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family, social structures, philosophies

family, social structures, philosophies

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    7 2 7 2 Presentation Transcript

      • You are learning about the three main social classes of ancient China
      • You are learning what life was like during the Zhou dynasty
    • Chinese Society Fill in the blank with the correct social class Aristocrats Peasant farmers Merchants Why was the wealthy merchant class on BOTTOM??
    • LIFE IN ANCIENT CHINA Social classes- ppl who share a similar position in society 3 main social classes- rich land owners, poor farmers, merchants
    • Life of an aristocratic
      • Large houses
      • Beautiful gardens
      • Fine furniture
      • Relied on farmers to grow crops
    • Life of a farmer
      • 9/10 Chinese were farmers
      • Lived in simple homes
      • Farmers grew wheat, millet, and rice on aristocrat’s farmers
      • Farmers grew food for their family on a small plot of land
      • One month a year they helped with gov’t building projects
      • In war time farmers became soldiers
    • Life of merchants
      • Shopkeepers, traders, and bankers
      • Lived in towns and provide goods and services
      • Very rich
      • Looked down on by other classes
    • LIFE IN A CHINESE FAMILY
      • Why big families – everybody worked so more members would help you become wealthy
      • Filial piety- children respect their parents and elders
      • Role of Men- women obeyed men (even their sons)
      • Role of Women- raised children and took care of the house
    • CHINESE THINKERS
      • Need for order and a peaceful society led to 3 major theories to create a peaceful society
      • Confucianism -
        • Confucius – China’s first great thinker and teacher
        • Duty- was important above all else
        • “ Golden Rule”- Do unto others …
        • Unpopular with aristocrats because Confucius felt ALL men with a talent to govern should be able to work in the government.
    • China, Confucianism & Taoism (Daoism) United Streaming Clip
    • Daoism
      • Laozi- “Old Master” founder
      • Dao De Jing- written text
      • Worldly desires- must give up these
      • Nature- the force that guides all things
      • Opposite of Confucianism because it called on people to give up their concerns about the world (working in gov’t) and seek inner peace.
    • Legalism
      • Hanfeizi- scholar that founded Legalism
      • Believed people are Naturally evil – must have rules and harsh punishment to control them
      • Favored by aristocrats because it favored force and power