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[Slideshare] akhlaq-batch#5-(aug-2016-intake) -lesson # 7 -types-of-nafs-[contn'd] -(5-october-2016)

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“VARIOUS STATES OF THE NAFS”
The Reproaching Self
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[Slideshare] akhlaq-batch#5-(aug-2016-intake) -lesson # 7 -types-of-nafs-[contn'd] -(5-october-2016)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED –UPDATED – 5 OCTOBER 20165 OCTOBER 2016 ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDYINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) LESSON # 7LESSON # 7 “VARIOUS STATES OF THE NAFS” The Reproaching Self ((continuecontinue)) Batch #5 – August 2016
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  4. 4. Concerning this state of the nafs (self), it is stated in the Holy Qur’an: ““And yet, I am not trying to absolve myself: for, verily, man's innerAnd yet, I am not trying to absolve myself: for, verily, man's inner self (self (NAFS -AMMARAHNAFS -AMMARAH),), does incite [him] to evil, and saved aredoes incite [him] to evil, and saved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His grace.only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His grace. Behold, myBehold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“ ((Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  5. 5. Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Initial traitsInitial traits :: [1] Appetite,[1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs,[2] Emotion still link to needs, [3] curiosity, memory,[3] curiosity, memory, [4] imitative, see, listen & do,[4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of[5] application of basic sensory feelingsbasic sensory feelings NAFS al-AMMARAHNAFS al-AMMARAH (Commanding self)(Commanding self) Link to variousLink to various QuwwahQuwwah (powers):(powers): [1][1] shahwiyyashahwiyya (desires)(desires) [2][2] ghadabiyyaghadabiyya (anger)(anger) [3][3] WahmiyahWahmiyah (imaginative)(imaginative) [4][4] ‘aqliyya‘aqliyya (thoughts)(thoughts) Importance of linguistics to thoughts: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  6. 6. Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Initial traitsInitial traits :: [1] Appetite,[1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs,[2] Emotion still link to needs, [3] curiosity, memory,[3] curiosity, memory, [4] imitative, see, listen & do,[4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of[5] application of basic sensory feelingsbasic sensory feelings NAFS al-AMMARAHNAFS al-AMMARAH (Commanding self)(Commanding self) Link to variousLink to various QuwwahQuwwah (powers):(powers): [1][1] shahwiyyashahwiyya (desires)(desires) [2][2] ghadabiyyaghadabiyya (anger)(anger) [3][3] WahmiyahWahmiyah (imaginative)(imaginative) [4][4] ‘aqliyya‘aqliyya (thoughts)(thoughts) Importance of linguistics to thoughts: ““He (Allah) has created man: He has impartedHe (Allah) has created man: He has imparted unto him articulate thought and speech.” (Q:55: 3-5)unto him articulate thought and speech.” (Q:55: 3-5) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  7. 7. ““O you who have believed,O you who have believed, do not put [yourselves]do not put [yourselves] before Allah and His Messengerbefore Allah and His Messenger but be conscious andbut be conscious and fear Allah (fear Allah (TAQWALLAAHTAQWALLAAH). Indeed, Allah is Hearing). Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.”and Knowing.” ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
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  9. 9. “HAST THOU ever considered [the kind of man] whoHAST THOU ever considered [the kind of man] who makes his own desires (HAWA)makes his own desires (HAWA) his deity, and whomhis deity, and whom Allah has [thereupon] let go astray, knowing [that hisAllah has [thereupon] let go astray, knowing [that his mind is closed to all guidancemind is closed to all guidance], and whose], and whose hearing andhearing and heart He has sealedheart He has sealed, and upon whose, and upon whose sight He hassight He has placed a veilplaced a veil? Who, then, could guide him after Allah? Who, then, could guide him after Allah [has abandoned him]? Will you not, then, ([has abandoned him]? Will you not, then, (TADZAK-TADZAK- KARUNKARUN) bethink your-selves? “) bethink your-selves? “ ((Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 23Qur’an: Jatsiyah: 45: 23)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
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  11. 11. ““ALLURING unto man is the (ALLURING unto man is the (HUB-BUSH – SHAHAWAATHUB-BUSH – SHAHAWAAT)) enjoyment of worldly desires through women, andenjoyment of worldly desires through women, and children, and heaped-up treasures of gold and silver,children, and heaped-up treasures of gold and silver, and horses of high mark, and cattle, and lands. All thisand horses of high mark, and cattle, and lands. All this may be enjoyed in the life of this world (may be enjoyed in the life of this world (DUN-YAADUN-YAA) - but) - but the most beauteous of all goals is with Allah. “the most beauteous of all goals is with Allah. “ ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 14Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 14)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  12. 12. ““And nothing is the life of this world (And nothing is the life of this world (DUN-YAADUN-YAA) but a) but a play and a passing delight; andplay and a passing delight; and the life in the hereafter isthe life in the hereafter is by far the better for all who are conscious of Allahby far the better for all who are conscious of Allah ((YATTAQUUNYATTAQUUN) Will you not, then, use your reason? ”) Will you not, then, use your reason? ” ((Qur’an: An’am: 6: 32Qur’an: An’am: 6: 32)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  13. 13. ““O you who have attained to faith!O you who have attained to faith! Respond to the call ofRespond to the call of Allah and the Messenger whenever he calls you unto thatAllah and the Messenger whenever he calls you unto that which will give you lifewhich will give you life; and know that Allah intervenes; and know that Allah intervenes between man and [the desires of] his heart, and that untobetween man and [the desires of] his heart, and that unto Him you shall be gathered.”Him you shall be gathered.” ((Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  14. 14. ““And recite to them, [O Muhammad], the news ofAnd recite to them, [O Muhammad], the news of himhim to whom we gave [knowledge of] Our signs, but heto whom we gave [knowledge of] Our signs, but he detached himself from themdetached himself from them; so Satan pursued him, and; so Satan pursued him, and he became of the deviators.”he became of the deviators.” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 175Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 175 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
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  16. 16. ““And if We had willed, we could have elevated himAnd if We had willed, we could have elevated him therebythereby, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and followed his own desirefollowed his own desire. So his example is like that of. So his example is like that of the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him,the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him, he [still] pants. That is the example of the people whohe [still] pants. That is the example of the people who denied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps theydenied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps they will give thought.”will give thought.” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 176Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 176 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
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  18. 18. ““AndAnd keep yourself patient [by being] with those whokeep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the eveningcall upon their Lord in the morning and the evening,, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes passseeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life,beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life, andand do not obey one whose heart We have madedo not obey one whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembranceheedless of Our remembrance and who follows hisand who follows his desire (desire (HAWA’HAWA’) and whose affair is ever [in] neglect.”) and whose affair is ever [in] neglect.” ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 28Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 28)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
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  20. 20. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““Verily,Verily, Allah does not change men’s condition unless theyAllah does not change men’s condition unless they change their inner selveschange their inner selves;”;” ((Qur’an: Ra’ad : 13:11Qur’an: Ra’ad : 13:11))
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  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “And Satan will say when the matter has been concluded, "Indeed, Allah had promised you the promise of truth. And I promised you, but I betrayed you. But I had no authority over you except that I invited you, and you responded to me. So do not blame me; but blame yourselves. I cannot be called to your aid, nor can you be called to my aid. Indeed, I deny your association of me [with Allah] before. Indeed, for the wrongdoers is a painful punishment.“ (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 22)
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  25. 25. “ Surely man is created of a hasty temperament. Being greatly grieved when evil afflicts him. And niggardly when good befalls him. Except those who pray. Those who are constant at their prayer. And those in whose wealth there is a fixed portion…” ((Qur’an: Al-Ma’arij’: 70: 19-24Qur’an: Al-Ma’arij’: 70: 19-24 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
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  27. 27. “Whoever should desire the immediate - We hasten for him from it what We will to whom We intend. Then We have made for him Hell, which he will [enter to] burn, censured and banished. But whoever desires the Hereafter and exerts the effort due to it while he is a believer - it is those whose effort is ever appreciated [by Allah].““ ((Qur’an: Al-Isra’: 17: 18-19Qur’an: Al-Isra’: 17: 18-19 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “Mankind was created of haste. I will show you My signs, so do not impatiently urge Me.” (Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 37)
  29. 29. “One of you will be responded to, so long as he is not hasty, saying: ‘I supplicated, and I was not responded to.’ ” (Hadith reported by At-Tirmidzi) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) The tongue of the wise man is behind his heart, and the heart of the fool is behind his tongue. LI-SAA-NIL – ‘AA-QILI – WARAA – A – QOL- BI-HI WA – QOL – BUL – AH – MAA-QI – WA RAA- A – LI-SAA-NIHI
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  33. 33. The Arab (Bedouins) say, "We have believedThe Arab (Bedouins) say, "We have believed ((AA-MAN-NAAA-MAN-NA)." Say, "You have not [yet])." Say, "You have not [yet] believed; but say [instead], 'We have submittedbelieved; but say [instead], 'We have submitted ((AS-LAM-NAAS-LAM-NA),' for faith has not yet entered),' for faith has not yet entered your hearts. And if you obey Allah and Hisyour hearts. And if you obey Allah and His Messenger, He will not deprive you from yourMessenger, He will not deprive you from your deeds of anything. Indeed, Allah is Forgivingdeeds of anything. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.“and Merciful.“ ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 14Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 14 )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  34. 34. MUSLIMMUSLIM FIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFFIRST LEVEL TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA BEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OFBEGINS WITH ONE’S ACCEPTANCE OF AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AL-ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  35. 35. MUSLIMMUSLIM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AL-ISLAM LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFTOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  36. 36. MUSLIMMUSLIM Submission TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM JAAHILJAAHIL NIFAAQNIFAAQ KUFUR-NI’MAHKUFUR-NI’MAH GHAFLAHGHAFLAH SHIRKSHIRK FAASADFAASAD ZOLEEMZOLEEM MUJREEMMUJREEM KADZIBKADZIB ISRAAFISRAAF FAASIQFAASIQ ITHMITHM etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) IF NO EFFORT DONE TOWARDS STRIVING FOR HIGHERIF NO EFFORT DONE TOWARDS STRIVING FOR HIGHER STATIONS, A MUSLIM MAY END-UP BECOMING ....STATIONS, A MUSLIM MAY END-UP BECOMING .... WARNING ! LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFTOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA MAQOM AL-ISLAM
  37. 37. MUSLIMMUSLIM MU’MEENMU’MEEN MUMUHHSEENSEEN MUKHLISWEEN MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN Believer Submission Best or righteous conduct Sincerity God-consciousness or Piety TASAWWUR ISLAMTASAWWUR ISLAM MAQOM AL-ISLAM MAQOM AT-TAUBAHMAQOM AT-TAUBAH MAQOM AL-WARA’MAQOM AL-WARA’ MAQOM AZ-ZUHUDMAQOM AZ-ZUHUD MAQOM AL-’ARIFEENMAQOM AL-’ARIFEEN LEVELS OF ATTAINMENTLEVELS OF ATTAINMENT TOWARDS HIGHER STATE OFTOWARDS HIGHER STATE OF TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ‘ILM – ‘AMAL - MUJAAHADAH
  38. 38. ””As for those who (As for those who (JAA-HADUJAA-HADU) strive in Us, We) strive in Us, We surely guide them to Our paths (surely guide them to Our paths (SUBUU-LANSUBUU-LANA), andA), and lo! Allah is with the good (lo! Allah is with the good (MUMUHH-SINEEN-SINEEN)”)” ((Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 69Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 69)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  39. 39. And they will say: "All praise is due to Allah, who has guidedAnd they will say: "All praise is due to Allah, who has guided us unto this;us unto this; for we would certainly not have found the rightfor we would certainly not have found the right path unless Allah had guided us!path unless Allah had guided us! Indeed, our Sustainer'sIndeed, our Sustainer's Messengers have told us the truth!“Messengers have told us the truth!“ ((Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 43Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 43)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  40. 40. NOW TO CONTINUENOW TO CONTINUE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  41. 41. Although the dominant state in a person’s “Although the dominant state in a person’s “NafsNafs” may be the” may be the Commanding Self, Allah s.w.t. has also equipped this “Commanding Self, Allah s.w.t. has also equipped this “nafsnafs” to” to undergo another state called “undergo another state called “Nafs al-law-waa-mahNafs al-law-waa-mah”.”. The literal translation of this is “The literal translation of this is “the reproaching selfthe reproaching self ” or “” or “thethe accusing selfaccusing self ”.”. This state usually in some people appears as an after-thought toThis state usually in some people appears as an after-thought to an act. Especially when the negative effect of that act becomesan act. Especially when the negative effect of that act becomes apparent.apparent. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  42. 42. Through experience and knowledge, this aspect of the “Through experience and knowledge, this aspect of the “NafsNafs”” serves as the counter to whatever suggestions put forth by theserves as the counter to whatever suggestions put forth by the commanding self; you may equate it to what is called “commanding self; you may equate it to what is called “conscienceconscience”.”. Its dominance over the commanding stateIts dominance over the commanding state, marks the, marks the beginningbeginning of moralityof morality in person.in person. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  43. 43. Thus within us is aThus within us is a battle of sort for dominancebattle of sort for dominance betweenbetween these two states. Usually because the commanding state has beenthese two states. Usually because the commanding state has been dominant, suggestions from our “dominant, suggestions from our “Nafs al-law-waa-mahNafs al-law-waa-mah” may even at” may even at times be ignored or opposed.times be ignored or opposed. Islam teaches us to always listen to this state, as it is naturally inIslam teaches us to always listen to this state, as it is naturally in agreement with all of its moral teachings and serves as an advocateagreement with all of its moral teachings and serves as an advocate within man.within man. To constantly neglect listening to this state may cause the effectTo constantly neglect listening to this state may cause the effect of its “of its “voicevoice” to be gradually diminished.” to be gradually diminished. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  44. 44. When it [i.e. “When it [i.e. “Nafs al-law-waa-mahNafs al-law-waa-mah”] is completely suppressed in a”] is completely suppressed in a person, then “person, then “Na’uudzubillahNa’uudzubillah”[we seek refuge in Allah from this] that”[we seek refuge in Allah from this] that person will be completely immoral. A state which perhaps in today’sperson will be completely immoral. A state which perhaps in today’s conventional psychology termed as : being a ‘Sociopath’; or ‘psychopath’conventional psychology termed as : being a ‘Sociopath’; or ‘psychopath’ etc.etc. ““NAY! I call to witness the Day of Resurrection! But nay! I callNAY! I call to witness the Day of Resurrection! But nay! I call to witness the accusing voice of man's own conscience!”to witness the accusing voice of man's own conscience!” ((Qur’an: Qiyamah: 75: 1-2Qur’an: Qiyamah: 75: 1-2)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  45. 45. As humans, this innate consciousness in the “As humans, this innate consciousness in the “selfself ” will also” will also serve as evidence for us or against us in the hereafter.serve as evidence for us or against us in the hereafter. It is quite impossible to deny promptings from within ourselves,It is quite impossible to deny promptings from within ourselves, whereas advice from others can simply be rejected, ignored andwhereas advice from others can simply be rejected, ignored and forgotten.forgotten. Also, we may deceive others into having them believe whateverAlso, we may deceive others into having them believe whatever we want them to believe about ourselves. But we cannot deceivewe want them to believe about ourselves. But we cannot deceive our own selves! (only those who are sick and self-deluded perhaps?)our own selves! (only those who are sick and self-deluded perhaps?) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  46. 46. NAFS LAWWAAMAH  This NAFS’ appearance is usually after a person has done a wrong for which strong sense in our ‘conscience’ direct the ‘BLAME’ upon himself.  With ‘BLAME’ will come ‘SHAME’ – an important FITwRAH in us.  Although many of us are firstly exposed to a social norm of conforming to values and laws in which ‘blame’ is used to educate us towards what is accepted or unaccepted, ‘blame’ usually is an after effect – not a preventive motivation. Thus they are repercussions in forms of punishment as deterrence – to educate others who are not the ones blamed. Yet there are people using a twisted argument of “so long as you are not caught then you are still okay (i.e. not wrong)!”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  47. 47. NAFS LAWWAAMAH  The better motivation is “SHAME”. This is possible because mankind has the innate sense of shame and remorse which serves to make him a moral being. Fearing ‘shame’ are better morally than only to fear ‘blame’.  Yet, people nowadays may seek ‘new age’ techniques or brainwashing (programming) to deflect or even remove the positive ‘ shame and remorse’ in a person which should motivate ‘repentance and reparation’ but instead the person may use it to be in ‘denial’ of shame and blame.  And through constant bombardment in social programs of ‘desensitization’ or ‘ emotional therapy’ it is possible generally for the unwary soul (NAFS) to still be corrupted or misguided. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  48. 48. NAFS LAWWAAMAH  Although this Nafs-al-Lawwaamah develops the person’s ability to be critical of wrongdoing and immorality, he/she may try to use this to instead misdirect focus and to judge others but not upon itself; blaming others but not himself/herself.  A persons’ ignorance of the SHARI’AH may cause him/her to misinterpret the ‘Halal-wa-Haram’ rulings of the DEEN, especially for those learning Islam merely by themselves without the guidance of true teacher of Islam. Such deviant interpretations, if not corrected and curtailed, may lead people astray from being humane to becoming ‘inhumane’ even using the name of the DEEN-AL-ISLAM. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
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  51. 51. ““So direct your face toward the religion, inclining toSo direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. [Adhere to] thetruth. [Adhere to] the FIFITwTwRAHRAH (i.e. God-given innate(i.e. God-given innate nature) of Allah upon which He has created [all]nature) of Allah upon which He has created [all] people.people. No change should there be in the creation ofNo change should there be in the creation of AllahAllah. That is the correct religion, but most of the. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know.”people do not know.” ((Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  52. 52. ““And [by] the soul / self (And [by] the soul / self (NAFSNAFS) and He who proportioned) and He who proportioned it .it . And inspired it [with discernment of] its wickedness andAnd inspired it [with discernment of] its wickedness and its righteousnessits righteousness. He has succeeded who purifies it. And he. He has succeeded who purifies it. And he has failed who instills it [with corruption].”has failed who instills it [with corruption].” ((Quran: Shams: 91: 7-10Quran: Shams: 91: 7-10)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  53. 53. MeaningMeaning : “ to create out of nothing, cleave/split/crack/break,: “ to create out of nothing, cleave/split/crack/break, be broken into pieces, cleave asunder, begin to create.”be broken into pieces, cleave asunder, begin to create.” AlsoAlso : “ - natural disposition or constitution with which a child is: “ - natural disposition or constitution with which a child is created. The faculty of knowing God and capability of acceptingcreated. The faculty of knowing God and capability of accepting the religion of truth, religion of Al-Islam.”the religion of truth, religion of Al-Islam.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  54. 54. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) ““Every child is born in a state of pure innocence (Every child is born in a state of pure innocence (FITWRAHFITWRAH),), It is the parents then who would make him to becomeIt is the parents then who would make him to become a Jew or a Christian or a Pagan.”a Jew or a Christian or a Pagan.” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary))
  55. 55. ““Among the words people obtained from the FirstAmong the words people obtained from the First Prophecy (the earlier prophets) are:Prophecy (the earlier prophets) are: ‘‘If you feel no shame, then do as you wishIf you feel no shame, then do as you wish.’”.’” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  56. 56. ““Righteousness is good morality (disposition), andRighteousness is good morality (disposition), and wrongdoing (sinfulness) is thatwrongdoing (sinfulness) is that which wavers in yourwhich wavers in your NAFSNAFS - i.e. soul (self)”, and- i.e. soul (self)”, and which you dislike peoplewhich you dislike people finding out aboutfinding out about.”.” ((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  57. 57. ““Consult your heart (Consult your heart (QALBQALB), Righteousness is about which the soul), Righteousness is about which the soul ((NAFSNAFS-self) feels tranquil and the heart feels tranquil, and-self) feels tranquil and the heart feels tranquil, and wrongdoing (sinfulness) is that which wavers in the soul (wrongdoing (sinfulness) is that which wavers in the soul (NAFSNAFS-self)-self) and moves to and fro in your breast even though people, again andand moves to and fro in your breast even though people, again and again, have given you their legal ruling [as to its permissibility].”again, have given you their legal ruling [as to its permissibility].” ((Hadith reported by Ahmad and Ad-DarimiHadith reported by Ahmad and Ad-Darimi)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  59. 59. ““O CHILDREN of Adam! Indeed,O CHILDREN of Adam! Indeed, We have bestowedWe have bestowed upon you from on highupon you from on high [the knowledge of making][the knowledge of making] garments to cover your nakednessgarments to cover your nakedness , and, and as a thingas a thing of beautyof beauty: but the garment of: but the garment of TAQWATAQWA (God-(God- consciousness) is the best of all. Herein lies aconsciousness) is the best of all. Herein lies a message from Allah, so that man” might take it tomessage from Allah, so that man” might take it to heart (heart (YADZ-DZAK-KARUNYADZ-DZAK-KARUN).”).” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 26Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 26)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  60. 60. From the Islamic perspective, humankind was created with a naturalFrom the Islamic perspective, humankind was created with a natural innate disposition (innate disposition (FITWRAHFITWRAH) distinctly different from the animals .) distinctly different from the animals . ““Consider the human self (Consider the human self (NAFSNAFS), and how it is formed in), and how it is formed in accordance with what it is meant to be, and how it isaccordance with what it is meant to be, and how it is imbuedimbued withwith moral failingsmoral failings as well as withas well as with consciousness of Allahconsciousness of Allah! “! “ ((Qur’an: Shams: 91: 7-10Qur’an: Shams: 91: 7-10)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  61. 61. We are all imbued with the a moral compass, conscious of what isWe are all imbued with the a moral compass, conscious of what is right and wrong; good and bad; just and unjust etc. – appreciative ofright and wrong; good and bad; just and unjust etc. – appreciative of moral teachings which are in every religion throughout t history.moral teachings which are in every religion throughout t history. And within us, we are equipped with ability to think and reasonAnd within us, we are equipped with ability to think and reason (‘(‘AQLAQL). Yet we are not automatically bound by its dictates, as other). Yet we are not automatically bound by its dictates, as other powers (powers (QUWWAHQUWWAH) within us also affect our decision.) within us also affect our decision. Naturally (Naturally (FIFITWTWRAHRAH), human beings are inclined towards justice,), human beings are inclined towards justice, towards doing what is right, appreciating goodness, kindness etc.towards doing what is right, appreciating goodness, kindness etc. although ‘selfish’ desires (although ‘selfish’ desires (HAWAHAWA) within may tempt him to do) within may tempt him to do otherwise.otherwise. Within each one of us, tension do exist. And our enemy Satan, wouldWithin each one of us, tension do exist. And our enemy Satan, would incite us towards corrupting our pure innate nature (incite us towards corrupting our pure innate nature (FIFITWTWRAHRAH).). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  62. 62. It is undeniable that humankind also has a ‘It is undeniable that humankind also has a ‘free-willfree-will’ in the matter.’ in the matter. Although he is able to distinguish evil from good, yet most mayAlthough he is able to distinguish evil from good, yet most may incline especially instigated and tempted, towards sinning despite ofincline especially instigated and tempted, towards sinning despite of being warned that it would adversely affect him in the Hereafter:being warned that it would adversely affect him in the Hereafter: ““None the less manNone the less man chooseschooses to deny what liesto deny what lies ahead of him (and thus persist in sinning),”ahead of him (and thus persist in sinning),” ((Qur’an: Qiyaamah: 75: 4)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  63. 63. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  64. 64. “O children of Adam! Do not allow Satan to seduce you in the same way as he caused your ancestors to be driven out of the garden: he deprived them of their garment [of God-consciousness - TAQWA] in order to make them aware of their nakedness . Verily, he and his tribe are lying in wait for you where you cannot perceive them! Verily, We have placed [all manner of] satanic forces near unto those who do not [truly] believe;” (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 27) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  65. 65. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  66. 66. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) “When the believer commits sin, a black spot appears on his heart. If he repents and gives up that sin and seeks forgiveness, his heart will be polished. But if (the sin) increases, (the black spot) increases. That is the Ran (rust; stain) that Allah mentions in His Book: “Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (stain covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn.” [Q: Mutaffifin: 83: 14] (Hadith reported by Ibn Majah)
  67. 67. “But as for those in whose hearts is disease, each new message but adds another [element of] disbelief to the disbelief which they already harbour, and they die while [still] refusing to acknowledge the truth.” (Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 125) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  68. 68. “Are they, then, not aware that they are being tested year- in, year-out? And yet, they do not repent and do not bethink themselves [of Allah];” (Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 127) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  69. 69. “and whenever a surah is bestowed from on high, they look at one another [and say, as it were], "Is there anyone who can see what is in your hearts?" -and then they turn away. Allah has turned their hearts away [from the truth] - for they are people who will not grasp it (QAU-MUN – LAA –YAF-QO-HUU-N). (Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 127) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  70. 70. (SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD(SUPPLICATION) TAUGHT BY IMAM HABIB ‘ABDULLAH ALHADDAD IN KITAB “IN KITAB “ “ based on As-SUNNAH.“ based on As-SUNNAH. ““O my Lord (Allah)! I seek refuge in You from the (evil)O my Lord (Allah)! I seek refuge in You from the (evil) whispering of satan, and I seek refuge in You from their everwhispering of satan, and I seek refuge in You from their ever being present with me.”being present with me.” DU’ADU’A Allah SWT has given thisAllah SWT has given this Du’aDu’a , also as general guideline:, also as general guideline: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  71. 71. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  72. 72. ““ Say: ‘Say: ‘O my servants who have transgressedO my servants who have transgressed against theiragainst their own souls!own souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for AllahDespair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sinsforgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and bow to His [Will],Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and bow to His [Will], before the Penalty comes on youbefore the Penalty comes on you: After that ye shall not be: After that ye shall not be helped.”helped.” ((Qur’an: Surah az-Zumar: 39: 53-54Qur’an: Surah az-Zumar: 39: 53-54)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  73. 73. FITwRAHFITwRAH SA-LEE-MAHSA-LEE-MAH (Sound or Uncorrupted)(Sound or Uncorrupted) Belief in Creator Fear HopeBelief in Justice Beauty etceteraShame Love All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  74. 74. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  75. 75. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  76. 76. ““O ye who believe! (be conscious of and ) fear Allah (O ye who believe! (be conscious of and ) fear Allah (TAQWATAQWA)) and let every soul (and let every soul (NAFSNAFS) look to what (provision) he has sent) look to what (provision) he has sent forth for the morrow (hereafter).forth for the morrow (hereafter). Yea, (be conscious of and) fear Allah (Yea, (be conscious of and) fear Allah (TAQWATAQWA) : for Allah is) : for Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do. And be ye not like thosewell-acquainted with (all) that ye do. And be ye not like those who forgot Allah; and He made them forget their own souls!who forgot Allah; and He made them forget their own souls! Such are the rebellious transgressors (Such are the rebellious transgressors (FAASIQUNFAASIQUN) ! Not equal) ! Not equal are the Companions of the Fire and the Companions of theare the Companions of the Fire and the Companions of the Garden: it is the Companions of the Garden, that will achieveGarden: it is the Companions of the Garden, that will achieve Felicity.”Felicity.” ((Qur’an: Surah al-Hashr: 59: 18-20Qur’an: Surah al-Hashr: 59: 18-20)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  77. 77. Central to the teaching of Islam is consciousness of theCentral to the teaching of Islam is consciousness of the Oneness of God (Oneness of God (TAUTAUHHEEDEED). This consciousness then permeates to). This consciousness then permeates to teach us to consider our attitude and relationships towards ourteach us to consider our attitude and relationships towards our Creator, ourselves and othersCreator, ourselves and others. It should lead to not merely an. It should lead to not merely an awareness but to instil reverential fear of transgression (awareness but to instil reverential fear of transgression (TAQWATAQWA).). Knowing Who Allah is, necessarily teaches us our place in His vastKnowing Who Allah is, necessarily teaches us our place in His vast kingdom and what our relationship with them should be.kingdom and what our relationship with them should be. WithoutWithout consciousness of Allahconsciousness of Allah, due to strong obsession with ourselves, three, due to strong obsession with ourselves, three (3) “(3) “ailmentsailments” may accrue in our “” may accrue in our “NafsNafs” which impedes us from the” which impedes us from the proper relationship with Allah, with ourselves and with others:proper relationship with Allah, with ourselves and with others: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  78. 78. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUSEGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  79. 79. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUSEGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: ““By theBy the NAFSNAFS (Soul, or self) , and the proportion and(Soul, or self) , and the proportion and order given to it;order given to it; AndAnd its enlightenment as to its wrong and its rightits enlightenment as to its wrong and its right;―;― Truly he succeeds that purifies it,Truly he succeeds that purifies it, And he fails that corrupts it!”And he fails that corrupts it!” ((Qur’an: as-Shams: 91: 7-10Qur’an: as-Shams: 91: 7-10)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  80. 80. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUSEGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: SELFSELF RELATIONSHIP TO HIMSELFRELATIONSHIP TO HIMSELF All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  81. 81. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUSEGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: SELFSELF RELATIONSHIP TO HIMSELFRELATIONSHIP TO HIMSELF THE SIN OF SELF-CONCEIT*THE SIN OF SELF-CONCEIT* * Vainglorious; self-centred All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  82. 82. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUSEGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: SELFSELF ALLAHALLAH RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS ALLAHRELATIONSHIP TOWARDS ALLAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  83. 83. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUSEGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: SELFSELF ALLAHALLAH RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS ALLAHRELATIONSHIP TOWARDS ALLAH THE SIN OF INGRATITUDE*THE SIN OF INGRATITUDE* * Obstinacy; unyielding All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  84. 84. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUSEGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: SELFSELF OTHERSOTHERS RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS OTHERSRELATIONSHIP TOWARDS OTHERS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  85. 85. EGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUSEGO-CENTRICITY LEADS TO VARIOUS MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS:MORTAL SINS IN OUR RELATIONSHIPS: SELFSELF OTHERSOTHERS RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS OTHERSRELATIONSHIP TOWARDS OTHERS THE SIN OF ARROGANCE*THE SIN OF ARROGANCE* * Proud; haughty All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  86. 86. ““Verily, man's inner self (Verily, man's inner self (NAFS - AMMARAHNAFS - AMMARAH), does incite [him] to), does incite [him] to evil, andevil, and saved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestowssaved are only they upon whom my Sustainer bestows His grace (Mercy)His grace (Mercy). Behold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a. Behold, my Sustainer is much forgiving, a dispenser of grace!“dispenser of grace!“ ((Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 53)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  87. 87. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. “And your Lord says: "Call on (supplicate) Me; I will answer your (Prayer): But those who are too arrogant to serve Me will surely find themselves in Hell in humiliation!" (Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 60) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  88. 88. AD-DU-’AA – MUAD-DU-’AA – MUKHKH--KHKHUL- ‘IBAA - DAA-TUL- ‘IBAA - DAA-T "THE DU’A (SUPPLICATION) IS THE MARROW (ESSENCE)"THE DU’A (SUPPLICATION) IS THE MARROW (ESSENCE) OF WORSHIP (SERVITUDE TO ALLAH)"-OF WORSHIP (SERVITUDE TO ALLAH)"- (HADITH REPORTED BY BUKHARY) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  89. 89. AD-DU-’AA – HU-WAL- ‘IBAA - DAA-TAD-DU-’AA – HU-WAL- ‘IBAA - DAA-T "THE DU’A (SUPPLICATION) IS THE WORSHIP (SERVITUDE"THE DU’A (SUPPLICATION) IS THE WORSHIP (SERVITUDE TO ALLAH)"-TO ALLAH)"- (HADITH REPORTED BY TIRMIDZII AND ABU DAWUD) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  90. 90. ““O Allah! Verily I implore Mercy from You to guide with it, my heart”O Allah! Verily I implore Mercy from You to guide with it, my heart” IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE - AS-ALU-KA - RAALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE - AS-ALU-KA - RAHH-MATAN - MIN- ‘IN-DIK-MATAN - MIN- ‘IN-DIK TAH-DEE - BI-HAA - QAL-BEETAH-DEE - BI-HAA - QAL-BEE Fajr’ Du’a of Imam Habib ‘Abdullah ‘Alwi al-Haddad from :Fajr’ Du’a of Imam Habib ‘Abdullah ‘Alwi al-Haddad from : ## Excerpt of Du’a All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  91. 91. ““And with it (by Your Mercy), that You straighten (put to order)And with it (by Your Mercy), that You straighten (put to order) my whole affairs for me”my whole affairs for me” WA – TAJ – MA – ‘U – BI - HAA – SHAM - LEEWA – TAJ – MA – ‘U – BI - HAA – SHAM - LEE ## Excerpt of Du’a All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  92. 92. ““And with it (by Your Mercy) , that You restore easeAnd with it (by Your Mercy) , that You restore ease (and peace of mind) to me”(and peace of mind) to me” WA– TA– LUM – MU – BI - HAA – SHA – ‘A -WA– TA– LUM – MU – BI - HAA – SHA – ‘A - TSTSEEEE ## Excerpt of Du’a All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  93. 93. ““And with it (by Your Mercy) , to return to me my affectionAnd with it (by Your Mercy) , to return to me my affection (and the familiar and amicable habits and companionship)”(and the familiar and amicable habits and companionship)” WA – TA – RUD – DU – BI- HAA – UL – FA - TEEWA – TA – RUD – DU – BI- HAA – UL – FA - TEE ## Excerpt of Du’a All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  94. 94. ““And that You reform for me with itAnd that You reform for me with it (by Your Mercy) , my entire way of life”(by Your Mercy) , my entire way of life” WA – TUWA – TUSWSW – LI – HU – BI - HAA – DEE - NEE– LI – HU – BI - HAA – DEE - NEE ## Excerpt of Du’a All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  95. 95. ““And that You preserve with it (by Your Mercy) ,And that You preserve with it (by Your Mercy) , what is hidden in me (or from me) ”what is hidden in me (or from me) ” WA – TAWA – TAHH – FA – ZU – BI - HAA – GHAA – I - BEE– FA – ZU – BI - HAA – GHAA – I - BEE ## Excerpt of Du’a All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  96. 96. ““And that You elevate with it (by Your Mercy) ,And that You elevate with it (by Your Mercy) , what is manifested from me (or to me) ”what is manifested from me (or to me) ” WA – TAR – FA – ‘U – BI – HAA -WA – TAR – FA – ‘U – BI – HAA - SHSHAA– HI- DEEAA– HI- DEE ## Excerpt of Du’a All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  97. 97. ““And that You purify and increase me with itAnd that You purify and increase me with it (by Your Mercy), all my deeds ”(by Your Mercy), all my deeds ” WA – TUZAK – KEE – BI - HAA – ‘A-MA - LEEWA – TUZAK – KEE – BI - HAA – ‘A-MA - LEE ## Excerpt of Du’a All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  98. 98. ““And that You illuminate with itAnd that You illuminate with it (by Your Mercy), my countenance (face) ”(by Your Mercy), my countenance (face) ” WA – TU– BAI – YI -WA – TU– BAI – YI - DWDWU – BI – HAA – WAJ - HEEU – BI – HAA – WAJ - HEE ## Excerpt of Du’a All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  99. 99. ““And that You inspire me with itAnd that You inspire me with it (by Your Mercy), my intellect (and) guidance ”(by Your Mercy), my intellect (and) guidance ” WA – TUL – HI– MU– NEE – BI – HAA – RUWA – TUL – HI– MU– NEE – BI – HAA – RUSHSH - DEE- DEE ## Excerpt of Du’a All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  100. 100. ““And that with it (Your Mercy),And that with it (Your Mercy), You safeguard me from every evil ”You safeguard me from every evil ” WA – TU’ –WA – TU’ – SWSWI –MU –NEE – BI – HAA - MIN – KUL – LI – SUU’I –MU –NEE – BI – HAA - MIN – KUL – LI – SUU’ ## Excerpt of Du’a All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  101. 101. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  102. 102. ““Be conscious of (and fear transgressing against) AllahBe conscious of (and fear transgressing against) Allah ((TAQWATAQWA) wherever you may be, and follow-up whatever) wherever you may be, and follow-up whatever misdeeds you may have committed (as reparation) bymisdeeds you may have committed (as reparation) by doing (more) righteous deeds (for these) shall effacedoing (more) righteous deeds (for these) shall efface them (the negative effect of these misdeeds), andthem (the negative effect of these misdeeds), and interact with people in the best manner of dispositioninteract with people in the best manner of disposition (i.e. adopt a noble character).”(i.e. adopt a noble character).” ((Hadith reported by Tabrani from Abi DzarHadith reported by Tabrani from Abi Dzar)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  103. 103. ““((KHU-DZIL-’AFWKHU-DZIL-’AFW) Make due allowance for man's nature (by forgiving) Make due allowance for man's nature (by forgiving them), and enjoin the doing of what is right (them), and enjoin the doing of what is right (MA’RUFMA’RUF); and (); and (A’-RIDW –’ANILA’-RIDW –’ANIL – JAA-HI-LEEN– JAA-HI-LEEN) leave alone all those who choose to remain ignorant. And if) leave alone all those who choose to remain ignorant. And if it should happen that a prompting from Satan stirs thee up [to blind anger],it should happen that a prompting from Satan stirs thee up [to blind anger], seek refuge with Allahseek refuge with Allah: behold, He is all-hearing, all-knowing.”: behold, He is all-hearing, all-knowing.” ((Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 199-200Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 199-200)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  104. 104. “Verily, they who are conscious of and fear Allah (TAQWA) bethink themselves [of Him – TADZAK-KARU] whenever any dark suggestion from Satan touches them - whereupon, lo! they begin to see [things] clearly, even though their [godless] brethren would [like to] draw them into error: and then they cannot fail [to do what is right].” (Qur’an: A’-raf: 7: 201-202) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  105. 105. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  106. 106. ““Say, [O Muhammad], "Shall we [believers] inform you ofSay, [O Muhammad], "Shall we [believers] inform you of thethe greatest losersgreatest losers as to [their] deeds? [They are] thoseas to [their] deeds? [They are] those whose effort is lost in worldly life, while they think that theywhose effort is lost in worldly life, while they think that they are doing well in work." Those are the onesare doing well in work." Those are the ones who disbelievewho disbelieve in the verses of their Lord and in [their] meeting Himin the verses of their Lord and in [their] meeting Him, so, so their deeds have become worthless; and We will not assigntheir deeds have become worthless; and We will not assign to them on the Day of Resurrection any importance. That isto them on the Day of Resurrection any importance. That is their recompense - Hell - for what they denied andtheir recompense - Hell - for what they denied and [because] they took My signs and My messengers in[because] they took My signs and My messengers in ridicule. ”ridicule. ” ((Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 103-106Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 103-106)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  107. 107. ““And You are our Lord Sustainer, Truly (without doubt),And You are our Lord Sustainer, Truly (without doubt), And we are but Your slaves - bondsmen, ”And we are but Your slaves - bondsmen, ” ““O Allah ! To You belong all Praises as (expression of our) Thanks,O Allah ! To You belong all Praises as (expression of our) Thanks, And Yours are all the favours and Grace ”And Yours are all the favours and Grace ” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) Du’a compiled by Sayyidina al-Sheikh Abi Bakr bin Salim rhm.a.Du’a compiled by Sayyidina al-Sheikh Abi Bakr bin Salim rhm.a.
  108. 108. ““O You Who make easy every difficulty,O You Who make easy every difficulty, O You Who heals every kind of fracture (or things broken)”O You Who heals every kind of fracture (or things broken)” ““And You will always be deserving of thatAnd You will always be deserving of that ( our worship and servitude)”( our worship and servitude)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) Du’a compiled by Sayyidina al-Sheikh Abi Bakr bin Salim rhm.a.Du’a compiled by Sayyidina al-Sheikh Abi Bakr bin Salim rhm.a.
  109. 109. ““O You Who is Companion to those who are alone,O You Who is Companion to those who are alone, O You Who is the Enricher of everyone who are in poverty”O You Who is the Enricher of everyone who are in poverty” ““O You Who is the Strengthener of all the weak,O You Who is the Strengthener of all the weak, O You Who is the Comforter of all who are frightened”O You Who is the Comforter of all who are frightened” Du’a compiled by Sayyidina al-Sheikh Abi Bakr bin Salim rhm.a.Du’a compiled by Sayyidina al-Sheikh Abi Bakr bin Salim rhm.a. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  110. 110. ““Make easy for us every of our difficulties.Make easy for us every of our difficulties. For You to ease hardship, is indeed easy for You (to do)”For You to ease hardship, is indeed easy for You (to do)” ““O Allah! (You) Who need no clarification nor explanation,O Allah! (You) Who need no clarification nor explanation, We have many needs, and You know them all very well (Help us!)”We have many needs, and You know them all very well (Help us!)” Rest of DU’A … will be attached separatelyAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016)) Du’a compiled by Sayyidina al-Sheikh Abi Bakr bin Salim rhm.a.Du’a compiled by Sayyidina al-Sheikh Abi Bakr bin Salim rhm.a.
  111. 111. ““I saw that committing sin kills the (spiritual) heartI saw that committing sin kills the (spiritual) heart And to persist in doing it leads to utter humiliation;And to persist in doing it leads to utter humiliation; And (on the contrary, striving) to refrain from committingAnd (on the contrary, striving) to refrain from committing sins revives the (spiritual) heart;sins revives the (spiritual) heart; And to oppose (every forms of) sin is (ultimately) good for your SoulAnd to oppose (every forms of) sin is (ultimately) good for your Soul.” ((Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak rahmImam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak rahm.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  112. 112. ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it.and grant us the ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be falseAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”and grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  113. 113. O Allah! There is none who can withholdO Allah! There is none who can withhold what You send, nor send whatever You withholdwhat You send, nor send whatever You withhold All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  114. 114. Neither can they guide whom You leave astrNeither can they guide whom You leave astray Nor can they lead astray whom You have guided All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  115. 115. Neither can they give whatever You deprive,Neither can they give whatever You deprive, nor can they deprive to whom You givenor can they deprive to whom You give All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  116. 116. Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast,Neither (can any) draw closer those whom You cast, nor (can any) be cast those whom You draw closernor (can any) be cast those whom You draw closer All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  117. 117. O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings,O Allah! Bestow upon us from Your blessings, and Your mercy, and Your grace and Yourand Your mercy, and Your grace and Your provisions.provisions. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  118. 118. O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours)O Allah! I ask You for the eternal delight (favours) that never ends nor fades away.that never ends nor fades away. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  119. 119. O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours)O Allah! I ask You for provisions (favours) on the Day of deprivation (Hereafter),on the Day of deprivation (Hereafter), and the safety on the Day of fear (Judgement Day).and the safety on the Day of fear (Judgement Day). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  120. 120. O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evilO Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evil repercussions of what You have given us andrepercussions of what You have given us and from the evil of what You have deprived us of.from the evil of what You have deprived us of. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  121. 121. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  122. 122. "Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have"Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred.forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that whichOur Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us.You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have noOur Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear.ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us.And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over theYou are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people."disbelieving people." All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  123. 123. ““O Allah! MakeO Allah! Make faithfaith ((iimaniiman)) dear to us anddear to us and beautify it in ourbeautify it in our hearts and makehearts and make disbeliefdisbelief ((KufrKufr),), sinningsinning ((FusuqFusuq) and) and rebelliousness (rebelliousness (`isyan`isyan) hateful to us,) hateful to us, and make us among theand make us among the rightly guidedrightly guided ((Raa-shi-duunRaa-shi-duun).”).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  124. 124. O Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as MuslimsO Allah! Allow us to die as Muslims, live as Muslims and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones,and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones, without tasting humiliation or turmoil.without tasting humiliation or turmoil. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  125. 125. ‘‘And (may AllAnd (may Allaah send) salutations and prayers upon Muh send) salutations and prayers upon Muhhammadammad and upon the householdand upon the household and companions of Muand companions of Muhhammadammad (the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers).(the pure ones of his family and all the loyal followers). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  126. 126. ““Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power!Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)!(He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers!And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))
  127. 127. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 127All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2016))

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