Addressing the Gender Gap in Agriculture and the Rural Sector in the Near East and North Africa
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Addressing the Gender Gap in Agriculture and the Rural Sector in the Near East and North Africa

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FAO Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty-Second Session 24 – 28 February 2014, Rome, Italy ...

FAO Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty-Second Session 24 – 28 February 2014, Rome, Italy

Addressing the Gender Gap in Agriculture and the Rural Sector in the Near East and North Africa

Agenda Item 11: NERC/14/6

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Addressing the Gender Gap in Agriculture and the Rural Sector in the Near East and North Africa Addressing the Gender Gap in Agriculture and the Rural Sector in the Near East and North Africa Presentation Transcript

  • FAO Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty-Second Session 24 – 28 February 2014, Rome, Italy Addressing the Gender Gap in Agriculture and the Rural Sector in the Near East and North Africa Agenda Item 11: NERC/14/6 NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Outline of Presentation • Introduction • Challenges to address the gender gap in agriculture and the rural sector • Activities carried out in the region by FAO • Regional strategic measures to address gender gap and women’s empowerment in the region • Guidance sought NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Introduction Agriculture a. Unable to sustain rural livelihoods b. Increased male migration c. Women’s roles as food producers has increased Women’s predominance in agriculture - access to productive resources, and services that need to be more gender sensitive NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Challenges to reduce gender gaps in agriculture and the rural sector • Gender gap in the NENA region remains a main challenge • Investments in girls’ and women’s education and health • Legal constraints within and outside the household • Gender gaps in the region a. Land and other livelihood opportunities b. Education is less accessible to rural women NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Challenges to reduce gender gaps in agriculture and the rural sector • Entry barriers in non-traditional value chains • Land tenure rights and access to loans and credits • Access to information and knowledge transfer, extension and advisory services NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Challenges to reduce gender gaps in agriculture and the rural sector • Insufficient research and data • High unemployment rates especially among young women • Remuneration and salaries • Access to social protection programmes • Occupational safety and health in agriculture and the rural sector NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • FAO’s Activities Carried Out in the Region Cont’d • FAO’s Policy on Gender Equality endorsed (2012) • Implementation of FAO’s Gender Equality Policy in the Region/ Gender Audits • Gender and Rural Development Network in Tunisia • A regional network and website on Gender Equality and Rural Women’s Empowerment launched (2013) NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • FAO’s Activities Carried Out in the Region Cont’d • Country initiatives to address gender gaps. Few examples: - Tunisia: FAO supported the sustainable livelihoods of over 3000 women involved in clam harvesting - Egypt: on-going FAO-Government Cooperative Programme on food-secure environment to increase women and youth access to skills and knowledge to improve their diets NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • FAO’s Activities Carried Out in the Region Cont’d - Oman: proposal to strengthen the Rural Women Department to support the economic empowerment of women producers and entrepreneurs in agriculture, livestock, and fisheries - West Bank and Gaza Strip, women cooperatives incorporated into a Junior Farmer Field and Life School Project (this was done through training by FAO in nutrition, food processing, marketing and other skills from extension workers) NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • What’s Next? Regional Measures to Mainstream Gender in the Region NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Regional Measures to Mainstream Gender in the Region FAO: support to Member States in formulating and implementing a regional gender approach to increased food security and rural development: • Formulate and implement gender-sensitive food security & rural poverty reduction policies, sustained by adequate budget allocations • Inclusive economic growth • Policy land reforms NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Regional Measures to Mainstream Gender in the Region Cont’d • Build legal awareness on land and water rights – provide support to acquire personal identification documents • Advise and support for the design and implementation of approaches to improve the access to natural resources and sustainable management • FAO’s role as knowledge broker, South-South cooperation, and exchange among NENA countries • Cooperation and partnerships with regional bodies, private sector and civil society organisations NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Regional Measures to Mainstream Gender in the Region Cont’d • Strengthening rural institutions essential for poverty reduction, and economic development of small producers: • Capacity development support of gender-sensitive approaches • Investment in agricultural extension services, focusing on female extension agents • Policies and programs to sustain women producers’ organizations • Improve research in crops, livestock, fisheries and technology to support women’s activities • Access to ICTs for women and youth NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • REGIONAL MEASURES TO MAINSTREAM GENDER IN THE REGION Cont’d • Human capital of women, men, boys and girls • New policies and strategies to support women and youth in rural areas in developing skills needed to enhance their employment opportunities NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Regional Measures to Mainstream Gender in the Region Cont’d • Strengthening the capacity of national stakeholders to collect and analyse gender disaggregated data • Enhance data generation on small-scale producers and value chains at different levels • New policies and strategies to support women and youth in rural areas in developing skills needed to enhance their employment opportunities NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Regional Measures to Mainstream Gender in the Region Cont’d Economic empowerment of women and girls • Institutional and policy environment that promotes decent work for women • Increase the labour productivity and employment opportunities / training, extension, social services and labour saving technologies • Policies to better integrate women in the value chain NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Regional Measures to Mainstream Gender in the Region Cont’d Economic empowerment of women and girls • Ensure non-discriminatory business and contractual laws • Build social capital among women entrepreneurs (cooperatives, self-help groups and rural women’s business associations) • Market information for women through national communication networks NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Regional Measures to Mainstream Gender in the Region Cont’d • • Social protection programmes: service roads, rural clinics, rural water supply networks Partnership with civil society organisations and other development & UN organizations is crucial • Needs of rural women, youth, and displaced people • Design interventions that promote investment in rural women’s human capital NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • GUIDANCE SOUGHT  Initiatives in the region • • • Food security and nutrition Water scarcity Small-scale producers  Address the needs and requirements of rural women and men through gender mainstreaming in these regional initiatives  Inclusive approach to achieve better food security and nutrition NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  • Thank You NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region