Principles of open and distance learning


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Principles of open and distance learning

  1. 1. Principles of Open and Distance Learning Workshop Day 1 Session II
  2. 2. What is ODL? <ul><li>Open and distance learning (ODL) combines two forms of education - open and distance - that focus on expanding access to learning. </li></ul><ul><li>ODL is characterized by two factors: its philosophy and its use of technology. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Most ODL systems have a philosophy that aims to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>remove barriers to education; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>allow learners to study what they want, when they want and where they want. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In short, ODL is about increasing educational access and increasing educational choice . </li></ul>
  4. 4. ODL & Technology <ul><li>ODL systems typically use technology to mediate learning, e.g. printed workbooks, radio, audio cassettes, and the web </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Correspondence courses where learners study for professional qualifications and degrees. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Interactive radio instruction in primary schools, where classroom-based students learn from studio-based teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Open learning systems using workbooks, study centres and online conferencing to enable working adults to gain school-leaving credentials. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Web-based courses used to update technical staff in the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Distance learning courses to upgrade classroom teachers without their having to leave their classrooms. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>ODL materials are applicable in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Levelling of the ‘ p laying ground ’; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affordability; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continued development; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social stability (e.g. brain drain and cultural denigration). </li></ul></ul>Benefits of ODL
  6. 6. Allows for more independent learning; Learner-oriented - ability to work at own pace; Asynchronous, allowing learners to participate and complete material in accordance with their daily commitments Normally confined to one location; Pace determined my lecturer Setting Not physically present; Can minimize student distractions Physically present - hence more control Facilitator/teacher Open and distance learning provides a broader scope Limited to participants in the setting Location Teleconferencing/videoconferencing allows for personal interaction; Caters for different learning styles; The introvert may be more involved because they can type without fear of intimidation; Breaks the barriers of learning; More variety in the learning experience. More personal; Face-to-face interaction with a teacher Better? ODL Face-to-face
  7. 7. <ul><li>Does the term reflect merely the combination of Open Learning and Distance Learning? </li></ul><ul><li>What unique quality does this combination suggest? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this type of learning different from the traditional type of learning in your environment? </li></ul>Questions on ODL
  8. 8. Acknowledgement <ul><li>Sections of this presentation were sourced and/or adapted from the Commonwealth of Learning (VUSSC/Professional Development) under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike License. </li></ul>