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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-#4(january-2016)-lesson-#1b -introduction-to-module-(30-january-2016)

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THEME: “Advice regarding Four aspects”
Introductory abstract for this module
REFLECTION – what is Al-Hikmah?
Approach of our lesson – understanding the terms and metaphors in the Advice.

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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-#4(january-2016)-lesson-#1b -introduction-to-module-(30-january-2016)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 1 (b)LESSON # 1 (b) Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) THEME: “Advice regarding Four aspects”“Advice regarding Four aspects” Introductory abstract for this moduleIntroductory abstract for this module REFLECTION – what is Al-Hikmah?REFLECTION – what is Al-Hikmah? Approach of our lesson – understanding the terms andApproach of our lesson – understanding the terms and metaphorsmetaphors in the Advice.in the Advice. PARTPART ## 44 (January -(January -20162016)) Updated 30 JANUARY 2016
  2. 2. “O Allah! Grant favours in our hearing, in our sight and in our strength to be always upon Your Path. And make our yearnings and desires to be in accord with everything (teachings and guidance) which has ben brought by Your beloved Muhammad - salutations of Allah and peace be upon him.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUS LESSON ALLAA-HUM-MA – MA-TI’-NAA – BI-AS-MAA-INAA – WA – AB-SWAA-RI-NAA – WA- QUW-WAA-TI-NAA- FEE- SA-BEE – LIK, - WAJ – ‘AL – HA-WAA-NAA –TA-BA-’AN- LI-MAA – JAA – A – BIHI – HA-BEE-BU-KA – MUHAM-MADUN – SWOL-LAL-LAA-HU –’ALAI-HI - WA-SAL-LAM
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  5. 5. “Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth is exalting Allah, (AL-MAALIK) the Sovereign , (AL-QUDDUS) the Pure, (AL-’AZEEZ) the Exalted in Might , (AL-HAKEEM) the Wise . It is He (Allah) who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses (Signs) and purifying them (to grow in purity) and teaching them the Book (AL-KITAAB) and wisdom (AL-HIKMAH) - although they were before in clear error –” (Qur’an: Juma’ah: 62: 1-2) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “.. and teaching them the Book (AL-KITAAB) ..” PREVIOUS LESSON
  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “And Allah has revealed to you (O Muhammad) the Book (AL-KITAAB) and wisdom (AL-HIKMAH) and has taught you that which you did not know. And Allah’s favour upon you is tremendous (‘AZEEM) indeed" (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 113) PREVIOUS LESSON
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  9. 9. ““O you who have believed, (O you who have believed, ( ISTAJIBUISTAJIBU) respond to) respond to Allah and to the Messenger when he calls you toAllah and to the Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life (that which gives you life (LI-MAA-YULI-MAA-YUHH-YEE-KUM-YEE-KUM).). And know that Allah intervenes between a man andAnd know that Allah intervenes between a man and his heart and that to Him you will be gathered.”his heart and that to Him you will be gathered.” ((Qur’an:Anfaal: 8: 24Qur’an:Anfaal: 8: 24)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) Allah SWT even highlighted one of the most important favour for us to be grateful for, to rejoice, to appreciate its true value and strive in our entire life to celebrate and live up to – i.e. to refer to His sending our Prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ as the EDUCATOR par excellence. And the nature of EDUCATION of the DEEN is throughout our whole life. Note: It even stipulates the proper approaches – (which alludes to ADAB), and the ultimate attainment is in the learning of the KITAB (Al- Qur’an) and AL-HIKMAH (the Prophetic Wisdom). Although HIKMAH is referring to SUNNAH AN-NABAWWIYYAH, yet the Qur’anic usage of the term AL-HIKMAH must be profoundly understood, not relegated simplistically to be mere learning or quoting of Qur’an, Ahadith and As-Sunnah alone. PREVIOUS LESSON
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “… and teaching them the Book (AL- KITAAB) and wisdom (AL-HIKMAH) ..” PREVIOUS LESSON
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) "I have been sent with JAWAMI’ AL-KALEEM (i.e., the shortest expression carrying the widest meanings), and I was made victorious with awe (fear cast into the hearts of the enemy), and while I was sleeping, the keys of the treasures of the earth were brought to me and were put in my hand." (Hadith reported by Bukhary) PREVIOUS LESSON
  13. 13. JAWAMI'-AL-KALEEM means (“comprehensive speech”) that Allah SWT has granted the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬ ability to speak in the shortest expression carrying the widest meanings; expressions in one or two statements or thereabouts the numerous matters that used to be written in the books revealed before him. This epitomizes the Wisdom (AL-HIKMAH) granted to our Prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ . In this module we shall try to reflect upon the significance as in just one Hadith – the Prophet Muhammad’s ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ advice to a Sahaabiy Abu Dzar al-Ghifari r.a., which we hope Allah SWT will grant us profound understanding of the DEEN – insha-Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  14. 14. IMAM ABU HAMID AL-GHAZALIE (R.A.) AN-NASEEHAH The Sincere Advice IDZAL – MAR – U – KAA - NAT - LAHU – FIK –RAH FA – FEE - KUL – LI – SHAY- IN – LA – HU – ‘IB - RAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  15. 15. Hadith extracted from: ‘NASA-IHU AL-’IBAAD ‘ALAA SHARHI AL- MUNABBIHAT ‘ALA AL-ISTI’DAD LI-YAUMI AL-MA-’AD’ Sheikh Imam Muhammad Nawawi bin Umar al-Jawi al-Bantani famous Nusantaran scholar and Imam in Makkah (1813-1897) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  16. 16. O Aba Dzar! Renew the ship, for verily the ocean is deep, And take complete provision, for verily the journey is far, And lighten the load, for verily the obstacles are almost insurmountable, And be sincere in your deeds, for verily the scrutinizer of faults is The Seeing (Allah). AN-NAASEEHAH The Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) THE HADITH PREVIOUS LESSON
  17. 17. TA’ARUF AND SHORT GROUP DISCUSSION Break into groupings (of not more than 8 person in each). Do brief introduction of each other. Proceed to discuss “Salaam .. Nice to get to know you. …. So …….What have we learnt?” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  What is the meaning of “What is the meaning of “JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal”?”?  Discuss its implication when applied to :Discuss its implication when applied to : 1)1) ““AD-DEENUL-ISLAMAD-DEENUL-ISLAM”” 2)2) The teachings, understanding and practice of IslamThe teachings, understanding and practice of Islam 3)3) Your (Your (NAFSNAFS) self-identity, faith () self-identity, faith (IIMANIIMAN), spiritual-state (), spiritual-state (HAALHAAL)) INSHA-ALLAH - NOW TO CONTINUE
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) 1. to begin or take up again, as an acquaintance, a conversation, etc.;  (to  resume) 2. to make effective for an additional period: (to renew a lease). 3. to restore or replenish: (to renew a stock of goods). 4. to make, say, or do again. 5. to revive;  (re-establish). 6. to recover (youth, strength, etc.). 7. to restore to a former state; make new or as if new again. 8. to begin again; recommence. 9. to renew a lease, note, etc. 10. to be restored to a former state; become new or as if new again. IT CAN NEVER BE MEANT TO REPLACE IT WITH SOMETHING ELSE
  19. 19. ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQHFIQH ”” Intermediate Level  Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level  Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. Extracted from: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  20. 20. The state of us Muslims today, regarding the loss of many of our The state of us Muslims today, regarding the loss of many of our  Islamic heritage, especially in preserving and benefitting from Islamic heritage, especially in preserving and benefitting from  the legacy of Islamic education, knowledge, science and history the legacy of Islamic education, knowledge, science and history  etc.  is like the story of Aladdin and his magical lamp in the etc.  is like the story of Aladdin and his magical lamp in the  collection of fables in “collection of fables in “ALF - WA-LAYLAALF - WA-LAYLA” (“Thousand and One ” (“Thousand and One  nights” or better known in the West as “the Arabian Nights”).nights” or better known in the West as “the Arabian Nights”). This is not just a story, but contain a profound lesson of This is not just a story, but contain a profound lesson of  wisdom, highlighting the foolishness and naivety which must be wisdom, highlighting the foolishness and naivety which must be  avoided.avoided. REFLECT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  21. 21. In this story, Aladdin’s maid-servant was duped into exchanging In this story, Aladdin’s maid-servant was duped into exchanging  his master’s magical (but it looked rather old, odd and seemingly his master’s magical (but it looked rather old, odd and seemingly  useless) lamp for a new one, peddled by the evil sorcerer. useless) lamp for a new one, peddled by the evil sorcerer.  He cunningly peddled his ‘new wares’ and making it seemed that He cunningly peddled his ‘new wares’ and making it seemed that  those who still cling to old stuff are foolish for not grabbing this those who still cling to old stuff are foolish for not grabbing this  fantastic offer of a much superior alternative. fantastic offer of a much superior alternative.  The maid’s ignorance of the true value of his master’s magical The maid’s ignorance of the true value of his master’s magical  lamp; and her folly (nay breach of trust and loyalty to her master) lamp; and her folly (nay breach of trust and loyalty to her master)  of not consulting the true owner, led to the tragic dispossession.of not consulting the true owner, led to the tragic dispossession. REFLECT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  22. 22. If only the old lamp was to be polished and rubbed (i.e. if she was If only the old lamp was to be polished and rubbed (i.e. if she was  to try to clean it to shine) as what the maid servant should have to try to clean it to shine) as what the maid servant should have  been doing, she would already know that a wonderful genie been doing, she would already know that a wonderful genie  would have emerged and she would know the true value of the would have emerged and she would know the true value of the  rather old-looking lamp. rather old-looking lamp.  Aladdin too has to be blamed. Being the inheritor of this lamp, he Aladdin too has to be blamed. Being the inheritor of this lamp, he  should have imparted such crucial knowledge of the lamp to should have imparted such crucial knowledge of the lamp to  those in his household and ensure that such precious possession those in his household and ensure that such precious possession  be well-guarded and cherished.be well-guarded and cherished. REFLECT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  23. 23. Alas today, the penchant to discard old stuff (without understanding Alas today, the penchant to discard old stuff (without understanding  its true value), just because we think the 'new' is better. It is naive to its true value), just because we think the 'new' is better. It is naive to  believe in whatever others may say about what we possess believe in whatever others may say about what we possess  (intending to dispossess us) without we being careful as to where (intending to dispossess us) without we being careful as to where  they are leading us to. This surely is foolish, don’t you think so?they are leading us to. This surely is foolish, don’t you think so? And although we cannot accuse others of stealing from us, but And although we cannot accuse others of stealing from us, but  today, such evil trade-off are being done subtly through what they today, such evil trade-off are being done subtly through what they  termed as encouraging your right to personal “termed as encouraging your right to personal “freedomfreedom” and ” and  consensual “consensual “exchangeexchange” (even if unfair) is not thievery.” (even if unfair) is not thievery. REFLECT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  24. 24. Well, there are some who may label me and my  other colleague Well, there are some who may label me and my  other colleague  fellow fellow asaatizahasaatizah  as “traditional” or traditionalists. We believe that as “traditional” or traditionalists. We believe that  those who are wont to label us such may not have understood our those who are wont to label us such may not have understood our  concern, and the seriousness of holding fast to the trust - may Allah concern, and the seriousness of holding fast to the trust - may Allah  give them Guidance, and the realization to repent and mend their give them Guidance, and the realization to repent and mend their  ways. ways.  Actually those who ignorantly disregard our traditional ways, are Actually those who ignorantly disregard our traditional ways, are  having the naïve mentality like that of Aladdin’s maid-servant. Let them having the naïve mentality like that of Aladdin’s maid-servant. Let them  be reminded that this our tradition belongs to Islam and the Muslims. be reminded that this our tradition belongs to Islam and the Muslims.  We must remain trustworthy (We must remain trustworthy (AMANAHAMANAH).). REFLECT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  25. 25. They who styled themselves as ‘They who styled themselves as ‘liberal & progressiveliberal & progressive’ Muslims ’ Muslims  who are anti-traditionalist ought to know that they are mere who are anti-traditionalist ought to know that they are mere  ‘servants’ - but they don’t know that they are servants of whom?‘servants’ - but they don’t know that they are servants of whom? They should do They should do MUMUHHAASABAHAASABAH - (- (may Allah guide them), and may Allah guide them), and  they must be told that they must be told that they do not have the right to be they do not have the right to be  exchanging and be replacing our traditionexchanging and be replacing our tradition on behalf of Islam and  on behalf of Islam and  the Muslims. the Muslims.  To insist in doing so is treachery (To insist in doing so is treachery (KHKHIYAANAHIYAANAH).). waAwaAllaahu a’lam.llaahu a’lam. REFLECT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDID (RENEW)
  27. 27. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IKHTIYAAR
  28. 28. Man’s  knowledge is only regarding what has happened or is Man’s  knowledge is only regarding what has happened or is  happening.happening. He cannot claim (on his own) to know the future – as to what He cannot claim (on his own) to know the future – as to what  will occur, or what his fate will be.will occur, or what his fate will be. Yet, he knows things do occur according to certain laws of Yet, he knows things do occur according to certain laws of  cause and effect (cause and effect (sunna-tullaahsunna-tullaah). And that Allah has given him ). And that Allah has given him  free-will to participate in determining his destiny.free-will to participate in determining his destiny. This free-will is termed, “This free-will is termed, “ikhtiyarikhtiyar”” 28All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS  MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  29. 29. What is What is ““ikhtiyarikhtiyar”” ??             It is derived from the root word It is derived from the root word ““khayrkhayr”” meaning meaning  ““good”good” andand ““akhyarakhyar” - “better”” - “better” 29All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS  MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  30. 30.      Therefore the freedom given to man to determine for Therefore the freedom given to man to determine for  themselves their destiny, is only in choosing to do good. themselves their destiny, is only in choosing to do good.  Although he may abuse this privilege and if he chose to Although he may abuse this privilege and if he chose to  do bad, he is said to have committed do bad, he is said to have committed “zulm”“zulm” (injustice)(injustice) to himself. to himself.     Thus, man is to be responsible for his choices in his life Thus, man is to be responsible for his choices in his life  as well as face consequences for his neglect and abuse.as well as face consequences for his neglect and abuse. 30All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS  MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  31. 31.                                 The key to The key to  succeed in this life-test as succeed in this life-test as  well as to deserve well as to deserve  achieving further increase achieving further increase  of bestowals from Allah.of bestowals from Allah. yet how does one become yet how does one become  grateful? What are the grateful? What are the  important criteria?important criteria? 1.1. Acknowledge and extol praises of Acknowledge and extol praises of  the true giver, Allah  Who alone is the true giver, Allah  Who alone is  God, the Bestower of all favours.God, the Bestower of all favours. 2.2. Learn the value of what is given, Learn the value of what is given,  do not take any of these favours do not take any of these favours  for granted. Bring to mind and for granted. Bring to mind and  speak about it.speak about it. 3.3. Utilize what is given in accordance Utilize what is given in accordance  to what may please the Giver (i.e. to what may please the Giver (i.e.  do not abuse the gift), so as not to do not abuse the gift), so as not to  cause His wrath to befall us.cause His wrath to befall us. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS  MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  32. 32. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “ Verily, We create man in (AH-SANI TAQWIM) the best conformation; and thereafter We reduce him to the lowest of low excepting only such as (AA- MANU) attain to faith and (‘AMILUS-SWO-LI-HAAT) do good works: and theirs shall be a reward unending!” (Qur’an: At-tin: 95: 4-6)
  34. 34. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from
  35. 35. ANGELSANGELS JINNJINN (spirits)(spirits) MANKINDMANKIND ANIMALSANIMALS PLANTSPLANTS (ORGANISM)(ORGANISM) REALM OF THEREALM OF THE UNSEENUNSEEN (AL-GHAYB)(AL-GHAYB) REALM OF THEREALM OF THE PHYSICAL WORLDPHYSICAL WORLD (AL-SHAHAADAH)(AL-SHAHAADAH) Barrier All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from
  36. 36. ‘‘AQLIYYAHAQLIYYAH WAHM/KHAYALIWAHM/KHAYALI FITRAH SALIMAFITRAH SALIMA BAHIMIYAHBAHIMIYAH NABATIYYAHNABATIYYAH AngelicAngelic SatanicSatanic AdamicAdamic AnimalisticAnimalistic VegetativeVegetative WITHIN MAN, HE SHARES MANY POWERS AS IN OTHER SPECIESWITHIN MAN, HE SHARES MANY POWERS AS IN OTHER SPECIES MANKIND CREATED IN THE BEST OF MOULDMANKIND CREATED IN THE BEST OF MOULD All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ( intellect – reasoning ) ( extrapolation - imagination ) ( pure humanitarian innocence ) ( predatory instinct) ( growth – survival instinct ) ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from
  37. 37. The first that a person is naturally aware of is – “himself / herself”. This consciousness naturally develops and everything else becomes identified relative to it. As mankind is created in “the best conformation”, he is equipped with capabilities. Inherent within him are faculties with great potentials, if not properly nurtured may cause its growth to become distorted or unbalanced. Amongst the latent powers or faculties termed as “Quw-wah”, some of which are also inherent in some other beings, yet it is mankind that possess all of these. Yet which one uniquely distinguishes mankind as human? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from
  38. 38. NON-LIVING PLANTS ANIMALS HUMANSNON-LIVING PLANTS ANIMALS HUMANS Sustenance Growth (Physical) Procreation (sexual) Movement at will Thought & Speech . .. . . . . . .. . X X X X X X X X X All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  39. 39. ANGELS JINN (spirits) MANKIND ANIMALS PLANTS Can beCan be ElevatedElevated toto the highest, eventhe highest, even higher than Angelshigher than Angels Can beCan be DebasedDebased toto be the lowest of thebe the lowest of the low.low. IN THE CENTRE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Excerpts from
  40. 40. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““Do men think that on their [mere] saying, ‘WeDo men think that on their [mere] saying, ‘We believe,’ they will be left to themselves, and will notbelieve,’ they will be left to themselves, and will not be put to a test?be put to a test? Yea, indeed, we did test those whoYea, indeed, we did test those who lived before them; and so too, [shall be tested thoselived before them; and so too, [shall be tested those Muslims who is now livingMuslims who is now living and] most certainly will Heand] most certainly will He mark out those who prove themselves true, and mostmark out those who prove themselves true, and most certainly will He mark out those who are lying.”certainly will He mark out those who are lying.” ((Qur’an: al- Ankabut: 29: 2-3Qur’an: al- Ankabut: 29: 2-3))
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““Verily,Verily, Allah does not change men’s condition unless theyAllah does not change men’s condition unless they change their inner selveschange their inner selves;”;” ((Qur’an: Ra’ad : 13:11Qur’an: Ra’ad : 13:11))
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““This, becauseThis, because Allah would never change the blessings withAllah would never change the blessings with which He has graced a people unless they change their innerwhich He has graced a people unless they change their inner selvesselves: and [know] that Allah is all-Hearing, all-Seeing.”: and [know] that Allah is all-Hearing, all-Seeing.” ((Qur’an: Al- Anfal : 8:53Qur’an: Al- Anfal : 8:53))
  44. 44. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) Without a doubt life requires us to constantly change or if not be changed. The crucial issue of concern is “how do we change?” or into “what should our change be?”. There is a wise Arabic saying (proverb): Much of what we have become may perhaps be due to our apathy, laziness, habit, heedlessness, aging, neutrality etc. which may cause us to be changed or even deviate from the right and straight path. AL-WAQ-TU KAS-SAIF, IN-LAM – TAQ-TWA-UHU – QO-TWA-’AK “Time is like a sword, if you do not (use it to) cut, it will cut you”
  45. 45. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) It is in this context that advice to change (“re-new” or “reform”) in Islam’s teaching is to be understood. This is a reality. Therefore we should not adopt extreme interpretations : 1) Neither of those liberal who exhort changing or reform in the Western reformist post-modernist sense which seek to undermine even the principles and fundamental teachings of all religion especially Islam; 2) Nor the other Muslims with their rigid interpretations, resisting anything deemed as new because they regard every new thing as BID’AH (innovation), and every BID’AH without exception as “deviation leading us astray” (DOLAALAH). To them “re-new” would mean going back totally to the era of the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ , ignoring the legacies of Islamic civilization.
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) It would therefore be helpful to know how “change, renewal or reform” can be acceptable from the Islamic perspective – by making a qualification or necessary criteria for such change by us Muslims. When we study holistically the Islamic teachings; Qur’anic exhortations; history of Muslim scholars, their concerns, wisdom and precedence; etc. there are consistent principles involved when undertaking change. The following are important principles as criteria not to be neglected: 1) Principle of going back to the FITRAH – 2) Knowledge of the ORIGIN and the ORIGINAL - 3) Principle of understanding the CURRENT context and problems – 4) Apply wisdom as in principle of DA’WAH-BIL-HIKMAH - We shall now elaborate these.
  47. 47. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDID (RENEW) THAT IT MUST NOT LEAD TO REPLACING THE ESSENTIAL FITRAH
  48. 48. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal Inherent in INSAN (mankind) is FITRAH to realize that there is a God, although in this world they have forgotten – thus the root word for INSAN is also NASIYAN; NASIY (forgetfulness; to forget). Allah SWT in the Qur’an, reminds us:
  49. 49. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from theirAnd [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying toloins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "them], "Am I not your Lord?Am I not your Lord?" (" (ALAS-TU-BI-ROB-BI-KUMALAS-TU-BI-ROB-BI-KUM) . They said, ") . They said, "Yes,Yes, we have testifiedwe have testified." (." (BA-LAA-SHA-HID-NAABA-LAA-SHA-HID-NAA). [This] - lest you should say on). [This] - lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware."the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware." ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172)) Inherent in INSAN (mankind) is FITRAH to realize that there is a God, although in this world they have forgotten – thus the root word for INSAN is also NASIYAN; NASIY (forgetfulness; to forget). Allah SWT in the Qur’an, reminds us:
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal Basically the teaching of Islam is to restore TRUTH and every goodness inherent and then to guide mankind towards a higher goodness - with warning of the punishment for evil and the promise of forgiveness with glad tidings of everlasting reward in the Hereafter.
  51. 51. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal ““And indeed, withinAnd indeed, within every communityevery community have We raised up a Messengerhave We raised up a Messenger [entrusted with this message]: "[entrusted with this message]: "Worship Allah, and shun the powers ofWorship Allah, and shun the powers of evil!evil!" And among those [past generations] were people whom Allah graced" And among those [past generations] were people whom Allah graced with His guidance, just as there was among them [many a one] whowith His guidance, just as there was among them [many a one] who inevitably fell prey to grievous error: go, then, about the earth and beholdinevitably fell prey to grievous error: go, then, about the earth and behold what happened in the end to those who gave the lie to the truth!”what happened in the end to those who gave the lie to the truth!” ((Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 36Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 36)) Basically the teaching of Islam is to restore TRUTH and every goodness inherent and then to guide mankind towards a higher goodness - with warning of the punishment for evil and the promise of forgiveness with glad tidings of everlasting reward in the Hereafter.
  52. 52. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal Although we may be living in different times, yet our essential purpose, pattern of life and challenges revolve around similar raison d’etre for which we were all created for. Mankind’s history attest to this reality, and we are invited to verify these with empirical evidence preserved in many parts of the world. Even the current problems we face are obvious, yet we are oblivious.
  53. 53. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal Although we may be living in different times, yet our essential purpose, pattern of life and challenges revolve around similar raison d’etre for which we were all created for. Mankind’s history attest to this reality, and we are invited to verify these with empirical evidence preserved in many parts of the world. Even the current problems we face are obvious, yet we are oblivious. “[Since they have become oblivious of Allah,] corruption has appeared on land and in the sea as an outcome of what men’s hands have wrought: and so He will let them taste [the evil of] some of their doings, so that they might return [to the right path].” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 41)
  54. 54. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal Although we may be living in different times, yet our essential purpose, pattern of life and challenges revolve around similar raison d’etre for which we were all created for. Mankind’s history attest to this reality, and we are invited to verify these with empirical evidence preserved in many parts of the world. Even the current problems we face are obvious, yet we are oblivious.
  55. 55. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal Although we may be living in different times, yet our essential purpose, pattern of life and challenges revolve around similar raison d’etre for which we were all created for. Mankind’s history attest to this reality, and we are invited to verify these with empirical evidence preserved in many parts of the world. Even the current problems we face are obvious, yet we are oblivious. Say: “Go all over the earth, and behold what happened in the end to those [sinners] who lived before [you]: most of them were wont to ascribe divine qualities to things or beings other than Allah.” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 42)
  56. 56. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal All divinely revealed religion emanated from Allah, One Divine Being. Thus they all ought to share similar traits and not lead to sects and animosity. It is the inevitable mankind’s abuse in exercising of free-will, corrupted by jealousy which led to tampering which then may have caused deviations. When mankind discarded certain fundamentals God-given favours - especially the innate nature (inherently created) - ignore the guidance given to them, and follow their whims (DZONN) and desires (HAWA’), succumbing to temptations of greed, power and self-conceit – that many sects and religions then arose. Prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ was sent to “renew” or to “reform” these deviation, restoring the TAUHEEDIC paradigm of all revealed religion.
  57. 57. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “And they did not become divided until after knowledge had come to them - out of jealous animosity between themselves. And if not for a word that preceded from your Lord [postponing the penalty] until a specified time, it would have been concluded between them. And indeed, those who were granted inheritance of the Scripture after them are, concerning it, in disquieting doubt.” (Qur’an: Ash-Shura: 42: 14) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal
  59. 59. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““AND THEY say, "Be Jews" - or, "Christians" - and you shall be onAND THEY say, "Be Jews" - or, "Christians" - and you shall be on the right path.“ Say : "the right path.“ Say : "Nay, but [ours is] the creed of AbrahamNay, but [ours is] the creed of Abraham,, who turned away from all that is false, and was not of those whowho turned away from all that is false, and was not of those who ascribe divinity to aught besides God (Allah).ascribe divinity to aught besides God (Allah).”” ((Qur’an : al- Baqarah : 2 : 135Qur’an : al- Baqarah : 2 : 135)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal
  60. 60. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““Then We revealed to you (O Muhammad): "Follow the wayThen We revealed to you (O Muhammad): "Follow the way of Abrahamof Abraham HHANEEFANANEEFAN (with exclusive devotion to Allah). He(with exclusive devotion to Allah). He was notwas not one ofone of MUSH-RIKEENMUSH-RIKEEN (those who associated others(those who associated others with Allah in His Divinity.)“with Allah in His Divinity.)“ ((Qur’an : An-Nahlu: 16: 123Qur’an : An-Nahlu: 16: 123)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal
  61. 61. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal
  62. 62. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. [Adhere to] the FITRAH (the natural disposition) of which Allah has created [all] people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know.” ((Qur’an : Rum: 30: 30Qur’an : Rum: 30: 30)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal
  63. 63. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal “ Every child is born in a state of Fitrah (pure innocence); it is the parent that will make him to be a Jew, or a Christian, or a pagan (Majusi).” (Hadith reported by Bukhary)
  64. 64. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal “Every person is born from his mother upon his FITRAH (true human nature – pure innocence). It is subsequently his parents who make him a Jew or a Christian or a Pagan. Had his parents been Muslim he would have also remained a Muslim.” (Hadith reported by Muslim)
  65. 65. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal This principle in fact is linked to the command to inculcate in ourselves the virtue of “SHAKUR” (gratefulness). Amongst the criteria for SHAKUR, after acknowledging that Allah SWT (as Giver), is show appreciation by ensuring that it be faithfully cherished and preserved; and thence to fulfil the AMANAH (trust) in ensuring that it be utilized and not abused or be wasted. This then lead us to the next principle to have as criteria: “TO HAVE KNOWLEDGE OF THE ORIGIN AND THE ORIGINAL”
  66. 66. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal a. KNOWLEDGE OF THE ‘TEXT AND ITS CHAIN’ - b. KNOWLEDGE OF THE HISTORY c. KNOWLEDGE OF PRESERVATION OF OUR LEGACY To ‘renew’ implies ‘restoration’ or returning to its essential characteristic as when it was ‘new.’ Thus before attempting to renew something, it is imperative that we have the knowledge of the ‘origin’ and the ‘original’. Without which no one should be trusted to attempt at ‘reformation’ There is only one DEEN-AL-ISLAM, faithfully practiced and conveyed since the Prophet’s ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ period, continuously up to present era. Attempt at ‘renewing’ matters regarding Islam specifically, the aspects of knowledge required, amongst others are: TO BE CONTINUED – INSHA-ALLAH

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