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Productive Sanitation– Reuse as a driver to take sanitation to scale in the SahelLinus DagerskogResearch FellowStockhom En...
• Water pollution• Disease transfer• Loss of nutrients- Just do it- Hide it- Displace itSanitize and reuse !Closing the nu...
Productive sanitation – local importanceHealth and food production• Two billion people directly depend on 500million small...
Productive sanitation – regional importanceWater qualityDecrease the load ofnutrients and pathogensto ground and surfacewa...
Productive sanitation – global importance• Planetary boundaries – reduce the human impact on naturalnitrogen/phosphorous c...
Conclusion Recognize both dangers and resources in human excreta → local toglobal impact Many ways to reduce pathogens a...
Productive sanitation - Reuse as a driver to takesanitation to scale in rural zones , Burkina FasoDr Moussa BONZI, Agronom...
Presentation outline- Sanitation and agricultural production inBurkina Faso today?- Innovative approach to scale up sanita...
31-août-12 1090-99% open defecation in rural areasDirect effects:• Widespread diarrhea, dysenteryand parasite infections• ...
- Small holder farmer context with low agriculturalproduction (ex. 400 kg/ha of cereals compared to potentialyields of 300...
A safe reuse of sanitation products gives multiplebenefits for health and food productionHow can the productive sanitation...
Methodology to spread the adoption ofthe productive sanitation approacho Create demand for the Ecosan-fertilizersUse agron...
o Introducing the EcoSan fertilizer factoryIntroducing the urinals and dry/composting latrines as “familyfactories for Eco...
31-août-1215After 6 months ofdry storage with ashBirg-koenga (solid fertilizer) production
31-août-12 1645 days ofstorageBirg-koom (liquid fertilizer) production
Policy level• Ministry of Agriculture also in charge of sanitation – understand theinterest of productive sanitation for B...
Changing perspective on excreta and recognizing both danger ANDthe available resources allows for win-win – improved food ...
Needs a national program that takes on the approach – with equalemphasis on sanitation and agriculture componentsImprove a...
31-août-12 20
Productive Sanitation – Reuse as a driver to take sanitation to scale in the Sahel
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Productive Sanitation – Reuse as a driver to take sanitation to scale in the Sahel

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The seminar will examine the widely neglected and underestimated adverse nutritional impact of lack of safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). It makes apparent how governments struggling to feed their citizens can make a substantial contribution to food and nutrition security by making WASH investments. Reducing faecal infections through sanitation and hygienic behaviour is a major means for reducing the undernutrition of children, enhancing the wellbeing of children, women and men, and achieving the MDGs. Approaches for scaling-up WASH like Conditional Cash Transfers (CCT) as well as approaches to improve food and nutrition security through productive sanitation will be presented using regional case studies. Together with the participants the potentials and challenges of these approaches will be discussed in rotating discussion groups facilitated by distinguished sector experts. The goal is to get an in-depth understanding of this neglected link and to provide constructive impulses for promising ways forward to strengthen this nexus at scale and push towards fulfilment of the human right to water and sanitation. This seminar was part of World Water Week, 2012.

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Productive Sanitation – Reuse as a driver to take sanitation to scale in the Sahel

  1. 1. Productive Sanitation– Reuse as a driver to take sanitation to scale in the SahelLinus DagerskogResearch FellowStockhom Environment Institute
  2. 2. • Water pollution• Disease transfer• Loss of nutrients- Just do it- Hide it- Displace itSanitize and reuse !Closing the nutrient loopFor sustainability - technical, institutional, social and economicalaspects must be appropriately addressed!→ Productive / Ecological sanitation
  3. 3. Productive sanitation – local importanceHealth and food production• Two billion people directly depend on 500million small holder farms in developingcountries• Productive sanitation → improvedmanagement of local resources• Ex: Annual excreta from the averagerural family in Niger contain plantnutrients equivalent of 100 kg ofchemical fertilizer – cost 80$
  4. 4. Productive sanitation – regional importanceWater qualityDecrease the load ofnutrients and pathogensto ground and surfacewatersSource: http://bio4esobil2010.wordpress.com/2011/06/01/eutrophication/
  5. 5. Productive sanitation – global importance• Planetary boundaries – reduce the human impact on naturalnitrogen/phosphorous cycles• Chemical fertilizers are based on limited resources – closing thesanitation loop is part of the solutionPhosphorouscycleNitrogen cycle
  6. 6. Conclusion Recognize both dangers and resources in human excreta → local toglobal impact Many ways to reduce pathogens and risks with reuse – WHO guidelines(2006) provide a good framework Making the link to food production can:• Leverage funds for sanitation from the agriculture sector• Constitute a positive “pull-factor” in rural areas and attract farmers toengage and invest in sanitation How can this be done in practice??
  7. 7. Productive sanitation - Reuse as a driver to takesanitation to scale in rural zones , Burkina FasoDr Moussa BONZI, AgronomistResearcher on ISFM; Head of NRM Dprmt; CNRST/INERA
  8. 8. Presentation outline- Sanitation and agricultural production inBurkina Faso today?- Innovative approach to scale up sanitationin the rural zones of Burkina Faso- Conclusion
  9. 9. 31-août-12 1090-99% open defecation in rural areasDirect effects:• Widespread diarrhea, dysenteryand parasite infections• High risk especially forvulnerable parts of the population(women and children)Sanitation situation in rural areas (BF)Only manual pit-emptying in rural areas
  10. 10. - Small holder farmer context with low agriculturalproduction (ex. 400 kg/ha of cereals compared to potentialyields of 3000-3500 kg/ha)- High population growth: 2,6% -to 3% (Burkina Faso)→ Great need for fertilizers and improved nutrientmanagement to keep up food productionAgricultural production in the Sahel (BF)
  11. 11. A safe reuse of sanitation products gives multiplebenefits for health and food productionHow can the productive sanitation concept beused to boost sanitation in the Sahel?Productive sanitation - possible solution?
  12. 12. Methodology to spread the adoption ofthe productive sanitation approacho Create demand for the Ecosan-fertilizersUse agronomic tests with treated sanitation products, on main crops to convince thefarming community of the quality of such organic fertilizersRice fertilized with urea Rice fertilized with Birg-koom (liquidfertilizer = urine)
  13. 13. o Introducing the EcoSan fertilizer factoryIntroducing the urinals and dry/composting latrines as “familyfactories for EcoSan fertilizer production”, with the productioncapacity and benefits being clear in relation to the investment.Methodology to spread the adoption ofthe productive sanitation approach
  14. 14. 31-août-1215After 6 months ofdry storage with ashBirg-koenga (solid fertilizer) production
  15. 15. 31-août-12 1645 days ofstorageBirg-koom (liquid fertilizer) production
  16. 16. Policy level• Ministry of Agriculture also in charge of sanitation – understand theinterest of productive sanitation for Burkina Faso• UDDT (called EcoSan latrine in BF) is included as an option in the nationalsanitation planPilot projects• Excreta fertilizers are used in many of the provinces.• More than 8000 farmers and 300 extension officers and municipal agentshave been trained on techniques of production and use of EcoSan fertilizersin Burkina Faso.• Three EU-funded (both food security and sanitation funds) rural EcoSanprojects have had most impact, with 6150 households having ‘fertilizerfactories’ = EcoSan latrinesImplemented by WSA, INERA and the Ministry of Agriculture 2008-2013Many NGOs are now adopting the approach and also private initiativesResults in Burkina Faso
  17. 17. Changing perspective on excreta and recognizing both danger ANDthe available resources allows for win-win – improved food productionand healthThis productive approach can give a major boost to sanitation in theSahel• Good arguments to tap into food security / agriculture funds to boostsanitation• Good arguments to create sanitation demand from small holderfarmersConclusion
  18. 18. Needs a national program that takes on the approach – with equalemphasis on sanitation and agriculture componentsImprove access through:- Diversification of latrine types (low cost variants)- Microcredit- Complement with CLTS approach to reach total sanitation – withboth push (dangers) and pull factors (resources)Next steps
  19. 19. 31-août-12 20

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