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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-#4(january-2016)-lesson-#1c -introduction-to-module-(6-february-2016)

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REFLECTION – “JADDID”
KNOWLEDGE OF THE ORIGIN AND THE ORIGINAL
UNDERSTANDING THE CURRENT CONTEXT
WISDOM – Learn from a principle in Da’wah

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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-#4(january-2016)-lesson-#1c -introduction-to-module-(6-february-2016)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 1 (c)LESSON # 1 (c) Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) THEME: “Advice regarding Four aspects”“Advice regarding Four aspects” Introductory abstract for this moduleIntroductory abstract for this module REFLECTION – “JADDID”REFLECTION – “JADDID” KNOWLEDGE OF THE ORIGIN AND THE ORIGINAL UNDERSTANDING THE CURRENT CONTEXT WISDOM – Learn from a principle in Da’wah PARTPART ## 44 (January -(January -20162016)) Updated 6 FEBRUARY 2016
  2. 2. “O Allah! Grant favours in our hearing, in our sight and in our strength to be always upon Your Path. And make our yearnings and desires to be in accord with everything (teachings and guidance) which has ben brought by Your beloved Muhammad - salutations of Allah and peace be upon him.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUS LESSON ALLAA-HUM-MA – MA-TI’-NAA – BI-AS-MAA-INAA – WA – AB-SWAA-RI-NAA – WA- QUW-WAA-TI-NAA- FEE- SA-BEE – LIK, - WAJ – ‘AL – HA-WAA-NAA –TA-BA-’AN- LI-MAA – JAA – A – BIHI – HA-BEE-BU-KA – MUHAM-MADUN – SWOL-LAL-LAA-HU –’ALAI-HI - WA-SAL-LAM
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “.. and teaching them the Book (AL-KITAAB) ..” PREVIOUS LESSON
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “… and teaching them the Book (AL- KITAAB) and wisdom (AL-HIKMAH) ..” PREVIOUS LESSON
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) "I have been sent with JAWAMI’ AL-KALEEM (i.e., the shortest expression carrying the widest meanings), and I was made victorious with awe (fear cast into the hearts of the enemy), and while I was sleeping, the keys of the treasures of the earth were brought to me and were put in my hand." (Hadith reported by Bukhary) PREVIOUS LESSON
  6. 6. JAWAMI'-AL-KALEEM means (“comprehensive speech”) that Allah SWT has granted the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬ ability to speak in the shortest expression carrying the widest meanings; expressions in one or two statements or thereabouts the numerous matters that used to be written in the books revealed before him. This epitomizes the Wisdom (AL-HIKMAH) granted to our Prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ . In this module we shall try to reflect upon the significance as in just one Hadith – the Prophet Muhammad’s ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ advice to a Sahaabiy Abu Dzar al-Ghifari r.a., which we hope Allah SWT will grant us profound understanding of the DEEN – insha- Allah.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  7. 7. IMAM ABU HAMID AL-GHAZALIE (R.A.) AN-NASEEHAH The Sincere Advice IDZAL – MAR – U – KAA - NAT - LAHU – FIK –RAH FA – FEE - KUL – LI – SHAY- IN – LA – HU – ‘IB - RAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  8. 8. Hadith extracted from: ‘NASA-IHU AL-’IBAAD ‘ALAA SHARHI AL- MUNABBIHAT ‘ALA AL-ISTI’DAD LI-YAUMI AL-MA-’AD’ Sheikh Imam Muhammad Nawawi bin Umar al-Jawi al-Bantani famous Nusantaran scholar and Imam in Makkah (1813-1897) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  9. 9. O Aba Dzar! Renew the ship, for verily the ocean is deep, And take complete provision, for verily the journey is far, And lighten the load, for verily the obstacles are almost insurmountable, And be sincere in your deeds, for verily the scrutinizer of faults is The Seeing (Allah). AN-NAASEEHAH The Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) THE HADITH PREVIOUS LESSON
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDID (RENEW) PREVIOUS LESSON
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IKHTIYAAR PREVIOUS LESSON
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDID (RENEW) THAT IT MUST NOT LEAD TO REPLACING THE ESSENTIAL FITRAH change = replace =
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal Inherent in INSAN (mankind) is FITRAH to realize that there is a God, although in this world they have forgotten – thus the root word for INSAN is also NASIYAN; NASIY (forgetfulness; to forget). Allah SWT in the Qur’an, reminds us: PREVIOUS LESSON
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from theirAnd [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying toloins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "them], "Am I not your Lord?Am I not your Lord?" (" (ALAS-TU-BI-ROB-BI-KUMALAS-TU-BI-ROB-BI-KUM) . They said, ") . They said, "Yes,Yes, we have testifiedwe have testified." (." (BA-LAA-SHA-HID-NAABA-LAA-SHA-HID-NAA). [This] - lest you should say on). [This] - lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware."the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware." ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172)) Inherent in INSAN (mankind) is FITRAH to realize that there is a God, although in this world they have forgotten – thus the root word for INSAN is also NASIYAN; NASIY (forgetfulness; to forget). Allah SWT in the Qur’an, reminds us: PREVIOUS LESSON
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal Basically the teaching of Islam is to restore TRUTH and every goodness inherent and then to guide mankind towards a higher goodness - with warning of the punishment for evil and the promise of forgiveness with glad tidings of everlasting reward in the Hereafter. PREVIOUS LESSON
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal ““And indeed, withinAnd indeed, within every communityevery community have We raised up a Messengerhave We raised up a Messenger [entrusted with this message]: "[entrusted with this message]: "Worship Allah, and shun the powers ofWorship Allah, and shun the powers of evil!evil!" And among those [past generations] were people whom Allah graced" And among those [past generations] were people whom Allah graced with His guidance, just as there was among them [many a one] whowith His guidance, just as there was among them [many a one] who inevitably fell prey to grievous error: go, then, about the earth and beholdinevitably fell prey to grievous error: go, then, about the earth and behold what happened in the end to those who gave the lie to the truth!”what happened in the end to those who gave the lie to the truth!” ((Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 36Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 36)) Basically the teaching of Islam is to restore TRUTH and every goodness inherent and then to guide mankind towards a higher goodness - with warning of the punishment for evil and the promise of forgiveness with glad tidings of everlasting reward in the Hereafter. PREVIOUS LESSON
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal Although we may be living in different times, yet our essential purpose, pattern of life and challenges revolve around similar raison d’etre for which we were all created for. Mankind’s history attest to this reality, and we are invited to verify these with empirical evidence preserved in many parts of the world. Even the current problems we face are obvious, yet we are oblivious. PREVIOUS LESSON
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal Although we may be living in different times, yet our essential purpose, pattern of life and challenges revolve around similar raison d’etre for which we were all created for. Mankind’s history attest to this reality, and we are invited to verify these with empirical evidence preserved in many parts of the world. Even the current problems we face are obvious, yet we are oblivious. “[Since they have become oblivious of Allah,] corruption has appeared on land and in the sea as an outcome of what men’s hands have wrought: and so He will let them taste [the evil of] some of their doings, so that they might return [to the right path].” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 41) PREVIOUS LESSON
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal “ Every child is born in a state of Fitrah (pure innocence); it is the parent that will make him to be a Jew, or a Christian, or a pagan (Majusi).” (Hadith reported by Bukhary) PREVIOUS LESSON
  20. 20. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal This principle in fact is linked to the command to inculcate in ourselves the virtue of “SHAKUR” (gratefulness). Amongst the criteria for SHAKUR, after acknowledging that Allah SWT (as Giver), is show appreciation by ensuring that it be faithfully cherished and preserved; and thence to fulfil the AMANAH (trust) in ensuring that it be utilized and not abused or be wasted. This then lead us to the next principle to have as criteria: “TO HAVE KNOWLEDGE OF THE ORIGIN AND THE ORIGINAL” PREVIOUS LESSON
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal a. KNOWLEDGE OF THE ‘TEXT AND ITS CHAIN’ - b. KNOWLEDGE OF THE HISTORY c. KNOWLEDGE OF PRESERVATION OF OUR LEGACY To ‘renew’ implies ‘restoration’ or returning to its essential characteristic as when it was ‘new.’ Thus before attempting to renew something, it is imperative that we have the knowledge of the ‘origin’ and the ‘original’. Without which no one should be trusted to attempt at ‘reformation’ There is only one DEEN-AL-ISLAM, faithfully practiced and conveyed since the Prophet’s ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ period, continuously up to present era. Attempt at ‘renewing’ matters regarding Islam specifically, the aspects of knowledge required, amongst others are: NOW TO CONTINUE – INSHA-ALLAH
  22. 22. a. KNOWLEDGE OF THE ‘TEXT AND ITS CHAIN’ JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) There is only one AD-DEENUL ISLAM – established by the Last Prophet Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬ . In its application throughout the era, reliance upon the. In its application throughout the era, reliance upon the original text through the system oforiginal text through the system of ISNADISNAD (chains) of Islamic texts which(chains) of Islamic texts which are continuously linked to Prophetic era, unbroken and authenticated;are continuously linked to Prophetic era, unbroken and authenticated; and with established system (and with established system (MANHAJMANHAJ), principles of how it is to be), principles of how it is to be applied i.e. school of scholars (applied i.e. school of scholars (MADZAAHIBMADZAAHIB), still relevantly applied - is), still relevantly applied - is indeed very important and quite unique to Islam.indeed very important and quite unique to Islam. Without theWithout the ISNADISNAD, Islam would have been changed and easily distorted., Islam would have been changed and easily distorted. Those devoid of this knowledge or who have no appreciation of them, hasThose devoid of this knowledge or who have no appreciation of them, has no business spouting for “a new Islam” misapplying the termno business spouting for “a new Islam” misapplying the term TAJDIDTAJDID oror MUJADDID claiming right toclaiming right to IJTIHADIJTIHAD, calling for reformation of Islam, etc., calling for reformation of Islam, etc.
  23. 23. “The ISNAD is part of the DEEN. If it were not for the ISNAD, then any person would have said (about Islam) whatever he wished.” (Imam ‘Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak rhm.a.) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) PERTAINING TO THE RELIGION OF ISLAM JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal
  24. 24. ””Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of theVerily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEENDEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into(Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquirethe person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your(the knowledge of) your DEENDEEN (Religion).”(Religion).” Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims:Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal
  25. 25. ‘ULUM AL-QIRA’AT – (schools of recitation) ; AS-BAAB-UN-NUZUL – (context of revelations) ‘ILM TAFASSIR – (science of commentaries); I’JAZUL QUR’AN - (miracles and uniqueness); KHAT AL-QUR’AN – (calligraphy); ISNAD (‘ilm riwayat; chains of its narrators) BIOGRAPHICAL - (asma’-wa-rijal; tabaqqat; wafaayat al-a’yan;) CRITICISM - (‘ilm mustholahal Hadith); CATEGORIZATION - (Nabawwi- Qudsiyy; Mutawatir-Shahih- Hassan- Dhoif; Maudhu-at); AHADITH COMPILATIONS – (Kitaabus-Sittah; Musnad; Muwatta’ etc.) MATN (‘ilm Diraayah; analysing its content) SHARH-AL-HADITH – (commentaries by Muhadithhun) COMPARATIVE SELECTION - (‘ilm tarjih); All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) TAXONOMY* This list is merely an example to illustrate – not exhaustive
  26. 26. USUL-AD-DEENUSUL-AD-DEEN TASAWWUF-WA-TURUQTASAWWUF-WA-TURUQ CLASSICAL – (Ibnu Hisham; Ibn Ishaq; al-Tabari; al-Ya’qubi; al-Waqidi; etc) POST CLASSICAL AND CONTEMPORARY (too many and from many periods written not merely in Arabic language) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) TAXONOMY CLASSICAL – (most of classical writers of Seerah; al-Qutaybah; al- Mas’udi; ibn Khaldun; al-Biruni; etc. ) POST CLASSICAL AND CONTEMPORARY (too many and from many periods written not merely in Arabic language) * This list is merely an example to illustrate – not exhaustive WE CAN ONLY CONTINUE TO BUILD BY STANDING UPON THE SHOULDERS OF THESE GIANTS (MOUNTAINS)
  27. 27. ““Whoever (among Muslims who) does not have any griefWhoever (among Muslims who) does not have any grief (i.e. not saddened) by (news of) the death of(i.e. not saddened) by (news of) the death of an ‘an ‘ALEEMALEEM (Islamic scholar), he is a(Islamic scholar), he is a MUNAFIQMUNAFIQ (hypocrite),(hypocrite), aa MUNAFIQMUNAFIQ (hypocrite), a(hypocrite), a MUNAFIQMUNAFIQ (hypocrite) ! ”(hypocrite) ! ” ((Hadith narrated by Imam Jalaluddin al-Suyuthi in “Tanqih al-QaulHadith narrated by Imam Jalaluddin al-Suyuthi in “Tanqih al-Qaul”)”) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal
  28. 28. b. KNOWLEDGE OF THE HISTORY JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) Alas today, influenced by secular educational system which train scholars towards specialization, some may overlooked or undervalue the importance of the ‘humanities’ especially the knowledge of History. And history of the past may not be fully known, thus the need for it to be critically investigated, documented and taught. As unfolding events are constantly happening and narratives written, unfortunately often by those who may not be faithful to the Truth – we Muslims cannot neglect or be passive about this especially that concerning our own perspective. Before talking about “renewal” of anything or whatever matter, our knowledge of their history is obligatory without which, this can lead to betrayal of the trust (KHIYAANAT) towards the truth of history and values to be preserved and transmitted.
  29. 29. c. KNOWLEDGE OF PRESERVATION OF OUR LEGACY JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) Knowledge about history alone is still inadequate as that pertains only to narratives which may remain mere narratives. History must also be grounded upon evidence, relics, artifacts, physical evidence, geographical landmarks connected to history, documents, recordings, folklore, traditional culture, etc. which may have survived or need to be re-discovered, revived, preserved and continuously taught. Perhaps the “renewal” through having knowledge of the preservation of our legacy is in efforts to ‘increase appreciation’ towards our common identity and shared ummatic dignity. Those undiscovered legacy or even ongoing requirement to leave behind our own legacies requires knowledge of “what is original” and the “how” it should be preserved.
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal We do not change for the sake of change. Islam allows or command even for us to change, albeit under the principle of “IKHTIYAR” i.e. change for the better as previously explained. It is only when current circumstances demand the change. It is not outright replacement but rather when it demand re-assessment in how (preserved) principles of Islam are to be implemented or practiced today. Usually the need to change is due to some context or contemporary concern faced by Muslims demanding for a solution to real problems (not hypothetical). Without knowledge of the problem, how can one provide solution? This is why Muslims must keep abreast with every beneficial worldly knowledge and current affairs issues – the UKHRAWI (other) knowledge.
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDIDJADDID -- renewalrenewal “The preservation of earlier teachings of the righteous (predecessors) and the acceptance of whatever is new (current local practices but when deemed as) righteous. AN ACCEPTED PRINCIPLE ADOPTED IN DA’WAH IN THE NUSANTARAAN ACCEPTED PRINCIPLE ADOPTED IN DA’WAH IN THE NUSANTARA
  32. 32. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) JADDID (RENEW) A RELEVANT REFLECTION (PREPARING FOR THE POST-MODERNIST CHALLENGE) TO BE CONTINUED – INSHA-ALLAH

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