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Qin and Han Dynasties


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An overview of the major events of the Qin and Han Dynasties

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Qin and Han Dynasties

  1. 1. China in the Qin and Han Dynasty<br />China Unifies and gets on with life<br />
  2. 2. Legalist Thinkers<br />Shang Yang (390-338 BCE), The Book of the Lord Shang<br />Han Feizi (280-233 BCE)<br />Forced to commit suicide by Li Si<br />Li Si was his partner in philosophy and became the advisor to the first Emperor of the Qin.<br />He didn’t want a rival out there, so he “took care of it”<br />Two strengths of the Legalist state<br />Agriculture<br />Military<br />Emphasized development of peasant, soldier classes<br />Distrust of pure intellectual, cultural pursuits<br />Historically, often imitated but rarely praised<br />
  3. 3. Qin (Chin) Dynasty<br />Founded by Qin Shihuangdi (QSHD); base was land grants from Lord Shang Yang<br />Lasts from 221-206 BCE<br />Short, but sets precedents and has massive impact<br />Creates centralized bureaucracy<br />Government is run by a web of civil servants, each with a supervisor. At the center of the web is the Emperor who makes all final decisions. Paranoia rules.<br />
  4. 4. Image of Qin Shihuangdi<br />
  5. 5. China under the Qin<br />
  6. 6. Standardization under the Qin<br />Mandated the following be the same throughout the empire:<br />Axel lengths<br />Weights and Measures<br />Writing system<br />Monetary system<br />Thought<br />Why? What benefits come to a leader for doing these things? A country? Would China have unified long term without them?<br />
  7. 7. People don’t go along always<br />Resistance to the Qin is futile…<br />Emperor orders the execution of all critics<br />Hates, hates, H8s Confucians<br />All books are to be burned, except for<br />Agricultural texts<br />Metallurgical texts<br />The loss of culture is huge!<br />
  8. 8. Massive Public Works projects<br />Roads, bridges and a rather important Great Wall<br />Begun during the Qin to protect the kingdom against barbarians.<br />Was a series of walls that were connected<br />Built using conscript labor<br />Over 100,000 died during the construction project and were buried in the wall.<br />
  9. 9. Obsessed with his own tomb<br />700,000 workers conscripted to work on it<br />His slaves, concubines and craftsmen were sacrificed and buried with him and the terra cotta army he ordered to be built to protect him in the after life.<br />Buried from 207-ish BCE until a farmer digging a well in 1974 pulled up a terra cotta head…<br />
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  13. 13. End of the Qin<br />Emperor QSHD dies.<br />Likely due to ingesting large quantities of mercury<br />But Li Si covers it up while he tries to dispose of the son.<br />Army revolts, Li Si and son both killed, and chaos breaks out.<br />
  14. 14. Han (Hahn) Dynasty forms<br />Army general Liu Bang forms new government<br />Takes as his family name the name of the river in his village: Han<br />Dynasty runs from 206 BCE-220 CE<br />Brief interruption from 9-24 CE<br />So there is an Early Han and a Later Han…<br />
  15. 15. Early Han<br />Relaxes Qin rules/restrictions, but keeps things orderly—no chaos<br />Set up another bureaucracy, but de-centralized it at first to regional government<br />Quickly re-centralizes once there is a rebellion.<br />
  16. 16. Expansion time<br />Han Wudi (third emperor, rules 141-87BCE) decides to grow the empire’s territory<br />Raises taxes to fund military and other public works.<br />Sets up imperial university for educated civil servants<br />3,000 grows to 300,000 by end of Han Dynasty<br />A military guy, but supports Confucians<br />
  17. 17. Two different images of Han Wu Di<br />
  18. 18. HWD Expansion<br />Invasions of Vietnam, Korea<br />Constant attacks from Xiongnu<br />Nomads from Central Asia<br />Horsemen<br />Brutal: Maodun (210-174 BCE), had soldiers murder his wife, father<br />Han Wudi briefly dominates Xiongnu; abandons policy of appeasement<br />
  19. 19. Han expansion at the time of HWD, ca 87 BCE<br />