and lakes would\nhave made the lifestyle of people in the south different from that of people in the north?\n
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  • Above is a picture of Suzhou in Jiangsu province showing houses along the Grand Canal.\nFrom north to south, the Grand Canal is over 1,700 kilometers (roughly 1,100 miles) long,\nlinking Hangzhou in Zhejiang province with Beijing in the north. An extremely important\nwater project that was first started in the Sui dynasty (589-618), it connects several big rivers\nand provides an important means of transportation and communication.\nWith the two pictures below in mind, how do you think the access to rivers and lakes would\nhave made the lifestyle of people in the south different from that of people in the north?\n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • Above is a picture of Suzhou in Jiangsu province showing houses along the Grand Canal.\nFrom north to south, the Grand Canal is over 1,700 kilometers (roughly 1,100 miles) long,\nlinking Hangzhou in Zhejiang province with Beijing in the north. An extremely important\nwater project that was first started in the Sui dynasty (589-618), it connects several big rivers\nand provides an important means of transportation and communication.\nWith the two pictures below in mind, how do you think the access to rivers and lakes would\nhave made the lifestyle of people in the south different from that of people in the north?\n
  • Above is a picture of Suzhou in Jiangsu province showing houses along the Grand Canal.\nFrom north to south, the Grand Canal is over 1,700 kilometers (roughly 1,100 miles) long,\nlinking Hangzhou in Zhejiang province with Beijing in the north. An extremely important\nwater project that was first started in the Sui dynasty (589-618), it connects several big rivers\nand provides an important means of transportation and communication.\nWith the two pictures below in mind, how do you think the access to rivers and lakes would\nhave made the lifestyle of people in the south different from that of people in the north?\n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • Above is a picture of Suzhou in Jiangsu province showing houses along the Grand Canal.\nFrom north to south, the Grand Canal is over 1,700 kilometers (roughly 1,100 miles) long,\nlinking Hangzhou in Zhejiang province with Beijing in the north. An extremely important\nwater project that was first started in the Sui dynasty (589-618), it connects several big rivers\nand provides an important means of transportation and communication.\nWith the two pictures below in mind, how do you think the access to rivers and lakes would\nhave made the lifestyle of people in the south different from that of people in the north?\n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
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  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n
  • The Han Synthesis term refers to the emphasis on Legalism, but with a touch of Confucianism. The Han dynasty recorded Confucius’s teachings (The Analects) and put a big emphasis on the family. \n\nFounded the Imperial University\nRequired examinations to become bureaucrat (civil service system)\nSoldiers dropped to lowest status.\nConfucianists at work; Daoists at home.\n\nThe Han tried to replace literature, including Confucius’s writings, lost during the Qin Dynasty. Created new works of literature and music. Scroll painting began during this time. Iron was now used for plows and weapons. Acupuncture was invented. Invented a crude seismic sensing tool, so they could send troops and food to the scene of an earthquake!\n\nInventions include: paper (105 CE), sternpost rudder on ships, water mill, wheelbarrow, furrowed cultivation\n\nShow map for Silk Road trade. It brought Chinese together into one civilization, creating a common culture. Economically, it brought much wealth to the Han, as they exported much more than they imported. \n\nWudi’s public schools taught Confucianism. Grand School in capital. In 100 years, 30,000 studied there. \n\n\n\n \n

Transcript

  • 1. Imperial China: Qin to Ming Dynasties
  • 2. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty,
  • 3. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire 
  • 4. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E)
  • 5. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule 
  • 6. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule   Bureaucratic administration
  • 7. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule   Bureaucratic administration  Centralized control
  • 8. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule   Bureaucratic administration  Centralized control  Military expansion
  • 9. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule   Bureaucratic administration  Centralized control  Military expansion  Book burnings  targeted Confucianists
  • 10. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule   Bureaucratic administration  Centralized control  Military expansion  Book burnings  targeted Confucianists  Buried protestors alive!
  • 11. Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Army in Xian
  • 12. Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Army in Xian
  • 13. Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Army in Xian
  • 14. Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Soldiers & Cavalrymen
  • 15. Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Soldiers & Cavalrymen
  • 16. The Great Wall with Towers
  • 17. The Eastern terminus of the Great Wall, Shanhai Pass
  • 18. Han Dynasty, 206
  • 19. Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese
  • 20. Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese Paper invented [105 B.C.E.] 
  • 21. Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese Paper invented [105 B.C.E.]  Silk Road trade develops; improves life for many
  • 22. Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese Paper invented [105 B.C.E.]  Silk Road trade develops; improves life for many Buddhism introduced into China
  • 23. Han – Roman Empire Connection
  • 24. Chang’anThe Han Capital
  • 25. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E.
  • 26. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools.
  • 27. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria, Korea, & Vietnam.
  • 28. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria, Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system 
  • 29. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria, Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system   bureaucrats
  • 30. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria, Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system   bureaucrats  Confucian scholar-gentry
  • 31. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria, Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system   bureaucrats  Confucian scholar-gentry Revival of Chinese
  • 32. Han ArtifactsImperial Seal Han Ceramic House
  • 33. Trade Routes of the Ancient World
  • 34. Multi-Cultural Faces -- People Along the Silk Road
  • 35. Multi-Cultural Faces -- People Along the Silk Road
  • 36. Ruins of Jiaohe, Turphan depression.Han dynasty outpost in Central Asia
  • 37. Sui Dynasty, 581-618
  • 38. Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land redistribution.
  • 39. Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land redistribution. Unified coinage.
  • 40. Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land redistribution. Unified coinage. Grand Canal constructed.
  • 41. Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land redistribution. Unified coinage. Grand Canal constructed. Established an army of professional soldiers.
  • 42. Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land redistribution. Unified coinage. Grand Canal constructed. Established an army of professional soldiers.  People were overworked and overtaxed!
  • 43. The Grand Canal
  • 44. The Grand Canal
  • 45. Tang Dynasty,
  • 46. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected.
  • 47. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.
  • 48. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.  Spread of Buddhism in China
  • 49. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.  Spread of Buddhism in China
  • 50. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.  Spread of Buddhism in China Golden Age of foreign relations with other countries. 
  • 51. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.  Spread of Buddhism in China Golden Age of foreign relations with other countries.   Japan, Korea, Persia
  • 52. Tang Government
  • 53. Tang Dynasty, 618-907
  • 54. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:
  • 55. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print 
  • 56. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print   Porcelain
  • 57. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print   Porcelain  Gunpowder
  • 58. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print   Porcelain  Gunpowder  Mechanical clocks
  • 59. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print   Porcelain  Gunpowder  Mechanical clocks More cosmopolitan culture.
  • 60. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print   Porcelain  Gunpowder  Mechanical clocks More cosmopolitan culture. Reestablished the safety of the Silk Road.
  • 61. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705
  • 62. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone. 
  • 63. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court.
  • 64. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court. Construction of new irrigation systems.
  • 65. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court. Construction of new irrigation systems. Buddhism was the favored state religion.
  • 66. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court. Construction of new irrigation systems. Buddhism was the favored state religion.  Financed the building of many Buddhist temples.
  • 67. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court. Construction of new irrigation systems. Buddhism was the favored state religion.  Financed the building of many Buddhist temples. BUT… She appointed cruel and sadistic ministers to seek out her enemies.
  • 68. Foot-Binding in Tang
  • 69. Foot-Binding in Tang Broken toes by 3 years of age.
  • 70. Foot-Binding in Tang Broken toes by 3 years of age.
  • 71. Foot-Binding in Tang Broken toes by 3 years of age.  Size 5 ½ shoe on the right
  • 72. Foot-Binding in Tang China For upper-class girls, it became a new custom.
  • 73. The Results of Foot-Binding
  • 74. Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E.
  • 75. Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E. Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class.
  • 76. Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E. Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class. Increased emphasis on education & cheaper availability of printed books.
  • 77. Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E. Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class. Increased emphasis on education & cheaper availability of printed books. Magnetic compass makes China a great sea power! 
  • 78. Rice Cultivation Began Under the Song
  • 79. Song Rice Cultivation
  • 80. Mongolian Steppes
  • 81. Xinjiang Region – Typical Uygher [Mongol] “Yurt”
  • 82. Mongol Invasions
  • 83. The MONGOLS
  • 84. The MONGOLS Temujin --> Genghis Khan [“Universal Ruler”]
  • 85. The MONGOLS Temujin --> Genghis Khan [“Universal Ruler”]  1162 - 1227
  • 86. The MONGOLS Temujin --> Genghis Khan [“Universal Ruler”]  1162 - 1227  from the steppe [dry, grass-covered plains of Central Asia]
  • 87. The MONGOLS
  • 88. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:
  • 89. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:  If you do not pay homage, we will take your prosperity.
  • 90. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:  If you do not pay homage, we will take your prosperity.  If you do not have prosperity, we will take your children.
  • 91. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:  If you do not pay homage, we will take your prosperity.  If you do not have prosperity, we will take your children.  If you do not have children, we will take your wife.
  • 92. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:  If you do not pay homage, we will take your prosperity.  If you do not have prosperity, we will take your children.  If you do not have children, we will take your wife.  If you do not have a wife, we will take your head.
  • 93. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:  If you do not pay homage, we will take your prosperity.  If you do not have prosperity, we will take your children.  If you do not have children, we will take your wife.  If you do not have a wife, we will take your head. Used cruelty as a weapon  some areas never recovered from Mongol destruction!
  • 94. Robe of a Mongol
  • 95. The Extent of the Mongol Empire
  • 96. Yuan (Mongol)
  • 97. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]
  • 98. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]
  • 99. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]  Tolerated Chinese culture but lived apart from them. 
  • 100. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]  Tolerated Chinese culture but lived apart from them.   No Chinese in top govt. posts.
  • 101. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]  Tolerated Chinese culture but lived apart from them.   No Chinese in top govt. posts.  Believed foreigner were more trustworthy.
  • 102. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]  Tolerated Chinese culture but lived apart from them.   No Chinese in top govt. posts.  Believed foreigner were more trustworthy.  Encouraged foreign trade & foreign merchants to live and work in China.
  • 103. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]  Tolerated Chinese culture but lived apart from them.   No Chinese in top govt. posts.  Believed foreigner were more trustworthy.  Encouraged foreign trade & foreign merchants to live and work in China.  Marco Polo
  • 104. Marco Polo
  • 105. Marco Polo  A Venetian merchant.
  • 106. Marco Polo  A Venetian merchant.  Traveled through Yuan China: 1271-1295
  • 107. Marco Polo  A Venetian merchant.  Traveled through Yuan China: 1271-1295  “Black Stones” [coal]
  • 108. Marco Polo  A Venetian merchant.  Traveled through Yuan China: 1271-1295  “Black Stones” [coal]  Gunpowder.
  • 109. Marco Polo  A Venetian merchant.  Traveled through Yuan China: 1271-1295  “Black Stones” [coal]  Gunpowder.  Noodles.
  • 110. Marco Polo’s Travels
  • 111. Yuan Porcelains & Ceramics
  • 112. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E.
  • 113. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the Mongols in the mid-14c.
  • 114. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.
  • 115. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.  1281  150,000 warriors
  • 116. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.  1281  150,000 warriors  Defeated by kamikazi [“winds of the gods”] 
  • 117. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.  1281  150,000 warriors  Defeated by kamikazi [“winds of the gods”]  Kublai Khan experienced several humiliating defeats in Southeast Asia late in his life.
  • 118. China’s last native imperial dynasty!
  • 119. The Forbidden City: China’s New Capital
  • 120. Revived the Civil Service Exam
  • 121. Ming Cultural Revolution
  • 122. Ming Cultural Revolution Printing & Literacy  Cheap, popular books:  woodblock printing.  cheap paper.  Examination system.  Leads to explosion in literacy.   Leads to further popularization of the commercial market.
  • 123. Ming Cultural Revolution Printing & Literacy  Culture & Art  Cheap, popular books:  Increased literacy  woodblock printing. leads to increased  cheap paper. interest in cultural  Examination system. expressions, ideas,  Leads to explosion in and things: literacy.   Literature.  Painting.  Leads to further  Ceramics. popularization of the  Opera. commercial market.
  • 124. Ming Silver Market
  • 125. Ming Silver Market Spanish Silver Convoys  Triangle route:  Philippines to China to Japan.  Silver floods Chinese Market:  Causes devaluation of currency & recession  Adds to reasons for Chinese immigration overseas.  Reduces price of Chinese goods in Europe  Increases interest in Chinese culture & ideas in Europe.  Helps fund conquest of New World   Encourages Europeans in conquest & trade.
  • 126. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E.
  • 127. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art
  • 128. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art  Moderation
  • 129. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art  Moderation  Softness
  • 130. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art  Moderation  Softness  Gracefulness
  • 131. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art  Moderation  Softness  Gracefulness Three different schools of painting developed.
  • 132. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art  Moderation  Softness  Gracefulness Three different schools of painting developed. Hundreds of thousands of workers constructed the
  • 133. The Tribute System
  • 134. Admiral Zheng He1371-1435
  • 135. Admiral Zheng He  Ming “Treasure Fleet”1371-1435
  • 136. Admiral Zheng He  Ming “Treasure Fleet”  Each ship 400’ long & 160’ wide1371-1435
  • 137. Admiral Zheng He
  • 138. Admiral Zheng He  China’s “Columbus?” 
  • 139. Admiral Zheng He  China’s “Columbus?” 
  • 140. Admiral Zheng He’s First Voyage: 1405-1407 [62 ships; 27,800 men]. Second Voyage: 1407-1409 [Ho didn’t go on this trip]. Third Voyage: 1409-1411 [48 ships; 30,000 men]. Fourth Voyage: 1413-1415 [63 ships; 28,500 men]. Fifth Voyage: 1417-1419 Sixth Voyage: 1421-1422  Emperor Zhu Gaozhi cancelled future trips and ordered ship builders and sailors to stop work. Seventh Voyage: 1431-1433  Emperor Zhu Zhanji resumed the voyages in 1430 to restore peaceful relations with Malacca & Siam  100 ships and 27,500 men; Cheng Ho died on the return trip.
  • 141.  1498 --> Da Gama reached Calcutta, China’s favorite port.
  • 142. Imperial China’s Impact
  • 143. Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality.
  • 144. Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality. Beginnings of political philosophy through which a ruler must prove he/ she is legitimate.
  • 145. Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality. Beginnings of political philosophy through which a ruler must prove he/ she is legitimate.  Mandate of Heaven
  • 146. Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality. Beginnings of political philosophy through which a ruler must prove he/ she is legitimate.  Mandate of Heaven Secular law.