Imperial China:  Qin to Ming  Dynasties
Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty,
Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire   
Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire    Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E)
Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire    Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule   
Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire    Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule         Bureaucra...
Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire    Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule         Bureaucra...
Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire    Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule         Bureaucra...
Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire    Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule         Bureaucra...
Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire    Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule          Bureaucr...
Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Army            in Xian
Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Army            in Xian
Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Army            in Xian
Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Soldiers         & Cavalrymen
Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Soldiers         & Cavalrymen
The Great Wall with Towers
The Eastern terminus of the Great       Wall, Shanhai Pass
Han Dynasty, 206
Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese
Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese Paper invented [105 B.C.E.]   
Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese Paper invented [105 B.C.E.]    Silk Road trade develops; impro...
Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese Paper invented [105 B.C.E.]    Silk Road trade develops; impro...
Han – Roman Empire    Connection
Chang’anThe Han Capital
Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E.
Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools.
Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria,  Korea, & Vietnam.
Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria,  Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system 
Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria,  Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system    b...
Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria,  Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system    b...
Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria,  Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system    b...
Han ArtifactsImperial  Seal                       Han Ceramic                         House
Trade Routes of the Ancient World
Multi-Cultural Faces -- People     Along the Silk Road
Multi-Cultural Faces -- People     Along the Silk Road
Ruins of Jiaohe, Turphan depression.Han dynasty outpost in Central Asia
Sui Dynasty, 581-618
Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land  redistribution.
Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land  redistribution. Unified coinage.
Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land  redistribution. Unified coinage. Grand Canal constructed.
Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land  redistribution. Unified coinage. Grand Canal constructed. Esta...
Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land  redistribution. Unified coinage. Grand Canal constructed. Esta...
The Grand Canal
The Grand Canal
Tang Dynasty,
Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected.
Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.
Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.        Spread of Buddhism ...
Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.        Spread of Buddhism ...
Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.        Spread of Buddhism ...
Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.        Spread of Buddhism ...
Tang Government
Tang Dynasty, 618-907
Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:
Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:      Printing  moveable print   
Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:      Printing  moveable print         Porcelain
Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:      Printing  moveable print         Porcelain      Gunpowder
Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:      Printing  moveable print         Porcelain      Gunpowder      Mechani...
Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:      Printing  moveable print         Porcelain      Gunpowder      Mechani...
Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:      Printing  moveable print         Porcelain      Gunpowder      Mechani...
Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705
Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s  history who ruled alone. 
Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s  history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding indiv...
Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s  history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding indiv...
Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s  history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding indiv...
Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s  history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding indiv...
Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s  history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding indiv...
Foot-Binding in Tang
Foot-Binding in Tang Broken toes by 3 years of age.
Foot-Binding in Tang Broken toes by 3 years of age.
Foot-Binding in Tang Broken toes by 3 years of age.                 Size 5 ½ shoe                  on the right
Foot-Binding in Tang China For upper-class girls,  it became a new  custom.
The Results of Foot-Binding
Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E.
Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E.   Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class.
Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E.   Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class.   Increased emphasis on education & c...
Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E.   Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class.   Increased emphasis on education & c...
Rice Cultivation Began Under the               Song
Song Rice Cultivation
Mongolian Steppes
Xinjiang Region – Typical Uygher         [Mongol] “Yurt”
Mongol Invasions
The MONGOLS
The MONGOLS Temujin --> Genghis Khan [“Universal Ruler”]
The MONGOLS Temujin --> Genghis Khan [“Universal Ruler”]     1162 - 1227
The MONGOLS Temujin --> Genghis Khan [“Universal Ruler”]     1162 - 1227     from the steppe [dry, grass-covered plains...
The MONGOLS
The MONGOLS   Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:
The MONGOLS   Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:       If you do not pay homage,        we will take your prosperity.
The MONGOLS   Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:       If you do not pay homage,        we will take your prosperity.       If yo...
The MONGOLS   Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:       If you do not pay homage,        we will take your prosperity.       If yo...
The MONGOLS   Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:       If you do not pay homage,        we will take your prosperity.       If yo...
The MONGOLS   Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:       If you do not pay homage,        we will take your prosperity.       If yo...
Robe of a Mongol
The Extent of the Mongol Empire
Yuan (Mongol)
Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]
Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]     Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]
Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]     Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]        Tolerated Chinese culture         bu...
Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]     Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]        Tolerated Chinese culture         bu...
Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]     Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]        Tolerated Chinese culture         bu...
Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]     Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]        Tolerated Chinese culture         bu...
Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]     Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]        Tolerated Chinese culture         bu...
Marco Polo
Marco Polo     A Venetian merchant.
Marco Polo     A Venetian merchant.     Traveled through Yuan      China: 1271-1295
Marco Polo     A Venetian merchant.     Traveled through Yuan      China: 1271-1295          “Black Stones” [coal]
Marco Polo     A Venetian merchant.     Traveled through Yuan      China: 1271-1295          “Black Stones” [coal]     ...
Marco Polo     A Venetian merchant.     Traveled through Yuan      China: 1271-1295          “Black Stones” [coal]     ...
Marco Polo’s Travels
Yuan Porcelains & Ceramics
Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E.
Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the  Mongols in the mid-14c.
Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the  Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.
Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the  Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.    ...
Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the  Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.    ...
Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the  Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.    ...
China’s last native imperial dynasty!
The Forbidden City: China’s New            Capital
Revived the Civil Service Exam
Ming Cultural Revolution
Ming Cultural Revolution Printing & Literacy      Cheap, popular books:        woodblock printing.        cheap paper....
Ming Cultural Revolution Printing & Literacy           Culture & Art      Cheap, popular books:        Increased liter...
Ming Silver Market
Ming Silver Market   Spanish Silver Convoys       Triangle route:          Philippines to China to Japan.       Silver...
Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E.
Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art
Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art   Moderation
Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art   Moderation   Softness
Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art   Moderation   Softness   Gracefulness
Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art    Moderation    Softness    Gracefulness Three different scho...
Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art    Moderation    Softness    Gracefulness Three different scho...
The Tribute System
Admiral Zheng He1371-1435
Admiral Zheng He             Ming “Treasure Fleet”1371-1435
Admiral Zheng He             Ming “Treasure Fleet”                  Each ship 400’ long & 160’ wide1371-1435
Admiral Zheng He
Admiral Zheng He       China’s “Columbus?”   
Admiral Zheng He       China’s “Columbus?”   
Admiral Zheng He’s First Voyage: 1405-1407 [62 ships; 27,800 men]. Second Voyage: 1407-1409 [Ho didn’t go on this trip]....
 1498 --> Da Gama reached Calcutta, China’s favorite port.
Imperial China’s Impact
Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality.
Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality. Beginnings of political philosophy  through which a ruler must p...
Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality. Beginnings of political philosophy  through which a ruler must p...
Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality. Beginnings of political philosophy  through which a ruler must p...
Qinto ming
Qinto ming
Qinto ming
Qinto ming
Qinto ming
Qinto ming
Qinto ming
Qinto ming
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Qinto ming

  1. 1. Imperial China: Qin to Ming Dynasties
  2. 2. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty,
  3. 3. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire 
  4. 4. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E)
  5. 5. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule 
  6. 6. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule   Bureaucratic administration
  7. 7. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule   Bureaucratic administration  Centralized control
  8. 8. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule   Bureaucratic administration  Centralized control  Military expansion
  9. 9. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule   Bureaucratic administration  Centralized control  Military expansion  Book burnings  targeted Confucianists
  10. 10. Qin [Ch’in] Dynasty, Established China’s first empire  Shi Huangdi (221-206 B.C.E) Legalist rule   Bureaucratic administration  Centralized control  Military expansion  Book burnings  targeted Confucianists  Buried protestors alive!
  11. 11. Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Army in Xian
  12. 12. Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Army in Xian
  13. 13. Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Army in Xian
  14. 14. Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Soldiers & Cavalrymen
  15. 15. Shi Huangdi’s Terra Cotta Soldiers & Cavalrymen
  16. 16. The Great Wall with Towers
  17. 17. The Eastern terminus of the Great Wall, Shanhai Pass
  18. 18. Han Dynasty, 206
  19. 19. Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese
  20. 20. Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese Paper invented [105 B.C.E.] 
  21. 21. Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese Paper invented [105 B.C.E.]  Silk Road trade develops; improves life for many
  22. 22. Han Dynasty, 206 “People of the Han”  original Chinese Paper invented [105 B.C.E.]  Silk Road trade develops; improves life for many Buddhism introduced into China
  23. 23. Han – Roman Empire Connection
  24. 24. Chang’anThe Han Capital
  25. 25. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E.
  26. 26. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools.
  27. 27. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria, Korea, & Vietnam.
  28. 28. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria, Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system 
  29. 29. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria, Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system   bureaucrats
  30. 30. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria, Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system   bureaucrats  Confucian scholar-gentry
  31. 31. Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E. Started public schools. Colonized Manchuria, Korea, & Vietnam. Civil service system   bureaucrats  Confucian scholar-gentry Revival of Chinese
  32. 32. Han ArtifactsImperial Seal Han Ceramic House
  33. 33. Trade Routes of the Ancient World
  34. 34. Multi-Cultural Faces -- People Along the Silk Road
  35. 35. Multi-Cultural Faces -- People Along the Silk Road
  36. 36. Ruins of Jiaohe, Turphan depression.Han dynasty outpost in Central Asia
  37. 37. Sui Dynasty, 581-618
  38. 38. Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land redistribution.
  39. 39. Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land redistribution. Unified coinage.
  40. 40. Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land redistribution. Unified coinage. Grand Canal constructed.
  41. 41. Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land redistribution. Unified coinage. Grand Canal constructed. Established an army of professional soldiers.
  42. 42. Sui Dynasty, 581-618 “Land Equalization” System  land redistribution. Unified coinage. Grand Canal constructed. Established an army of professional soldiers.  People were overworked and overtaxed!
  43. 43. The Grand Canal
  44. 44. The Grand Canal
  45. 45. Tang Dynasty,
  46. 46. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected.
  47. 47. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.
  48. 48. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.  Spread of Buddhism in China
  49. 49. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.  Spread of Buddhism in China
  50. 50. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.  Spread of Buddhism in China Golden Age of foreign relations with other countries. 
  51. 51. Tang Dynasty, Imperial examination system perfected. Liberal attitude towards all religions.  Spread of Buddhism in China Golden Age of foreign relations with other countries.   Japan, Korea, Persia
  52. 52. Tang Government
  53. 53. Tang Dynasty, 618-907
  54. 54. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:
  55. 55. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print 
  56. 56. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print   Porcelain
  57. 57. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print   Porcelain  Gunpowder
  58. 58. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print   Porcelain  Gunpowder  Mechanical clocks
  59. 59. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print   Porcelain  Gunpowder  Mechanical clocks More cosmopolitan culture.
  60. 60. Tang Dynasty, 618-907 New technologies:  Printing  moveable print   Porcelain  Gunpowder  Mechanical clocks More cosmopolitan culture. Reestablished the safety of the Silk Road.
  61. 61. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705
  62. 62. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone. 
  63. 63. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court.
  64. 64. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court. Construction of new irrigation systems.
  65. 65. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court. Construction of new irrigation systems. Buddhism was the favored state religion.
  66. 66. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court. Construction of new irrigation systems. Buddhism was the favored state religion.  Financed the building of many Buddhist temples.
  67. 67. Empress Wu Zetian, 624-705 The only female Empress in China’s history who ruled alone.  Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court. Construction of new irrigation systems. Buddhism was the favored state religion.  Financed the building of many Buddhist temples. BUT… She appointed cruel and sadistic ministers to seek out her enemies.
  68. 68. Foot-Binding in Tang
  69. 69. Foot-Binding in Tang Broken toes by 3 years of age.
  70. 70. Foot-Binding in Tang Broken toes by 3 years of age.
  71. 71. Foot-Binding in Tang Broken toes by 3 years of age.  Size 5 ½ shoe on the right
  72. 72. Foot-Binding in Tang China For upper-class girls, it became a new custom.
  73. 73. The Results of Foot-Binding
  74. 74. Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E.
  75. 75. Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E. Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class.
  76. 76. Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E. Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class. Increased emphasis on education & cheaper availability of printed books.
  77. 77. Song [Sung] Dynasty, 960-1279 C.E. Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class. Increased emphasis on education & cheaper availability of printed books. Magnetic compass makes China a great sea power! 
  78. 78. Rice Cultivation Began Under the Song
  79. 79. Song Rice Cultivation
  80. 80. Mongolian Steppes
  81. 81. Xinjiang Region – Typical Uygher [Mongol] “Yurt”
  82. 82. Mongol Invasions
  83. 83. The MONGOLS
  84. 84. The MONGOLS Temujin --> Genghis Khan [“Universal Ruler”]
  85. 85. The MONGOLS Temujin --> Genghis Khan [“Universal Ruler”]  1162 - 1227
  86. 86. The MONGOLS Temujin --> Genghis Khan [“Universal Ruler”]  1162 - 1227  from the steppe [dry, grass-covered plains of Central Asia]
  87. 87. The MONGOLS
  88. 88. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:
  89. 89. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:  If you do not pay homage, we will take your prosperity.
  90. 90. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:  If you do not pay homage, we will take your prosperity.  If you do not have prosperity, we will take your children.
  91. 91. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:  If you do not pay homage, we will take your prosperity.  If you do not have prosperity, we will take your children.  If you do not have children, we will take your wife.
  92. 92. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:  If you do not pay homage, we will take your prosperity.  If you do not have prosperity, we will take your children.  If you do not have children, we will take your wife.  If you do not have a wife, we will take your head.
  93. 93. The MONGOLS Genghis Khan’s Tax Laws:  If you do not pay homage, we will take your prosperity.  If you do not have prosperity, we will take your children.  If you do not have children, we will take your wife.  If you do not have a wife, we will take your head. Used cruelty as a weapon  some areas never recovered from Mongol destruction!
  94. 94. Robe of a Mongol
  95. 95. The Extent of the Mongol Empire
  96. 96. Yuan (Mongol)
  97. 97. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]
  98. 98. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]
  99. 99. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]  Tolerated Chinese culture but lived apart from them. 
  100. 100. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]  Tolerated Chinese culture but lived apart from them.   No Chinese in top govt. posts.
  101. 101. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]  Tolerated Chinese culture but lived apart from them.   No Chinese in top govt. posts.  Believed foreigner were more trustworthy.
  102. 102. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]  Tolerated Chinese culture but lived apart from them.   No Chinese in top govt. posts.  Believed foreigner were more trustworthy.  Encouraged foreign trade & foreign merchants to live and work in China.
  103. 103. Yuan (Mongol) Kublai Khan [r. 1260-1294]  Pax Mongolica [“Mongol Peace”]  Tolerated Chinese culture but lived apart from them.   No Chinese in top govt. posts.  Believed foreigner were more trustworthy.  Encouraged foreign trade & foreign merchants to live and work in China.  Marco Polo
  104. 104. Marco Polo
  105. 105. Marco Polo  A Venetian merchant.
  106. 106. Marco Polo  A Venetian merchant.  Traveled through Yuan China: 1271-1295
  107. 107. Marco Polo  A Venetian merchant.  Traveled through Yuan China: 1271-1295  “Black Stones” [coal]
  108. 108. Marco Polo  A Venetian merchant.  Traveled through Yuan China: 1271-1295  “Black Stones” [coal]  Gunpowder.
  109. 109. Marco Polo  A Venetian merchant.  Traveled through Yuan China: 1271-1295  “Black Stones” [coal]  Gunpowder.  Noodles.
  110. 110. Marco Polo’s Travels
  111. 111. Yuan Porcelains & Ceramics
  112. 112. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E.
  113. 113. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the Mongols in the mid-14c.
  114. 114. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.
  115. 115. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.  1281  150,000 warriors
  116. 116. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.  1281  150,000 warriors  Defeated by kamikazi [“winds of the gods”] 
  117. 117. Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368 C.E. The Black Plague was spread by the Mongols in the mid-14c. Sent fleets against Japan.  1281  150,000 warriors  Defeated by kamikazi [“winds of the gods”]  Kublai Khan experienced several humiliating defeats in Southeast Asia late in his life.
  118. 118. China’s last native imperial dynasty!
  119. 119. The Forbidden City: China’s New Capital
  120. 120. Revived the Civil Service Exam
  121. 121. Ming Cultural Revolution
  122. 122. Ming Cultural Revolution Printing & Literacy  Cheap, popular books:  woodblock printing.  cheap paper.  Examination system.  Leads to explosion in literacy.   Leads to further popularization of the commercial market.
  123. 123. Ming Cultural Revolution Printing & Literacy  Culture & Art  Cheap, popular books:  Increased literacy  woodblock printing. leads to increased  cheap paper. interest in cultural  Examination system. expressions, ideas,  Leads to explosion in and things: literacy.   Literature.  Painting.  Leads to further  Ceramics. popularization of the  Opera. commercial market.
  124. 124. Ming Silver Market
  125. 125. Ming Silver Market Spanish Silver Convoys  Triangle route:  Philippines to China to Japan.  Silver floods Chinese Market:  Causes devaluation of currency & recession  Adds to reasons for Chinese immigration overseas.  Reduces price of Chinese goods in Europe  Increases interest in Chinese culture & ideas in Europe.  Helps fund conquest of New World   Encourages Europeans in conquest & trade.
  126. 126. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E.
  127. 127. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art
  128. 128. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art  Moderation
  129. 129. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art  Moderation  Softness
  130. 130. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art  Moderation  Softness  Gracefulness
  131. 131. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art  Moderation  Softness  Gracefulness Three different schools of painting developed.
  132. 132. Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art  Moderation  Softness  Gracefulness Three different schools of painting developed. Hundreds of thousands of workers constructed the
  133. 133. The Tribute System
  134. 134. Admiral Zheng He1371-1435
  135. 135. Admiral Zheng He  Ming “Treasure Fleet”1371-1435
  136. 136. Admiral Zheng He  Ming “Treasure Fleet”  Each ship 400’ long & 160’ wide1371-1435
  137. 137. Admiral Zheng He
  138. 138. Admiral Zheng He  China’s “Columbus?” 
  139. 139. Admiral Zheng He  China’s “Columbus?” 
  140. 140. Admiral Zheng He’s First Voyage: 1405-1407 [62 ships; 27,800 men]. Second Voyage: 1407-1409 [Ho didn’t go on this trip]. Third Voyage: 1409-1411 [48 ships; 30,000 men]. Fourth Voyage: 1413-1415 [63 ships; 28,500 men]. Fifth Voyage: 1417-1419 Sixth Voyage: 1421-1422  Emperor Zhu Gaozhi cancelled future trips and ordered ship builders and sailors to stop work. Seventh Voyage: 1431-1433  Emperor Zhu Zhanji resumed the voyages in 1430 to restore peaceful relations with Malacca & Siam  100 ships and 27,500 men; Cheng Ho died on the return trip.
  141. 141.  1498 --> Da Gama reached Calcutta, China’s favorite port.
  142. 142. Imperial China’s Impact
  143. 143. Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality.
  144. 144. Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality. Beginnings of political philosophy through which a ruler must prove he/ she is legitimate.
  145. 145. Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality. Beginnings of political philosophy through which a ruler must prove he/ she is legitimate.  Mandate of Heaven
  146. 146. Imperial China’s Impact Removed religion from morality. Beginnings of political philosophy through which a ruler must prove he/ she is legitimate.  Mandate of Heaven Secular law.

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