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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain(batch#15-january-2016)lesson-#6-arkanul-iiman-(believe-in his-books)-11-march-2016

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BELIEVE IN HIS BOOKS
“ARKAAN AL-IIMAN”
Articles of Faith / Belief

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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain(batch#15-january-2016)lesson-#6-arkanul-iiman-(believe-in his-books)-11-march-2016

  1. 1. ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English forLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsAdults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” For further information and registrationFor further information and registration contact Econtact E-mail :-mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 BATCH # 15 -JANUAY 2016 INTAKEBATCH # 15 -JANUAY 2016 INTAKE UPDATED 11 MARCH 2016UPDATED 11 MARCH 2016 HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL LESSON # 6 LESSON # 6 ““ARKAAN AL-IIMAN”ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” Articles of Faith / BeliefArticles of Faith / Belief BELIEVE IN HIS BOOKSBELIEVE IN HIS BOOKS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  2. 2. (The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam) FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOKLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK ““Beginners’ Manual on IslamBeginners’ Manual on Islam”” 2 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  3. 3. ““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refersArabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lordto the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – thereSustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah.is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  4. 4. ““MuhammadMuhammad .”.” :: Arabic name meaning “Arabic name meaning “the Praisedthe Praised OneOne”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal ofservant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no moreProphethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.prophet sent. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  5. 5. ““For We have never sent any Messenger except that heFor We have never sent any Messenger except that he should be heeded (obeyed) by Allah’s leave”.should be heeded (obeyed) by Allah’s leave”. ((Qur’an : An-Nisa : 4 : 64Qur’an : An-Nisa : 4 : 64)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  6. 6. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  7. 7. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: Bear witness that there isBear witness that there is none deserving of worshipnone deserving of worship except Allah, and thatexcept Allah, and that Muhammad is His servantMuhammad is His servant and Messenger.and Messenger. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  8. 8. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to establish SwolahAnd to establish Swolah (the obligatory five daily(the obligatory five daily worship or specificworship or specific devotion).devotion). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  9. 9. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to pay the ZakahAnd to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon the(obligatory tax upon the wealth).wealth). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  10. 10. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to make pilgrimageAnd to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba(Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you are able.in Makkah) if you are able. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  11. 11. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to observe fastingAnd to observe fasting daily in the month ofdaily in the month of Ramadhan.Ramadhan. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  12. 12. .....“Tell me about iiman (Faith/Belief)” (Belief) iiman is that(Belief) iiman is that you:you: Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnly believe in Allah; His angels;His angels; His Books,His Books, His Messengers;His Messengers; In the Afterlife;In the Afterlife; In the Decree, the good &In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (thebad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of)eternal knowledge of) Allah;Allah; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  13. 13. ........ “ Tell me about ‘Al-........ “ Tell me about ‘Al- Ihsan’- (the Best orIhsan’- (the Best or Righteous conduct orRighteous conduct or Excellence)”Excellence)” ““Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is:Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is: ... That you serve (worship)... That you serve (worship) Allah as though you seeAllah as though you see Him, but if you do not seeHim, but if you do not see Him, He (Allah) sees you.”Him, He (Allah) sees you.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  14. 14. IIMANIIMAN BeliefBelief FaithFaith ConvictionConviction IHSANIHSAN Best orBest or RighteousRighteous ConductConduct ‘‘AMALAMAL [Islam][Islam] SubmissionSubmission ObedienceObedience PracticePractice Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith isFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANTogether, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionThus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  15. 15. THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHHEED)EED) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  16. 16.  IIMANIIMAN is “Belief or Faith” to something beyond sense perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb” meaning “the unseen”.  It is derived from the root word “ ” which also means “safety, peace, security, protection”  It denote: “certainty of the ultimate truth”, adherence to it instils sense of “security in him” from doubts, uncertainty, restlessness etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  17. 17.  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Belief or faith must be with knowledge. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  18. 18. "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou"And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sighthast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to accountand heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day).“for it (on Judgement Day).“ ((Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36))  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Belief or faith must be with knowledge. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  19. 19.  Three sources for knowledge: [1] Five sensory perceptions - ; [2] Reasoning - ; [3] True report - ; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)  Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Belief or faith must be with knowledge.
  20. 20. (The Detailed Belief)(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman“Al-iiman is that you:is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;His angels;  His Books,His Books,  His Messengers;His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comesIn the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allahfrom (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  21. 21. (The Detailed Belief)(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman“Al-iiman is that you:is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;His angels;  His Books,His Books,  His Messengers;His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comesIn the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allahfrom (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  22. 22. THE THIRD ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGINGTHE THIRD ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL 18 weekly class started from: JANUARY 2016 Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim TOPIC FOR 11 MARCH 2016TOPIC FOR 11 MARCH 2016 ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  23. 23. Behold thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent onBehold thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent on earth." They said "Wilt thou place therein one who will makeearth." They said "Wilt thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood? Whilst we do celebrate Thymischief therein and shed blood? Whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?" He said: "I know what yepraises and glorify Thy holy (name)?" He said: "I know what ye know not."know not." ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:30Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:30))All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  24. 24. And He (Allah)taught Adam the names of all thingsAnd He (Allah)taught Adam the names of all things; then He; then He placed them before the angels and said: "Tell Me the names ofplaced them before the angels and said: "Tell Me the names of these if ye are right."these if ye are right." ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:31Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:31)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  25. 25. They said: "Glory to Thee: of knowledge we have none, saveThey said: "Glory to Thee: of knowledge we have none, save that Thou hast taught us: in truth it is Thou who art perfect inthat Thou hast taught us: in truth it is Thou who art perfect in knowledge and wisdom."knowledge and wisdom." ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:32Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:32)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  26. 26. He said: "O Adam! tell them their names." When he had toldHe said: "O Adam! tell them their names." When he had told them their names, Allah said: "Did I not tell you that I know thethem their names, Allah said: "Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of heaven and earth, and I know what ye reveal and whatsecrets of heaven and earth, and I know what ye reveal and what ye conceal?"ye conceal?" ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:33Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:33)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  27. 27. And behold We said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam";And behold We said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam"; and they bowed down: not so Iblis: he refused and wasand they bowed down: not so Iblis: he refused and was haughty: he was of those who reject Faith. ”haughty: he was of those who reject Faith. ” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:34Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:34)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  28. 28. We said: "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden andWe said: "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden and eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will; buteat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will; but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression.”approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:35Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:35)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  29. 29. ““ Then did Satan make them slip from the (Garden) and getThen did Satan make them slip from the (Garden) and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. Wethem out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We said: "Get ye down all (ye people) with enmity betweensaid: "Get ye down all (ye people) with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling place and youryourselves. On earth will be your dwelling place and your means of livelihood for a time.".means of livelihood for a time.". ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:36Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:36)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  30. 30. ““Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspirationThen learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration and hisand his Lord turned toward him; for He is Oft-Returning Most Merciful.“Lord turned toward him; for He is Oft-Returning Most Merciful.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:37Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:37)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  31. 31. We said: "Get ye down all from here; and if,We said: "Get ye down all from here; and if, as is sure, thereas is sure, there comes to you guidance from Mecomes to you guidance from Me" whosoever follows" whosoever follows MyMy guidanceguidance on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.“on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:38Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:38)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  32. 32. "But those who reject Faith and belie Our Signs, they shall be Companions of the Fire; they shall abide therein." ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:39Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:39)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  34. 34. ““Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he wasHas there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing--(not even) mentioned?― Verily We created Man from anothing--(not even) mentioned?― Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: so We gave him (thedrop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: so We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight.gifts), of Hearing and Sight. We showed him the WayWe showed him the Way: whether he: whether he be (be (SHAKURSHAKUR) grateful or () grateful or (KAFURKAFUR) ungrateful (rests on his will).”) ungrateful (rests on his will).” ((Qur’an: al-Insan: 76:1-3Qur’an: al-Insan: 76:1-3)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  35. 35. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  36. 36. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  37. 37. Amongst the definitions:Amongst the definitions: ““....... Knowledge is the arrival (....... Knowledge is the arrival (huhussulul- )- )** of the meaningof the meaning ((ma’nama’na- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of the subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’sthe subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s arrival (arrival (wuwussulul- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object of knowledge.”of knowledge.” By “meaning” (By “meaning” (ma’nama’na- ) is: “- ) is: “the recognition of the properthe recognition of the proper place of anything in a systemplace of anything in a system ...”...” ** ““attainment; acquirement” is a better translationattainment; acquirement” is a better translation.. EPISTEMOLOGY Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  38. 38. To understand how we as human learn, let us analyse the computer (a product attempted by human to create an imitation or artificial intelligence) Computerization is a total system comprising of: [1] INPUT [2] PROCESSING [3] OUTPUT EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  39. 39. INPUT - PROCESSING - OUTPUTINPUT - PROCESSING - OUTPUT EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  40. 40. KEYBOARD THUMB-DISK-DRIVES SCANNER MOUSE FEED TO CPU TO BE PROCESSED EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  41. 41. • KEYBOARD • MOUSE • THUMB/DISK DRIVE • SCANNER • BLUE- TOOTH/WIRELESS  THE FIVE SENSES: SIGHT, SOUND, TOUCH, SMELL, TASTE.  TRUE REPORT  EXTRA-SENSORY -INSPIRATION, DREAM, INTUITION, BURST OF BRILLIANCE COMPUTERCOMPUTER HUMAN BEINGHUMAN BEING EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  42. 42. EPISTEMOLOGY PROCESSING TAKESPROCESSING TAKES PLACE HEREPLACE HERE INPUT OUTPUT (FEEDBACK) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  43. 43.  MemoryMemory  Linguistic & literacyLinguistic & literacy  Logic & musicLogic & music  Deductive - inductiveDeductive - inductive  Speculative extrapolationSpeculative extrapolation  Emotive - empathyEmotive - empathy  Contemplative - intuitionContemplative - intuition  Extraneous linkageExtraneous linkage COMPUTERCOMPUTER HUMAN BEINGHUMAN BEING EPISTEMOLOGY • Control unit – storage, speed • ROM – Read only memory • RAM – Random access memory • BIOS – Basic input-output System • DOS – Disk operating System; Drivers etc. • ALU – Arithmetic logic unit All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  44. 44. EPISTEMOLOGY SCREEN MONITOR PRINTER - SCANNER THUMB-DISK-DRIVES FROM CPU TO OUTPUTFROM CPU TO OUTPUT OR BE SAVED, PRINTEDOR BE SAVED, PRINTED All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  45. 45.  SpeechSpeech  ActionsActions  CreativityCreativity  BehaviourBehaviour  Disposition (Disposition (akhlaqakhlaq)) COMPUTERCOMPUTER HUMAN BEINGHUMAN BEING EPISTEMOLOGY • Monitor – screenMonitor – screen • Printer – scannerPrinter – scanner • Thumb-driveThumb-drive • Disk-driveDisk-drive • Sound-systemSound-system • ProjectorProjector • Other devicesOther devices All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  46. 46. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  47. 47. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  48. 48. Whatever is outside of theWhatever is outside of the person – to be regarded asperson – to be regarded as information (information ( ) – not) – not knowledge ( ).knowledge ( ). Knowledge resides in theKnowledge resides in the person – and is also anperson – and is also an attribute (attribute (sifatsifat- ) of- ) of the person him/herself.the person him/herself. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  49. 49. Information may notInformation may not necessarily convey anynecessarily convey any meanings, but can bemeanings, but can be subjected to process orsubjected to process or interpretation – by a humaninterpretation – by a human – striving to seek and– striving to seek and arriving at understanding ofarriving at understanding of ““meaningsmeanings” from it.” from it. Knowledge has to doKnowledge has to do with “with “meaningsmeanings” –” – which may includewhich may include abstract concepts andabstract concepts and construct beyond theconstruct beyond the material forms.material forms. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  50. 50. Every one may have equalEvery one may have equal access to a givenaccess to a given information.information. Yet, there can beYet, there can be difference in levels anddifference in levels and depths of knowledge todepths of knowledge to a given information,a given information, depending upon whodepending upon who contemplates upon it.contemplates upon it. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  51. 51. Just as raw data input areJust as raw data input are meant to be processed bymeant to be processed by the computer , our readings,the computer , our readings, observations, news, dataobservations, news, data and information etc. areand information etc. are objects to be understoodobjects to be understood and possible meanings fromand possible meanings from it to be comprehended by usit to be comprehended by us human.human. It is when cognition ofIt is when cognition of man are applied toman are applied to process theseprocess these information, that heinformation, that he may be said to arrivemay be said to arrive at knowledge (i.e.at knowledge (i.e. when it becomeswhen it becomes meaningful).meaningful). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  52. 52. THUS the Qur’an categorizeTHUS the Qur’an categorize these (information) as:these (information) as: ““SignsSigns” –” – aayataayat (( )) Al-Qur’an –Al-Qur’an – aayat Qawliyyahaayat Qawliyyah Universe –Universe – aayat Kauniyahaayat Kauniyah THUS the Qur’anicTHUS the Qur’anic approach for man’sapproach for man’s education enjoins himeducation enjoins him to “to “ReadRead” (” ( ) these) these signs to arrive at thesigns to arrive at the ““meaningsmeanings” –” – regarding theregarding the REALITYREALITY.. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  53. 53. NoteNote:: Arabic word “Arabic word “universeuniverse” and “” and “a scholar; one whoa scholar; one who is knowledgeableis knowledgeable” is spelt:” is spelt: ( )( ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  54. 54. (Allah) Most Gracious! It is He Who has taught the Qur'an. HeAllah) Most Gracious! It is He Who has taught the Qur'an. He has created man: He has taught him speech (and Intelligence)has created man: He has taught him speech (and Intelligence) ((Qur’an: ar-Rahmaan: 55:1-4Qur’an: ar-Rahmaan: 55:1-4)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  55. 55. THE FIRST 5 VERSES REVEALED TO MUHAMMAD All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  56. 56. “READ in the name of thy (Lord) Sustainer, who has created man out of a clinging substance. Read - for thy (Lord) Sustainer is the Most Bountiful One. Who has taught [man] the use of the pen – taught man what he did not know!” (Qur’an: al-‘Alaq: 96: 1-5) THE FIRST 5 VERSES REVEALED TO MUHAMMAD All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  57. 57. Thus, what our Prophet Muhammad received was not something new - as this phenomena (revelation) had already occurred before him. Thus those, termed the “People of the Book” amongst those of Abrahamic line i.e. the Jews and Christians, would be the independent parties than can corroborate - not deny but confirm this. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  59. 59. •Claims to be from God;Claims to be from God; •And which could notAnd which could not be produced by anybe produced by any who tries;who tries; •And contains absoluteAnd contains absolute principles;principles; 59 REGARDING AL-QUR’AN :REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH ....IT IS BOOK WHICH .... AL-QUR’ANAL-QUR’AN All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  60. 60. •And does not containAnd does not contain discrepancies;discrepancies; •And has contributed toAnd has contributed to the well-being ofthe well-being of mankind at all levels;mankind at all levels; 60 REGARDING AL-QUR’AN :REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH ....IT IS BOOK WHICH .... AL-QUR’ANAL-QUR’AN All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  61. 61. •And can be shown thatAnd can be shown that some of its propheciessome of its prophecies were proven true;were proven true; •And some of its dataAnd some of its data compatible withcompatible with scientific research;scientific research; 61 REGARDING AL-QUR’AN :REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH ....IT IS BOOK WHICH .... AL-QUR’ANAL-QUR’AN All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  62. 62. •And the whole book stillAnd the whole book still remains in its originalremains in its original text (language);text (language); •And speaks of God andAnd speaks of God and His plan;His plan; 62 REGARDING AL-QUR’AN :REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH ....IT IS BOOK WHICH .... AL-QUR’ANAL-QUR’AN All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  63. 63. •And has universalAnd has universal appeal andappeal and application.application. 63 REGARDING AL-QUR’AN :REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH ....IT IS BOOK WHICH .... AL-QUR’ANAL-QUR’AN IT MUST BE FROM GOD...IT MUST BE FROM GOD... NO OTHER CONCLUSION IS PLAUSIBLE!NO OTHER CONCLUSION IS PLAUSIBLE! All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  64. 64. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  65. 65. ””ThisThis Qur'an is not such as can be produced by other thanQur'an is not such as can be produced by other than AllahAllah; on the contrary it is a; on the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations)confirmation of (revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Bookthat went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book―― wherein there is no doubt from the Lord of the Worlds.”wherein there is no doubt from the Lord of the Worlds.” ((Q:Yunos:10:37Q:Yunos:10:37)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  66. 66. WHAT WERE THESE BOOKS ? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  67. 67. TAURATTAURAT (Torah / Law)(Torah / Law) Book revealed to Prophet Musa (Moses) a.s. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  68. 68. ZABURZABUR (Psalm) Book revealed to Prophet Dawud (David) a.s. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  69. 69. INJILINJIL (Evangel / Gospel) Book revealed to Prophet ‘Isa (Jesus) a.s. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  71. 71. ““There is among themThere is among them a section who distort the Booka section who distort the Book withwith their tongues; (as they read) so that you would think it is atheir tongues; (as they read) so that you would think it is a part of the Book but it is no part of the Book;part of the Book but it is no part of the Book; and they sayand they say "That is from Allah" but it is not from Allah"That is from Allah" but it is not from Allah: it is they who tell: it is they who tell a lie against Allah, and (well) they know it! “a lie against Allah, and (well) they know it! “ ((Q:Aali’Imran 3:78Q:Aali’Imran 3:78)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  72. 72. The Christians and the Jews mayThe Christians and the Jews may offer the Bible as their evidence ofoffer the Bible as their evidence of their revealed Books from God.their revealed Books from God. •What is the Bible?What is the Bible? •Can Muslim accept theCan Muslim accept the Bible to be the revealedBible to be the revealed Books of God?Books of God? THEREFORE IT IS PERTINENT FOR MUSLIMS TO SEEK ANSWER TO THESE QUESTIONS: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  73. 73. The Bible ...… some facts.The Bible ...… some facts. • It is a collection of writings. • Generally it contains recordings of the history of the Jewish people. Written and re-written by scribes (especially when the Jews lost these during their enslavement by Persians and Romans or because the recordings tended to fade). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  74. 74. The Bible ...… some facts.The Bible ...… some facts. • The name “Bible” is not found in the Bible. • This term “Bible” comes from the Greek work “Biblion” which means “collection of writings or book”. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  75. 75. The Bible ...… some facts.The Bible ...… some facts. • The total number of books that make up the Bible differ between the Catholic’s (they have 73 books) and Protestant Christian’s (only accept 66 books). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  76. 76. The Bible ...… some facts.The Bible ...… some facts. • It can be divided into 2 parts: Old testament – Jewish writings written originally in Hebrew, compiled over a period of 2,000 years; many of its authors are unknown. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  77. 77. The Bible ...… some facts.The Bible ...… some facts. • It can be divided into 2 parts: New Testament – the oldest manuscripts written in Koine Greek (not Aramaic which was the language that Jesus spoke), comprise of the 4 Gospels and letters written by Paul and others. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  78. 78. The Bible ...… some facts.The Bible ...… some facts. • The most popular Bible e.g. the King James (the Authorized version) and the Latin Vulgate in used was based on an ancient text. Since then, they have discovered more ancient texts, and Christian biblical scholars have to revise their Bible to ensure accuracy. And they admit that there has been interpolations done to the Bible. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  79. 79. “Yet the King James version has serious defects. ….. And discovery of many biblical manuscripts more ancient than those on which the King James version was based made it apparent that these defects were so many as to call for a revision.” (Forward in the New Revised Standard version of the Bible) What the Qur’an asserted 1400 year ago,What the Qur’an asserted 1400 year ago, now confirmed by their own Biblical scholarsnow confirmed by their own Biblical scholars ““Reason for the Revision”Reason for the Revision” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) The Bible ...… some facts.The Bible ...… some facts.
  80. 80. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016) BART D. EHRMAN is an American New Testament scholar, currently the James A. Gray Distinguished Professor of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The Bible ...… some facts.The Bible ...… some facts. Refer to his lectures and debates on YouTube
  81. 81. Summary : what is the Bible?  It may contain words of prophets; some eye-witness or even hearsay accounts of what had happened; it may contain quotations of perhaps revelations from God; it may contain interpretations and interpolations of people regarding the religion; etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  82. 82. Summary : what is the Bible?  Biblical scholars admit that many were written by anonymous (unknown) person or persons; sometimes conveniently attributed to certain prophets. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  83. 83. Summary : what is the Bible?  The Gospels (according to Mark, Mathew, Luke and John) are not the same as what we Muslims refer to as the “Injeel” of Prophet Jesus a.s. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  84. 84. Summary : what is the Bible? The Pentateuch (first 5 Books said toThe Pentateuch (first 5 Books said to be the book of Moses : the Torah) isbe the book of Moses : the Torah) is notnot the same as what we Muslimsthe same as what we Muslims refer to as therefer to as the ““Taurat” of ProphetTaurat” of Prophet Moses a.sMoses a.s.. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  85. 85. Summary : what is the Bible?  The Psalm (of David) isThe Psalm (of David) is notnot the samethe same as what we Muslims refer to as theas what we Muslims refer to as the ““Zabur” of Prophet David a.sZabur” of Prophet David a.s.. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  86. 86. Summary : what is the Bible?  As the collections called the Bible have been tampered with and interpolations made by people, we cannot be certain of its total reliability and authenticity. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  87. 87. Summary : what is the Bible?  For Muslims, the Qur’an is the “Furqaan” (Criterion to determine what for us, is the Truth and what is not). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  88. 88. Summary : what is the Bible?  Revisions have been made to the Bible when a much older manuscripts were found. Still these manuscripts are not those dated to the time of Jesus a.s. (because these were written in Greek, whereas Jesus a.s. never spoke Greek but Aramaic). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  89. 89. Summary : what is the Bible? So when we Muslims say we Believe in the Taurat, Zabur and Injeel, we do not mean we believe in the Bible!  Only the Qur’an has remained the onlyOnly the Qur’an has remained the only authentic Book of revelations from Allah,authentic Book of revelations from Allah, still preserved exactly as it was “ recited”,still preserved exactly as it was “ recited”, in the original language as when it wasin the original language as when it was revealed.revealed. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  90. 90. [1] Mankind living standard is evolving towards a higher form of civilization – a global and more cosmopolitan era, thus their laws need to be gradually updated – while its principle and fundamental teachings remaining the same ; Why a subsequent book of revelation is required is because: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  91. 91. [2] the recordings of earlier Books did not survive fully intact but were proven to have been tampered with and corrupted; Why a subsequent book of revelation is required is because: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  92. 92. [3] Literacy amongst the people, and the appropriate technology of writing & printing on a mass-scale etc. was not available until much later. Thus, subsequent revelations would ensure the pristine teachings are adhered to because corruptions to the previous recordings had occurred; Why a subsequent book of revelation is required is because: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  93. 93. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  94. 94. ““Alif Lam Mim. This is the Book (of Allah); in it is guidanceAlif Lam Mim. This is the Book (of Allah); in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who are most conscioussure, without doubt, to those who are most conscious (with reverential fear of) Allah.”(with reverential fear of) Allah.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 2Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 2)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  95. 95. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  96. 96. ““Praise be to Allah Who hath sent to His ServantPraise be to Allah Who hath sent to His Servant (Muhammad) the Book,(Muhammad) the Book, and hath allowed therein noand hath allowed therein no Crookedness: (He hath made it) Straight (and Clear),Crookedness: (He hath made it) Straight (and Clear), in order that He may warnin order that He may warn (the godless) of a terrible(the godless) of a terrible Punishment from Him, and thatPunishment from Him, and that He may give GladHe may give Glad Tidings to the Believers who work righteous deeds,Tidings to the Believers who work righteous deeds, that they shall have a goodly Rewardthat they shall have a goodly Reward.. In which theyIn which they willwill remain foreverremain forever..”..” ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18:1-3Qur’an: Kahfi: 18:1-3)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  97. 97. “… And to warn those who say, "Allah has taken a son. They have no knowledge of it, nor had their fathers. Grave is the word that comes out of their mouths; they speak not except a lie.” (Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 4-5) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  98. 98. “Alif Lam Ra. (This Qur’an is) A Book which We have revealed unto thee (O Muhammad) in order that thou might lead mankind out of the depths of darkness into light― by the leave of their Lord― to the Way of (Him) Exalted in Power, Worthy of all Praise!” (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 1) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  99. 99. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  100. 100. ““The Day that the wrongdoer will bite at his hands,The Day that the wrongdoer will bite at his hands, He will say "Oh! would that I had taken a (straight)He will say "Oh! would that I had taken a (straight) path with the Messenger! “path with the Messenger! “ ““Ah! woe is me! would that I had never taken such aAh! woe is me! would that I had never taken such a one for a friend! He did lead me astray from theone for a friend! He did lead me astray from the Message (of Allah) after it had come to me! Ah..! theMessage (of Allah) after it had come to me! Ah..! the Evil One is but a traitor to man! “Evil One is but a traitor to man! “ Then the Messenger will say:Then the Messenger will say: "O my Lord! truly my"O my Lord! truly my people took this Qur'an for just foolish nonsense."people took this Qur'an for just foolish nonsense." ((Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 27-30Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 27-30)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  101. 101. ““We have, without doubt sent down the Message (Al-Qur’an);We have, without doubt sent down the Message (Al-Qur’an); andand We will assuredly guard it (from corruption)We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).”.” ((Qur’an: Hijr: 15: 9Qur’an: Hijr: 15: 9))       All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  102. 102. Prophetic Era 13 BH – 10 AH Revelation to Prophet Muhammad * memorised * Dictated * Recorded * Collated * Counter- checked From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  103. 103. 1st Mushaf 12 AH Battle of Yamamah * original materials which have been recorded by the Prophet’s scribe were sorted out, checked and bound into a single Book. From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  104. 104. Mushaf Uthmani 30 AH Expansion of Islam • Uthman’s recension - 7 official copies made from the 1st Mushaf – these sent to all Islamic centres accompanied by a Reciter (muqri’) • (extant copies of these are available even to this day) From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  105. 105. IN MASJID IMAM HUSSAYN – CAIRO, EGYPT From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  106. 106. TASHKENT, UZBEKISTAN. From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  107. 107. PRESERVED MUSHAF OF KHALIFA ‘UTHMAN IBN ‘AFFAN TOPKAPI MUSEUM ISTANBUL, TURKEY From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  108. 108. TOPKAPI MUSEUM, ISTANBUL, TURKEY. From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  109. 109. From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  110. 110. Diacritical marking 65 AH (Science)(Science) Ilmu-Ilmu- Qira’atil Qur’anQira’atil Qur’an ** inclusion of markings to the script conforming with Prophet’s recitation, and to facilitate non-Arab learning recitation * By Abul Aswad Ad-Du’aliBy Abul Aswad Ad-Du’ali From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  111. 111. Compare with verses in the present Mushaf Text From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  112. 112. Compare with verses in the present Mushaf Text From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  113. 113. MUSHAF FUAD 1342 AH From Mushaf Uthmani, text compiled at AL- AZHAR with one of the original manner of Recitation which has been preserved - from HAFASH.HAFASH. From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  114. 114. HafashHafash ‘‘Asim ibn Abin NujudAsim ibn Abin Nujud Abi Abdur Rahman Abd ibn Habib as-SulaimiAbi Abdur Rahman Abd ibn Habib as-Sulaimi Holy Prophet MuhammadHoly Prophet Muhammad ‘Ali Abi Talib Uthman ‘Affan Zaid Tsabit Ubay Ka’abAli Abi Talib Uthman ‘Affan Zaid Tsabit Ubay Ka’ab From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  115. 115. MUSHAF MADINAH 1403 AH (1980) Commissioned by Saudi King, text using the Rasm’ Uthmani - following strictly the spelling, letter for letter, identical to Mushaf Uthmani. From previous lesson # 3- RISAALAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  116. 116. THE FOURTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGINGTHE FOURTH ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL TO BE CONTINUED –TO BE CONTINUED – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  117. 117. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)
  118. 118. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/   http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 118All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)

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