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Ethiopia Agricultural Growth Program experiences in the gender perspective

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Presented by Tsehaynesh Kidane at the Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013


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Ethiopia Agricultural Growth Program experiences in the gender perspective

  1. 1. Ethiopia Agricultural Growth Program experiences in the gender perspective Tsehaynesh Kidane Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013
  2. 2.  Importance of the presentation  Expected output of the presentation  Overview of AGP  Implementation structure of AGP  Major gender focused activities  Achievements of AGP in the gender perspective • • • • Established CIGs & IGs by group type Trainees on capacity building training Participants on experience sharing programs Sample pictures of some group business types & others  Challenges
  3. 3. • To share some of the basic experiences of the program in the gender perspective. Expected out put the presentation Expected out put ofof presentation • Basic gender related experiences should be shared among participants.
  4. 4. Government program,  Launched on March 25, 2011,  One pillar of Agricultural Development,  It’s life time is 5 Years,  It has demand-driven approach,  Designed under the umbrella of government policy and strategies: (ADLI, RDPS, CAADP, GTP, etc.) 
  5. 5.  to increase agricultural productivity and market access for key crops and livestock products in targeted woredas with increased participation of women and youth.  increase agricultural productivity and market access  increase participation of women and youth
  6. 6.  AGP has being implemented in 4 regional states: Oromiya,  Amahara,  SNNPR &  Tigray  AGP started its implementation in 84 districts, for this year, there is a chance to reach 12 additional districts.  2108 Kebeles  2,052,011 HHs
  7. 7. 1. Agricultural Production & Commercialization 1.1. Institutional Strengthening & Development 1.2. Scaling up of best practices 1.3. Market & Agribusiness Development 2. Small Scale Rural Infrastructure Development & Management 2.1. Small Scale Agri. Water Development & Management 2,2. Small Scale Market Infrastructure Development & Management 3. Program Management & Institutional Arrangement, M & E 3.1. Program Management & Institutional Arrangement 3.2. Monitoring & Evaluation
  8. 8. Across all major & sub components, AGP:       Gives space for women to participate & have a voice in sub project selection & decisions to be made, Built knowledge on gender & youth issues, Enhance women and youth leadership skills, Ensure DAs & SMSs are able to serve women farmers, Engage & give attention to women & youth in all steps of component activities, Build up capacity of women and youth to form Common Interest Groups (CIGs) and Innovative Groups (IGs) and so on.
  9. 9.  On establishment of CIGs, AGP set target:  Women 32%  Youth 34%  Mixed 34%  On establishment of IGs, AGP set target:  Women 40%  Youth 40%  Mixed 20%  In mixed group, a minimum of 30% should be female farmers.  Any committee should represent Male & Female farmers Eg. – WUAs, WUCs,  Based on gender division of labor; 100% of FHHs & a minimum of 30% of women in MHHs should participate & benefit from different training, experience sharing programs & so on.
  10. 10.   AGP has being implemented through the existing government structures, To Facilitate & Coordinate its component activities, AGP has:  FAGP-CU  RAGP-CU  Gender specialists Gender focal person in each IPs      MoA (WAD) & Regional Bureau of Agriculture, Federal, Regional & District Cooperatives, Regional Women’s Affaires Bureau, District Agricultural Office, District Women’s Affaires Office.
  11. 11.  AGP gender mainstreaming guideline has developed & orientation on the guideline has been conducted,  Federal 24 ( 12 female)  Regions 622 ( 201 female)  woredas 3942 ( 1430 female, (218 youth))  Kebeles 1999 ( 869 female) To show directions how to incorporate gender issues in all AGP major & sub component activities,
  12. 12.  Training has been conducted on gender related topics, women & youth development package, HTPs and so on,  Region 520 ( 181 female)  Woreda 639 ( 265 female)  To enhance experts understanding on gender related topics,  To show direction how to link women & youth packages with AGP component activities,  To enhance the understanding of participants on the negative effects of HTPs on development.
  13. 13. Experience sharing program has been conducted  Federal level 46 ( 17 female)  District 104 ( 27 female)  to visit, share & discuss how some best practices and experiences of agro processing businesses; - Start and expand, - Challenges they faced and how they tackle these challenges, - Benefits which the group members have got and so on.
  14. 14.  Consultative meeting has been conducted at various levels     Federal Regional District Kebele 51 ( 17 female) 498 ( 139 female) 230 ( 115 female) 368 (226 male, 142 female, (Youth 82)) To reach on common understanding among AGP IPs, To share the best experiences of IPs,  To strengthen networking among stakeholders at all levels, To understand the roles & responsibilities of each IPs.
  15. 15.  Performance report of AGP in the perspective of gender has been prepared - To assess and analyze the performance report of the program in relation to gender, - To suggest and recommend the possible solutions.  CIGs & IGs assessment carried out in AGP regions - To assess the performance and challenges of CIGs & IGs in relevance to the overall AGP objective & propose practical recommendations to address key challenges.  Supportive supervision has been conducted at various levels. - To assess the strength, weakness and challenges manifested during the implementation of component activities - To suggest the possible solutions and so on.
  16. 16. Number of established CIGs Group type Planned Achieved WIGs 32% 31% YIGs 34% 32% MIGs 34% 37% Total number of established groups are 6611 Total group members are 97554 (M=59% , F= 41%)
  17. 17. Total members of YIGs are 29667 Total members of MIGs are 38456
  18. 18. Number of established IGs Group type Planned Achieved WIGs 40% 35% YIGs 40% 38% MIGs 20% 27% Total number of IGs are 1496 Total members of IGs are 23024 (M=54% , F= 46)
  19. 19. Total member of YIGs are 9523 Total member of MIGs are 58190
  20. 20. 90 88.6 86.3 83.5 82.1 82.6 77.5 80 70 60 50 2011/12 40 30 20 11.4 16.5 13.7 22.5 17.4 2012/13 17.9 10 0 Male Female Experts Male Female DAs Male Female Farmers
  21. 21. 88.6 90 86.3 83.5 82.6 82.1 77.5 80 70 60 50 2011/12 40 30 20 11.4 16.5 13.7 17.4 17.9 10 0 Male Female Experts Male Female DAs 2012/13 22.5 Male Female Farmers
  22. 22. 90 87.2 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 12.8 10 0 Male Female
  23. 23. WIGs organized on poultry production found in SNNPR WIGs organized on potato seed multiplication found in SNNPR
  24. 24. WIGs organized on poultry production found in Amhara region
  25. 25. WIG Organized on dairy production
  26. 26. MIGs organized on fish production
  27. 27. YIGs organized on poultry production (13 & 2)
  28. 28.         Turnover of gender specialists, In some Districts, gender experts not assigned in the Agricultural Offices, Some of the gender experts are busy with other activities, Inadequate supportive supervision by most of IAs, Lack of strong Integration and Cooperation among IAs, Inadequate sex disaggregated data from some IAs, Inadequate women appropriate technologies at FTC level. Limited participation of female farmers in most of program component activities.

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