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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2015)-#4a -daily-application-(our-identity=attitude-as-ummah-muhammad)-(14-february-2015).pptx

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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2015)-#4a -daily-application-(our-identity=attitude-as-ummah-muhammad)-(14-february-2015).pptx

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 4 [a]LESSON # 4 [a] Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) Daily application of FIQHDaily application of FIQH •OUR IDENTITY AND ATTITUDE BEING OFOUR IDENTITY AND ATTITUDE BEING OF THE UMMAH OF MUHAMMAD S.A.A.W.THE UMMAH OF MUHAMMAD S.A.A.W. Updated 14 FEBRUARY 2015 PARTPART # 2# 2 ((20152015))
  2. 2. EXCERPTS FROM: LESSONS ON ISLAMICLESSONS ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADABCONCEPT OF ADAB By: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailBy: Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail TASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Among the most glaring weakness of Muslims being exposed to contemporary “secular-materialist-liberal” post-modernist era is the confusion in knowledge and loss of ADAB. And the topic of ADAB is rarely emphasized today in Muslims’ education, whereas the Western, secular, atheistic, materialistic, profit- driven motivational model are seen as the norm, etc. the impact upon human loosing their primordial identity (what as Muslims we understand as FITwRAH) is indeed critically grave. Even if Muslims recognize this, their vague understanding of what ADAB means and entail, need to be corrected.
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “ …. it is very much related to the Islamic concept of Education - for ADAB is recognition and acknowledgement of the Reality, and knowing of one’s place in the order of things; capable of putting the right thing in their rightful place, in their rightful manner; rendering just due to whomsoever has the right, and in our acquisition of rightful things to be in accordance with the right proportion and under the right circumstance …. It is very closely related to the Islamic concept of al-’Adl (the justice)*, the upholding of which leads to TAQWA (the consciousness of Allah)” * Including al-QISTw –higher form of justice (tampered with IHSAN) Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab”Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab”
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “ …. it is very much related to the Islamic concept of Education - for ADAB is recognition and acknowledgement of the Reality, and knowing of one’s place in the order of things; capable of putting the right thing in their rightful place, in their rightful manner; rendering just due to whomsoever has the right, and in our acquisition of rightful things to be in accordance with the right proportion and under the right circumstance …. It is very closely related to the Islamic concept of al-’Adl (the justice)*, the upholding of which leads to TAQWA (the consciousness of Allah)” * Including al-QISTw –higher form of justice (tampered with IHSAN) Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab”Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab” recognition and acknowledgement of the Reality
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “ …. it is very much related to the Islamic concept of Education - for ADAB is recognition and acknowledgement of the Reality, and knowing of one’s place in the order of things; capable of putting the right thing in their rightful place, in their rightful manner; rendering just due to whomsoever has the right, and in our acquisition of rightful things to be in accordance with the right proportion and under the right circumstance …. It is very closely related to the Islamic concept of al-’Adl (the justice)*, the upholding of which leads to TAQWA (the consciousness of Allah)” * Including al-QISTw –higher form of justice (tampered with IHSAN) Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab”Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail – course on “Islamic Concept of Adab” and knowing of one’s place in the order of things
  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  SO, WHO ARE WE REALLY ?  CAN WE HAVE MULTIPLE IDENTITY ?  IS OUR UNDERSTANDING OF ‘IDENTITY’ : BETWEEN LIKE THAT OF: ….. A CHAMELEON; OR ….. THE BULB OF AN ONION ….. A HUMAN WEARING COSTUMES OPEN CLASS DISCUSSION
  8. 8. TASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  9. 9. TASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““ IS MAN, then, not aware that it is We who create him out of aIS MAN, then, not aware that it is We who create him out of a [mere] drop of sperm - whereupon, lo! he shows himself endowed[mere] drop of sperm - whereupon, lo! he shows himself endowed with the power to think and to argue?with the power to think and to argue? And [now] he [argues about Us, and] thinks of Us in terms ofAnd [now] he [argues about Us, and] thinks of Us in terms of comparison, and is oblivious of how he himself was created! [Andcomparison, and is oblivious of how he himself was created! [And so] he says, “Who could give life to bones that have crumbled toso] he says, “Who could give life to bones that have crumbled to dust?”dust?” Say: “He who brought them into being in the first instance willSay: “He who brought them into being in the first instance will give them life [once again], seeing that He has full knowledge ofgive them life [once again], seeing that He has full knowledge of every act of creation: ”every act of creation: ” ((Qur’an: YaaSin: 36: 77-79Qur’an: YaaSin: 36: 77-79))
  10. 10. ““Allah witnesses that there is no deity except Him, andAllah witnesses that there is no deity except Him, and [so do] the angels and those of knowledge[so do] the angels and those of knowledge - [that He is]- [that He is] maintaining [creation] in justicemaintaining [creation] in justice ((QISTwQISTw). There is no). There is no deity except Him, the Exalted in Might, the Wise."deity except Him, the Exalted in Might, the Wise." ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 18Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 18)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  11. 11. ““O MANKIND! Worship (serve) your SustainerO MANKIND! Worship (serve) your Sustainer, who has, who has created you and those who lived before you, so that youcreated you and those who lived before you, so that you might remain conscious of Him (might remain conscious of Him (TAQWATAQWA)“)“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 21)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  13. 13. “ (Allah) Who has made the earth a resting-place for you and the sky a canopy, and has sent down water from the sky and thereby brought forth fruits for your sustenance: do not, then, claim that there is any power that could rival Allah, when you know [that He is One].” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 22) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  14. 14. ““The foremost in religion is the acknowledgement of Him (Allah)”The foremost in religion is the acknowledgement of Him (Allah)” Mankind’s existence is not accidental as though without purpose, but humans by nature are capable of knowing meanings and purpose to his life and his special place in nature. Unlike animals, man’s reasoning faculty is summoned to reflect upon the higher philosophical questions as to the meaning and purpose of life which leads to the cognition of the existence of the Divine. There is already and innate predisposition in him towards wanting to serve (worship) someone or something. Imam ‘Ali bin Abi Tolib r.a. said:Imam ‘Ali bin Abi Tolib r.a. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  15. 15. Those who claimed to be “atheists” even are in reality serving or worshipping their own Selves (their desires). ““Have you seenHave you seen he who has taken as his god his [own] desirehe who has taken as his god his [own] desire, and Allah, and Allah has sent him astray due to knowledge and has set a seal upon hishas sent him astray due to knowledge and has set a seal upon his hearing and his heart and put over his vision a veil? So who will guidehearing and his heart and put over his vision a veil? So who will guide him after Allah? Then will you not be reminded?”him after Allah? Then will you not be reminded?” ((Qur’an: Jathiya: 45: 24Qur’an: Jathiya: 45: 24))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  16. 16. TASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  17. 17. TASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) And [mention] when your Lord took from the children ofAnd [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants and made themAdam - from their loins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "testify of themselves, [saying to them], "Am I not yourAm I not your Lord?Lord?" (" (ALAS-TU-BI-ROB-BI-KUMALAS-TU-BI-ROB-BI-KUM)) They said, "They said, "Yes, we have testifiedYes, we have testified." (." (BA-LAA-SHA-HID-NAABA-LAA-SHA-HID-NAA)) [This] - lest you should say on the day of Resurrection,[This] - lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware.""Indeed, we were of this unaware." ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172))
  18. 18. Mankind is calledMankind is called ((insaaninsaan) – a word whose roots is) – a word whose roots is similar with the wordsimilar with the word ((nis-yaannis-yaan;; nasiynasiy)) –– meaning “forgetfulness; to forget”.meaning “forgetfulness; to forget”. Prophets came to ‘remind’; and thus the Qur’an is also named asProphets came to ‘remind’; and thus the Qur’an is also named as “ ““ “ ((Adz-DzikrAdz-Dzikr)) meaning -‘the Reminder’meaning -‘the Reminder’ Islam asserts that mankind, naturally has a pure instinctIslam asserts that mankind, naturally has a pure instinct ((fitwrah saleemafitwrah saleema) to know of God’s existence.) to know of God’s existence. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  19. 19. The ability to perceive the existence of a Supreme Being (God) is innate in human nature ( Fitwrah), and it is this instinctive cognition that explains why in every culture there is a term referring to the Supernatural Divine - God. In this verse we are told that, spiritually, our soul has already testified to Allah’s Lordship prior to our physical sojourn on this earth. Thus it is the Arabic term for “man” has that meaning “to forget”, and messengers were sent but to be (MUDZAKKIR) the ones to give “reminders” (DZIKR) to man, as well as the “Warner” (NADZEERA) regarding the consequence for heedlessness of this Reality. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  20. 20. ““Every child is born in a state of pure innocence (Every child is born in a state of pure innocence (FITwRAHFITwRAH),), It is the parents then who would make him to becomeIt is the parents then who would make him to become a Jew or a Christian or a Pagan.”a Jew or a Christian or a Pagan.” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  21. 21. Thus Islam view humankind positively, free of blame or sins, left in the care of parents. Each one of us are said to be upon the pure and innocent nature of submission (“Islam”), but may be nurtured to become otherwise. Even if they veered into a deviant path, they still can or is expected to continuously seek forgiveness and return to the path of Truth and reformation (ISLAH). Although human is not compelled because of his freewill, yet his innate potentials are to be developed and actualised towards knowing the truth. Those who are aware but reject truth is thus guilty of “KUFR” “concealing; covering up; rejecting truth; or being ungrateful; ” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  22. 22. And those who know the Truth are to invite all with reasoning and wisdom, appealing to their innate volition towards recognizing the higher Reality and purpose, transcending this temporary earthly existence. It is never hopeless. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  23. 23. ““CONSIDER the flight of time!CONSIDER the flight of time! Verily, man is bound toVerily, man is bound to lose himselflose himself unless he be of those who attain to faith,unless he be of those who attain to faith, and do good works, and enjoin upon one anotherand do good works, and enjoin upon one another the keeping to truth, and enjoin upon one anotherthe keeping to truth, and enjoin upon one another patience in adversity.”patience in adversity.” ((Qur’an: al-’Asr: 103: 1-3Qur’an: al-’Asr: 103: 1-3)) And those who know the Truth are to invite all with reasoning and wisdom, appealing to their innate volition towards recognizing the higher Reality and purpose, transcending this temporary earthly existence. It is never hopeless. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  24. 24. Islam’s message is the message of Mercy and Allah’s Forgiveness, and we must never despair in inviting all fellow man to Allah’s way. ““CALL THOU (all mankind] unto thy Sustainer's pathCALL THOU (all mankind] unto thy Sustainer's path with wisdomwith wisdom and goodly exhortation, and argue with them in the most kindlyand goodly exhortation, and argue with them in the most kindly manner- for, behold, thy Sustainer knows best as to who strays frommanner- for, behold, thy Sustainer knows best as to who strays from His path, and best knows He as to who are the right-guided.”His path, and best knows He as to who are the right-guided.” ((Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125Qur’an: an-Nahlu: 16: 125)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  25. 25. ““No (don’t destroy them) ! But my hope is that AllahNo (don’t destroy them) ! But my hope is that Allah will bring forth from their descendents, people whowill bring forth from their descendents, people who worship Allah Alone, and do not set up partnersworship Allah Alone, and do not set up partners (i.e. commit shirk) to Him. ”(i.e. commit shirk) to Him. ” Prophet Muhammad’s reaction to suggestion for him invoke destruction (as punishment ) upon his oppressors (Quraysh) : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  26. 26. When we enter into Islam, the “Shahaadahtain” constitute the re-affirmation (reconnection) with our primordial (spiritual) bond with our Creator Sustainer. This bond is in-fact our “self-actualizing” which re-orientate and align our aim and purpose of life upon a single TAUHEEDIC paradigm : life of service and servitude to the One God through submission and obedience, following His Last Messenger Muhammad s.a.a.w.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  27. 27. ““And He is Allah; there is no deity except Him. To Him is [dueAnd He is Allah; there is no deity except Him. To Him is [due all] praise in the first [life] and the Hereafter. And His is theall] praise in the first [life] and the Hereafter. And His is the [final] decision, and to Him you will be returned.”[final] decision, and to Him you will be returned.” ((Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 70Qur’an: Qasas: 28: 70)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  29. 29. ““ Say: ‘O my servants who have transgressed against theirSay: ‘O my servants who have transgressed against their own souls!own souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for AllahDespair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins:forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and bow to His [Will],Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and bow to His [Will], before the Penalty comes on you: After that ye shall not bebefore the Penalty comes on you: After that ye shall not be helped.”helped.” ((Qur’an: Surah az-Zumar: 39: 53-54Qur’an: Surah az-Zumar: 39: 53-54)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  30. 30. Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. taught this important DU’A : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  31. 31. ‘‘O AllO Allaah, You are my Lord, none has the righth, You are my Lord, none has the right to be worshipped except You,to be worshipped except You, You created me and I am Your servant and I abideYou created me and I am Your servant and I abide to Your covenant and promise as best I can,to Your covenant and promise as best I can, I seek refuge in You from the (consequence of the) evil ofI seek refuge in You from the (consequence of the) evil of which I have committed.which I have committed. I acknowledge Your favour upon me andI acknowledge Your favour upon me and I acknowledge my sin,I acknowledge my sin, so forgive me, for verily none can forgive sin except You.’so forgive me, for verily none can forgive sin except You.’ Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. taught this important DU’A : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) To be continued – INSHA-ALLAHTo be continued – INSHA-ALLAH
  32. 32. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) May Allah grant us and all our beloved teachers, family andMay Allah grant us and all our beloved teachers, family and companions, the success (companions, the success (TAUFIQTAUFIQ) and the Guidance) and the Guidance ((HIDAAYAHIDAAYA) to attain to His Acceptance, Forgiveness and) to attain to His Acceptance, Forgiveness and Mercy (Mercy (RAHMAHRAHMAH) and gain His Pleasure () and gain His Pleasure (MARDHA-TILLAHMARDHA-TILLAH).). IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH To be continued ….. INSHA-ALLAH

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