Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2015)-#4 (c)-contn'd -daily-application-(our-attitude-as-ummah-muhammad)-halal-wa-haram(28-february-2015)

326 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2015)-#4 (c)-contn'd -daily-application-(our-attitude-as-ummah-muhammad)-halal-wa-haram(28-february-2015)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 4 [c]LESSON # 4 [c] Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) Daily application of FIQHDaily application of FIQH •OUR IDENTITY AND ATTITUDE BEING OFOUR IDENTITY AND ATTITUDE BEING OF THE UMMAH OF MUHAMMAD S.A.A.W.THE UMMAH OF MUHAMMAD S.A.A.W. ( Knowledge of( Knowledge of Halal-wa-HaramHalal-wa-Haram - part 1)- part 1) Updated 28 FEBRUARY 2015 PARTPART # 2# 2 ((20152015))
  2. 2. EXCERPTS FROM: LESSONS ON ISLAMICLESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADABCONCEPT OF ADAB By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailBy: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail TASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Among the most glaring weakness of Muslims being exposed to contemporary “secular-materialist-liberal” post-modernist era is the confusion in knowledge and loss of ADAB. And the topic of ADAB is rarely emphasized today in Muslims’ education, whereas the Western, secular, atheistic, materialistic, profit- driven motivational model are seen as the norm, etc. the impact upon human loosing their primordial identity (what as Muslims we understand as FITwRAH) is indeed critically grave. Even if Muslims recognize this, their vague understanding of what ADAB means and entail, need to be corrected.
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “ …. it is very much related to the Islamic concept of Education - for ADAB is recognition and acknowledgement of the Reality, and knowing of one’s place in the order of things; capable of putting the right thing in their rightful place, in their rightful manner; rendering just due to whomsoever has the right, and in our acquisition of rightful things to be in accordance with the right proportion and under the right circumstance …. It is very closely related to the Islamic concept of al-’Adl (the justice)*, the upholding of which leads to TAQWA (the consciousness of Allah)” * Including al-QISTw –higher form of justice (tampered with IHSAN) Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab”Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab”
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “ …. it is very much related to the Islamic concept of Education - for ADAB is recognition and acknowledgement of the Reality, and knowing of one’s place in the order of things; capable of putting the right thing in their rightful place, in their rightful manner; rendering just due to whomsoever has the right, and in our acquisition of rightful things to be in accordance with the right proportion and under the right circumstance …. It is very closely related to the Islamic concept of al-’Adl (the justice)*, the upholding of which leads to TAQWA (the consciousness of Allah)” * Including al-QISTw –higher form of justice (tampered with IHSAN) Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab”Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab” recognition and acknowledgement of the Reality
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “ …. it is very much related to the Islamic concept of Education - for ADAB is recognition and acknowledgement of the Reality, and knowing of one’s place in the order of things; capable of putting the right thing in their rightful place, in their rightful manner; rendering just due to whomsoever has the right, and in our acquisition of rightful things to be in accordance with the right proportion and under the right circumstance …. It is very closely related to the Islamic concept of al-’Adl (the justice)*, the upholding of which leads to TAQWA (the consciousness of Allah)” * Including al-QISTw –higher form of justice (tampered with IHSAN) Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab”Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab” and knowing of one’s place in the order of things
  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  SO, WHO ARE WE REALLY ?  CAN WE HAVE MULTIPLE IDENTITY ?  IS OUR UNDERSTANDING OF ‘IDENTITY’ : BETWEEN LIKE THAT OF: ….. A CHAMELEON; OR ….. THE BULB OF AN ONION ….. A HUMAN WEARING COSTUMES OPEN CLASS DISCUSSION
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  9. 9. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““O YOU who have attained to faith! Ward off fromO YOU who have attained to faith! Ward off from yourselves (i.eyourselves (i.e. save yourself) and those who are. save yourself) and those who are close to you (AHLIY-KUM) that fire [of the hereafter]close to you (AHLIY-KUM) that fire [of the hereafter] whose fuel is human beings and stones: [lording]whose fuel is human beings and stones: [lording] over it are angelic powers awesome [and] severe,over it are angelic powers awesome [and] severe, who do not disobey Allah in whatever He haswho do not disobey Allah in whatever He has commanded them, but [always] do what they arecommanded them, but [always] do what they are bidden to do.”bidden to do.” ((Qur’an: Tahrim: 66: 6Qur’an: Tahrim: 66: 6))
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Then We put you, [O Muhammad], on (Then We put you, [O Muhammad], on (SHARI-’ATINSHARI-’ATIN) an) an ordained way concerning the matter [of religion];ordained way concerning the matter [of religion]; so follow itso follow it andand do not follow the inclinations of those who do not knowdo not follow the inclinations of those who do not know.―”.―” ((Qur’an: Ja-thiyah: 45: 18Qur’an: Ja-thiyah: 45: 18))
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “O you who have attained to faith! Pay heed (obey) unto Allah, and pay heed (obey) unto the Messenger and unto those from among you who have been entrusted with authority (ULIL-AMRI MINKUM) ; and if you are at variance over any matter, refer it unto Allah and the Messenger, if you [truly] believe in Allah and the Last Day. This is the best [for you], and best in the end.” (Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 69)
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““If anyone contends with (i.e. opposes) the MessengerIf anyone contends with (i.e. opposes) the Messenger even aftereven after guidance has been plainly conveyed to himguidance has been plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path other, and follows a path other than that becoming to men to Faith, We shall leave him in the paththan that becoming to men to Faith, We shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge.”he has chosen, and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge.” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 115)Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 115)
  15. 15. ““O MANKIND! Worship (serve) your SustainerO MANKIND! Worship (serve) your Sustainer, who has, who has created you and those who lived before you, so that youcreated you and those who lived before you, so that you might remain conscious of (and fear transgression against)might remain conscious of (and fear transgression against) Him (Him (TAQWATAQWA)“)“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““ Tell them (O Prophet!):Tell them (O Prophet!): 'Let them rejoice in Allah's'Let them rejoice in Allah's grace and mercygrace and mercy through which this (Book) has come tothrough which this (Book) has come to you.you. It is betterIt is better than all the riches that they accumulate.than all the riches that they accumulate. Did you consider that the sustenance which Allah hadDid you consider that the sustenance which Allah had sent down for you of your own accord you have declaredsent down for you of your own accord you have declared some of it as unlawful and some as lawful? Ask them:some of it as unlawful and some as lawful? Ask them: 'Did Allah bestow upon you any authority for this or do'Did Allah bestow upon you any authority for this or do you forge lies against Allah?”you forge lies against Allah?” ((Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 58-59Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 58-59))
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Hence, do not utter falsehoods by letting your tongues determineHence, do not utter falsehoods by letting your tongues determine [at your own discretion], "This is lawful and that is forbidden",[at your own discretion], "This is lawful and that is forbidden", thus attributing your own lying inventions to Allah: for, behold,thus attributing your own lying inventions to Allah: for, behold, they who attribute their own lying inventions to Allah will neverthey who attribute their own lying inventions to Allah will never attain to a happy state (i.e. prosper)!attain to a happy state (i.e. prosper)! ((Qur’an: 16: An-Nahlu: 116Qur’an: 16: An-Nahlu: 116))
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  20. 20. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““ O you who have believed,O you who have believed, do not prohibitdo not prohibit thethe goodgood thingsthings whichwhich Allah has made lawful to youAllah has made lawful to you andand do notdo not transgresstransgress. Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors.. Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors. And eat of what Allah has provided for you [which is]And eat of what Allah has provided for you [which is] lawful and good. And (be conscious and) fear Allah, inlawful and good. And (be conscious and) fear Allah, in whom you are believers.”whom you are believers.” ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 87-88Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 87-88))
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““O MANKIND!O MANKIND! Partake of what is lawful (Partake of what is lawful (HHALAALANALAALAN)) and good (and good (TwAI-YIBANTwAI-YIBAN) on earth, and follow not Satan's) on earth, and follow not Satan's footsteps: for, verily, he is your open foe, and bids youfootsteps: for, verily, he is your open foe, and bids you only to do evil (only to do evil (SUU’-ISUU’-I), and to commit deeds of), and to commit deeds of abomination (abomination (FAH-SHAA-IFAH-SHAA-I), and to attribute unto Allah), and to attribute unto Allah something of which you have no knowledge.“something of which you have no knowledge.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 168-169Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 168-169))
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  24. 24. TA’ARUF AND SHORT GROUP DISCUSSION-ASSIGNMENT  What are (What are ( HARAMHARAM ) things which Muslims are forbidden to consume?) things which Muslims are forbidden to consume?  Provide your legal basis (if you know) for your listing them asProvide your legal basis (if you know) for your listing them as HARAMHARAM..  What are those which you are unsure of, and why?What are those which you are unsure of, and why? Break into groupings (of not more than 8 person in each). Do brief introduction of each other. Proceed to discuss and draw a list/chart: “Salaam .. Nice to get to know you. …. So …….What have we learnt?” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Each group to paste their assignment on the wall, to let other groups to comment on. Then, after correction (if any) we proceed with an open class discussion. ASSIGNMENT
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “O you who have attained to faith! Partake of the good things which We have provided for you as sustenance, and render thanks unto Allah, if it is [truly] Him that you worship.” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 172)
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  We in Nusantara, as non-Mujtahid, are already taught to (TAQLEED) adhere in FIQH matters to the Islamic jurisprudential-legal school of SHAFI’-IE Madzhab and the Fatwas of succeeding scholars, Mufti etc.. Yet, there may be issues (although few) especially in our contemporary time, which may present to us different rulings and views (IKHTILAF) from other MADZAAHIB.  Our exercise here is to learn and understand some of the basis and principle of jurisprudence used, which should make us be respectful of differences among the MADZAAHIB , to remove confusion and avert contentious disputations which may lead to dissension - disunity in the UMMAH.
  27. 27. WHOSE UNDERSTANDING ? WHOSE UNDERSTANDING ? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) ““INTRODUCTION TOINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFTHE STUDY OF FIQHFIQH ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in EnglishIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adultsfor Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail FROM PREVIOUS MODULEFROM PREVIOUS MODULE ““... Ask from those who possess the Message (az-Zikr : the... Ask from those who possess the Message (az-Zikr : the remembrance; the learned) in matters which you do not know.“remembrance; the learned) in matters which you do not know.“ ((Qur’an: al-Nahlu: 16: 43Qur’an: al-Nahlu: 16: 43))
  28. 28. It is for this reason that Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah rhm.a. an illustrious scholar of Hadith, used to say: “(Muslim’s) submitting to the Fuqaha (expert opinions), is safety in (his following) the Deen (religion of Islam)”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) ““INTRODUCTION TOINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFTHE STUDY OF FIQHFIQH ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in EnglishIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adultsfor Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail FROM PREVIOUS MODULEFROM PREVIOUS MODULE
  29. 29. He, Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah rhm.a. also used to say: “The Hadith can lead (ignorant people) astray except (when explained by) the FUQAHA (jurists)”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) ““INTRODUCTION TOINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFTHE STUDY OF FIQHFIQH ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in EnglishIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adultsfor Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail FROM PREVIOUS MODULEFROM PREVIOUS MODULE
  30. 30. FROM PREVIOUS MODULEFROM PREVIOUS MODULE Imam A’mash rhm.Imam A’mash rhm. when meeting withwhen meeting with Imam Abu HanifahImam Abu Hanifah r.a. wasr.a. was astonished at his response and comment to one Hadith which he justastonished at his response and comment to one Hadith which he just conveyed toconveyed to Imam Abu HImam Abu Hanifah till he exclaimed:anifah till he exclaimed: ““OO FuqahaFuqaha (jurists)! You are the physicians (doctors )and(jurists)! You are the physicians (doctors )and we (we (MuhaddithinMuhaddithin – scholars of Hadith) are (only)– scholars of Hadith) are (only) the dispensers (pharmacists).”the dispensers (pharmacists).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) ““INTRODUCTION TOINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFTHE STUDY OF FIQHFIQH ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in EnglishIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adultsfor Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail
  31. 31. ““That which isThat which is HHALALALAL (lawful; permissible) is clear and that which is(lawful; permissible) is clear and that which is HHARAMARAM (unlawful; forbidden) is clear, and between the two of them are(unlawful; forbidden) is clear, and between the two of them are MUSMUSHH-TABIHAT-TABIHAT (doubtful matters) about which many people do not know. .”(doubtful matters) about which many people do not know. .” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  32. 32. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““He (Allah) has only forbidden to you dead animals,He (Allah) has only forbidden to you dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has beenblood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah. But whoever is forceddedicated to other than Allah. But whoever is forced [by necessity], neither desiring [it] nor transgressing[by necessity], neither desiring [it] nor transgressing [its limit], there is no sin upon him. Indeed, Allah is[its limit], there is no sin upon him. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”Forgiving and Merciful.” (Q(Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 173ur’an: Baqarah: 2: 173))
  34. 34.  He (Allah SWT) has only forbidden you (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 173): 1. Carrion, that is, the consumption of it, since this is the subject of the general address here, and similarly [the consumption of] what follows, [all of] which is what has not been slaughtered in accordance with [prescriptions of] the Law; to this the Sunna adds [as also constituting carrion] what has been severed from a living creature. A special status is, however, accorded fish and locusts; 2. Blood, poured forth, as in [sūrat] al-An‘ām [see Q. 6:145], Tafsir al-Jalalayn All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  35. 35. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  36. 36. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “FORBIDDEN to you is carrion, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that over which any name other than Allah's has been invoked, and the animal that has been strangled, or beaten to death, or killed by a fall, or gored to death, or savaged by a beast of prey, save that which you [yourselves] may have slaughtered while it was still alive; and [forbidden to you is] all that has been slaughtered on idolatrous altars. And [you are forbidden] to seek to learn through divination what the future may hold in store for you: this is sinful conduct.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 3)
  37. 37. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  38. 38. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Those who shall follow the [last] Messenger, the unlettered ProphetThose who shall follow the [last] Messenger, the unlettered Prophet whom they shall find described in the Torah that is with them, andwhom they shall find described in the Torah that is with them, and [later on] in the Gospel: [the Prophet] who will enjoin upon them the[later on] in the Gospel: [the Prophet] who will enjoin upon them the doing of what is right and forbid them the doing of what is wrong, anddoing of what is right and forbid them the doing of what is wrong, and make lawful to them the good things of life (TWAI-YIBAT)make lawful to them the good things of life (TWAI-YIBAT) andand forbidforbid them the bad things (KHABAA-ITH)them the bad things (KHABAA-ITH), and lift from them their burdens, and lift from them their burdens and the shackles that were upon them [aforetime]. Those, therefore,and the shackles that were upon them [aforetime]. Those, therefore, who shall believe in him, and honour him, and succour him, and followwho shall believe in him, and honour him, and succour him, and follow the light that has been bestowed from on high through him-it is theythe light that has been bestowed from on high through him-it is they that shall attain to a happy state."that shall attain to a happy state." (Q(Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 157ur’an: A’raf: 7: 157))
  39. 39. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Lawful to you is all water-game (Lawful to you is all water-game (SWSWAIDUL-BAHRAIDUL-BAHR), and what the sea brings), and what the sea brings forth, as a provision for you [who are settled] as well as for travellers,forth, as a provision for you [who are settled] as well as for travellers, although you are forbidden to hunt on land while you are in the state ofalthough you are forbidden to hunt on land while you are in the state of pilgrimage. And be conscious of Allah, unto whom you shall be gathered.”pilgrimage. And be conscious of Allah, unto whom you shall be gathered.” ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 96Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 96))
  40. 40. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) (Narrated by Adi ibn Hatim r.a.) I asked the Prophet(Narrated by Adi ibn Hatim r.a.) I asked the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ ((about the hunting dogsabout the hunting dogs) and he replied, "If you let loose) and he replied, "If you let loose (with Allah's name) your tamed dog after a game and it(with Allah's name) your tamed dog after a game and it hunts it, you may eat it, but if the dog eats of (that game)hunts it, you may eat it, but if the dog eats of (that game) then do not eat it because the dog has hunted it for itself." Ithen do not eat it because the dog has hunted it for itself." I further said, "Sometimes I send my dog for hunting and findfurther said, "Sometimes I send my dog for hunting and find another dog with it. He said, "Do not eat the game for youanother dog with it. He said, "Do not eat the game for you have mentioned Allah's name only on sending your dog andhave mentioned Allah's name only on sending your dog and not the other dog.“not the other dog.“ ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary))
  42. 42. The Messenger of AllahThe Messenger of Allah ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ said: “said: “Two kinds of dead meat and twoTwo kinds of dead meat and two kinds of blood have been permitted to uskinds of blood have been permitted to us. The two kinds of dead meat are. The two kinds of dead meat are fish and locusts, and the two kinds of blood are the liver and spleen.”fish and locusts, and the two kinds of blood are the liver and spleen.” ((Hadith reported by Ibn MajahHadith reported by Ibn Majah)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  43. 43. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““And not alike are the two bodies of water. One is fresh andAnd not alike are the two bodies of water. One is fresh and sweet, palatable for drinking, and one is salty and bitter.sweet, palatable for drinking, and one is salty and bitter. And from each you eat tender meatAnd from each you eat tender meat ….”….” ((Qur’an: Faatir: 35: 12Qur’an: Faatir: 35: 12))
  44. 44. From Abu Hurairah, that the ProphetFrom Abu Hurairah, that the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬‫ﷺ‬ (said), concerning the(said), concerning the water of the sea: "Its water is pure (and Purification) and its 'deadwater of the sea: "Its water is pure (and Purification) and its 'dead meat' (meat' (MAI-TATUHUMAI-TATUHU) is) is permissiblepermissible (to eat)."(to eat)." ((Hadith reported by An-Nasaa-iHadith reported by An-Nasaa-i)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  45. 45.  He (Allah SWT) has only forbidden you (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 173): 2. The flesh of swine, the meat is singled out for mention because that [part] is what people mostly seek, every other [part] being implied thereby; 3. What has been hallowed to other than Allah, that is to say, what has been slaughtered in other than His Name (al-ihlāl is the raising of one’s voice, which they used to do when sacrificing for their gods). Tafsir al-Jalalayn All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “This day [all] good foods have been made lawful, and the food of those who were given the Scripture is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them.” (Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 5)
  47. 47.  He (Allah SWT) has only forbidden you (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 173):  Yet whoever is constrained, forced by dire need to eat of the above- mentioned, not desiring, to rebel against Muslims, nor transgressing, committing aggression against them by waylaying them, no sin shall be on him, for eating it.  Allah is Forgiving, to His friends, Merciful, to those who are obedient to Him, for He has granted them wide berth in this matter.  The aggressor and the transgressor are excluded from this [dispensation], and to these two [categories] one should also add every person that sets out on a journey in disobedience, such as the fugitive or the excise collector, for whom it would be unlawful to eat any of the mentioned, unless they repent [of their disobedience]; this is the opinion of al-Shāfi‘ī. Tafsir al-Jalalayn All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  48. 48. “'Every predator possessing fangs is forbidden to eat." (Hadith reported by An-Nasa-i) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  49. 49. Ibn ‘Abbas r.a. said : The Messenger of Allah ‫ﷺ‬ prohibited the eating of every beast of prey with fang, and every bird with a talon." (Hadith reported by Abu Dawud) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) HALAL (Permissible – Lawful) HARAM HARUS (MUBAH) (Optional-neutral) MAKRUH (Undesirable) MUSTAHAAB (MANDUB) (Recommended) Forbidden Unlawful (Clearly known) (Clearly known) SHUB-HAT (Doubtful) ““Certainty cannot be removed (overruled) by DoubtCertainty cannot be removed (overruled) by Doubt”” TWO WAYS OF SINNING IN MATTERS OF OBLIGATORY  Sinning by commission  Sinning by omission FARD- ’ AIN – Fixed personal obligation FARD-KIFAAYAH – Fixed community obligation WAJIB – Whatever is ruled by Shari’ah as Obligatory
  51. 51. ““That which isThat which is HHALALALAL (lawful; permissible) is clear and that which is(lawful; permissible) is clear and that which is HHARAMARAM (unlawful; forbidden) is clear, and between the two of them are(unlawful; forbidden) is clear, and between the two of them are MUSMUSHH-TABIHAT-TABIHAT (doubtful matters) about which many people do not know …”(doubtful matters) about which many people do not know …” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) TO BE CONTINUED – INSHA-ALLAH

×