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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
INTRODUCTIO...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAMAD-DEEN-AL-ISLAM” is not just a ‘religion’ like what ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““He (Allah) it is who has sent unto the unlettered people aHe (Allah) ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
“ …“ … and [to cause this message to spread] from them untoand [to caus...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““CALL THOU (invite all mankind] unto thy Sustainer's pathCALL THOU (in...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““And thus have We willed you to be a community of theAnd thus have We ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
It is unfortunate that today, people and even many MuslimsIt is unfortu...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL
All Rights Re...
And (remember) when thy Lord drew forth from the Children ofAnd (remember) when thy Lord drew forth from the Children of
A...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE
“BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
““ I have only created jinns and menI have only created jinns and men, that they may serve, that they may serve
((worshipw...
The innermost purpose of the creation of all rational beings isThe innermost purpose of the creation of all rational being...
““The verse that follows shows, this spiritual call (“The verse that follows shows, this spiritual call (“worshipworship”)...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE
“BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
““O mankindO mankind, worship your Lord (, worship your Lord (A’-BUDUU-ROB-BAKUMA’-BUDUU-ROB-BAKUM), who), who
created you...
““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refersArabic proper noun; name for God, it refers
to the One and On...
““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaning “Arabic name meaning “thethe
Praised OnePraised One”; he is ...
IIMANIIMAN
BeliefBelief
FaithFaith
ConvictionConviction
IHSANIHSAN
Best orBest or
RighteousRighteous
ConductConduct
‘‘AMAL...
EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE
“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE
“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
"Ma...
““Invite (call all mankind) to the way of your Lord with wisdomInvite (call all mankind) to the way of your Lord with wisd...
"And"And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast nodo not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no
knowle...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
As worship –As worship – ‘IBADAH‘IBADAH -entails “acknowledgement and s...
EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE
“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”
REMEMBER THIS LESSON IN
REMEMBER THIS LESSON IN
PREVIOUS...
 The primary concern of the Shari’ah can be summed
up, generally as :
“(towards ensuring a better life by)
providing “mas...
 Thus the Shari’ah laws are there to firstly preserve the basic
rights :
 Dharuriyyah: “the essential rights of mankind....
 The five important essentials (human rights) which it seeks toThe five important essentials (human rights) which it seek...
 Not only does the Shari’ah laws are there to preserve these basic
rights, it goes even beyond mere essentials but includ...
TaTahhsiniyyatsiniyyat: the perfection in well-being.: the perfection in well-being.
Not merely the essential and needs, t...
MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ::
““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens”
 As t...
MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ::
““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens”
 Thus...
MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ::
““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens”
EXTRAC...
MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ::
““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens”
““It i...
MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ::
““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens”
““Ye a...
MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ::
““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens”
''Veri...
MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ::
““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens”
EXTRAC...
MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ::
““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens”
“And t...
MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH::
““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”
 As to these (p...
MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH::
““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”
 The right or f...
MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH::
““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”
““There is no co...
MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH::
““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”
EXTRACTS FROM PR...
MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH::
““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”
““Allah commands...
MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH::
““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”
EXTRACTS FROM PR...
MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH::
““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”
““So set thou th...
MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH::
““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”
EXTRACTS FROM PR...
MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH::
““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”
““And thus have ...
MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH::
““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”
EXTRACTS FROM PR...
MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH::
““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”
““Ye are the bes...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL.
All Rights ...
““So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth.So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth....
““Do they now seek a religion other than prescribed by AllahDo they now seek a religion other than prescribed by Allah
eve...
EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE
“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
IMPORTANT C...
“HALLOWED be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests, since
He has the power to will anything: He who has created deat...
““LET IT NOT deceive theeLET IT NOT deceive thee that those who are bent on denyingthat those who are bent on denying
the ...
EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE
“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““Has there not been over Man a long period of Time,Has there not been over Man a long period of Time,
when he was nothing...
Although we may be using the term 'Although we may be using the term 'freedomfreedom''
mutually with the non-Muslims when ...
The meaning of “The meaning of “hurriyyahhurriyyah ” is connected more” is connected more
towards the freeing or removing ...
Therefore our agreement to this concept of freedom shouldTherefore our agreement to this concept of freedom should
not be ...
Thus when we ponder deeply upon these two terms i.e.Thus when we ponder deeply upon these two terms i.e.
““freedomfreedom”...
According to Professor Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas
Founder Director of ISTAC and one of the most prominent
Muslim thinke...
Interestingly, he argues, the word ‘ikhtiyar’ has
‘khayr’ (good), – ‘akh-yaar’ (better or superior)
as the root. Therefore...
This confusion in their concept of ‘freedom’ perhaps may
account for their ‘iconoclastic’ tendencies towards all tradition...
Though man may direct this free volition even to indulge in
evil and wrong, but to be indulging in these (bad and wrong)
w...
Surely, there must be a limit to what we mean by “freedom”.
This distinction is important as more young Muslims now seemed...
In my discussion with Dr. Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud (ISTAC),
he opines that what these Westerners may misperceive in Islamic
s...
TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
DO YOU HAVE A PRISONER MENTALITY ?
TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““Verily,Verily, Allah does not change men's condition unlessAllah does not change men's condition unless
they change thei...
Even though the physical make-up of an individual producesEven though the physical make-up of an individual produces
certa...
Of course, it should be admitted that some of thoseOf course, it should be admitted that some of those
disposition of ment...
““Verily, We create man in theVerily, We create man in the best conformationbest conformation; and thereafter; and thereaf...
““This, becauseThis, because Allah would never change the blessings withAllah would never change the blessings with
which ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““Be conscious of Allah (Be conscious of Allah (TAQWATAQWA) wherever you may be, and follow-) wherever you may be, and fol...
Human perfection has many levels. The greater the amount ofHuman perfection has many levels. The greater the amount of
sel...
Thus scholars regardThus scholars regard ‘Ilmul Akhlaq‘Ilmul Akhlaq as very important andas very important and
consider it...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““O mankind! Behold, We have created you all out of a male and a female, andO mankind! Behold, We have created you all out...
‘Ulama (Islamic scholars) in the past did not consider any of
the other fields of learning to be truly independent science...
Thus it has been said: “Knowledge is the thickest of veils!”
which prevents man from seeing the real nature of things.
In ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““CONSIDER the flight of time! Verily, man is bound to lose himself.CONSIDER the flight of time! Verily, man is bound to l...
““DO MEN THINK that on their [mere] saying, “We have attained to faith”,DO MEN THINK that on their [mere] saying, “We have...
““And [remember the time] when your Sustainer made [thisAnd [remember the time] when your Sustainer made [this
promise] kn...
Islamic development entails the forging of relationshipIslamic development entails the forging of relationship
between our...
FROM: BASIC FARDHU ‘AINFROM: BASIC FARDHU ‘AIN
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS M...
The key toThe key to
succeed in this life-test assucceed in this life-test as
well as to deservewell as to deserve
achievi...
Gratefulness requires the acknowledgement to Allah of theGratefulness requires the acknowledgement to Allah of the
gifts b...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
“Verily, We did offer the trust [of reason and volition] to the heavens,
and the earth, and the mountains: but they refuse...
““YEA, INDEED, [O men,] We have given you a [bountiful]YEA, INDEED, [O men,] We have given you a [bountiful]
place on eart...
Our ignorance, or rather curiosity (Our ignorance, or rather curiosity (the realization that we dothe realization that we ...
With this, we become cynical of others, and often rebelWith this, we become cynical of others, and often rebel
towards the...
Who are we actually? When we say “I”, who is this “I? In theWho are we actually? When we say “I”, who is this “I? In the
Q...
““O you who have believed, persevere (O you who have believed, persevere (ISWBIRUISWBIRU) and) and
((SWOBIRUSWOBIRU) endur...
““That home of the Hereafter (Paradise) We assign itThat home of the Hereafter (Paradise) We assign it
exclusively to thos...
IMPORTANT DU’AIMPORTANT DU’A
ALLAA-HUM-MA – ARI-NAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QAN
WAR- ZUQ-NAT - TI-BAA- ’A
WA-ARI-NAL – BAA-TWILA – BA...
http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/
http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introduct...
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[Slideshare] akhlaq- (january-2015) -lesson #2 -human-can-change-(28-january-2015)

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[Slideshare] akhlaq- (january-2015) -lesson #2 -human-can-change-(28-january-2015)

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ “Verily! You (Muhammad) are upon the most exalted (Khuluq) disposition.” Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” ““INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDYINTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF ‘OF ‘ILM AL-AKHLAQILM AL-AKHLAQ ”” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 2 –LESSON # 2 – HUMANS CAN CHANGE OR BE CHANGEDHUMANS CAN CHANGE OR BE CHANGED All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) UPDATED –UPDATED – 28 JANUARY 201528 JANUARY 2015
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAMAD-DEEN-AL-ISLAM” is not just a ‘religion’ like what others may” is not just a ‘religion’ like what others may assumed especially by non-Muslim and anthropologists, but it is indeedassumed especially by non-Muslim and anthropologists, but it is indeed ““a total way of live; a transformative and civilizational programme,a total way of live; a transformative and civilizational programme, uplifting mankind towards achieving their potential as the best ofuplifting mankind towards achieving their potential as the best of Allah’s creationAllah’s creation.”.” One of the role and purpose of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. beingOne of the role and purpose of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. being sent was to be the “sent was to be the “educator par excellenceeducator par excellence” – who was successful in” – who was successful in transforming within one generation, the community which latertransforming within one generation, the community which later spearheaded the great Islamic civilization.spearheaded the great Islamic civilization.
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““He (Allah) it is who has sent unto the unlettered people aHe (Allah) it is who has sent unto the unlettered people a Messenger from among themselves, to convey unto themMessenger from among themselves, to convey unto them His messages (His messages (AAYA-TIHIAAYA-TIHI), and to cause them to grow in), and to cause them to grow in purity (YUZAK-KEEHIM), and to impart (purity (YUZAK-KEEHIM), and to impart (YU-’AL-LIMUHUMYU-’AL-LIMUHUM)) unto them the divine writ (unto them the divine writ (AL-KITAABAL-KITAAB) as well as wisdom) as well as wisdom ((AL-HIKMAHAL-HIKMAH) - whereas before that they were indeed,) - whereas before that they were indeed, most obviously, lost in error ”most obviously, lost in error ” ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2))
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “ …“ … and [to cause this message to spread] from them untoand [to cause this message to spread] from them unto other people as soon as they come into contact with them:other people as soon as they come into contact with them: for He alone is almighty, truly wise!for He alone is almighty, truly wise! Such is Allah's bounty: He grants it to anyone who isSuch is Allah's bounty: He grants it to anyone who is willing [to receive it]: for Allah is limitless in His greatwilling [to receive it]: for Allah is limitless in His great bounty.”bounty.” ((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3-4Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3-4))
  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““CALL THOU (invite all mankind] unto thy Sustainer's pathCALL THOU (invite all mankind] unto thy Sustainer's path with wisdom (with wisdom (AL-AL-HHIKMAHIKMAH) and goodly exhortation, and) and goodly exhortation, and argue with them in the most kindly manner- for, behold,argue with them in the most kindly manner- for, behold, thy Sustainer knows best as to who strays from His path,thy Sustainer knows best as to who strays from His path, and best knows He as to who are the right-guided.”and best knows He as to who are the right-guided.” ((Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 125Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 125))
  9. 9. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““And thus have We willed you to be a community of theAnd thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way (middle way (UMMATAN WASOTANUMMATAN WASOTAN) [i.e. justly balanced], so) [i.e. justly balanced], so that [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truththat [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truth before all mankind (before all mankind (SHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAASSHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAAS) , and the) , and the Messenger as a witness over you.“Messenger as a witness over you.“ ((Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143))
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) It is unfortunate that today, people and even many MuslimsIt is unfortunate that today, people and even many Muslims themselves are merely “themselves are merely “learning Al- Islam or sciences related to Islamlearning Al- Islam or sciences related to Islam as subjectsas subjects” within the secular educational system, whereas we are” within the secular educational system, whereas we are supposed to “supposed to “subject ourselves to Islamsubject ourselves to Islam.”.” Those Muslims who are aware, would extricate and re-orientateThose Muslims who are aware, would extricate and re-orientate themselves from this predicament by seeking the traditional orthemselves from this predicament by seeking the traditional or Prophetic approach, making its principles, aims and objective as theProphetic approach, making its principles, aims and objective as the dominant philosophy for their life-long education.dominant philosophy for their life-long education. Our education should be linked to theOur education should be linked to the raison d'etreraison d'etre of our existence,of our existence, our entire life in this world, as a prelude to the eternal life in hereafter.our entire life in this world, as a prelude to the eternal life in hereafter.
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  13. 13. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  14. 14. And (remember) when thy Lord drew forth from the Children ofAnd (remember) when thy Lord drew forth from the Children of Adam― from their loins― their descendants, and made themAdam― from their loins― their descendants, and made them testify concerning themselves, (saying):testify concerning themselves, (saying): ""Am I not your LordAm I not your Lord ((ROBBROBB-Who cherishes and sustains-Who cherishes and sustains you)?“― They said:you)?“― They said: "Yea! we do testify!“"Yea! we do testify!“ (This), lest ye should say on the(This), lest ye should say on the Day of JudgmentDay of Judgment: "of this we: "of this we were unaware.”were unaware.” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  16. 16. ““ I have only created jinns and menI have only created jinns and men, that they may serve, that they may serve ((worshipworship) Me –) Me – LIYA’-BU-DUUNLIYA’-BU-DUUN. No sustenance do I require. No sustenance do I require of them nor do I require that they should feed Me. Forof them nor do I require that they should feed Me. For Allah is He Who gives (all) Sustenance― Lord of Power,Allah is He Who gives (all) Sustenance― Lord of Power, Steadfast (forever).”Steadfast (forever).” ((Qur’an: Dzaariyat : 51: 56-58Qur’an: Dzaariyat : 51: 56-58)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  17. 17. The innermost purpose of the creation of all rational beings isThe innermost purpose of the creation of all rational beings is their cognition (their cognition (ma’rifahma’rifah) of the existence of God and, hence, their) of the existence of God and, hence, their conscious willingness to conform their own existence to whateverconscious willingness to conform their own existence to whatever they perceive of His will and plan :they perceive of His will and plan : It is this two-fold concept “It is this two-fold concept “cognition and willingnesscognition and willingness” that gives” that gives the deepest meaning to what the Qur’an describes as ”the deepest meaning to what the Qur’an describes as ”worshipworship”” ((‘ibadah‘ibadah) ….) …. ((Muhammad Asad @Leopold Weiss – “Message of the Qur’an”Muhammad Asad @Leopold Weiss – “Message of the Qur’an”)) ACKNOWLEDGEMENT AND SUBMISSION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  18. 18. ““The verse that follows shows, this spiritual call (“The verse that follows shows, this spiritual call (“worshipworship”) does”) does not arise from any supposed “not arise from any supposed “needneed” on the part of the Creator,” on the part of the Creator, Who is self-sufficient and infinite in His power, but is designed asWho is self-sufficient and infinite in His power, but is designed as an instrument for the inner development of the worshipper, who,an instrument for the inner development of the worshipper, who, by the act of his conscious self-surrender to the all-pervadingby the act of his conscious self-surrender to the all-pervading Creative Will, may hope to come closer to an understanding of theCreative Will, may hope to come closer to an understanding of the Will and, thus, closer to God Himself.”Will and, thus, closer to God Himself.” ((Muhammad Asad @Leopold Weiss – “Message of the Qur’an”Muhammad Asad @Leopold Weiss – “Message of the Qur’an”)) ACKNOWLEDGEMENT AND SUBMISSION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  20. 20. ““O mankindO mankind, worship your Lord (, worship your Lord (A’-BUDUU-ROB-BAKUMA’-BUDUU-ROB-BAKUM), who), who created you and those before you, that you may becomecreated you and those before you, that you may become righteous (or god-fearing -righteous (or god-fearing - TAT-TA-QUUUNTAT-TA-QUUUN) -) - [He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky[He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought fortha ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allahthereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allah equalsequals** while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].”while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].” ((Qur’an:Baqarah: 2: 21-22Qur’an:Baqarah: 2: 21-22)) * Others as partners; rivals, associates, etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  21. 21. ““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refersArabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lordto the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there isSustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah.none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  22. 22. ““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaning “Arabic name meaning “thethe Praised OnePraised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet,”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaitedthe servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be noSeal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.more prophet sent. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  23. 23. IIMANIIMAN BeliefBelief FaithFaith ConvictionConviction IHSANIHSAN Best orBest or RighteousRighteous ConductConduct ‘‘AMALAMAL [Islam][Islam] SubmissionSubmission ObedienceObedience PracticePractice Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith isFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANTogether, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionThus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  24. 24. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  25. 25. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) "Many are the Jinns (spirits) and men We have"Many are the Jinns (spirits) and men We have made for Hell:made for Hell: They have hearts (QULUB) wherewith theyThey have hearts (QULUB) wherewith they understand not, eyes (A’-YUUN) wherewith theyunderstand not, eyes (A’-YUUN) wherewith they see not, and ears (U-DZUNUN) wherewith theysee not, and ears (U-DZUNUN) wherewith they hear not.hear not. They are like cattle,- nay more misguided: for theyThey are like cattle,- nay more misguided: for they are heedless (of warning)."are heedless (of warning)." (( Qur’an : A'raf: 7 :179Qur’an : A'raf: 7 :179 ))
  26. 26. ““Invite (call all mankind) to the way of your Lord with wisdomInvite (call all mankind) to the way of your Lord with wisdom ((AL-AL-HHIKMAHIKMAH) and good instruction () and good instruction (MAU-’IZAH-AL-MAU-’IZAH-AL-HHASANAHASANAH),), and argue with them in a way that is best (and argue with them in a way that is best (JAA-DIL-HUM BIL-LATIJAA-DIL-HUM BIL-LATI – HIYA-A– HIYA-AHHSANSAN).”).” ((Qur’an: Nahlu: 16: 125Qur’an: Nahlu: 16: 125)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  27. 27. "And"And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast nodo not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledgeknowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them -them - will be called to accountwill be called to account for it (on Judgement Day)."for it (on Judgement Day)." ((Qur’an: Bani Israil : 17 :36Qur’an: Bani Israil : 17 :36)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) As worship –As worship – ‘IBADAH‘IBADAH -entails “acknowledgement and submission”,-entails “acknowledgement and submission”, knowing the Truth and Reality must lead to ‘deeds-action’ which affirmsknowing the Truth and Reality must lead to ‘deeds-action’ which affirms and manifest that which we hold to be True.and manifest that which we hold to be True. Therefore withTherefore with IIMANIIMAN (Faith) we are to manifest(Faith) we are to manifest ‘‘AMALAMAL (practice). For(practice). For this, we need guideline, rules and laws, conforming to a clear purpose inthis, we need guideline, rules and laws, conforming to a clear purpose in our life and how to attain them.our life and how to attain them. Precisely, we Muslims have been given the “Precisely, we Muslims have been given the “way, or pathway, or path” technically” technically termed as, thetermed as, the SHARI’AHSHARI’AH – commonly known as “– commonly known as “the Islamicthe Islamic LawLaw.”.”
  29. 29. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH” REMEMBER THIS LESSON IN REMEMBER THIS LESSON IN PREVIOUS INTERMEDIATE COURSE PREVIOUS INTERMEDIATE COURSE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  30. 30.  The primary concern of the Shari’ah can be summed up, generally as : “(towards ensuring a better life by) providing “maslahat ” (benefits) and the removal of “mafsadah ” (harm) for mankind.” EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  31. 31.  Thus the Shari’ah laws are there to firstly preserve the basic rights :  Dharuriyyah: “the essential rights of mankind.” This can be said to be Islam’s stipulations of basic human rights - which the purpose of any legislative philosophy should uphold. Yet, because Shari’ah is based on Divinely revealed principles , clearly established and documented, it cannot be repealed anymore, like the man made legislative system. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  32. 32.  The five important essentials (human rights) which it seeks toThe five important essentials (human rights) which it seeks to preserve are:preserve are: 1.1. right of religionright of religion,, 2.2. right to life,right to life, 3.3. right to proper use of the intellect,right to proper use of the intellect, 4.4. right to ownership of property,right to ownership of property, 5.5. right of progeny (including preservation of honour andright of progeny (including preservation of honour and dignity).dignity). DharuriyyahDharuriyyah: the essential rights of mankind.: the essential rights of mankind. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  33. 33.  Not only does the Shari’ah laws are there to preserve these basic rights, it goes even beyond mere essentials but includes catering to related human needs (Haa-jiat) :  Haa-jiat : “the needs of mankind.” The needs are those requirements attached to the essential rights as mentioned above. Thus, it provides a wide and dynamic scope for jurists to extend and include considerations for changing circumstances of human life. Haa-jiatHaa-jiat: the needs of mankind.: the needs of mankind. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  34. 34. TaTahhsiniyyatsiniyyat: the perfection in well-being.: the perfection in well-being. Not merely the essential and needs, the Shari’ah even strive towards the ultimate betterment, termed:  Tahsiniyyat : the perfection of mankind’s well-being. The perfection of man’s life are those which society is enjoined by Islam to aspire to, which can be summed up into two broad categories: MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ MAHAASIN AL-’AADAH EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  35. 35. MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ:: ““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens”  As the aim in legislation is to ensure well-being of society, Islam’s fundamental focus is also towards the actualizing of the goodness in man through: ISLAH ‘reform’ or ‘rehabilitation’ of its citizen towards noble ethical virtues, without which the ‘goodness’ of any law would be worthless - as it can never be manifested in society. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  36. 36. MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ:: ““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens”  Thus, the educative (element) of the Prophet’s implementation of Shari’ah upon the citizens must never be overlooked, lest it become dry legalism - enforcement lacking compassion and autocratic – which is opposed to how the Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. had taught and had successfully established (SUNNAH) to the first generation amongst our pious predecessors . Allah SWT recorded praises regarding his exemplary approach: EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  37. 37. MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ:: ““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens” EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  38. 38. MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ:: ““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens” ““It is part of the Mercy of Allah that thou dost dealIt is part of the Mercy of Allah that thou dost deal gently with them. Wert thou severe or harsh-heartedgently with them. Wert thou severe or harsh-hearted they would have broken away from about thee; so passthey would have broken away from about thee; so pass over (their faults), and ask for (Allah's) forgiveness forover (their faults), and ask for (Allah's) forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs (of moment). Thenthem; and consult them in affairs (of moment). Then when thou hast taken a decision, put thy trust in Allah.when thou hast taken a decision, put thy trust in Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).”For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:159Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:159)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  39. 39. MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ:: ““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens” ““Ye are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining whatYe are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah.”is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah.” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 110Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 110)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  40. 40. MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ:: ““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens” ''Verily, in the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad) you have a good example (USWATUN HASANAH) for everyone who looks forward (with hopes and awes) to Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah unceasingly''. (Qur'an: Al Ahzab 33:21) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  41. 41. MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ:: ““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens” EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH” ““ Say (O Muhammad):Say (O Muhammad): ""If ye do love Allah, (FAT-TA-BI-’UU-NEE)If ye do love Allah, (FAT-TA-BI-’UU-NEE) follow mefollow me : Allah will love you and forgive you your sins; for: Allah will love you and forgive you your sins; for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.“Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.“ ”.”. ((Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 31)Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 31) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  42. 42. MAKARIM AL-AKHLAQMAKARIM AL-AKHLAQ:: ““the nobility of character of citizens”the nobility of character of citizens” “And thou (Muhammad) standest on an exalted standard of character (KHULU-QIN – ‘AZEEM).” (Qur’an: al-Qalam: 68:4) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  43. 43. MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH:: ““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”  As to these (perfecting life-style and customs by making available all that which benefits society) – the Shari’ah must aim to affect positively to the customs and life-style in others based upon universal moral value inherent in all religion or humane , so that life can be an expression of praising and glorification of God. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  44. 44. MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH:: ““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style”  The right or freedom to choose religion being upheld, does not prevent positive interaction amongst various people of different race or religion to be done. Islamic Da’wah (call, invitation or propagation) is most effectively done , by providing a practical examples. Even if others do not accept to embrace Islam, it wish to share the universal human morality inherent in people so that life becomes better if not the best. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  45. 45. MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH:: ““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style” ““There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the RightThere is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path.”Path has become distinct from the wrong path.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  46. 46. MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH:: ““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style” EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  47. 47. MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH:: ““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style” ““Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and the givingAllah commands justice, the doing of good, and the giving to kith and kin (their dues), and He forbids all shamefulto kith and kin (their dues), and He forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion: He instructs you, that yedeeds, and injustice and rebellion: He instructs you, that ye may receive admonition.”may receive admonition.” ((Qur’an: Nahlu: 16: 90Qur’an: Nahlu: 16: 90)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  48. 48. MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH:: ““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style” EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  49. 49. MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH:: ““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style” ““So set thou thy face steadily and truly to the faith:So set thou thy face steadily and truly to the faith: (establish) Allah's handiwork(establish) Allah's handiwork according to the patternaccording to the pattern onon which He has made mankind:which He has made mankind: no change (let there be) in theno change (let there be) in the work (wrought) by Allah: that is the standard Religionwork (wrought) by Allah: that is the standard Religion: but: but most among mankind understand not.”most among mankind understand not.” ((Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  50. 50. MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH:: ““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style” EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  51. 51. MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH:: ““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style” ““And thus have We willed you to be a community of theAnd thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way (middle way (ummatan wasotanummatan wasotan) [i.e. justly balanced], so) [i.e. justly balanced], so that [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truththat [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truth before all mankind (before all mankind (shuhadaa-a ‘alan-naasshuhadaa-a ‘alan-naas) , and the) , and the Messenger as a witness over you.“Messenger as a witness over you.“ ((Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  52. 52. MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH:: ““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style” EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  53. 53. MAHASIN-AL-’AADAHMAHASIN-AL-’AADAH:: ““perfecting customs or life-style”perfecting customs or life-style” ““Ye are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining whatYe are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah.is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah. If only the People of the Book had faith it were best for them;If only the People of the Book had faith it were best for them; among them are some who have faith, but most of them areamong them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors. “perverted transgressors. “ ((Qur’an: Aali ’Imran: 3: 110Qur’an: Aali ’Imran: 3: 110)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  54. 54. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  55. 55. ““So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth.So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. [Adhere to] the[Adhere to] the FITWRAHFITWRAH (innate nature) of Allah upon(innate nature) of Allah upon which He has created [all] people.which He has created [all] people. No change should thereNo change should there be in the creation of Allah.be in the creation of Allah. That is the correct religion, butThat is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know.”most of the people do not know.” ((Qur’an: Rum : 30: 30Qur’an: Rum : 30: 30)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  56. 56. ““Do they now seek a religion other than prescribed by AllahDo they now seek a religion other than prescribed by Allah even thougheven though all that is in the heavens and the earth is inall that is in the heavens and the earth is in submission to Him - willing or unwillinglysubmission to Him - willing or unwillingly - and to Him all- and to Him all shall return?”shall return?” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 83Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 83)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  57. 57. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IMPORTANT CLARIFICATION
  58. 58. “HALLOWED be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests, since He has the power to will anything: He who has created death as well as life, so that He might put you to a test [and thus show] which of you is best in conduct, and [make you realize that] He alone is almighty, truly forgiving. ” (Qur’an: al-Mulk: 62: 1-2) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  59. 59. ““LET IT NOT deceive theeLET IT NOT deceive thee that those who are bent on denyingthat those who are bent on denying the truth (i.e. unbelievers) seem to bethe truth (i.e. unbelievers) seem to be able to do as theyable to do as they please on earthplease on earth: it is [but] a brief enjoyment, with hell: it is [but] a brief enjoyment, with hell thereafter as their goal - and how vile a resting-place!”thereafter as their goal - and how vile a resting-place!” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 196-197Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 196-197)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  60. 60. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  61. 61. ““Has there not been over Man a long period of Time,Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing--(not even) mentioned?―when he was nothing--(not even) mentioned?― Verily We created Man from a drop of mingledVerily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm,sperm, in order to try himin order to try him: so We gave him (the: so We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight.gifts), of Hearing and Sight. We showed him the Way: whether he (We showed him the Way: whether he (SHAKURSHAKUR)) bebe gratefulgrateful or (or (KAFURKAFUR)) ungratefulungrateful (rests on his will).”(rests on his will).” ((Qur’an: al-Insan (Dahri): 76: 2-3Qur’an: al-Insan (Dahri): 76: 2-3)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  62. 62. Although we may be using the term 'Although we may be using the term 'freedomfreedom'' mutually with the non-Muslims when speaking of rights,mutually with the non-Muslims when speaking of rights, what does it really mean? Is our understanding and theirwhat does it really mean? Is our understanding and their understanding of this term the same? I have written somethingunderstanding of this term the same? I have written something about this in a journal (NUSMS), which I feel is relevant forabout this in a journal (NUSMS), which I feel is relevant for Muslims to understand it, and would like to share it here:Muslims to understand it, and would like to share it here: "" Freedom and freewillFreedom and freewill – what do they mean?” Lest some people– what do they mean?” Lest some people may misconstrue this concept with the notion of “may misconstrue this concept with the notion of “freedomfreedom” in” in the Western sense (thus we find some has mistakenly use thethe Western sense (thus we find some has mistakenly use the Arabic the term “Arabic the term “hur-riyyahhur-riyyah” for ‘” for ‘freewillfreewill’), let us’), let us consider the Islamic perspective on this.consider the Islamic perspective on this. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  63. 63. The meaning of “The meaning of “hurriyyahhurriyyah ” is connected more” is connected more towards the freeing or removing oneself from something, whichtowards the freeing or removing oneself from something, which is constraining him against his will. For a Muslim, to agree to thisis constraining him against his will. For a Muslim, to agree to this Western concept without referring it (i.e. qualifying it) to theWestern concept without referring it (i.e. qualifying it) to the Islamic perspective would be naïve.Islamic perspective would be naïve. The very fact that ‘The very fact that ‘al-Islamal-Islam ’ requires of us Muslims, our’ requires of us Muslims, our submission and obedience to a higher power (Allah and Hissubmission and obedience to a higher power (Allah and His Messenger), we (as Muslims) therefore have already agreed toMessenger), we (as Muslims) therefore have already agreed to be constrained by all its stipulated ideals.be constrained by all its stipulated ideals. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  64. 64. Therefore our agreement to this concept of freedom shouldTherefore our agreement to this concept of freedom should not be like that of the non-Muslims.not be like that of the non-Muslims. Were Muslims to blindly imitate this obsession for freedom (inWere Muslims to blindly imitate this obsession for freedom (in the Western notion) it would imply agreeing to even freeingthe Western notion) it would imply agreeing to even freeing oneself from the loyalty to Islam itself. Such would be termed inoneself from the loyalty to Islam itself. Such would be termed in Islam as rebelliousness (Islam as rebelliousness (‘isw-yaan‘isw-yaan) and it tantamount to a Muslim) and it tantamount to a Muslim renouncing his religion (renouncing his religion (irtidadirtidad i.e. becoming ai.e. becoming a murtadmurtad ).). Na-‘uudzu-bil-laa-hi min dzaa-lik!Na-‘uudzu-bil-laa-hi min dzaa-lik! (We seek refuge with Allah from this)(We seek refuge with Allah from this) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  65. 65. Thus when we ponder deeply upon these two terms i.e.Thus when we ponder deeply upon these two terms i.e. ““freedomfreedom” and “” and “IslamIslam”, in the absence of any qualification, these”, in the absence of any qualification, these would be incompatible terms. Perhaps what we need to clarify iswould be incompatible terms. Perhaps what we need to clarify is that in Islam, we do recognize that within our nature, we do havethat in Islam, we do recognize that within our nature, we do have freedom to make choices i.e.freedom to make choices i.e. a free willa free will. And with it man should. And with it man should assert this right responsibly.assert this right responsibly. We, in Islam advocate “We, in Islam advocate “freedomfreedom” only in the sense of” only in the sense of freewillfreewill here, but not absolute sense of freedom).here, but not absolute sense of freedom). EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  66. 66. According to Professor Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas Founder Director of ISTAC and one of the most prominent Muslim thinkers today, the term “ikhtiyar”, which also include this innate volition to act according to our will, but it delimits the scope of our choice within things which is good or better and does not condone the choosing of what is harmful and wrong. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  67. 67. Interestingly, he argues, the word ‘ikhtiyar’ has ‘khayr’ (good), – ‘akh-yaar’ (better or superior) as the root. Therefore by the exercise of our freewill in the Islamic perspective, it is the freedom for us towards choosing only what is ‘right and good’. Whereas the Western notion of freedom implies that choice is also for the ‘right to’ doing of what is bad and wrong. Thus, for them, individual right and freedom are not delimited and somehow they are even trying to extend it to freedom to self-destruct! Islam does not agree to such notion of freedom. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  68. 68. This confusion in their concept of ‘freedom’ perhaps may account for their ‘iconoclastic’ tendencies towards all traditional value system (ethico-religio), and the obsession of wanting to free themselves from whatever they perceive as constrains. In Islam, our concept of freedom (i.e. the freewill termed as “ikhtiyar”) cannot allow for such anarchic license. It is not a matter of freedom (ikhtiyar) for man to be at liberty to indulge in what is ‘bad and wrong.’ EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  69. 69. Though man may direct this free volition even to indulge in evil and wrong, but to be indulging in these (bad and wrong) would be termed as “zulm” (i.e. meaning one has “committed injustice and oppression” to oneself) and not an act of ‘ikhtiyar’. And since the society is obliged to uphold justice (as a collective social responsibility) and prevent or disallow such things from being done, such restrictions (NAHYUL-MUNKAR) is not at all against personal freedom. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  70. 70. Surely, there must be a limit to what we mean by “freedom”. This distinction is important as more young Muslims now seemed to be attracted to the ‘liberal’ ideas of freedom (as expounded by modernist) and yet they are ignorant of the profound difference in perspective in the meaning of ‘freedom’. Is the ‘freedom’ to be understood in the absolute sense? Surely not! Without clarification on this point, many young Muslims may be led to misconstrue the teachings of Islam, or even agree to the criticism levelled by the Westerners upon it. EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  71. 71. In my discussion with Dr. Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud (ISTAC), he opines that what these Westerners may misperceive in Islamic society “as curtailment of individual freedom” is actually not acts intended to deprive the individuals of their rights, but rather as preventive action from his committing injustice to his own self (and thus saving the individual as well as society from harm)." EXTRACTEED FROM: NUSMS (National University of SingaporeEXTRACTEED FROM: NUSMS (National University of Singapore Muslim Society) Quarterly Journal “The Fount” of June 2001)Muslim Society) Quarterly Journal “The Fount” of June 2001) WaAllaahu - a’lamWaAllaahu - a’lam http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  72. 72. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  73. 73. TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  74. 74. DO YOU HAVE A PRISONER MENTALITY ? TADZKIRAHTADZKIRAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  75. 75. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  76. 76. ““Verily,Verily, Allah does not change men's condition unlessAllah does not change men's condition unless they change their inner selvesthey change their inner selves ((ANFUS -NAFSANFUS -NAFS); and when); and when Allah wills people to suffer evil [in consequence of theirAllah wills people to suffer evil [in consequence of their own evil deeds], there is none who could avert it: forown evil deeds], there is none who could avert it: for they have none who could protect them from Him. “they have none who could protect them from Him. “ ((Qur’an: Ra’ad: 13: 11Qur’an: Ra’ad: 13: 11)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  77. 77. Even though the physical make-up of an individual producesEven though the physical make-up of an individual produces certain dispositions on him, it is by no means true that man hascertain dispositions on him, it is by no means true that man has no choice in the matter and is absolutely compelled to abide byno choice in the matter and is absolutely compelled to abide by the dictates of his physical make-up.the dictates of his physical make-up. On the contrary, since man had the power to choose, he canOn the contrary, since man had the power to choose, he can overcome the dictates of his physical nature through practice andovercome the dictates of his physical nature through practice and effort, and can acquire the disposition of his choice.effort, and can acquire the disposition of his choice. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  78. 78. Of course, it should be admitted that some of thoseOf course, it should be admitted that some of those disposition of mental faculties such as intelligence, memory,disposition of mental faculties such as intelligence, memory, mental agility, and the like, are mostly not alterable.mental agility, and the like, are mostly not alterable. All other dispositions, however, may change according toAll other dispositions, however, may change according to man’s will or left to be formed through habit.man’s will or left to be formed through habit. Unlike animals, human can control his lust, anger and otherUnlike animals, human can control his lust, anger and other emotions and desires, and channel them to edify himself andemotions and desires, and channel them to edify himself and propel himself along the path of perfection and wisdom.propel himself along the path of perfection and wisdom. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  79. 79. ““Verily, We create man in theVerily, We create man in the best conformationbest conformation; and thereafter; and thereafter We reduce him toWe reduce him to the lowest of lowthe lowest of low. excepting only such as attain. excepting only such as attain to faithto faith (IIMAN(IIMAN) and do good works (‘) and do good works (‘AMAL -AMAL - SWSWOLIHATOLIHAT) : and) : and theirs shall be a reward unending!“theirs shall be a reward unending!“ ((Qur’an: at-Tin: 95: 4-6Qur’an: at-Tin: 95: 4-6)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  80. 80. ““This, becauseThis, because Allah would never change the blessings withAllah would never change the blessings with which He has graced a people unless they change their innerwhich He has graced a people unless they change their inner selves (AN-FUSIHIM)selves (AN-FUSIHIM): and [know] that Allah is all-Hearing, all-: and [know] that Allah is all-Hearing, all- Seeing.”Seeing.” ((Qur’an: Al- Anfal : 8:53Qur’an: Al- Anfal : 8:53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  81. 81. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  82. 82. ““Be conscious of Allah (Be conscious of Allah (TAQWATAQWA) wherever you may be, and follow-) wherever you may be, and follow- up whatever misdeeds you may have committed (as reparation) byup whatever misdeeds you may have committed (as reparation) by doing (more) righteous deeds (for these) shall efface them (thedoing (more) righteous deeds (for these) shall efface them (the negative effect of these misdeeds), andnegative effect of these misdeeds), and interact with people in theinteract with people in the best manner of dispositionbest manner of disposition (i.e. adopt a noble character -(i.e. adopt a noble character - AKHLAQAKHLAQ).”).” ((Hadith reported by Tabrani from Abi Dzar r.a.Hadith reported by Tabrani from Abi Dzar r.a.)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  83. 83. Human perfection has many levels. The greater the amount ofHuman perfection has many levels. The greater the amount of self-discipline and effort on the part of the individual, the higherself-discipline and effort on the part of the individual, the higher the level of perfection that he would attain.the level of perfection that he would attain. We stand between two extreme points, the lowest of which isWe stand between two extreme points, the lowest of which is below the level of beasts, and the highest of which surpassesbelow the level of beasts, and the highest of which surpasses even the high station of angels.even the high station of angels. ““ ’’Ilmul AkhlaqIlmul Akhlaq” (science of human disposition) entails” (science of human disposition) entails discussion on these levels of attainment.discussion on these levels of attainment. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  84. 84. Thus scholars regardThus scholars regard ‘Ilmul Akhlaq‘Ilmul Akhlaq as very important andas very important and consider it to be the most exalted and valuable of science; sinceconsider it to be the most exalted and valuable of science; since thethe worth of any science is directly related to the worth of theworth of any science is directly related to the worth of the subjectsubject with which it is concerned.with which it is concerned. The subject inThe subject in ‘Ilmul Akhlaq‘Ilmul Akhlaq being “being “HumanHuman” and the means” and the means through which he can attain perfection as Human, Islam teachesthrough which he can attain perfection as Human, Islam teaches positively of man’s destiny - whose ultimate purpose of existencepositively of man’s destiny - whose ultimate purpose of existence is to attain perfection through submission to the guidance of Hisis to attain perfection through submission to the guidance of His Creator / Sustainer.Creator / Sustainer. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  85. 85. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  86. 86. ““O mankind! Behold, We have created you all out of a male and a female, andO mankind! Behold, We have created you all out of a male and a female, and have made you into nations and tribes, so that you might come to know onehave made you into nations and tribes, so that you might come to know one another. Verily,another. Verily, the noblest of you in the sight of Allahthe noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the one who is mostis the one who is most deeply conscious of Him (deeply conscious of Him (TAQWATAQWA). Behold, Allah is all-knowing, all-aware."). Behold, Allah is all-knowing, all-aware." ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49 13Qur’an: Hujurat: 49 13)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  87. 87. ‘Ulama (Islamic scholars) in the past did not consider any of the other fields of learning to be truly independent sciences. They believe that without the science of human disposition (‘Ilmul Ahklaq) which stresses spiritual purification, mastery of other sciences is not only devoid of any value but it would in fact lead to the obstruction of insight and ultimate destruction of those who pursue it. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  88. 88. Thus it has been said: “Knowledge is the thickest of veils!” which prevents man from seeing the real nature of things. In ‘ilm-al-Akhlaq (the science of Human disposition), it entail firstly the removal of accretions, blemishes, and other ‘veils’ which may even require process of ‘unlearning’ – before its adornment with noble traits and disposition. In fact, the ‘Ulama regard adornment of the noble disposition in the person as an indispensible criteria for being learned. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  89. 89. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  90. 90. ““CONSIDER the flight of time! Verily, man is bound to lose himself.CONSIDER the flight of time! Verily, man is bound to lose himself. unless he be of those whounless he be of those who attain to faithattain to faith, and, and do good worksdo good works, and, and enjoin upon one another the keeping toenjoin upon one another the keeping to truthtruth, and enjoin upon, and enjoin upon one anotherone another patiencepatience in adversity.”in adversity.” ((Qur’an: al-Asr’: 103: 1-3Qur’an: al-Asr’: 103: 1-3)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  91. 91. ““DO MEN THINK that on their [mere] saying, “We have attained to faith”,DO MEN THINK that on their [mere] saying, “We have attained to faith”, they will be left to themselves, and will not be put to a test? Yea, indeed,they will be left to themselves, and will not be put to a test? Yea, indeed, We did test those who lived before them; and so, [too, shall be tested theWe did test those who lived before them; and so, [too, shall be tested the people now livingpeople now living: and] most certainly will Allah mark out those who prove: and] most certainly will Allah mark out those who prove themselves true, and most certainly will He mark out those who are lying.themselves true, and most certainly will He mark out those who are lying. ((Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 2-3Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 2-3)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  92. 92. ““And [remember the time] when your Sustainer made [thisAnd [remember the time] when your Sustainer made [this promise] known: 'If you arepromise] known: 'If you are gratefulgrateful [to Me], I shall most[to Me], I shall most certainly give you more and more; but if you arecertainly give you more and more; but if you are ungratefulungrateful, verily, My chastisement will be severe indeed!", verily, My chastisement will be severe indeed!" ((Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 7Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 7)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  93. 93. Islamic development entails the forging of relationshipIslamic development entails the forging of relationship between ourselves and our Maker, Who will guide us in ourbetween ourselves and our Maker, Who will guide us in our relationship with others.relationship with others. Thus the awareness of Allah (inThus the awareness of Allah (in TAUTAUHHEEDEED) brings to mind our) brings to mind our own position as the created beings of Allah. Everything that weown position as the created beings of Allah. Everything that we have are bestowals from Allah, the Most Gracious. Therefore, forhave are bestowals from Allah, the Most Gracious. Therefore, for successful development, the key factor according to Allah is thesuccessful development, the key factor according to Allah is the sense of gratefulness, termed as “sense of gratefulness, termed as “SHAKURSHAKUR”.”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  94. 94. FROM: BASIC FARDHU ‘AINFROM: BASIC FARDHU ‘AIN All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  95. 95. The key toThe key to succeed in this life-test assucceed in this life-test as well as to deservewell as to deserve achieving further increaseachieving further increase of bestowals from Allah.of bestowals from Allah. yet how does one becomeyet how does one become grateful? What are thegrateful? What are the important criteria?important criteria? 1.1. Acknowledge and extol praises ofAcknowledge and extol praises of the true giver, Allah Who alone isthe true giver, Allah Who alone is God, the Bestower of all favours.God, the Bestower of all favours. 2.2. Learn the value of what is given,Learn the value of what is given, do not take any of these favoursdo not take any of these favours for granted. Bring to mind andfor granted. Bring to mind and speak about it.speak about it. 3.3. Utilize what is given in accordanceUtilize what is given in accordance to what may please the Giver (i.e.to what may please the Giver (i.e. do not abuse the gift), so as not todo not abuse the gift), so as not to cause His wrath to befall us.cause His wrath to befall us. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) EXTRACTS FROM PREVIOUS MODULE “BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
  96. 96. Gratefulness requires the acknowledgement to Allah of theGratefulness requires the acknowledgement to Allah of the gifts being given, knowing its worth and fulfilling its potential bygifts being given, knowing its worth and fulfilling its potential by utilising them according to His Guidance.utilising them according to His Guidance. Our entire creation, our Self (Our entire creation, our Self (NafsNafs), our life-time sojourn in), our life-time sojourn in this world, and all its inherent potentialities and opportunity, etcthis world, and all its inherent potentialities and opportunity, etc requires our immediate attention and consideration.requires our immediate attention and consideration. This – “This – “striving to become endowed with gratefulnessstriving to become endowed with gratefulness” - is” - is essential inessential in ‘Ilmul Akhlaq‘Ilmul Akhlaq.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  97. 97. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  98. 98. “Verily, We did offer the trust [of reason and volition] to the heavens, and the earth, and the mountains: but they refused to bear it because they were afraid of it. Yet man took it up - for, verily, he has always been prone to be most wicked (unjust), most foolish.“ (Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 72) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  99. 99. ““YEA, INDEED, [O men,] We have given you a [bountiful]YEA, INDEED, [O men,] We have given you a [bountiful] place on earth, and appointed thereon means of livelihoodplace on earth, and appointed thereon means of livelihood for youfor you: [yet] how seldom are you grateful!: [yet] how seldom are you grateful! ““ ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 10Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 10)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  100. 100. Our ignorance, or rather curiosity (Our ignorance, or rather curiosity (the realization that we dothe realization that we do not know somethingnot know something) which basically prepares us for knowledge) which basically prepares us for knowledge can be detrimental if we do not want to acknowledge it withcan be detrimental if we do not want to acknowledge it with humility and seek to learn and be educated.humility and seek to learn and be educated. We may be guilty of havingWe may be guilty of having ““Compound IgnoranceCompound Ignorance”,”, JAHIL - MURAKAB -JAHIL - MURAKAB - which is characterised by ourwhich is characterised by our unwillingness to be developed, always thinking that we alreadyunwillingness to be developed, always thinking that we already know, but in actual fact, we don’t. In other words t is “know, but in actual fact, we don’t. In other words t is “ignoranceignorance compounded with self-conceited arrogancecompounded with self-conceited arrogance””.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  101. 101. With this, we become cynical of others, and often rebelWith this, we become cynical of others, and often rebel towards the advise and the Guidance from Allah s.w.t. , Histowards the advise and the Guidance from Allah s.w.t. , His Messenger s.a.w. , our parents and teachers, - which are meantMessenger s.a.w. , our parents and teachers, - which are meant for our own good.for our own good. We have a dislike for being dictated by Allah and HisWe have a dislike for being dictated by Allah and His Messenger (S.A.A.W) refusing to acknowledge that it is Allah’sMessenger (S.A.A.W) refusing to acknowledge that it is Allah’s Sovereignty over our lives to prevail.Sovereignty over our lives to prevail. Who do we think we are?! How we have taken many thingsWho do we think we are?! How we have taken many things about ourselves for granted, without the true realisation.about ourselves for granted, without the true realisation. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  102. 102. Who are we actually? When we say “I”, who is this “I? In theWho are we actually? When we say “I”, who is this “I? In the Qur’an, Allah in addressing us directly uses the term “Qur’an, Allah in addressing us directly uses the term “NafsNafs” (self)” (self) or the plural form “or the plural form “AnfusAnfus”, and directs us to see the many”, and directs us to see the many wondrous signs.wondrous signs. Each one of us is a “Each one of us is a “NafsNafs”, but the state of this “”, but the state of this “NafsNafs” differ” differ from people to people, or from time to time. It can either be leftfrom people to people, or from time to time. It can either be left corrupted or be purified and adorned with noble disposition.corrupted or be purified and adorned with noble disposition. In ‘In ‘Ilmul AhklaqIlmul Ahklaq, it usually begins with a deeper, it usually begins with a deeper understanding of the nature and state of our “understanding of the nature and state of our “NafsNafs”.”. WaAllaahu - a’lamWaAllaahu - a’lam All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  103. 103. ““O you who have believed, persevere (O you who have believed, persevere (ISWBIRUISWBIRU) and) and ((SWOBIRUSWOBIRU) endure and remain stationed () endure and remain stationed (ROBITWUROBITWU) and be) and be (conscious and) fear Allah ((conscious and) fear Allah (TAQWATAQWA) that you may be) that you may be successful (successful (MUFLIMUFLIHHUNUN).”).” ((Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran: 3: 200Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran: 3: 200)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  104. 104. ““That home of the Hereafter (Paradise) We assign itThat home of the Hereafter (Paradise) We assign it exclusively to those who do not desire exaltedness uponexclusively to those who do not desire exaltedness upon the earth nor corruption. And the [best] outcome is forthe earth nor corruption. And the [best] outcome is for the righteous (the righteous (MUTTAQEENMUTTAQEEN)”)” ((Qur’an : Qasas: 28: 83Qur’an : Qasas: 28: 83)) TO BE CONTINUED – INSHA-ALLAHTO BE CONTINUED – INSHA-ALLAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  105. 105. IMPORTANT DU’AIMPORTANT DU’A ALLAA-HUM-MA – ARI-NAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QAN WAR- ZUQ-NAT - TI-BAA- ’A WA-ARI-NAL – BAA-TWILA – BAA-TWI-LAAN WAR-ZUQ-NAJ – TI –NAA - BAH ““O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be trueO Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us ability to follow it.and grant us ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false andAnd make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  106. 106. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 106All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))

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