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Misra,D.C. (2009) 6 Choice Belief Developing E Gov Curriculum
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Misra,D.C. (2009) 6 Choice Belief Developing E Gov Curriculum


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This is a presentation made by me in an international symposium on Distance Learning as an E-infrastructures Application: Innovation and Future Trends organized by European Commission under joint …

This is a presentation made by me in an international symposium on Distance Learning as an E-infrastructures Application: Innovation and Future Trends organized by European Commission under joint BELIEF, 6 CHOICE projects in New Delhi, India, January 29, 2009,

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  • 1. A joint BELIEF, 6 CHOICE projects symposium Distance Learning as an e- Infrastructures application: Innovation and future trends India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, January 28-29, 2009
  • 2. Ten Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum
    • A Presentation by
    • Dr D.C.Misra
    • E-governance Researcher and Consultant
  • 3. Dr D.C.Misra E-governance Researcher and Consultant
    • -- Former Chairman, Task Force for IT Policy for Delhi,
    • -- Chief Knowledge Officer, Government of Mauritius, Port Louis under aegis of Commonwealth Secretariat, London, and
    • -- President, Council of State Industrial Development and Investment Corporations of India
    • Address : C-183 Madhuvan, Madhuvan Marg, New Delhi-110092
    • Tel: 2245 2431 Email:
  • 4. I Introduction
    • E-infrastructure is essential for e-learning
    • However, its utilisation by creating requisite content is equally important otherwise the investment made goes waste
    • An attempt has been made in this presentation to identify emerging challenges in development of e-governance training curriculum
  • 5. Define the Target Group
    • Legislators who are at least graduates
    • Serving civil servants
    • Employees of technology companies
    • Employees of civil society organisations
    • Graduates who are interested in e-governance
  • 6. II Overview
    • I Introduction
    • II Emerging Challenges
    • Turf War
    • Global and Local
    • State and Citizen
    • Government and Technology
    • Items for Inclusion
  • 7. Overview
    • Theory and Practice
    • Case Studies
    • Best Practices
    • Generalist and Specialist
    • E-learning and Training
    • III Conclusion: A Summing Up
  • 8. II Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-1
    • There is no standard curriculum in e-governance
    • Every stakeholder is pulling e-governance to his own practice or discipline
    • This has prevented consolidation of e-governance
    • And led to fragmentation of e-governance
  • 9. The Turf War in E-governance
    • Select Stakeholders involved in Turf War
    Political Scientist Technologist Vendor Legal Expert Software Engineer Electronics Engineer Open Source Volunteer E-government Manager Journalist Legislator Civil Society Organisation Citizen International Organisation Academic E-governance
  • 10. The Turf War in E-governance
    • Challenge No.1
    • How to end the turf war in e-governance and make e-governance curriculum inter-disciplinary?
  • 11. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-2
    • Being Web-based, e-governance is global in character
    • Boundaries of nation states have become irrelevant in the age of Internet
    • There is great exchange of ideas, information and knowledge worldwide
    • But the needs of the people are at local level where they work and live
  • 12. Global Characteristics and Local Needs
    • Internet
    World Wide Web Discussion Groups Blogs Wiki Twitter Local Needs Quality of Life Livelihood Security Safety Technology Citizens E-governance Citizens
  • 13. Global Characteristics and Local Needs
    • Challenge No.2
    • How to blend global characteristics of e-governance with local needs in e-governance curriculum?
  • 14. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-3
    • State has its own demand for e-governance, typically for improvement in internal processes
    • Citizens have their own demand for e-governance, typically for better service delivery
    • State would like to have a governance-centric e-governance
    • Citizens would like to have a citizen-centric e-governance
  • 15. State and Citizen
    • State vs Citizen
    Governance-centric E-governance Citizen-centric E-governance State Citizen Technology Technology Technology E-governance
  • 16. State and Citizen
    • Challenge No.3
    • How to balance the requirements of state and requirements of citizens in e-governance curriculum?
  • 17. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-4
    • E-governance is governance mediated through technology
    • How much weight should be given to governance?
    • How much weight should be given to technology?
    • Governance: Technology, 50:50, 60:40 or 40:60 or any other ratio?
  • 18. Governance and Technology
    • Relative Weights to Governance and Technology
    Governance Technology E-governance
  • 19. Governance and Technology
    • Challenge No.4
    • How much weight should be assigned to governance and how much to technology in e-governance curriculum?
  • 20. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-5
    • There are many competing items claiming to be included in e-governance curriculum
    • The time available is, however, limited (2 days, 3 days or longer?)
    • How to provide “hands-on” experience?
    • Which elements must be included and which can be left out from the curriculum?
  • 21. Competing Elements for Inclusion Must Know Should Know Could Know
  • 22. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-6
    • E-governance has a number of theoretical perspectives
    • Currently, however, e-governance is dominated by practice
    • A mix of e-governance theory and practice will enrich each other
    • What should, however, be the mix?
  • 23. E-governance Theory and Practice
    • Theory vs Practice
    E-governance Theory E-governance Practice E-governance Curriculum E-governance
  • 24. E-governance Theory and Practice
    • Challenge No.6
    • What should be the percentage of content of theory and practice in e-governance curriculum?
  • 25. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-7
    • E-governance is currently flush with case studies- national and international
    • How relevant are such case studies in designing new e-governance projects or improving the existing projects?
    • Should they be included in e-governance curriculum?
    • If so, what should be the criteria of selection of case studies in e-governance curriculum?
  • 26. E-governance Case Studies
    • Case Studies
    Relevance? Criteria of Selection? E-governance Curriculum E-governance
  • 27. E-governance Case Studies
    • Challenge No.7
    • What should be the criteria of selection of e-governance case studies in e-governance curriculum?
  • 28. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-8
    • Best Practices raise similar questions as case studies
    • Typically best practices pertain to very faourable siuation.
    • Are they relevant to a particular situation?
    • How to determine best practice for a particular situation?
  • 29. E-governance Best Practices
    • Best Practices
    Favourable Situation Specific Situation E-governance Curriculum E-governance
  • 30. E-governance Best Practices
    • Challenge No.8
    • How to identify “best practices” relevant to specific situation for inclusion in E-governance curriculum?
  • 31. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-9
    • E-governance is currently dominated by specialists (technocrats)
    • Specialists (technocrats) however need to broaden their vision
    • Generalists (bureaucrats) do not appreciate technical aspects of e-governance
    • Generalists (bureaucrats) require some rudimentary technical knowledge
  • 32. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-9 Generalist Specialist E-governance Curriculum Complementary Knowledge E-governance
  • 33. Generalist and Specialist
    • Challenge No.9
    • How to make a generalist a specialist and a specialist a generalist by imparting complementary knowledge through e-governance curriculum?
  • 34. Emerging Challenges in E-governance Curriculum-10
    • E-learning and e-government: a non-separable couple (Palkavits, Lorente and Karagiannis 2002?)
    • E-learning has overwhelming advantages over traditional offline learning like 24x7 availability, quick updating, interaction, etc.
    • Does e-learning require a separate curriculum, or
    • E-governance training curriculum can include training in e-learning?
  • 35. E-learning and E-governance Training E-learning ( Online ) Learning ( Offline) E-governance Training Curriculum E-governance
  • 36. E-learning and E-governance Training
    • Challenge No.10
    • How to incorporate requirements of e-learning in e-governance curriculum?
  • 37. III Conclusion
    • E-governance curriculum has to be developed by :
    • Identifying target groups
    • Meeting emerging challenges in curriculum development, and
    • Promoting e-learning
  • 38. End of Presentation © Dr D.C.Misra 2009 Thank you.