Operationalizing Landscape Approaches


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“Down to Earth” Side Event
The Hague, Netherlands, 5 November 2010

Sara J. Scherr, President
EcoAgriculture Partners

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  • Which regions, and examples particularly are we talking about?
  • Operationalizing Landscape Approaches

    1. 1. “Down to Earth” Side Event The Hague, Netherlands, 5 November 2010 Sara J. Scherr, President EcoAgriculture Partners Operationalizing Landscape Approaches
    2. 2. Agenda  Video on Ecoagriculture landscapes  Panel o Sara J. Scherr, EcoAgriculture – Introduction o Tamara Benjamin, CATIE – Latin America o Constance Neely, ICRAF – Rangelands o George Wamukoya, COMESA – Africa o Peter Veen, Dutch Society for Nature Conservation – Europe  Discussion
    3. 3. Ecoagriculture landscapes Agricultural landscapes managed to enhance rural livelihoods and sustainable agricultural production (of crops, livestock, fish and forest), while conserving or restoring ecosystem services and biodiversity.
    4. 4. Diverse landscape strategies Kabale, Uganda Willamette Valley, USA Eastern Region, Burkina Faso Tea Zone, Kenya
    5. 5. Align diverse objectives through multi-stakeholder planning & action
    6. 6. Agrobiodiversity Diverse crop varieties & breeds, improved germplasm, HYV’s Increase agricultural productivity, resilience and sustainability in farm fields Integrated pest management Uses biodiversity for pest control, lowering synthetic input costs Integrated water management More efficient water use plus irrigation Integrated soil conservation Improved organic content and natural nutrient cycling lower synthetic input costs, improve soil health, water- holding and infiltration Agroforestry Tree-growing for food, fuel, feed, medicine, building, soil nutrients, soil protection, windbreaks, and income
    7. 7. In conservation areas • Natural areas that benefit local farming communities • Provide watershed protection, habitat connectivity thru non- farmed areas • Reduce or reverse land conversion by increasing farm productivity • Develop species conservation plans In production areas • Minimize agricultural pollution (incl. GHG) • Manage water flow, use & infiltration--plot,farm,landscape • Increase carbon storage in soils and vegetation • Modify farming systems to mimic natural ecosystems • Maintain diversity of crop species & varieties Maintain ecosystem services & biodiversity in agricultural landscape mosaics
    8. 8. Productivity-enhancing innovations with positive impacts on ecosystems 1 2 3 44
    9. 9. Conservation innovations with positive impacts for farmers 5 6 7 8
    10. 10. Potential benefits for farmers of engaging in ecoagriculture landscape initiatives 1) Increase profits (reduce production costs, increase yields, improve quality) 2) Conserve ecosystem services important for their livelihoods 3) Link with buyers who want products that protect biodiversity 4) Sell ecosystem services 5) Comply with environmental regulations 6) Protect rights to crop, graze, collect products from protected areas 7) Enhance local quality of life 8) Reduce conflicts with other groups 9) Protect cultural, spiritual values
    11. 11. Positive impacts of integrated landscape initiatives have been documented  Smallholder production & community livelihoods  Enhanced ecosystem services & biodiversity 1) Banikoara District, Benin - livestock corridor 2) Kericho, Kenya – certified tea 3) Luangwa Valley, Zambia - wildlife-friendly farming 4) Loess Plateau, China – degraded land restoration 5) Rajasthan, India – landscape water harvesting 6) Cebu, Philippines – watershed restoration 7) Kalinga, Philippines – forest biodiversity & agro- biodiversity conservation with intensification 8) Talamanca, Costa Rica – farmer-led biodiversity conservation and eco-label marketing 9) Matiguas, Nicaragua – payment to farmers for ecosystem services on farmland
    12. 12. Process of multi-stakeholder ecoagriculture landscape management Participatory process of rural landscape management Stakeholders negotiate landscape goals Understand the landscape from diverse perspectives * Implement farm & landscape plans Design and plan farm & landscape actions, finance, responsibilities Track & review results and modify strategy/action
    13. 13. Collaborative landscape planning: spatial strategy for land use & management Landscape assessment and future scenarios
    14. 14. Upper watershed protection policies: • PES for hillside revegetation and on-farm agroforestry • 30-meter riparian zone protection Intensive agriculture zone policies: • Farmer education on IPM • 15-meter riparian zone protection • Community stream monitoring Collaborative landscape planning: programs, policies and investments Sectors align, coordinate or integrate
    15. 15. 1) Landscape literacy (spatial, functional) 2) Multi-stakeholder deliberation and negotiation (across sectors) 3) Farm & landscape ‘design’ (who does what, where, how?) 4) Collaborative implementation 5) Landscape tracking and assessment (production, ecosystems, livelihoods, institutions) Core capacities & tools needed to implement ecoagriculture landscape strategies
    16. 16. The Landscape Measures Resource Center: Tools for assessing landscape performance www.landscapemeasures.org Contents  Process  Practice  Case Studies  Glossary A web-based hub for a virtual learning network Testing in “learning landscapes”
    17. 17. • Venue and date: • Nairobi, Kenya - January 2012 • Objectives: • Share and take stock of experience • Showcase tools, methods, practices • Define international action agenda to scale ecoagriculture (Rio + 20, et al) • Participants: • Landscape leaders & innovators Landscapes for People, Food and Nature: Ecoagriculture Conference & Knowledge Exchange
    18. 18. www.ecoagriculture.org Thank you! Please visit our website at…