Government of pakistan policies and strategies for addressing environment Saadullah Ayaz
Government of Pakistan’s Policies and Strategies for Addressing Environmental Concerns Saadullah Ayaz September 28, 2010INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
ENVIRONMENT RELATED POLICIES IN PAKISTANNATIONAL POLICIES AND STRATEGIESA. National Conservation StrategyB. National Environmental PolicyC. National Sanitation PolicyD. National Water PolicyE. National Drinking Water PolicyF. National Forest PolicyG. National Rangeland PolicyH. National Operational Strategy for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)2
A. NATIONAL CONSERVATION STRATEGY (1992)AIMTo facilitate integration of environmental considerationsin millions of daily economic, social and physicaldecisions of individuals, households communities,corporations and GovernmentOBJECTIVES Conservation of natural resources Sustainable development Improved use and efficiency of management of resourcesOPERATING PRINCIPLES Achieve greater public participation in development of env. Mgt. Integration of environmental economics in decision making Focus of durable improvement of quality of life
CORE AREAS UNDER NCS maintaining soils in croplands increasing irrigation efficiency protected watersheds supporting forestry and plantations restoring rangelands and improving livestock protecting water bodies and sustaining fisheries conserving biodiversity increasing energy efficiency developing and deploying renewables preventing and abating pollution managing urban waste supporting institutions for common resources integrating population and environment programs, and preserving the cultural heritage
PROVINCIAL STRATEGIES UNDER NCS Sarhad Provincial Conservation Strategy (1996) Balochistan Conservation Strategy (2000) Northern Areas Strategy for Sustainable Development (2003) Sindh Strategy for Sustainable Development (2007) Punjab Strategy for Sustainable Development--Integrated Development Visions- Abbottabad (KPK)- Badin (Sindh)- Chitral (GB)- Dera Ismail Khan (KPK)- Gawadar (Balo.)- Qilla Saifullah (Balo.)
B. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENT POLICY (2005)GOALTo protect, conserve and restore Pakistans environment in order toimprove quality of life of citizens through sustainable developmentOBJECTIVES Conservation and efficient management of environment resources Integration of environmental consideration in policy making and planning process Capacity blinding government agencies and stakeholders for better env. Mgt. Meeting international obligation inline with national aspirations Creation of demand for enviroemtn through mass awareness
SECTORAL GUIDELINES of NATIONAL ENVIRONMETNAL POLICY Water supply management Air Quality and Noise Waste management Forestry Biodiversity and Protected Areas Climate Change and Ozone delpetetion Energy Efficiency and Renewables Agriculture and Livestock Multilateral Environmental Agreements Cross-sectoral Guidelines (poverty, population, gender, health, trade, local governance, disaster management)
C. NATIONAL SANITATION POLICY (2006)GOALAims at providing adequate sanitation coverage for improvement ofquality of life of the people of Pakistan and to provide physicalenvironment necessary for health lifeOBJECTIVES To ensure an open defection free environment, safe disposal of liquid, solid, municipal, industrial and agricultural waste and promotion of health and hygienic practice To link and integrate sanitation programs with the city and regional planning policies of health, environment, housing and education To promote Lead Total Sanitation Develop guidelines to effective institutional framework
Enhance capacity of government agencies and other stakeholders forbetter sanitation and particularly water-borne diseasesTo develop and implement strategies for integrated management ofmunicipal, industrial, hazardous, hospital and clinical wasteMeet international obligation in-line with national aspirationsChange attitude towards sanitation servicesIncrease mass awareness
D. NATIONAL WATER POLICYOBJECTIVES Efficient management and conservation of existing water resources. Optimal development of potential water resources. Steps to minimize time and cost overruns in completion of water sector projects. Equitable water distribution in various areas and canal commands. Measures to reverse rapidly declining groundwater levels in low- recharge areas. Increased groundwater exploitation in high-recharge areas. Effective drainage interventions to maximize crop production. Improved flood control and protective measures. Steps to ensure acceptable and safe quality of water. Institutional reforms to make the managing organizations more dynamic and responsive.
GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF NATIONAL WATER POLICY Holistic and sustainable resource protect the environment Planning, development and management of specific water resources should be decentralized to an appropriate level Delivery of specific water services should be delegated to autonomous and accountable public, private or cooperative agencies Services in a defined geographical area to their customers and/or members for an appropriate fee Water use in society should be sustainable - with incentives, regulatory controls and public education promoting economic efficiency, conservation of water resources Protection of the environment - with a transparent policy framework Shared water resources within and between nations should be allocated efficiently for the mutual benefit of all riparian users
Promote cost effective and appropriate technological options for water supply systems; Increase public awareness about water safety, safe hygiene practices and water conservation; Enhance capacity of line ministries, departments, agencies and organizations at all levels in planning, implementation and monitoring of water supply programmes Promote public-private-partnership for enhancing access of safe drinking water and sustainable operation & maintenance of water supply systems; Promote research and development for enhancing access, effectiveness and sustainability of water supply interventions; and Promote Inter-sectoral collaboration to maximize the impacts of water supply interventions.12
E. NATIONAL DRINKING WATER POLICY (2009)GOAL AND OBJECTIVESThe overall goal of the National Drinking Water Policy is to improve the qualityof life of people of Pakistan by reducing incidence of death and illness causedby water-borne diseases through ensuring provision of adequate quantity ofsafe drinking water to the entire population at an affordable cost and in anequitable, efficient and sustainable manner. The objectives of the Policy areto: Provide access to safe and sustainable drinking water supply to the entire population of Pakistan by 2025 Ensure protection and conservation of water resources Promote measures for treatment and safety of drinking water Encourage community participation and empowerment in planning, implementation, monitoring and operations and maintenance of water supply systems INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 13
POLICY GUIDELINES FOR NATIONAL DRINKIG WATER POLICY Increasing Access Protection and Conservation of Water Resources Water Treatment and Safety Appropriate Technologies and Standardization Community Participation and Empowerment Public Awareness Capacity Development Public-Private Partnership Research and Development Emergency Preparedness and Response Coordinated Planning and Implementation Legislation
F. NATIONAL FOREST POLICY (DRAFT)GOALThe policy aims at restoration, development, conservation and sustainablemanagement of forests and allied natural resources to ensuresustainability of ecosystem functions, services and benefits for presentand future generations of Pakistan.OBJECTIVES Restoration and maintenance of natural forests to preserve ecological cycles, functions and services. Increasing productivity of forests to meet requirements of timber, fuel wood, fodder and non-wood forest products and to promote sustainable natural resource based livelihoods. Encouraging efficient utilization of wood and non-wood forest products, maximizing wood substitution and development of alternative renewable energy resources.
Development of forest resource base to enhance carbon sequestrationcapacity and mitigation of climate change effects,Mainstreaming sustainable forest management into sectoral policies,plans and programmesConservation of biological diversity, protection and sustainable use ofindigenous flora and fauna.Fostering public-private partnerships to enhance forest cover andpromote commercial forestry in private sector and encouraging role ofcivil society organizations.Strengthening forestry education and research institutions to copewith the emerging challenges of deforestation and climate change.Creating mass awareness and involving local communities insustainable natural resource management. Meeting national obligations under Multilateral EnvironmentalAgreements especially CBD, UNCCD, UNFCCC and UNFF.
POLICY MEASURES FOR NATIONAL FOREST POLICY Protection of Forest Lands from Encroachments Transfer of Forest Land to Non-Forestry Uses - Control of Encroachment - Forest Fire management - Regulating mining and quarrying Bringing additional Land under Tree Cover Firewood Substitution Sustainable livelihoods through Integrated NRM Transparency and Good Governance Wood Substitution and Impact Liberalization Grazing Regulation Forest Development Fund
G. NATIONAL RANGELANDS POLICY (DRAFT)GOALTo rehabilitate the degraded rangelands and pastures close to theirpotential for increased productivity enhance their environmental andregulatory functions and services, increase and conserve rangelandbiodiversity besides mitigating the negative impacts of global climatechange through collaborative and holistic rangeland resources tocontribute to the livelihood improvement of the rangelands dependentcommunities as well as to the national economyOBJECTIVES To enhance the productivity and the related functions and services of the rangeland ecosystem To promote rangeland enterprises for the livelihood improvement of the rangeland dependent communities
To conserve and maintain rangeland biodiversity To mitigate the negative impacts of global warming and climate change especially related to the desertification To enhance the skill and capacity of the key stakeholders for the sustainable management of the rangeland management To undertake applied and action research on the key problems of the rangelandsPOLICY THRUSTS OF NATIONAL RANGELANDS POLICY Rangeland resource assessment and monitoring Collaborative and integrated rangeland resources Planning Rang resource rehabilitation and management Increase forage availability on other land use- Promotion of rangeland enterprises
Management of rangelands for regulating sustainable water flow andreduced sediment productionEcosystem rehabilitation for biodiversity conservationMitigation of the impact of global warming and climate changeAwareness raising about the significance and management ofrangelandsSkill enhancement of the farmers and capacity building of the relatedstakeholdersApplied range research and technology development and transferFinancial resource generationCoordination and linkages development
H. NATIONAL OPERATIONAL STRATEGY FOR CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM)- 2006The Strategy describes the functions and powers of the DesignatedNational Authority (DNA) for CDM in PakistanDescribed institutional structure for CDM including; role of PrimeMinister’s Committee, CDM Steering Committee and TechnicalCommittees for managing CDM process in PakistanDescribes eligibility criteria for hosting CDM Project in PakistanDescribes process for grant of Host Country Approval to CDM projectsin Pakistan
HALF FULL? ACCOMPLISHMENTSEstablishment of a Ministry of EnvironmentEstablishment of EPAsEstablishment of Environment Sections in all P&D departmentsEstablishment of SDPIDevelopment of NEQSNumerous donor funded projects securedLarge PSDP allocationsNumerous institutions focused on environment now functional inalmost all sectorsNIPA introducing environment as a major subjectAWARENESS - Env. and conservationCONSULTATION PROCESSESADVOCACY MORE POSSIBLEENV. INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK IN PLACE - Law andadmin., some economic Incentives, gov’t, civil society, privatesector
…thank you For more information” Saadullah Ayaz Coordinator Climate Change/ Environmental Fiscal Reforms/ Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities IUCN Pakistan Email: email@example.comINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 26