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GOVERNO DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO
SECRETARIA DE AGRICULTURA E PECUÁRIA
SUPERINTENDÊNCIA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO SUSTENTÁVEL
R...
MISSION: PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF
THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF THE STATE OF RIO DE
JANEIRO
Objective: Promote sust...
RIO DE JANEIRO STATE – BRIEF OVERVIEW
Total Population: 15,989,929
Urban Population: 96,7%
Rural Population Population: 3,...
RIO DE JANEIRO STATE
LAND USE

FAMILY FARMING

NON FAMILY FARMING

Establishments: 44,145
Area: 470,221 ha

Establishments...
MICRO-WATERSHEDS’ APPROACH

A WAY TO PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT

SOCIAL

ENVIRONMENTAL

ECONOMICAL
MICROWATERSHED APPROACH – RESULTS AND LESSONS LEARNED
PE

GATHERING EXPERIENCE
FOR MORE THAN 30 YEARS
- more than 500.000 ...
COMMUNITY SELF
MANAGEMENT
GOVERNANCE IMPROVEMENT
PARTICIPATORY
DIAGNOSIS & PLANNING
CONSERVATON OF
NATURAL RESOURCES

PAYM...
STRATEGIES FOR SMALL FARMER’S INCLUSION IN KEY ISSUES
Community management
of natural resources

Microwatersheds’
simulato...
STRATEGIES FOR SMALL FARMER’S INCLUSION IN KEY ISSUES
Microwatersheds’ methodology as
an environmental project

Integratio...
IMPROVING MICRO-WATERSHEDS’ METHODOLOGY
Governance
improvement

10

Sectoral
Articulation

Intersectoral
Articulation

Ins...
PARTICIPATORY MANAGEMENT AND SOCIAL CONTROL
COORDINATION

EXECUTIO
N

CENTRAL

SRD STATE COUNCIL

EXECUTIVE
SECRETARY

REG...
1st STEP - GEF
(2006-2011)

2nd. STEP - BIRD
(2010-2016)

EMERGENCY
(2011)

BIRD - RESTRUCTURED
(2011)

ADITIONAL FUND
(20...
MICRO-WATERSHEDS METHODOLOGY - RIO RURAL
Participatory Rural
Diagnosis
Involves all interest groups,
organized in the loca...
SELECTION OF BENEFICIARIES AND INVESTMENTS PRIORIZATION
15

Local Planning
Aleatory Selection
- Local participation
- Tran...
FINANCIAL INCENTIVE TO SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES

• Increase income and farm sustainability
• Introduce animals and crops in a...
EXAMPLES OF INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES
ce
Practi
ice
ract
P

COUNTRY CHICKEN

uc
e

od
Pr
od
uc
e

Pr
od

l fo
ma
i
...
EXAMPLES OF INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES

+

Animal food for
dry periods
(resilience)
Produces
manure

ROTATIONAL GRAZ...
Farm Development Plan

Previous Situation

Pasture
Coffee

SUSTAINABLE PLANNING

Grass
Erosion
Spring

Recharge
Area

Eros...
20

Financial strategy: Grants + beneficiaries counterpart + Co-Financing

Basket of financing options to promote rural de...
PARTICIPATORY MONITORING
Water
Springs protection
- Recovery of native vegetation and local biodiversity
- Increase in wat...
COLLECTIVE INCENTIVES - INCUBATION OF RURAL ENTERPRISES
Agroindustry

Collective buying cooperatives

Sustainable craft
pr...
CAPACITY-DEVELOPMENT AND DISSEMINATION
Training

Executors

Stakeholders

Farmers

Communities

www.microbacias.rj.gov.br
...
RESULTS - RIO RURAL GEF

• 1,325 farming families adopting sustainable practices
• 6,433 beneficiaries, 481 technicians an...
RESULTS - RIO RURAL BIRD
25

• 407 micro-watersheds ranked
• 37,000 family farmers benefited
• 51 subprojects executed
• 8...
Natural Disaster – SERRANA REGION – Emergency actions
BEFORE RAINSTORM

• 1.365 subprojects
• 1.321 beneficiaries
• 13.627...
ADDITIONAL FINANCING
Structural actions, risk management and significant landscape
changes to mitigate climate changes eff...
AF:APPROCHING SMALL FARMERS TO NEW MARKET OPPORTUNITIES
Economical and environmental opportunities in the State of RJ - Ma...
IMPROVING TERRITORIAL APPROACH
STATE

REGIONAL/
WATERSHEDS

CLUSTERS

MUNICIPAL

MICROWATERSHEDS
FARMS

Group of municipal...
IMPROVING TERRITORIAL APPROACH

Clusters

Micro-watersheds

30

Improvement
of productive
systems

Local group
enterprises...
www.microbacias.rj.gov.br
¡MUCHAS GRACIAS!
www.microbacias.rj.gov.br
 ¡MUCHAS GRACIAS!
Estrategias para la sostenibilidad de los servicios ambientales en el programa Rio Rural
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Estrategias para la sostenibilidad de los servicios ambientales en el programa Rio Rural

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Marcelo Monteiro da Costa
Coordinador en Gestyión de Información y Monitoreo
Secretaria de agricultura e pecuária supertintendência de desenvolvimento sustentavel- Governo do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

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  • Transcript of "Estrategias para la sostenibilidad de los servicios ambientales en el programa Rio Rural"

    1. 1. GOVERNO DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO SECRETARIA DE AGRICULTURA E PECUÁRIA SUPERINTENDÊNCIA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO SUSTENTÁVEL Rio de Janeiro - Brasil ESTRATEGIAS PARA LA SOSTENIBILIDAD DE LOS SERVICIOS AMBIENTALES EM EL PROGRAMA RIO RURAL MARCELO MONTEIRO DA COSTA Coordinador en Gestión de Información y Monitoreo Dec, 2012
    2. 2. MISSION: PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF THE STATE OF RIO DE JANEIRO Objective: Promote sustainable development of the agricultural sector of the state of Rio de Janeiro, using the micro-watersheds methodology to identify and support local initiatives and arrangements that enable construction of a continuous and evolutionary process of income generation, environmental respectability and social equity, thus providing improved life quality of the whole society and especially of those who live of family farming. Micro-watershed as a PLANNING, INTERVETION, MONITORING AND EVALUATION UNIT.
    3. 3. RIO DE JANEIRO STATE – BRIEF OVERVIEW Total Population: 15,989,929 Urban Population: 96,7% Rural Population Population: 3,3% GDP: US$704 billion Agricultural GDP: 1,2% 92 municipalities Second Consumer Market of the Country 8 watersheds Committees 20,33% of the original Atlantic Forest Total Area: 43.864,3 Km2 Fonts: IBGE, 2010 / INEA exchange R$/US$ = 1 p/ 1,99
    4. 4. RIO DE JANEIRO STATE LAND USE FAMILY FARMING NON FAMILY FARMING Establishments: 44,145 Area: 470,221 ha Establishments: 14,335 Area: 1,575,646 ha MAIN RJ AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: - VEGETABLES & FRUITS - MILK - SUGAR & BIOFUEL/ALCOHOL - COFFEE Font: IBGE - Agricultural Census 2006
    5. 5. MICRO-WATERSHEDS’ APPROACH A WAY TO PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICAL
    6. 6. MICROWATERSHED APPROACH – RESULTS AND LESSONS LEARNED PE GATHERING EXPERIENCE FOR MORE THAN 30 YEARS - more than 500.000 farmers - 5.500 micro-watersheds - 14,000,000 ha under conservation - 5,000,000 ha under no-tillage system - 300,000 ha under green manure - 50.000 Km of rural roads improved - Improve water quality by: reduction of 50% of water turbidity level reduction of 50% of water treatment costs BA MG MS ES SP PR SC RS RJ
    7. 7. COMMUNITY SELF MANAGEMENT GOVERNANCE IMPROVEMENT PARTICIPATORY DIAGNOSIS & PLANNING CONSERVATON OF NATURAL RESOURCES PAYMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AL SERVICES FOOD SECURITY AND SOLIDARITY ECONOMY PRODUCTIVITY OF FAMILY FARMING SYSTEMIC VISION TERRITORIAL APPROACH PHISICAL INTERVENTION UNITY EASY MONITORING INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATED FUNDS CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
    8. 8. STRATEGIES FOR SMALL FARMER’S INCLUSION IN KEY ISSUES Community management of natural resources Microwatersheds’ simulator Integration of multisectoral public policies FECAM Community Code of Conduct Inclusion of biodiversity Bees pollinating crops Muriqui
    9. 9. STRATEGIES FOR SMALL FARMER’S INCLUSION IN KEY ISSUES Microwatersheds’ methodology as an environmental project Integration Local planning – Watersheds’ Planning Financial Sustainability System CDM of family farming
    10. 10. IMPROVING MICRO-WATERSHEDS’ METHODOLOGY Governance improvement 10 Sectoral Articulation Intersectoral Articulation Institutional Sustainability Plan Fragmented aActions Incentive of productive chains’ sustainability SOCIAL INCLUSION PROJECTS Rural Network for Social Inclusion
    11. 11. PARTICIPATORY MANAGEMENT AND SOCIAL CONTROL COORDINATION EXECUTIO N CENTRAL SRD STATE COUNCIL EXECUTIVE SECRETARY REGIONAL REGIONAL MICROWATERSHED COMITEE REGIONAL EXECUTIVE SECRETARIES MUNICIPAL SRD MUNICIPAL COUNCILS EXTENSON AGENCY AND CITY HALL MICRO-WATERSHED COMITEE TECHNICAL AGENTS LOCAL WATERSHE D
    12. 12. 1st STEP - GEF (2006-2011) 2nd. STEP - BIRD (2010-2016) EMERGENCY (2011) BIRD - RESTRUCTURED (2011) ADITIONAL FUND (2012-2018) US$14 million US$79 million US$18,7 million US$79 million US$140 million 24 municipalities 59 municipalities 10 municipalities 59 municipalities 72 municipalities 48 micro-watersheds 270 micro-watersheds 62 micro-watersheds 366 micro-watersheds 386.000 ha (8,8%) 1.200.000 ha (26,7%) 25.000 families 138 + 62 = 200 microwatersheds 4.000 families 37.000 families Fase 1 (GEF) UPSCALLING RIO RURAL PROGRAM Fase 2 (BIRD) INVESTMENTS, COVERAGE, BENEFICIARIES FROM PILOT TO POLICY 1.580.000 ha (36%) 78.000 families
    13. 13. MICRO-WATERSHEDS METHODOLOGY - RIO RURAL Participatory Rural Diagnosis Involves all interest groups, organized in the local microwatersheds committees, discussing social, economical, environmental issues and priorities Consolidate the local development issues – priority problems and potentials are negotiated amongst the several groups Local Planning Farm Development Plans Executive Plans of Microwatersheds Local participatory development action plan based on a previous rural diagnosis Content: Strategies related to actions’ implementation, financing arrangements, targets, time table and potential beneficiaries are negotiated among members of the microwatershed committee and validated with the community Content: Adequate on farm production systems, based on a long term development vision Negotiated with the farmer (incentive + counterpart) Must contribute to the community development plan of each micro-watershed AFTER BEFORE Microwatersheds simulator PEM fundraising folder
    14. 14. SELECTION OF BENEFICIARIES AND INVESTMENTS PRIORIZATION 15 Local Planning Aleatory Selection - Local participation - Transparency - Democratic - No political interference - Commitment among executors, beneficiaries and stakeholders with project implementation
    15. 15. FINANCIAL INCENTIVE TO SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES • Increase income and farm sustainability • Introduce animals and crops in adequate areas, in order to increase efficiency (sustainable agriculture and livestock) • Integrate practices, in order to optimize results and productivity • Protect forest fragments to biodiversity conservation
    16. 16. EXAMPLES OF INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES ce Practi ice ract P COUNTRY CHICKEN uc e od Pr od uc e Pr od l fo ma i An e uc od Pr AGROFORESTAL SYSTEM Recover degraded area in PPA or Legal Reserve Healthy Food d Human Foo MANURE rity Food Secu C Selling products with added value st po om COMPOST
    17. 17. EXAMPLES OF INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES + Animal food for dry periods (resilience) Produces manure ROTATIONAL GRAZING Increase of productivity Releases areas for protection Eg: Springs and recharge areas SUGAR CANE PRODUCTION Irri g a pine tion of appl e cro p Incre ased prod uctio n SPRING PROTECTION Increase of water supplying st po m Co Selling products with added value COMPOST
    18. 18. Farm Development Plan Previous Situation Pasture Coffee SUSTAINABLE PLANNING Grass Erosion Spring Recharge Area Erosion Control Protected Spring Rotational Grazing
    19. 19. 20 Financial strategy: Grants + beneficiaries counterpart + Co-Financing Basket of financing options to promote rural development FIBRIA Native trees seedlings: U$13.300 Federal Program on Landtenure Credit: U$3.880 PRONAF (National Family Farmer´s Support Program) Credit: U$1.880 RJ State Agriculture Support Program Credit: U$6.270 Municipalities Materials transport, soil preparation: U$5.300 Beneficiaries Counterpart 20% FUNASA National Sanitation Fundation Sanitation unit: 66.000 FUNCAFÉ Credits 13.600
    20. 20. PARTICIPATORY MONITORING Water Springs protection - Recovery of native vegetation and local biodiversity - Increase in water availability - Use for irrigation of crops - Approximately 12% increase of productivity (pineapple) Local economy Rotational Grazing - Increase of milk productivity -Increase of organic matter content (66.6%) - 1,5 ha released for reforestation (per project) - Carbon storage (28 T for each R$1.000 invested)
    21. 21. COLLECTIVE INCENTIVES - INCUBATION OF RURAL ENTERPRISES Agroindustry Collective buying cooperatives Sustainable craft production
    22. 22. CAPACITY-DEVELOPMENT AND DISSEMINATION Training Executors Stakeholders Farmers Communities www.microbacias.rj.gov.br Field Day – Agroecology Schools – Springs protection campaign Visit of Senegal’s researchers to participatory reasearch plots (South-South Cooperation) Field Day – Participatory water monitoring
    23. 23. RESULTS - RIO RURAL GEF • 1,325 farming families adopting sustainable practices • 6,433 beneficiaries, 481 technicians and 2.050 actors trained • 47 Micro-watersheds’ Plans designed • 48 Micro-watersheds’ Management Committees established • 231 identity groups formed • 43 business groups formed •18,000 ha of lands with sustainable agricultural practices • 1,240 ha of riparian and native forests rehabilitated • 800 ha of biodiversity conservation-friendly land use mosaics established • US$10 million on co-investment projects approved • 23 Participatory Research Units implemented • Multisectoral integration (Education, Health, Environment, Culture)
    24. 24. RESULTS - RIO RURAL BIRD 25 • 407 micro-watersheds ranked • 37,000 family farmers benefited • 51 subprojects executed • 8,519 farmes, 277 technicians and 2,044 actors trained • 132 Watershed Management Committee established, with 1,131 members • 339 identity groups formed • 52 Micro-watershed’s Executive Plans (PEM) designed • 23 Participatory Research Units implemented • 114 potential business gropus, with 913 members • 997 sanitation projects execution • 21 mechanized patrols • 3.020 km of roads rehabilitated, benefiting 12.844 farmers
    25. 25. Natural Disaster – SERRANA REGION – Emergency actions BEFORE RAINSTORM • 1.365 subprojects • 1.321 beneficiaries • 13.627 beneficiaries trained in key-words • 889 km of roads rehabilitated, benefiting 10,000 farmers • 1.677 ha of productive lands recovered, benefiting 8.854 farmers • 26 machneries and equipment BEFORE BEFORE AFTER AFTER AFTER RAINSTORM
    26. 26. ADDITIONAL FINANCING Structural actions, risk management and significant landscape changes to mitigate climate changes effects - Adaptation of rural population to climate changes - Soil Conservation - Rehabilitation of roads, bridges and draining - Terrace - Level Planting
    27. 27. AF:APPROCHING SMALL FARMERS TO NEW MARKET OPPORTUNITIES Economical and environmental opportunities in the State of RJ - Macroinvestments – US$122 billion DPL – Development Politics Loan 1 billion Logistic Plataform 9,8 billion 2,5 billion Açu Port Complex 43 billion 2 billion Açu Termeletric 4,7 billion Southeast Port 0,9 billion Angra 3 Nuclear Industrial Plant Plant 4 billion 0,7 billion CSA 7,3 billion Font: Decisão Rio - FIRJAN
    28. 28. IMPROVING TERRITORIAL APPROACH STATE REGIONAL/ WATERSHEDS CLUSTERS MUNICIPAL MICROWATERSHEDS FARMS Group of municipalities and micro-watersheds
    29. 29. IMPROVING TERRITORIAL APPROACH Clusters Micro-watersheds 30 Improvement of productive systems Local group enterprises Focus on professionalization Lower resources Logistics Structuring projects Risk analysis Market demands Natural resources management Multiple business plans Individual Simultaneous and group support to multiple demands chains Support to specifical agricultural chains Technological innovation Microwatersheds’ planning Landscape management Environmental adequacy and sanitation Intensification of the investments Specialized technical assistence Territorial custers’ planning Formation of supplying chains
    30. 30. www.microbacias.rj.gov.br
    31. 31. ¡MUCHAS GRACIAS! www.microbacias.rj.gov.br
    32. 32.  ¡MUCHAS GRACIAS!
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