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Slideshare (lesson#2a)tauheed-course-(batch#5-aug-dec-2015)-26-august-2015

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“IN USING OF REASON” – THE QUR'ANIC GUIDELINE
USING OF REASON (AQLIYYAH)
AS ONE OF THE MEANS OF DEVELOPING IIMAN (FAITH)

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Slideshare (lesson#2a)tauheed-course-(batch#5-aug-dec-2015)-26-august-2015

  1. 1. Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speakingUsing curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims.Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE AIT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSEREFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIMFOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS,PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARYIN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE.SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALLOPEN TO ALL IN THE NAME OF ALLAHIN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATEMOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL # 2a# 2a For further information and registrationFor further information and registration contact Econtact E -mail :-mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 LESSON ““INTRODUCTION TO STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO STUDY OF TAUTAUHHEED – (AQA’ID)EED – (AQA’ID)”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail BATCH - #5 [AUGUST-DEC-2015] Updated 26 August 2015Updated 26 August 2015 18 weekly class starting:18 weekly class starting: 12th AUGUST 201512th AUGUST 2015 Every Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pmEvery Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road,Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim#02-00 next to Masjid Kassim All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  2. 2. REMEMBER THE …. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  3. 3. REMEMBER …. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  4. 4. REMEMBER THAT…. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  5. 5. REMEMBER THAT…. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  6. 6. REMEMBER THE …. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  7. 7. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  8. 8. PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  9. 9. Amongst the definitions:Amongst the definitions: ““....... Knowledge is the arrival (....... Knowledge is the arrival (huhussulul- )- )** of the meaningof the meaning ((ma’nama’na- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of the subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’sthe subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s arrival (arrival (wuwussulul- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object of knowledge.”of knowledge.” By “meaning” (By “meaning” (ma’nama’na- ) is: “- ) is: “the recognition of the properthe recognition of the proper place of anything in a systemplace of anything in a system ...”...” : Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas: Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas ** ““attainment; acquirement” is a better translationattainment; acquirement” is a better translation.. EPISTEMOLOGY PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  10. 10. Thus, perspective of Education in Islam can be defined: ““... Recognition and acknowledgement, progressively instilled... Recognition and acknowledgement, progressively instilled into man, of the proper places of things in the order ofinto man, of the proper places of things in the order of creation, such that it leads to the recognition andcreation, such that it leads to the recognition and acknowledgement of the proper place of God in the order ofacknowledgement of the proper place of God in the order of being and existence.”being and existence.” EPISTEMOLOGY PREVIOUS LESSON Quoted from: “The Educational Philosophy andQuoted from: “The Educational Philosophy and Practice of Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas” byPractice of Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas” by Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud (ISTAC publication).Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud (ISTAC publication). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  11. 11. EPISTEMOLOGY PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  12. 12. A REMINDER TO MUSLIMS FROM LESSONS ON ISLAMIC “ADAB” 12 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST GRACIOUS, MOST MERCIFUL Especially requiredEspecially required since most participants insince most participants in this class are Muslimsthis class are Muslims who may require thiswho may require this important reminder.important reminder.** ADDENDUMADDENDUM ** Hope those non-Hope those non- Muslim or participantsMuslim or participants new to Islam in this classnew to Islam in this class can understand andcan understand and appreciate the reason forappreciate the reason for this preludethis prelude LESSONS FROM BEGINNERS’ COURSE PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  13. 13. SINCERE ADVICE TO MUSLIM ‘ INTELLECTUALS ’ PREVIOUS LESSON All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  14. 14. TO CONTINUE ….. Lesson # 2 A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE COURSE & METHOD OF APPROACHA BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE COURSE & METHOD OF APPROACH USING OF REASON (USING OF REASON (AQLIYYAHAQLIYYAH)) AS ONE OF THE MEANS OFAS ONE OF THE MEANS OF DEVELOPINGDEVELOPING IIMANIIMAN (FAITH)(FAITH) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  15. 15. ““AND ON EARTHAND ON EARTH there are signsthere are signs [of Allah’s[of Allah’s existence, visible]existence, visible] to all who are endowed with innerto all who are endowed with inner certaintycertainty, just as [there are signs thereof] within, just as [there are signs thereof] within your own selves: can you not, then, see?”your own selves: can you not, then, see?” ((Qur’an: Dzaariyat: 51: 20-21Qur’an: Dzaariyat: 51: 20-21)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  16. 16. ““[All this have We expounded in this] blessed divine writ[All this have We expounded in this] blessed divine writ which We have revealed unto thee, [O Muhammad,] sowhich We have revealed unto thee, [O Muhammad,] so that men may ponder over its mes-sages, andthat men may ponder over its mes-sages, and thatthat those who are endowed with insightthose who are endowed with insight may take them tomay take them to heart.”heart.” ((Qur’an: Swad: 38: 29Qur’an: Swad: 38: 29)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  18. 18. ““And We have certainlyAnd We have certainly created for Hell manycreated for Hell many of the jinn and mankindof the jinn and mankind. They have hearts. They have hearts withwith which they do not understandwhich they do not understand, they have, they have eyes witheyes with which they do not seewhich they do not see, and they, and they have ears withhave ears with which they do not hearwhich they do not hear. Those. Those are like livestock; rather,are like livestock; rather, they are morethey are more astrayastray. It is they who are the heedless.”. It is they who are the heedless.” ((Qur’an: 7: 179Qur’an: 7: 179)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  19. 19. The Holy Qur'an calls upon people to think and to draw conclusionsThe Holy Qur'an calls upon people to think and to draw conclusions through thought process.through thought process. It even regards thinking as part of worship, and does not recogniseIt even regards thinking as part of worship, and does not recognise the belief in its doctrinal tenets if it is not the outcome of correctthe belief in its doctrinal tenets if it is not the outcome of correct thinking.thinking. Islam in this connection has paid attention to a basic point, thatIslam in this connection has paid attention to a basic point, that although people are capable of thinking, still they can end up withalthough people are capable of thinking, still they can end up with erroneous conclusion - if they neglect to use, or inappropriatelyerroneous conclusion - if they neglect to use, or inappropriately allow certain factors to influence their thought process.allow certain factors to influence their thought process. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  20. 20. Thus, in Islam, we are provided basic guidelines - basic lessons onThus, in Islam, we are provided basic guidelines - basic lessons on how to think correctly.how to think correctly. Firstly, in the Qur'an, it has pointed outFirstly, in the Qur'an, it has pointed out the major causes which leadthe major causes which lead to wrong thinking and has explained what to do to avoidto wrong thinking and has explained what to do to avoid error anderror and deviation.deviation. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  23. 23. ““Now if thou payNow if thou pay heed (follow) unto the majority of thoseheed (follow) unto the majority of those [who live] on earth[who live] on earth, they will but lead thee astray from, they will but lead thee astray from the path of Allah: they follow but [other people's]the path of Allah: they follow but [other people's] conjecturesconjectures, and they themselves do nothing but, and they themselves do nothing but guessguess **.. Verily, thy Sustainer knows best as to who strays fromVerily, thy Sustainer knows best as to who strays from His path, and best knows He as to who are the right-His path, and best knows He as to who are the right- guided.”guided.” ((Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 116-117Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 116-117)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  24. 24. 1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge The phrase:The phrase: ** “nothing but guess (conjecture)”“nothing but guess (conjecture)” ** i.e. They only guess regarding the true nature of human life and its ultimate destiny, the problem of revelation, the relationship between God and man, the meaning of good and evil etc. – metaphysical questions. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  25. 25. 1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge Apart from leading man astray from spiritual truths, such guesswork gives rise to arbitrary rules of conduct and self imposed inhibitions. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  26. 26. "And"And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast nodo not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledgeknowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day)."them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day)." ((Qur’an: Bani Israil : 17 :36Qur’an: Bani Israil : 17 :36)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  27. 27. 1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge Muslims are to be taught that there is distinction betweenMuslims are to be taught that there is distinction between knowledge (knowledge (‘ILM‘ILM) and conjecture or guesswork () and conjecture or guesswork (DZONNDZONN); between); between absolute and relative; between what are reliable and unreliableabsolute and relative; between what are reliable and unreliable reports, and how to distinguish between them; etc. It exposes thereports, and how to distinguish between them; etc. It exposes the fallacy of merely following the majority without concern forfallacy of merely following the majority without concern for substantiation of truth, which seems to be the common approach,substantiation of truth, which seems to be the common approach, albeit erroneously adopted by people, in matters of religion.albeit erroneously adopted by people, in matters of religion. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  29. 29. If man wants to judge rightly, he should fully maintain hisIf man wants to judge rightly, he should fully maintain his impartiality. In other words, he should seek Truth only, and acceptimpartiality. In other words, he should seek Truth only, and accept without hesitationwithout hesitation what evidence proveswhat evidence proves. He should behave exactly. He should behave exactly like a judge in a court of justice, who while studying a case ought tolike a judge in a court of justice, who while studying a case ought to be neutral to the claims of both parties. If he is biased towards onebe neutral to the claims of both parties. If he is biased towards one party, the arguments in favour of that party will unconsciously attractparty, the arguments in favour of that party will unconsciously attract his attention and the arguments against it will automatically behis attention and the arguments against it will automatically be missed by him. That is what will mislead the judge.missed by him. That is what will mislead the judge. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires2. Bias and inclination towards base desires All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  30. 30. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires2. Bias and inclination towards base desires If man is not neutral and his thinking is lop-sided, the pointer of his thinking will unconsciously be inclined towards his personal liking and personal desire. That is why the Holy Qur'an regards the base desires as much a source of error as reliance on guess and conjecture. Allah says : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  31. 31. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires2. Bias and inclination towards base desires If man is not neutral and his thinking is lop-sided, the pointer of his thinking will unconsciously be inclined towards his personal liking and personal desire. That is why the Holy Qur'an regards the base desires as much a source of error as reliance on guess and conjecture. Allah says : "They follow nothing but conjecture and"They follow nothing but conjecture and that which they desire. “that which they desire. “ ((Qur’an : Najm 53: 23Qur’an : Najm 53: 23)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  32. 32. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires2. Bias and inclination towards base desires The concept of justice (AL-‘ADL ) are to be applied in analysis, putting things in their appropriate place, requiring impartial appraisal of all relevant views available to be considered and not suppressed or overlooked. Often, this would be difficult when one inclines to own desires (HAWA) or self-interest, therefore we are to be extra cautious of our own failings. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  33. 33. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires2. Bias and inclination towards base desires All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  34. 34. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desires2. Bias and inclination towards base desires ““O YOU who have attained to faith! Be ever steadfast inO YOU who have attained to faith! Be ever steadfast in your devotion to Allah,your devotion to Allah, bearing witness to the truth inbearing witness to the truth in all equityall equity; and never let hatred of any-one lead you into; and never let hatred of any-one lead you into the sin of deviating from justice. Be just: this is closestthe sin of deviating from justice. Be just: this is closest to being God-conscious (to being God-conscious (TAQWATAQWA). And remain conscious). And remain conscious of Allah: verily, Allah is aware of all that you do.”of Allah: verily, Allah is aware of all that you do.” ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 8Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 8)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  35. 35.  The usual translation into English isThe usual translation into English is ‘reverential fear of Allah’‘reverential fear of Allah’,, which may convey some aspect of it, yet the full understandingwhich may convey some aspect of it, yet the full understanding of this term still evades many. I prefer to use termof this term still evades many. I prefer to use term “the“the ‘‘consciousness of Allah’consciousness of Allah’,, which entails factors which lead towhich entails factors which lead to true obedience to Allah SWT. and His Messenger Muhammadtrue obedience to Allah SWT. and His Messenger Muhammad ‫ﷺ‬..  Obedience to what Allah has ordered and staying away fromObedience to what Allah has ordered and staying away from what Allah forbade. Fear of our transgression and of itswhat Allah forbade. Fear of our transgression and of its consequences which Allah SWT can mete out in accordanceconsequences which Allah SWT can mete out in accordance with His Justice.with His Justice. TAQWATAQWA All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) REMINDER
  36. 36. If you are wearing an overflowing robe, how would you walk through upon a road full of bushes of thorns ? # ۱ PARABLE OF WALKING IN THORNY PATHWAY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) REMINDER
  37. 37. It would not be a problem to walk upon this road this wide isn’t it? 2 metres # ۲ Suppose you are shown this lighted path …. PARABLE OF ‘ACROPHOBIA’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  38. 38. But now knowing the reality of where you really are, how would you be walking upon it? 2 metres # ۲ PARABLE OF ‘ACROPHOBIA’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  39. 39. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  40. 40. 3. Haste3. Haste To be able to express an opinion about a question, one should have adequate evidence before him. Unless there is enough evidence, any hasty expression of an opinion is likely to lead to error. In the Holy Qur'an, Allah repeatedly refers to the insufficiency of human knowledge for pronouncing an opinion in respect of many important questions. For example: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  41. 41. "And they ask you about the soul. Say: The soul is one of"And they ask you about the soul. Say: The soul is one of the commands of my Lord, and you have been given butthe commands of my Lord, and you have been given but little knowledge.“little knowledge.“ ((Qur’an : Bani Israil 17 :85Qur’an : Bani Israil 17 :85)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  42. 42. In this verse, the question posed was to seek something whichIn this verse, the question posed was to seek something which man's knowledge is inadequate to appreciate any form of detailedman's knowledge is inadequate to appreciate any form of detailed answer, thus only a general response suffices.answer, thus only a general response suffices. It does not provide fully what was being asked, but responded inIt does not provide fully what was being asked, but responded in accordance with the preparedness of the questioner, but itaccordance with the preparedness of the questioner, but it cautioned him that, although our knowledge about the soul may becautioned him that, although our knowledge about the soul may be little, this general response may suffice.little, this general response may suffice. 3. Haste3. Haste All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  43. 43. So we should not deny its existence just because we cannot fullySo we should not deny its existence just because we cannot fully satisfy our curiosity regarding it.satisfy our curiosity regarding it. It teaches us that we should not be hasty in addressing any issue,It teaches us that we should not be hasty in addressing any issue, but to consider carefully what is offered based on availablebut to consider carefully what is offered based on available knowledge.knowledge. The key point here is, knowledge.The key point here is, knowledge. AS A RULEAS A RULE:: ToTo accept is with knowledgeaccept is with knowledge, and, and to deny it also mustto deny it also must be based upon knowledgebe based upon knowledge.. 3. Haste3. Haste All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  44. 44. Do not reject something by simply basing it upon our ignorance ofDo not reject something by simply basing it upon our ignorance of that thing - e.g. some people categorically deny something with thethat thing - e.g. some people categorically deny something with the irrelevant excuse e.g. "irrelevant excuse e.g. "because I have not come across itbecause I have not come across it."." This statement is simply an admission of his ignorance of that thing,This statement is simply an admission of his ignorance of that thing, not a proof (knowledge)not a proof (knowledge) that that thing does not exist!that that thing does not exist! 3. Haste3. Haste All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  45. 45. From the above, we are taught, nay, warned against being hasty in 2 things : (1) That we must not believe a thing unless we have sure knowledge about it. (Warning against hasty believing something without knowledge). (2) That we must not deny a thing unless we have sure knowledge about it. (Warning against hasty denial without knowledge). 3. Haste3. Haste All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  46. 46. “As it is, man [often] prays for things that are bad as if he were praying for something that is good: for man is prone to be hasty [in his judgments].” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 11) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  47. 47. ““FIGHTING is ordained for you, even though it be hateful to you;FIGHTING is ordained for you, even though it be hateful to you; but it may well be that you hate a thing the while it is good forbut it may well be that you hate a thing the while it is good for you, and it may well be that you love a thing the while it is bad foryou, and it may well be that you love a thing the while it is bad for you: and Allah knows, whereas you do not know.”you: and Allah knows, whereas you do not know.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 216Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 216)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  48. 48. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  49. 49. ““IS MAN, then, not aware that it is We who create him out ofIS MAN, then, not aware that it is We who create him out of a [mere] drop of sperm - whereupon, lo! he shows himselfa [mere] drop of sperm - whereupon, lo! he shows himself endowed with the power to think and to argue?endowed with the power to think and to argue? AndAnd [now] he [argues about Us[now] he [argues about Us, and] thinks of Us in terms of, and] thinks of Us in terms of comparison,comparison, and is oblivious of how he himself was created!and is oblivious of how he himself was created! [And so] he says, “Who could give life to bones that have[And so] he says, “Who could give life to bones that have crumbled to dust?”crumbled to dust?” ((Qur’an: Ya Seen: 77: 78)Qur’an: Ya Seen: 77: 78) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  51. 51. ““Why do not the believing men and women, whenever suchWhy do not the believing men and women, whenever such [a rumour] is heard, think the best of one another and say,[a rumour] is heard, think the best of one another and say, “This is an obvious falsehood”?“This is an obvious falsehood”? why do they notwhy do they not [demand of the accusers that they] bring[demand of the accusers that they] bring [prove of][prove of] their allegation? for, if they do not produce fourtheir allegation? for, if they do not produce four such witnesses, it is those [accusers] who, in the sight ofsuch witnesses, it is those [accusers] who, in the sight of Allah, are liars indeed!”Allah, are liars indeed!” ((Qur’an: Nur : 24: 12-13)Qur’an: Nur : 24: 12-13) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  52. 52. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  53. 53. Man has a tendency to readily accept an idea or a belief that was accepted by past generations, without giving it any further thought. Allah s.w.t. in the Holy Qur'an, reminds people that they should have independent thinking and should not accept anything without judging it carefully, simply because it was accepted by others in the past. Thus: 4. Traditional thinking and looking to the past All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  54. 54. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  55. 55. "But when they are told, ""But when they are told, "Follow what Allah hasFollow what Allah has revealedrevealed" some answers, "Nay, we shall follow (only) that" some answers, "Nay, we shall follow (only) that which we found our forefathers believe in and did."which we found our forefathers believe in and did." What!What! even though their forefathers did not understandeven though their forefathers did not understand anything and had no guidanceanything and had no guidance?“?“ ((Qur’an : Baqarah 2 :170Qur’an : Baqarah 2 :170)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  56. 56. 4. Traditional thinking and looking to the past In spite of advancement in education, yet when it concerns religious beliefs and practices, many people tend to blindly imitate or follow whatever their forefathers may have passed on for them. When new and verifiable evidence are offered, they refuse to even consider them but rely only on this blind fanaticism. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  57. 57. ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION This does not therefore mean we reject “TRADITIONS”, like the group advocating post-modernism and ‘liberal ’ tendencies are promoting. They wish to present a truncated version of ‘truth’ by ignoring the past. By denying the validity of truth as embedded within the continuous and valid historical legacy of true scholars, they hope to usurp and hijack the Islamic discourse repacing it only with their ‘newly ’ enlightened liberal ideas - by simplistically branding all earlier scholars’ views as ‘backward’, hiding all the valid arguments already established. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  58. 58. ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION ““(Honour) My successors, may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards them!.” He was(Honour) My successors, may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards them!.” He was asked: “Who are your successors O Messenger of Allah?” And he said: “Theyasked: “Who are your successors O Messenger of Allah?” And he said: “They are thoseare those who revive my Sunnah and teaches themwho revive my Sunnah and teaches them to the servants of Allah.”to the servants of Allah.” ((Hadith of the Prophet s.a.wHadith of the Prophet s.a.w.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  59. 59. ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION ““He isHe is not from my Ummahnot from my Ummah (community),(community), One who do not respect our elders, orOne who do not respect our elders, or One who is not merciful (kind) to our young, andOne who is not merciful (kind) to our young, and one who do not know (and respect the rights of)one who do not know (and respect the rights of) ourour ‘Ulama’‘Ulama’ (Islamic scholars).”(Islamic scholars).” ((Hadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by TabranyHadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by Tabrany)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  60. 60. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  61. 61. 5. Cult of personality In this last era, another cause of wrong thinking is the cult of personality. Because of the great respect in which certain people are held, some of the celebrated historical and contemporary personalities influence the thinking and the will of others. Some famous / infamous personalities have been known to control the thinking of others such that these people think and have the same opinion as they. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  62. 62. 5. Cult of personality Other people do not dare differ from the (so-called) great people and so lose their independence of thought and will. Allah s.w.t. calls upon people to think independently and not to follow their elders and other influential personalities blindly. They, the misguided and heedless people will regret them on Judgement Day: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  63. 63. "And they will say (in the Hereafter) : “O our Lord! Behold! We (obeyed) paid heed unto our leaders and great men, and it is they who have led us astray from the right path!” (Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 67) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  64. 64. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION ‘‘Cult of personality’ - It is when a person is being followed, obeyedCult of personality’ - It is when a person is being followed, obeyed or imitated unconditionally, i.e. without him needing to provideor imitated unconditionally, i.e. without him needing to provide any authoritative basis or verifiable knowledge; – relying only uponany authoritative basis or verifiable knowledge; – relying only upon his charisma, power, charm, popularity or whatever factor hehis charisma, power, charm, popularity or whatever factor he possesses, which held people to be in awe or captivated by him –possesses, which held people to be in awe or captivated by him – but devoid of any rationale proof, true knowledge or in accordancebut devoid of any rationale proof, true knowledge or in accordance with certain reasonable criteriawith certain reasonable criteria.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  65. 65. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION Prophets (a.s.) and all Islamic scholars who are true heirs of theProphets (a.s.) and all Islamic scholars who are true heirs of the prophets (prophets (WARATHATUL-ANBIYAWARATHATUL-ANBIYA), such as those proven scholars of), such as those proven scholars of Islam (e.g.Islam (e.g. A-IMMAH AL-MUJTAHIDUNA-IMMAH AL-MUJTAHIDUN,, Hujjatul Islam Abu HamidHujjatul Islam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, Imam An-Nawaawial-Ghazali, Imam An-Nawaawi andand Qutb al-Irshad Habib ‘AbdillahQutb al-Irshad Habib ‘Abdillah Al-HaddadAl-Haddad, and our, and our ‘Ulama‘Ulama in the Nusantara that follow themin the Nusantara that follow them faithfully – may Allah bless their souls and elevate their ranks), dofaithfully – may Allah bless their souls and elevate their ranks), do not fall into this category of cult.not fall into this category of cult. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  66. 66. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION Their works have beenTheir works have been continuously studied, checked, discussedcontinuously studied, checked, discussed and disseminated through generations of Islamic scholars up till theand disseminated through generations of Islamic scholars up till the present;present; and the classical original texts are still available to beand the classical original texts are still available to be referred to.referred to. ThisThis cross-referencing and scrutinycross-referencing and scrutiny by fellow scholars, ensures theby fellow scholars, ensures the faithful transmission, and the learning process would inevitablyfaithful transmission, and the learning process would inevitably trained Muslims to verify whatever they are taught.trained Muslims to verify whatever they are taught. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  67. 67. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION Yet, in the present age, we need to be cautious of pseudo-scholars whoYet, in the present age, we need to be cautious of pseudo-scholars who may use religion to start a cult-following. Devoid of knowledge (may use religion to start a cult-following. Devoid of knowledge ( JAHILJAHIL ),), they would attract followings only through a display of outward ‘they would attract followings only through a display of outward ‘pietypiety’’ or ‘or ‘holinessholiness’ as though these are sufficient and valid credentials to’ as though these are sufficient and valid credentials to prove that they are learned and thus by this method, they manipulateprove that they are learned and thus by this method, they manipulate obedience of their followers. Unfortunately, many followers of cult areobedience of their followers. Unfortunately, many followers of cult are themselves ignorant, devoid of criterion, attracted only to charms andthemselves ignorant, devoid of criterion, attracted only to charms and charisma. It is only those truly learned, that can detect the ignorance.charisma. It is only those truly learned, that can detect the ignorance. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  68. 68. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION One tell-tale sign of cult is that the ‘teacher’ would strictly forbidOne tell-tale sign of cult is that the ‘teacher’ would strictly forbid their students/followers from asking him questions (which he feartheir students/followers from asking him questions (which he fear would expose his own ignorance); or forbid them from learning orwould expose his own ignorance); or forbid them from learning or consulting with other Islamic scholars and teachers of theconsulting with other Islamic scholars and teachers of the DeenDeen.. Traditionally, Islamic scholars requires an ‘Traditionally, Islamic scholars requires an ‘ijazahijazah’ (permission) from’ (permission) from his teacher or established Islamic scholars before he can teach (nothis teacher or established Islamic scholars before he can teach (not mere self-reading or paper qualifications certificates).mere self-reading or paper qualifications certificates). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  69. 69. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION As in most profession, he must have the permission of qualified IslamicAs in most profession, he must have the permission of qualified Islamic scholar or scholars of standing (scholar or scholars of standing ( from the community of practitionersfrom the community of practitioners ).). And whatever his teachings, it can and be open to being scrutinised.And whatever his teachings, it can and be open to being scrutinised. Therefore, to know who his past (and perhaps, present) teachers, is veryTherefore, to know who his past (and perhaps, present) teachers, is very important – not merely knowing which school, university or facelessimportant – not merely knowing which school, university or faceless organization he claims to be from. With this, even his character, moralorganization he claims to be from. With this, even his character, moral standings and competency can be cross-referenced with other knownstandings and competency can be cross-referenced with other known scholars who may be his colleagues under the same teacher.scholars who may be his colleagues under the same teacher. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  70. 70. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION And learning in Islam must be “And learning in Islam must be “TALAQQITALAQQI” (face-to-face), student-” (face-to-face), student- teacher in sessions (class orteacher in sessions (class or halaqahhalaqah), and preferably being under), and preferably being under mentoring, for a duration under a living teacher – from which thementoring, for a duration under a living teacher – from which the Islamic teacher’sIslamic teacher’s ““ijazahijazah”” is then given. This ensures “is then given. This ensures “SanadSanad ”” (chain of transmission) and of the blessings of knowledge is kept.(chain of transmission) and of the blessings of knowledge is kept. From traditional Islamic perspective, viewing videos, mere readingFrom traditional Islamic perspective, viewing videos, mere reading from books, or watching on ‘YouTube’, does not qualify one to befrom books, or watching on ‘YouTube’, does not qualify one to be regarded as the student of the particular scholar.regarded as the student of the particular scholar. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  71. 71. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  72. 72. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION ““An immoral man of learning is a great evil,An immoral man of learning is a great evil, yet greater evil is an ignoramus (yet greater evil is an ignoramus (jaahilunjaahilun) leading) leading a ‘godly pious’ life (a ‘godly pious’ life (mutanassikmutanassik).). Both are a great trial everywhere,Both are a great trial everywhere, to whomsoever (wishing to) cling to histo whomsoever (wishing to) cling to his religion (by having to follow people like them).”religion (by having to follow people like them).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  73. 73. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION Most important today is that, those who are not Muslims, cannot beMost important today is that, those who are not Muslims, cannot be regarded as ourregarded as our ‘Ulama‘Ulama (Islamic scholars), no matter how much he(Islamic scholars), no matter how much he may have learnt or have ‘taught’ Islamic studies.may have learnt or have ‘taught’ Islamic studies. Although we may benefit from some of their research and learning,Although we may benefit from some of their research and learning, yet we have to be very discerning and careful in deriving any Islamicyet we have to be very discerning and careful in deriving any Islamic knowledge or information from them. We need to rely upon ourknowledge or information from them. We need to rely upon our IslamicIslamic ‘Ulama ,‘Ulama , and constantly check whatever input they mayand constantly check whatever input they may disseminate.disseminate. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  74. 74. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  75. 75. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION ““O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the MessengerO ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and (and (ULIL-’AMRI MINKUMULIL-’AMRI MINKUM) those charged with authority) those charged with authority among youamong you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves,. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger if ye do believe inrefer it to Allah and His Messenger if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: that is best, and most suitableAllah and the Last Day: that is best, and most suitable for final determination.”for final determination.” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 59Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 59)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  76. 76. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  77. 77. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION ““Nor should theNor should the BelieversBelievers all go forth together: if aall go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind,contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religionthey could devote themselves to studies in religion ((FAQ-QIH FID-DEENFAQ-QIH FID-DEEN) and admonish the people when) and admonish the people when they return to them ― that thus they (may learn) tothey return to them ― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).”guard themselves (against evil).” ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 122Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 122)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  78. 78. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  79. 79. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION ““O ye who believe!O ye who believe! Take notTake not into your intimacy (into your intimacy (bibitwtwaa-nahaa-nah**)) those outside your ranksthose outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you.; they will not fail to corrupt you. They only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appearedThey only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appeared from their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. Wefrom their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. We have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom.have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom. ((Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118)) *bitwaa-nah : advisors, consultants, protectors, intimate friends, helpers ... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  80. 80. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION ““For, never will the Jews be pleased with thee. nor yet theFor, never will the Jews be pleased with thee. nor yet the Christians, unless thou follow their own creeds (Faiths).”Christians, unless thou follow their own creeds (Faiths).” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 120Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 120)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  81. 81. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  82. 82. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION ““If anyone contends with the Messenger even afterIf anyone contends with the Messenger even after guidance has been plainly conveyed to him, andguidance has been plainly conveyed to him, and followsfollows a path other than that becoming to men to Faitha path other than that becoming to men to Faith, We, We shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land himshall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge.”in Hell, what an evil refuge.” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 115)Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 115) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  83. 83. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION ImamImam Muhammad ibnu SirrinMuhammad ibnu Sirrin (rh.a) advices and warns us Muslims:(rh.a) advices and warns us Muslims: ””Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEEN (Religion),Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whomso look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your DEEN Religion.”you acquire (the knowledge of) your DEEN Religion.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  84. 84. EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  85. 85. EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” TEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATIONTEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATION When we speak of learning and education in Islam, the role of theWhen we speak of learning and education in Islam, the role of the learned scholar –learned scholar – MU’ALLIMMU’ALLIM, the, the USTAZUSTAZ (teacher) whose capacity is also(teacher) whose capacity is also as aas a MU-ADDIBMU-ADDIB (Educator) who provides(Educator) who provides IRSHADAHIRSHADAH (spiritual guidance)(spiritual guidance) etc., cannot be overlooked.etc., cannot be overlooked. Remember, theRemember, the ‘ULAMA‘ULAMA is an ‘institution’ within the persons or theis an ‘institution’ within the persons or the personalities - and cannot be ‘hijacked’ by the corporate people aspersonalities - and cannot be ‘hijacked’ by the corporate people as though to refer to organizations, bodies, schools etc.though to refer to organizations, bodies, schools etc. RELEVANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  86. 86. EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” TEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATIONTEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATION The proper development of Islamic teachers : with the correct belief,The proper development of Islamic teachers : with the correct belief, worldview, passion and committed toworldview, passion and committed to DA’WAHDA’WAH, who understand the, who understand the AMANAHAMANAH (Trust) which they are supposed to be shouldering, constantly(Trust) which they are supposed to be shouldering, constantly vigilant regarding the challenges to thevigilant regarding the challenges to the UMMAHUMMAH etc. - is the most vitaletc. - is the most vital consideration.consideration. Without this factor – the teachers, their training and their developmentWithout this factor – the teachers, their training and their development - it is rather useless to speak of any curriculum.- it is rather useless to speak of any curriculum. RELEVANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  87. 87. EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” TEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATIONTEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATION Unfortunately today, certain people’s obsession with only producingUnfortunately today, certain people’s obsession with only producing texts, experimenting with educational aids and latest in informationtexts, experimenting with educational aids and latest in information technology , overawed by other system of learning, that theytechnology , overawed by other system of learning, that they inadvertently ignored the difference in the Islamic educationalinadvertently ignored the difference in the Islamic educational philosophy, the aims, approach and objective etc. until Muslims arephilosophy, the aims, approach and objective etc. until Muslims are learning ‘Islam’ merely as subjects, rather than subjecting themselveslearning ‘Islam’ merely as subjects, rather than subjecting themselves to ‘Islam’.to ‘Islam’. RELEVANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  88. 88. EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” TEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATIONTEACHER : AN IMPORTANT QUALIFICATION Thus, the tendency towards teachingThus, the tendency towards teaching FIQHFIQH as subjects to be taughtas subjects to be taught according to whatever text / books popularly chosen may beaccording to whatever text / books popularly chosen may be predominant. And given that most of these books were written aspredominant. And given that most of these books were written as reference manual onreference manual on FIQHFIQH, the class should rather focus on students, the class should rather focus on students understanding, inculcating the appreciation of how relevant theseunderstanding, inculcating the appreciation of how relevant these rulings are to Muslims in life.rulings are to Muslims in life. Therefore this depends much upon who is teachingTherefore this depends much upon who is teaching FIQHFIQH.. RELEVANT All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  89. 89. EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”RELEVANT CHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENTCHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENT It must be noted that today, with the availability of easy access toIt must be noted that today, with the availability of easy access to books and information on the internet; with greater reliance to self-books and information on the internet; with greater reliance to self- study rather than undergoing right tutelage under the guidance ofstudy rather than undergoing right tutelage under the guidance of competent teachers; with the proliferations of ideologies of groupscompetent teachers; with the proliferations of ideologies of groups promoting unknown agendas in the name of Islam; - Muslims beingpromoting unknown agendas in the name of Islam; - Muslims being deprived of a competent teacher’s guidance indeprived of a competent teacher’s guidance in FIQHFIQH should be a veryshould be a very grave concern - indeed.grave concern - indeed. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  90. 90. EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”RELEVANT CHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENTCHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENT Indeed it is alarming, with people entering discourses and meddling inIndeed it is alarming, with people entering discourses and meddling in Islam beyond their competency (by Muslims and even non-Muslims),Islam beyond their competency (by Muslims and even non-Muslims), and compounded by the relative ignorance of general Muslimsand compounded by the relative ignorance of general Muslims regarding their own basics knowledge of theirregarding their own basics knowledge of their DEENDEEN.. Especially when this involves specialized fields and subjects, for whichEspecially when this involves specialized fields and subjects, for which they do not have any authority to be giving their opinion to the public.they do not have any authority to be giving their opinion to the public. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  91. 91. EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”RELEVANT CHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENTCHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENT Can any one claim the right to be involved in giving or engaging inCan any one claim the right to be involved in giving or engaging in serious discourse in other specialised fields like medicine orserious discourse in other specialised fields like medicine or engineering without adequate knowledge?engineering without adequate knowledge? Or even if one knows something about draughtsmanship or haveOr even if one knows something about draughtsmanship or have read medical journals, without the proper training and approval ofread medical journals, without the proper training and approval of the true practitioners in their respective fields, messing in thesethe true practitioners in their respective fields, messing in these would be deemed a crime – wouldn’t it?would be deemed a crime – wouldn’t it? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  92. 92. EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH”EXCERPTS FROM “Introduction to the Approach to Study FIQH” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) After setting down those criteria for an Islamic religious teacher , to be fair the same should be asked about myself: “What about your background ?”. So allow me to share … I have a :
  93. 93. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  94. 94. ““The best ones amongst you is the person who makesThe best ones amongst you is the person who makes you remember Allah when you look upon him;you remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you yourand whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspiresknowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.”(motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.” ((Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.aHadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  95. 95. BEGINNING OF TARBIYYAH I owed immensely my Islamic upbringing to my to late mother and both my grandmothers to whom I was very closed to. Most of early life was spent living as extended family within a large estate-home headed by one of them as the family grand Matriarch (Hajjah Aishah binte Haji Omar). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  96. 96. BEGINNING OF TARBIYYAH Many well-known Islamic religious scholars frequently were invited for the whole family to gain audience from, as well Asaatizah were employed to conduct regular Islamic classes for us the children after our schooling hours. In this household, we strictly follow many traditions regarding Islamic learning, ways and customs, instituted by a legacy of my late grandfather ( Haji Yousoff bin Haji Mohammad Noor ). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  97. 97. BEGINNING OF TARBIYYAH Also, living in the earliest Muslim Quarter of Kampong Glam very close to Masjid Sultan, and having strong family ties with other families with similar Islamic tradition, had undoubtedly affected my religious consciousness. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  98. 98. KUTTAB KAK IJUM (NEK HAJI) - @ MINTO ROAD, JALAN SULTAN SHEIKH ABU BAKAR BAHASWAN (QUR’AN) ADAB - FARDHU ‘AIN – RATIB AL-HADDAD – AKHLAQ (FAMILY-BASED) ADULT – FARDHU ‘AIN (PERDAUS) @ MADRASAH ALSAGOFF USTAZ OSMAN JANTAN USTAZ HAFI HAKIM FIQH AS-SUNNAH – (USTAZ WAN SALLEH – YA’COOB ELIAS) TAUHEED – (USTAZ MAKTOOM – BUYA MALIK AHMAD) DA’WAH-SIYAASAH – (USTAZ ISMAIL BAHRUM – DR. BURHANUDDIN AL-HELMY) HALAQAH (MOSQUE) USTAZ MUHAMMAD B. ABDULLAH B. SALIM BIN DIAB (FIQH) KIYAI HAJI SHUKUR (TASAWWUF) HABIB SALIM AL-ATTAS (MASJID BA-’ALAWIE) MENTORED (HOME) USTAZ SA’ID BIN MUHAMMAD BIN MUHD SA’ID USTAZ GHAFUR *USTAZ MUHAMMAD BIN MUHAMMAD SA’ID BIN ARSHAD SEMARANG – ( *SON OF FOUNDER OF MADRASAH AS-SIBYAN) USTAZ HAJI DAWOOD BIN HAJI NASIR USRAH AL-MANAR (AFGHANI –ABDUH – RASHID REDHA) IKHWANUL MUSLIMUN (HASSAN AL-BANNA – SAYYID SABIQ – ALGHAZZALI) PERSATUAN ISLAM – MUHAMMADIYYAH – AL-IRSHAD – NAHDATUL ‘ULAMA TABLIGH – PERIPENSIS - HIMPUNAN BELIA ISLAM – JAM’IYYAH – DARUL ARQAM MOREMORE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  99. 99.  His father, Muhammad Sa’id bin Arshad Semarang – well-known Islamic scholar,His father, Muhammad Sa’id bin Arshad Semarang – well-known Islamic scholar, lithographer-printer, founder of (earliest ) Madrasah al-Sibyan al-Muhammadiah).lithographer-printer, founder of (earliest ) Madrasah al-Sibyan al-Muhammadiah).  Born – 82 Arab street – (1909)Born – 82 Arab street – (1909) moved to Bussorah street (1910)moved to Bussorah street (1910) moved to Jalan Muscat street (1914)moved to Jalan Muscat street (1914)  ““Majallah al-Islam” (1914)Majallah al-Islam” (1914)  ““Mukaddam Alif-Ba-Ta” (1918)Mukaddam Alif-Ba-Ta” (1918)  Started teaching in Madrasah al-Sibyan al-Muhammadiah – (1922)Started teaching in Madrasah al-Sibyan al-Muhammadiah – (1922)  Senior Teacher in Madrasah Aljunied al-IslamiyahSenior Teacher in Madrasah Aljunied al-Islamiyah  Moved to Kampung Bunga Raya, Lorong Engku AmanMoved to Kampung Bunga Raya, Lorong Engku Aman  ““Kitab Perukunan”Kitab Perukunan” * USTAZ MUHAMMAD BIN MUHAMMAD SA’ID (SEMARANG) (One of my mentor) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  100. 100. *Guillemard English School (Primary – PSLE)Guillemard English School (Primary – PSLE) * St. Patrick’s School (Secondary – Cambridge Cert.)St. Patrick’s School (Secondary – Cambridge Cert.) City School of Commerce ( Cambridge Higher School Cert.)City School of Commerce ( Cambridge Higher School Cert.) A turning point in taking very seriously my learning of Islam was when I chose to study in a Catholic-Mission secondary School. I continued taking extra-lessons on Islam in Madrasah, mosques and joined Halaqah etc. With the advantage of Islamic home-schooling and nurturing, all of us the siblings were sent to English schools. Combination of both systems were gained – proficient in English and yet we could read and write also in ‘Jawi ‘ script. This early foundation was indeed important. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  101. 101. * While learning about Islam and after my HSC result, because I was not called for full-time National service, I had to apply for jobs. Working with HDB, pursued and obtained theWorking with HDB, pursued and obtained the Technological Certificate in Builders’ Quantities from theTechnological Certificate in Builders’ Quantities from the City & Guilds of London Institute.City & Guilds of London Institute. FIRST FULL-TIME JOB WITH HOUSING DEVELOPMENT BOARD (1973) SERVED AS TECHNICAL OFFICER IN CONTRACTS MANAGEMENT (QUANTITY SURVEYING) While continually learning Islam and sharing Islam on a Part-time basis after Working hours and on week-ends IN TANDEM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  102. 102. (1975) My passion to share and present Islam in English, and my deep interest in comparative religion made me active with several Islamic organizations viz. Jam’iyyah, Pertapis, Muhammadiyyah, Permusi and Darul Arqam (Muslim Converts’ Association) – as well as Muslim- Christian dialogue. (1980) was invited to serve in the Darul Arqam ‘s management in Da’wah & Education. Here too I began teaching Islamic classes for converts and conducting Da’wah training programs, seminars, conducting Usrah, served as one of editors (Muslim Reader magazine), as ‘khatib’ (sermon in English), religious counselor, resource, etc.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  103. 103. (1982) when the main resource teacher (Ustaz) for Muslim converts then, Allahyarham Cikgu Hj Zaini Hj Ahmad became indisposed due to ill-health, I was interviewed by the then Singapore second Mufti Syed Esa bin Semait and Allahyarham Ustaz Syed ‘Abdillah bin Ahmad al-Jufri, was granted permission and appointed by them to be the Ustaz to replace his role. I was also appointed as one of the Registrar for conversion of new Muslims. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  104. 104. Working with HDB, pursued and obtained theWorking with HDB, pursued and obtained the Technological Certificate in Builders’ Quantities from theTechnological Certificate in Builders’ Quantities from the City & Guilds of London Institute.City & Guilds of London Institute. FIRST FULL-TIME JOB WITH HOUSING DEVELOPMENT BOARD (1973) SERVED AS TECHNICAL OFFICER IN CONTRACTS MANAGEMENT (QUANTITY SURVEYING) While continually learning Islam and sharing Islam on a Part-time basis after Working hours and on week-ends IN TANDEM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  105. 105. Working with HDB, pursued and obtained theWorking with HDB, pursued and obtained the Technological Certificate in Builders’ Quantities from theTechnological Certificate in Builders’ Quantities from the City & Guilds of London Institute.City & Guilds of London Institute. FIRST FULL-TIME JOB WITH HOUSING DEVELOPMENT BOARD (1973) SERVED AS TECHNICAL OFFICER IN CONTRACTS MANAGEMENT (QUANTITY SURVEYING) While continually learning Islam and sharing Islam on a Part-time basis after Working hours and on week-ends(1991) after working for 17 years, opted to leave my full-time job with HDB to devote fully in serving the Ummah (Da’wah & education) IN TANDEM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  106. 106. WHILE SERVING IN DARUL ARQAM (1991-1997) MOULAVI BABU SAHIB SHEIKH AHMAD DEEDAT DR. JAMAL BADAWI DR.GARY MILLER AHMED VON DENFER MOULANA IMRAN HOESEIIN DR. BILAL PHILLIPS DR. MAURICE BUCCAILLE DR. AHMAD SAKR HJ. A. KARIM GERALD D’CRUZ KIYAI DRS. MUCHTAR ADAM USTAZ HUSSEIN SHAHAB ... AND MANY OTHER VISITING SCHOLARS. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  107. 107. 19911991- He resigned from HDB and became full-time staff in- He resigned from HDB and became full-time staff in Darul Arqam.Darul Arqam. PROGRAMS WHICH HE IMPLEMENTED WHILE IN DARULPROGRAMS WHICH HE IMPLEMENTED WHILE IN DARUL ““IIC (Islam & It’s Challenges)” ;IIC (Islam & It’s Challenges)” ; post-IIC Du’at training program on Comparative religiouspost-IIC Du’at training program on Comparative religious studies ;studies ; training of lecturers for the “Orientation to Islam” ;training of lecturers for the “Orientation to Islam” ; revised and introduced new curriculum for the convertsrevised and introduced new curriculum for the converts “Beginners’ course on Islam”;“Beginners’ course on Islam”; All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  108. 108. 19911991- He resigned from HDB and became full-time staff in- He resigned from HDB and became full-time staff in Darul Arqam.Darul Arqam. PROGRAMS WHICH HE IMPLEMENTED WHILE IN DARULPROGRAMS WHICH HE IMPLEMENTED WHILE IN DARUL ““Developed & conducts Intermediate level Islam : Aqa’id,Developed & conducts Intermediate level Islam : Aqa’id, Fiqh & Akhlaq courses for converts;Fiqh & Akhlaq courses for converts; Standardised and trained the assessors for the “ConvertsStandardised and trained the assessors for the “Converts Assessment program”;Assessment program”; Developed & trained presenters for “Orientation to Islam”;Developed & trained presenters for “Orientation to Islam”; “Class tutors” etc.“Class tutors” etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  109. 109. 19911991- He resigned from HDB and became full-time staff in- He resigned from HDB and became full-time staff in Darul Arqam.Darul Arqam. PROGRAMS WHICH HE IMPLEMENTED WHILE IN DARULPROGRAMS WHICH HE IMPLEMENTED WHILE IN DARUL ““Marriage Guidance course” for Muslim converts;Marriage Guidance course” for Muslim converts; Developed andDeveloped and conducted in-house TTC (Teachers Trainingconducted in-house TTC (Teachers Training CourseCourse)) for Beginners’ class teachersfor Beginners’ class teachers Developed theDeveloped the “Fardhu ‘Ain Camp for Youth” curriculum“Fardhu ‘Ain Camp for Youth” curriculum All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  110. 110. 19911991- He resigned from HDB and became full-time staff in- He resigned from HDB and became full-time staff in Darul Arqam.Darul Arqam. OTHER ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE IN DARULOTHER ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE IN DARUL Contributor for “Muslim Readers” – Darul Arqam magazine.Contributor for “Muslim Readers” – Darul Arqam magazine. one of the Registrarone of the Registrarss for Muslim Conversion;for Muslim Conversion; A qualifiedA qualified KhatibKhatib (preacher)(preacher) for Juma’ah prayer (Fridayfor Juma’ah prayer (Friday sermon);sermon); All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  111. 111. 19911991- He resigned from HDB and became full-time staff in- He resigned from HDB and became full-time staff in Darul Arqam.Darul Arqam. OTHER ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE IN DARULOTHER ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE IN DARUL regularly invited by mosques, Madrasah,regularly invited by mosques, Madrasah, IslamicIslamic organisations, universities, the American & Internationalorganisations, universities, the American & International Schools, WAMY (World Assembly of Muslim Youth), etc. asSchools, WAMY (World Assembly of Muslim Youth), etc. as speaker and lecturer on Islam.speaker and lecturer on Islam. Invitation to present papers on Islamic Da’wah and EducationInvitation to present papers on Islamic Da’wah and Education at conferences and seminars in Singapore, Malaysia andat conferences and seminars in Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam.Brunei Darussalam. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  112. 112. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  113. 113. WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS (1997-2004) USTAZ HJ. ABU BAKAR HASHIM USTAZ SYED ‘ABDILLAH AL-JUFRI USTAZ AHMAD SONHADJI MUHAMMAD USTAZ SALLIM JASMAN USTAZ SYED HASSAN AL-BAHAR ... AND MANY OTHER ASAATIZAH. ISTAC-PERGAS SEMINAR (2000) PROF. SYED MUHAMMAD NAQUIB AL-ATTAS PROF. WAN MOHD NOR WAN DAUD PROF. ALA-EDDIN KHAROUFA PROF, MALIK BADRI PROF. ABDUL RAHIM MUDDATHIR PROF. AMIR ROUBA-’IE PROF. FERID MUHIC PROF. AHMAD MUSAVI KAZEMI PROF. CEMIL AKDOĞAN PROF. HASSAN EL-NAGAR DR. MUHAMMAD ZAINIY UTHMAN DR. BURHANUDDIN AHMAD DR. WAN AZHAR DR. UGI SUHARTO DR. ADI SETIA DR. FARID SAHRAN OTHERS UNABLE TO LIST MANY MORE ISLAMIC SCHOLARS, TEACHERS, ACADEMICIANS, ELDERS, ETC. WHICH I HAD PERSONALLY MET, LEARNT AND BENEFITTED ROM THEIR WISDOM AND ADVICES All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  114. 114. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS 19971997 - Begun as Executive Officer (Research & Development)- Begun as Executive Officer (Research & Development) Drafted the by-laws and co-ordinated with special ad-hocDrafted the by-laws and co-ordinated with special ad-hoc committee led by PERGAS’ President Ustaz Hj Abu Bakarcommittee led by PERGAS’ President Ustaz Hj Abu Bakar Hashim, for the establishment of PERGAS Co-operative;Hashim, for the establishment of PERGAS Co-operative; All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  115. 115. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS Wrote for PERGAS’ quarterly magazine “AR-RISALAH”Wrote for PERGAS’ quarterly magazine “AR-RISALAH” Responded on behalf of PERGAS in Berita Harian regardingResponded on behalf of PERGAS in Berita Harian regarding talk by Orientalist Prof. John L. Espositotalk by Orientalist Prof. John L. Esposito 19981998 -Prepared a research paper and presented for discussion-Prepared a research paper and presented for discussion in PERGAS, in response to a Minister’s comment on Madrasah :in PERGAS, in response to a Minister’s comment on Madrasah : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  116. 116. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers,in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS 19981998 – PERGAS’ official visit to consult Prof. Dr. Ahmad Ibrahim at– PERGAS’ official visit to consult Prof. Dr. Ahmad Ibrahim at Universiti Islam Antarabangsa (Petaling Jaya, Malaysia) regardingUniversiti Islam Antarabangsa (Petaling Jaya, Malaysia) regarding the proposed amendment to the AMLA . [ the delegation wasthe proposed amendment to the AMLA . [ the delegation was headed by PERGAS’ President Ustaz Syed Abdillah Ahmad Al-Jufri ,headed by PERGAS’ President Ustaz Syed Abdillah Ahmad Al-Jufri , together with Ustaz Hj Abu Bakar Hashim, Ustaz Tengku M Fouzi Mtogether with Ustaz Hj Abu Bakar Hashim, Ustaz Tengku M Fouzi M Jumat and Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail ]Jumat and Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail ] All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  117. 117. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers,in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS 19981998 – Prepared PERGAS’s response to the Parliamentary Select– Prepared PERGAS’s response to the Parliamentary Select Committee regarding proposed Amendment Bill on AMLA.Committee regarding proposed Amendment Bill on AMLA. And was amongst those representing PERGAS in the specialAnd was amongst those representing PERGAS in the special hearing (others were Ustaz Hj Abu Bakar Hashim, Ustazhearing (others were Ustaz Hj Abu Bakar Hashim, Ustaz Muhammad Fatris Bakaram and Muhammad Hannan Hassan);Muhammad Fatris Bakaram and Muhammad Hannan Hassan); All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  118. 118. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS 19981998 – Given additional role as the Acting Manager of PERGAS.– Given additional role as the Acting Manager of PERGAS. Spearheaded PERGAS’ move to Wisma Indah and helpedSpearheaded PERGAS’ move to Wisma Indah and helped designed the new office & to re-strategize & re-assert PERGAS’designed the new office & to re-strategize & re-assert PERGAS’ important role as the foremost Islamic organizationimportant role as the foremost Islamic organization representing the ummah in Singapore;representing the ummah in Singapore; All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  119. 119. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS 19991999 – confirmed as the Manager of PERGAS– confirmed as the Manager of PERGAS Headed a unit as the Acting Director “Islam in English program.”Headed a unit as the Acting Director “Islam in English program.” Initiated the working relation between PERGAS and SKML (SingaporeInitiated the working relation between PERGAS and SKML (Singapore Kadayanallur Muslim League) where classes were developed for theKadayanallur Muslim League) where classes were developed for the Indian and non-Malay speaking students there.Indian and non-Malay speaking students there. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  120. 120. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS 20002000 - Organized the special year-long Islamic Intellectual program- Organized the special year-long Islamic Intellectual program for Asaatizah and professionals in: “Seminar PERGAS/ISTAC 2000”for Asaatizah and professionals in: “Seminar PERGAS/ISTAC 2000” with collaboration from International Institute of Islamic Thoughtswith collaboration from International Institute of Islamic Thoughts and Civilization (ISTAC, KL).and Civilization (ISTAC, KL). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  121. 121. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS Trained speakers & launched “Marriage Guidance Course” for SKML.Trained speakers & launched “Marriage Guidance Course” for SKML. Prepared the framework for the establishment of joint MUIS-PERGASPrepared the framework for the establishment of joint MUIS-PERGAS Board of Accreditation for Islamic Teachers and Propagators.Board of Accreditation for Islamic Teachers and Propagators. Developed the Educators Enrichment Program– Orientation forDeveloped the Educators Enrichment Program– Orientation for Muslim Educators” and conducted the program in collaboration withMuslim Educators” and conducted the program in collaboration with Perbayu (NIE) inPerbayu (NIE) in 20012001 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  122. 122. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS 20022002 - Published the textbook specially for new Muslims undergoing- Published the textbook specially for new Muslims undergoing their Fardhu ‘Ain course in English - “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” –their Fardhu ‘Ain course in English - “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” – ISBN 981-04-8683-7ISBN 981-04-8683-7 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  123. 123. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS He was also a lecturer in the PERGAS weekend Madrasah for adultHe was also a lecturer in the PERGAS weekend Madrasah for adult Muslims leading to SPI (Certificate in Islamic Studies) – as well theMuslims leading to SPI (Certificate in Islamic Studies) – as well the DPI (Diploma in Islamic Studies)DPI (Diploma in Islamic Studies) Developed and conducted new courses on Islam for MandarinDeveloped and conducted new courses on Islam for Mandarin Tourist Guides Club; Tasawwur Islam (Islamic Worldview), etc.Tourist Guides Club; Tasawwur Islam (Islamic Worldview), etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  124. 124. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS Appointed by MUIS to conduct a special course to introduce IslamAppointed by MUIS to conduct a special course to introduce Islam to Catholic seminarians at the St. Francis Xavier Seminary, Ponggol.to Catholic seminarians at the St. Francis Xavier Seminary, Ponggol. Again invited by the Catholic community to conduct course onAgain invited by the Catholic community to conduct course on Islam at the Singapore Pastoral Centre of the Catholic Archdiocese,Islam at the Singapore Pastoral Centre of the Catholic Archdiocese, Queens Street.Queens Street. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  125. 125. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS Other invitations were from Singapore American School, NationalOther invitations were from Singapore American School, National University of Singapore Muslim Society, Nanyang TechnologicalUniversity of Singapore Muslim Society, Nanyang Technological University Muslim Society, Sree Narayanan Mission, MENDAKI,University Muslim Society, Sree Narayanan Mission, MENDAKI, Catholic Archdiocese, PPIS (Young Women Muslim Organization),Catholic Archdiocese, PPIS (Young Women Muslim Organization), and several mosques, etc.and several mosques, etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  126. 126. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS Overseas assignments – invited to lecture & conduct courses inOverseas assignments – invited to lecture & conduct courses in Australia :Australia : InIn PerthPerth, (Masjid Al-Hidayah Padbury, Masjid Rivervale, Masjid At-, (Masjid Al-Hidayah Padbury, Masjid Rivervale, Masjid At- Taqwa Mirabooka),Taqwa Mirabooka), RockinghamRockingham (Masjid Ar-Rukun),(Masjid Ar-Rukun), KatanningKatanning (Masjid Katanning), etc.(Masjid Katanning), etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  127. 127. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS Overseas assignments – invited to lecture & conduct courses inOverseas assignments – invited to lecture & conduct courses in AustraliaAustralia :: InIn MelbourneMelbourne – Werribee Islamic College of Victoria, University of– Werribee Islamic College of Victoria, University of Melbourne Muslim Society, community of Muslims in Ringwood, etc.Melbourne Muslim Society, community of Muslims in Ringwood, etc. Had also visitedHad also visited SydneySydney,, Port HedlandPort Hedland,, GeraldtonGeraldton,, CanberraCanberra etc.etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  128. 128. 19971997- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time- He resigned from Darul Arqam and became full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religiousstaff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore).Teachers, Singapore). ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGASROLE AND CONTRIBUTION WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS Prepared & presented research paper for PERGAS’ response to thePrepared & presented research paper for PERGAS’ response to the ““Madrasah Issue”, was one of the resource & PERGAS spokesmen toMadrasah Issue”, was one of the resource & PERGAS spokesmen to push for the preservation of the status quo of Madrasah vis-a-vispush for the preservation of the status quo of Madrasah vis-a-vis “Compulsory Education Act.”“Compulsory Education Act.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  129. 129. 20042004- He resigned from being the full-time staff in PERGAS- He resigned from being the full-time staff in PERGAS (Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore), but(Association of Islamic Scholars & Religious Teachers, Singapore), but continued to teach, lecture, write, serves as religious counsellor,continued to teach, lecture, write, serves as religious counsellor, Imam/Khatib, Hakam (Arbitrator) for the Shari’ah Court, consultantImam/Khatib, Hakam (Arbitrator) for the Shari’ah Court, consultant and resource person on Islamic Da’wah & education.and resource person on Islamic Da’wah & education. 20062006 – He suffered a stroke and was hospitalized for 3 months.– He suffered a stroke and was hospitalized for 3 months. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  130. 130. 20072007 - Became active on the internet by setting up blogs for Da’wah:- Became active on the internet by setting up blogs for Da’wah: • http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ • http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ • http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ • http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ • http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ • http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ • http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ • http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  131. 131. 2007 –2007 – Opened Facebook account –Opened Facebook account – Zhulkeflee Bin Haji IsmailZhulkeflee Bin Haji Ismail 2008 –2008 – Opened Slideshare account – (link):Opened Slideshare account – (link): 20082008 - Resumed public appearance with Talk @ Masjid Sultan- Resumed public appearance with Talk @ Masjid Sultan Auditorium, followed by invitations from Darul Arqam Singapore.Auditorium, followed by invitations from Darul Arqam Singapore. http://www.slideshare.net/zhulkeflee All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  132. 132. 20092009 - Resumed teaching classes of FARDHU ‘AIN modules (cyclical)- Resumed teaching classes of FARDHU ‘AIN modules (cyclical) at WISMA INDAH @ Annex classroom of Masjid Kassim, Changi Road:at WISMA INDAH @ Annex classroom of Masjid Kassim, Changi Road: [1][1] “Beginners’ course on Islam”“Beginners’ course on Islam” for Adult in Englishfor Adult in English [2] Intermediate course[2] Intermediate course – “Introduction to Approach in study of– “Introduction to Approach in study of Tauheed”Tauheed” [3] Intermediate course –[3] Intermediate course – “Introduction to Approach in study of Fiqh”“Introduction to Approach in study of Fiqh” [4] Intermediate course –[4] Intermediate course – “Introduction to Approach in study of ‘ilmu“Introduction to Approach in study of ‘ilmu al-Akhlaq”al-Akhlaq” [5] Intermediate course –[5] Intermediate course – “Lessons of Islamic Concept of Adab”“Lessons of Islamic Concept of Adab” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  133. 133. WHILE SERVING IN DARUL ARQAM (1991-1997) MOULAVI BABU SAHIB SHEIKH AHMAD DEEDAT DR. JAMAL BADAWI DR.GARY MILLER AHMED VON DENFER MOULANA IMRAN HOESEIIN DR. BILAL PHILLIPS DR. MAURICE BUCCAILLE DR. AHMAD SAKR HJ. A. KARIM GERALD D’CRUZ KIYAI DRS. MUCHTAR ADAM USTAZ HUSSEIN SHAHAB ... AND MANY OTHER VISITING SCHOLARS. WHILE SERVING IN PERGAS (1997-2004) USTAZ HJ. ABU BAKAR HASHIM USTAZ SYED ‘ABDILLAH AL-JUFRI USTAZ AHMAD SONHADJI MUHAMMAD USTAZ SALLIM JASMAN USTAZ SYED HASSAN AL-BAHAR ... AND MANY OTHER ASAATIZAH. ISTAC-PERGAS SEMINAR (2000) PROF. SYED MUHAMMAD NAQUIB AL-ATTAS PROF. WAN MOHD NOR WAN DAUD PROF. ALA-EDDIN KHAROUFA PROF, MALIK BADRI PROF. ABDUL RAHIM MUDDATHIR PROF. AMIR ROUBA-’IE PROF. FERID MUHIC PROF. AHMAD MUSAVI KAZEMI PROF. CEMIL AKDOĞAN PROF. HASSAN EL-NAGAR DR. MUHAMMAD ZAINIY UTHMAN DR. BURHANUDDIN AHMAD DR. WAN AZHAR DR. UGI SUHARTO DR. ADI SETIA DR. FARID SAHRAN OTHERS UNABLE TO LIST MANY MORE ISLAMIC SCHOLARS, TEACHERS, ACADEMICIANS, ELDERS, ETC. WHICH I HAD PERSONALLY MET, LEARNT AND BENEFITTED ROM THEIR WISDOM AND ADVICES Summary of teachers All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  134. 134. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – SO LET US MAKE DU’A TO ALLAH S.W.T.SO LET US MAKE DU’A TO ALLAH S.W.T. "ALLAA-HUM-MA ARINAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QA ,"ALLAA-HUM-MA ARINAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QA , WAR-ZUQ-NAT –TIBAA - ’A-WAR-ZUQ-NAT –TIBAA - ’A- WA-ARINAL – BAA-WA-ARINAL – BAA-TWTWI-LA BAA-I-LA BAA-TWTWILA ,ILA , WAR-ZUQ-NAJ- TI-NAA-BA”WAR-ZUQ-NAJ- TI-NAA-BA” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  135. 135. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – SO LET US MAKE DU’A TO ALLAH S.W.T.SO LET US MAKE DU’A TO ALLAH S.W.T. ““O Allah! Make us to see truth as trueO Allah! Make us to see truth as true and grant us the ability to follow it;and grant us the ability to follow it; And make us to see falsehood as falseAnd make us to see falsehood as false and make us able to reject it.”and make us able to reject it.”TO BE CONTINUED ... INSHA-ALLAH TO BE CONTINUED ... INSHA-ALLAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  136. 136. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 136All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))

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