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““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu...
(The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam)
FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BY
USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE...
““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refersArabic proper noun; name for God, it refers
to the One and On...
““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaning “Arabic name meaning “thethe
Praised OnePraised One”; he is ...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
“Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five
things:things:
Bear witness that thereBear witness ...
“Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five
things:things:
And to establishAnd to establish
Swo...
“Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five
things:things:
And to pay the ZakahAnd to pay the Z...
“Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five
things:things:
And to makeAnd to make
pilgrimage (H...
“Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five
things:things:
And to observe fastingAnd to observe...
.....“Tell me about
iiman (Faith/Belief)”
(Belief) iiman is that(Belief) iiman is that
you:you:
Solemnly believe in Allah;...
........ “ Tell me........ “ Tell me
about ‘about ‘Al-IhsanAl-Ihsan’-’-
(the Best or(the Best or
Righteous conduct orRight...
IIMANIIMAN
BeliefBelief
FaithFaith
ConvictionConviction
IHSANIHSAN
Best orBest or
RighteousRighteous
ConductConduct
‘‘AMAL...
THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO
THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALL...
IIMANIIMAN is “Belief or Faith” to something beyond sense
perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb” meaning “the
unseen”.
It is ...
Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind
acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or
...
"And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou"And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou
hast no knowledge: ve...
Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere
blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e.
Believe or ...
(The Detailed Belief)(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman“Al-iiman is that you:is that you:
 Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnl...
(The Detailed Belief)(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman“Al-iiman is that you:is that you:
 Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnl...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO
THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALL...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
"In (with) the Name of Allah, the Most
Compassionate, the Most Merciful."
(Qur'an: Al-Fatiha: 1: 1)
All Rights Reserved© Z...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
"QUL – HU-WALLAA - HU- A"QUL – HU-WALLAA - HU- AHHAD,AD,
ALLAA-HUS –ALLAA-HUS – SwSwO - MAD,O - MAD,
LAM-YA-LID – WA –LAM ...
"No vision can encompass Him,"No vision can encompass Him,
whereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone iswhereas He en...
"There is nothing like unto Him"There is nothing like unto Him**, and yet He alone is all-, and yet He alone is all-
heari...
Holy Prophet MuhammadHoly Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.ws.a.a.w. have said:. have said:
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismai...
Holy Prophet MuhammadHoly Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.s.a.a.w. have said:have said:
"(To know Allah) Think and reflect upon
A...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““And yet,And yet, some people choose to worship certain earthlysome people choose to worship certain earthly
things or be...
When we know that there can be only One God, Who is the Unique, theWhen we know that there can be only One God, Who is the...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
The term “ “ pronounce ‘The term “ “ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ –’ –
means “means “partner; associate; one who shares; etcpart...
The term “ “ pronounce ‘The term “ “ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ –’ –
means “means “partner; associate; one who shares; etcpart...
It is only “It is only “ SHIRKSHIRK”” when a person:when a person:
[1][1] who in his belief, regards other being or entity...
It is indeed true when a learned scholar said:It is indeed true when a learned scholar said:
“ ““ “ SHIRKSHIRK is an intel...
A person’s beliefA person’s belief may generally be presumedmay generally be presumed to beto be
adhering to the creed (re...
One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of
the true ...
One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of
the true ...
One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of
the true ...
One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of
the true ...
One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of
the true ...
One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of
the true ...
Thus, Muslims mustThus, Muslims must avoid blindly imitatingavoid blindly imitating others inothers in
matters of belief (...
ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN
AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA –
A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA –
...
ASMA’ WA-SIFATASMA’ WA-SIFAT
TO CONTINUETO CONTINUE
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
""AllahAllah is He, whom there is no other god;is He, whom there is no other god;
(‘(‘AALIM AL-GHAYBI WAS-SHAHAADAAALIM AL...
""AllahAllah is He, whom there is no other god; (is He, whom there is no other god; (AL-MAALIKAL-MAALIK))
the Sovereign, (...
"Glory be to"Glory be to AllahAllah! (High is He) above the! (High is He) above the
partners they attribute to Him.“partne...
"He is Allah! (AL-KHAALIQ) The Creator,
(AL-BAA-RI-U) the Evolver,
(AL-MUSAW-WIR) the Bestower of forms (and
colours) – to...
"Whatever is in the heavens or on Earth,
both declare His Praise and Glory:
for He alone is almighty, truly wise!!“
(Qur'a...
"And if my servants ask you concerning Me – behold,"And if my servants ask you concerning Me – behold, I am nearI am near;...
““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu...
"Say: '[Thus speaks Allah] O you servants of Mine who have"Say: '[Thus speaks Allah] O you servants of Mine who have
trans...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““AndAnd return [in repentance] to your Lord and submit to Him (AS-return [in repentance] to your Lord and submit to Him (...
There is no such thing
as the Original Sin…
Because to us
God (Allah)
is Most Just
Ever-forgiving
and Most Merciful
All Ri...
"That"That no bearer of burdens shall be made to bearno bearer of burdens shall be made to bear
another's burdenanother's ...
Our question to them :Our question to them : Is original sinIs original sin
compatible with standards of God’s justicecomp...
“But the wicked will turn from all his sins that
he hath committed, and keep all my statutes
and do that which is lawful a...
Man was placed on earth
in the hole - condemned
THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem
him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement)
Man was placed on earth
in ...
Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem
him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement)
Man was placed on earth
in ...
Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem
him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement)
Man was placed on earth
in ...
Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem
him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement)
Man was placed on earth
in ...
Because to us
God (Allah)
Has already forgiven
Adam and Hawa
There is no such thing as
the Original Sin… also
All Rights R...
“They (Adam and Hawa) said, "Our Lord, we have
wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have
mercy upon us, we ...
““Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words,Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words,
andand He accepted his repe...
"No vision can encompass Him whereas He"No vision can encompass Him whereas He
encompasses all vision : for He is (encompa...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
"That no bearer of burdens shall be made to bear"That no bearer of burdens shall be made to bear
another's burden; and nau...
This is one of the traditional approaches inThis is one of the traditional approaches in
ensuring the understanding of att...
TO DISTINGUISHTO DISTINGUISH
ALLAH’S EXISTENCEALLAH’S EXISTENCE
FROM THAT OF CREATIONFROM THAT OF CREATION
AND MUSLIMS’ UN...
"No vision can encompass Him,"No vision can encompass Him,
whereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone iswhereas He en...
"There is nothing like unto Him"There is nothing like unto Him**, and yet He alone is all-, and yet He alone is all-
heari...
79
Thus, even the "Thus, even the "howhow " of His being "" of His being "differentdifferent" from" from
everything else i...
80
Thus, even the "Thus, even the "howhow " of His being "" of His being "differentdifferent" from everything" from everyt...
 In man’s reliance upon rationalising to understand the ‘nature’In man’s reliance upon rationalising to understand the ‘n...
 Islamic scholars responded by stipulating the ‘criteria’ orIslamic scholars responded by stipulating the ‘criteria’ or
g...
““.. in it (Al-Qur’an) are.. in it (Al-Qur’an) are AAYAT MUAAYAT MUHHKAMATKAMAT - verses- verses
basic or fundamental (of ...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
“But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part
thereof that is not of well-established meaning (AAYAT
MUTASHAABI...
ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
* Attributing human forms or personalities to Allah.Attributing human forms or personalities to Allah.
ADDITIONAL NOTESADD...
 There are countless ways to verify the existence of God. WhenThere are countless ways to verify the existence of God. Wh...
 Our understanding of “Our understanding of “existenceexistence” must be differentiated when” must be differentiated when...
 As our understanding of “existence” must be differentiated when
applied to God, therefore secondly, Allah alone is Absol...
 Muslim holds the belief that we cannot attribute to Allah similarMuslim holds the belief that we cannot attribute to All...
 Men’s tendencies towards anthropomorphic attributions to God isMen’s tendencies towards anthropomorphic attributions to ...
 In our understanding Allah - His attributes (In our understanding Allah - His attributes (sifaatsifaat ), His Names), Hi...
 Certainly Allah is all-powerful. Thus, we regard as absurdity forCertainly Allah is all-powerful. Thus, we regard as abs...
 Certainly Allah possesses ‘Will’. Thus, we regard as absurdity forCertainly Allah possesses ‘Will’. Thus, we regard as a...
 Certainly Allah is all-knowing. Thus, we regard as absurdity forCertainly Allah is all-knowing. Thus, we regard as absur...
 Certainly Allah is the Ever-Living. Thus, we regard as absurdity
for any one to entertain the assertion of God who is de...
 Certainly Allah is all-Hearing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for
any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as...
 Certainly Allah is All-Seeing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for anyCertainly Allah is All-Seeing. Thus, we regard as abs...
 Certainly Allah possesses Speech. Thus, we regard as absurdityCertainly Allah possesses Speech. Thus, we regard as absur...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
Say, "O disbelievers,Say, "O disbelievers, I do not worship what you worshipI do not worship what you worship. Nor are. No...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
““ He is (He is (AL-HAYUAL-HAYU) the Ever-Living; there is no deity except) the Ever-Living; there is no deity except
Him,...
 Difference between the terms:Difference between the terms:
““The DivineThe Divine” – that Supreme Being, acknowledged by...
““Say: ‘Say: ‘O People of the Book (Scripture)! Exceed not in your religionO People of the Book (Scripture)! Exceed not in...
Say: O People of the Scripture! Come to a common word between usSay: O People of the Scripture! Come to a common word betw...
““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON
ISLAM”ISLAM”
Extracted from:
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOS...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
ALL RELIGION TEACH GOOD AND ALL LEADS TO THE SAME
GOD
JESUS SAID HE IS TH...
““There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped)There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped)
except Allexc...
TO BE CONTINUED –TO BE CONTINUED –
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
THE SECOND ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGINGTHE SECOND ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING
THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TH...
http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/
http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introduct...
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[Slideshare] fardh'ain(august-2014-batch)#4(arkaan-ul-iiman-believe-in allah)-26-september-2014

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[Slideshare] fardh'ain(august-2014-batch)#4(arkaan-ul-iiman-believe-in allah)-26-september-2014

  1. 1. ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED 26 SEPTEMBER 2014UPDATED 26 SEPTEMBER 2014 20 weekly class started from: 15 AUGUST 2014 Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim BATCH # 12 - AUGUST 2014 INTAKEBATCH # 12 - AUGUST 2014 INTAKE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL LESSON # 4 LESSON # 4 ““ARKAAN AL-IIMAN”ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” Articles of Faith / BeliefArticles of Faith / Belief BELIEVE IN ALLAHBELIEVE IN ALLAH
  2. 2. (The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam) FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOKLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK ““Beginners’ Manual on IslamBeginners’ Manual on Islam”” 2 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  3. 3. ““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refersArabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lordto the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – thereSustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah.is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  4. 4. ““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaning “Arabic name meaning “thethe Praised OnePraised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet,”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaitedthe servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be noSeal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.more prophet sent. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  6. 6. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: Bear witness that thereBear witness that there is none deserving ofis none deserving of worship except Allah,worship except Allah, and that Muhammad isand that Muhammad is His servant andHis servant and Messenger.Messenger. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  7. 7. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to establishAnd to establish Swolah (the obligatorySwolah (the obligatory five daily worship orfive daily worship or specific devotion).specific devotion). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  8. 8. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to pay the ZakahAnd to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon(obligatory tax upon the wealth).the wealth). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  9. 9. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to makeAnd to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to thepilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba inHouse (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you areMakkah) if you are able.able. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  10. 10. “Tell me about Islam” Islam is built upon fiveIslam is built upon five things:things: And to observe fastingAnd to observe fasting daily in the month ofdaily in the month of Ramadhan.Ramadhan. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  11. 11. .....“Tell me about iiman (Faith/Belief)” (Belief) iiman is that(Belief) iiman is that you:you: Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnly believe in Allah; His angels;His angels; His Books,His Books, His Messengers;His Messengers; In the Afterlife;In the Afterlife; In the Decree, the good &In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (thebad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of)eternal knowledge of) Allah;Allah; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  12. 12. ........ “ Tell me........ “ Tell me about ‘about ‘Al-IhsanAl-Ihsan’-’- (the Best or(the Best or Righteous conduct orRighteous conduct or Excellence)”Excellence)” ““Al-Ihsan” (excellence)Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is:is: ... That you serve... That you serve (worship) Allah as(worship) Allah as though you see Him,though you see Him, but if you do not seebut if you do not see Him, He (Allah) seesHim, He (Allah) sees you.”you.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  13. 13. IIMANIIMAN BeliefBelief FaithFaith ConvictionConviction IHSANIHSAN Best orBest or RighteousRighteous ConductConduct ‘‘AMALAMAL [Islam][Islam] SubmissionSubmission ObedienceObedience PracticePractice Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith isFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANTogether, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionThus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  14. 14. THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHHEED)EED) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL ELUCIDATION OF : All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  15. 15. IIMANIIMAN is “Belief or Faith” to something beyond sense perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb” meaning “the unseen”. It is derived from the root word “ ” which also means “safety, peace, security, protection” It denote: “certainty of the ultimate truth”, adherence to it instils sense of “security in him” from doubts, uncertainty, restlessness etc. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  16. 16. Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge (‘ILM‘ILM ). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  17. 17. "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou"And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sighthast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to accountand heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day).“for it (on Judgement Day).“ ((Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36)) Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge (‘ILM‘ILM ). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  18. 18. Yet from Islamic perspective “iiman” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge (‘ILM‘ILM ). Three sources for knowledge: [1] Five sensory perceptions - ; [2] Reasoning - ; [3] True report - ; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  19. 19. (The Detailed Belief)(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman“Al-iiman is that you:is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;His angels;  His Books,His Books,  His Messengers;His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comesIn the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allahfrom (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  20. 20. (The Detailed Belief)(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman“Al-iiman is that you:is that you:  Solemnly believe in Allah;Solemnly believe in Allah;  His angels;His angels;  His Books,His Books,  His Messengers;His Messengers;  In the Afterlife;In the Afterlife;  In the Decree, the good & bad, all comesIn the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allahfrom (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.”Most Exalted.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  22. 22. THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  24. 24. "In (with) the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful." (Qur'an: Al-Fatiha: 1: 1) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  26. 26. "QUL – HU-WALLAA - HU- A"QUL – HU-WALLAA - HU- AHHAD,AD, ALLAA-HUS –ALLAA-HUS – SwSwO - MAD,O - MAD, LAM-YA-LID – WA –LAM – YUU - LAD,LAM-YA-LID – WA –LAM – YUU - LAD, WA-LAM – YAKUN – LA - HUUWA-LAM – YAKUN – LA - HUU KU-FU-AN - AKU-FU-AN - AHHAD"AD" All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  27. 27. "No vision can encompass Him,"No vision can encompass Him, whereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone iswhereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone is unfathomable (latif)unfathomable (latif) **, all-aware.“, all-aware.“ ((Qur’an: An'am: 6: 103Qur’an: An'am: 6: 103)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  28. 28. "There is nothing like unto Him"There is nothing like unto Him**, and yet He alone is all-, and yet He alone is all- hearing, all-seeing.“hearing, all-seeing.“ ((Qur’an: As-Shura 42 : 11Qur’an: As-Shura 42 : 11)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  29. 29. Holy Prophet MuhammadHoly Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.ws.a.a.w. have said:. have said: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  30. 30. Holy Prophet MuhammadHoly Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.s.a.a.w. have said:have said: "(To know Allah) Think and reflect upon Allah's creation and do not try to think of His Essence (Dzat), for you will certainly not be able to comprehend it.“ (Hadith reported by Abu-Shaykh – al Jami’ : 134 Risalah Tauhid) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  32. 32. ““And yet,And yet, some people choose to worship certain earthlysome people choose to worship certain earthly things or beingsthings or beings as deities that [are supposed to] resurrectas deities that [are supposed to] resurrect the dead; and they fail to realize that,the dead; and they fail to realize that, had there been inhad there been in heaven or on earth any other deity besides Allah, bothheaven or on earth any other deity besides Allah, both [those realms] would surely have fallen to ruin![those realms] would surely have fallen to ruin! ButBut limitless in His Glory is Allah, enthroned in His awesomelimitless in His Glory is Allah, enthroned in His awesome almightiness [far] above anything that man can devise byalmightiness [far] above anything that man can devise by way of definition!”way of definition!” ((Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 21-22Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 21-22)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  33. 33. When we know that there can be only One God, Who is the Unique, theWhen we know that there can be only One God, Who is the Unique, the Uncreated Creator, Who is totally different from creations -Uncreated Creator, Who is totally different from creations - the easiestthe easiest and the safest is firstly to deny any possibility of others in existenceand the safest is firstly to deny any possibility of others in existence, to, to be God except Allah.be God except Allah. Errors ofErrors of anthropomorphismanthropomorphism andand pagan misconceptionpagan misconception, where objects in, where objects in creation or imagined, are being regarded as God, or manifestations ofcreation or imagined, are being regarded as God, or manifestations of God (which has occurred even in monotheist religions) - and thus, theseGod (which has occurred even in monotheist religions) - and thus, these are to be denied prior to our affirming Allah as the Divine.are to be denied prior to our affirming Allah as the Divine. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  34. 34. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  35. 35. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  36. 36. The term “ “ pronounce ‘The term “ “ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ –’ – means “means “partner; associate; one who shares; etcpartner; associate; one who shares; etc.”.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of :Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : ““associating or ascribing to Allah, with others as partnersassociating or ascribing to Allah, with others as partners .”.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  37. 37. The term “ “ pronounce ‘The term “ “ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ –’ – means “means “partner; associate; one who shares; etcpartner; associate; one who shares; etc.”.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of :Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : ““associating or ascribing to Allah, with others as partnersassociating or ascribing to Allah, with others as partners .”.” The sin of "The sin of "SHIRKSHIRK “ is in the ‘“ is in the ‘ beliefbelief ’, not merely the’, not merely the ‘‘outward actionoutward action.’.’ NOTE:NOTE: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  38. 38. It is only “It is only “ SHIRKSHIRK”” when a person:when a person: [1][1] who in his belief, regards other being or entity in creation, orwho in his belief, regards other being or entity in creation, or imaginary ‘beings’ conjured in his mind, etc. to be alsoimaginary ‘beings’ conjured in his mind, etc. to be also ‘‘DivineDivine’; or’; or [2][2] belief that they (these creations) have a share in ‘belief that they (these creations) have a share in ‘DivinityDivinity ’’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive attributes;with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive attributes; or His ‘or His ‘union or in-dwellingunion or in-dwelling’ or ‘’ or ‘incarnationincarnation’ in them; etc. or’ in them; etc. or [3][3] to regard any of these as being independent of Allah.to regard any of these as being independent of Allah. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  39. 39. It is indeed true when a learned scholar said:It is indeed true when a learned scholar said: “ ““ “ SHIRKSHIRK is an intellectual sin.”is an intellectual sin.” Just likeJust like TAUTAUHHEEDEED, it deals primarily with ‘, it deals primarily with ‘thoughts orthoughts or cognitioncognition’; i.e. what a person ‘’; i.e. what a person ‘knows and believesknows and believes’’ regarding God or the ‘regarding God or the ‘DivineDivine’ - (the doctrine or theological’ - (the doctrine or theological concept that the person holds in his mind).concept that the person holds in his mind). NOTE:NOTE: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  40. 40. A person’s beliefA person’s belief may generally be presumedmay generally be presumed to beto be adhering to the creed (religion) which he professes toadhering to the creed (religion) which he professes to follow.follow. Thus, unlike non-Muslims, all Muslims are to be regarded asThus, unlike non-Muslims, all Muslims are to be regarded as a “a “MuwaMuwahheedeed”, (upholding”, (upholding TAUTAUHHEEDEED) unless proven to be) unless proven to be otherwise. This is becauseotherwise. This is because he begins by denying any otherhe begins by denying any other to be god before acknowledging Allah, Who Alone is Godto be god before acknowledging Allah, Who Alone is God –– One and Unique without partner nor equal nor rival.One and Unique without partner nor equal nor rival. NOTE:NOTE: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  41. 41. One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of the true knowledge of thisthe true knowledge of this DEENDEEN of Islam in matters ofof Islam in matters of AQEEDAHAQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us:. Allah s.w.t. warns us: NOTE:NOTE: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  42. 42. One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of the true knowledge of thisthe true knowledge of this DEENDEEN of Islam in matters ofof Islam in matters of AQEEDAHAQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us:. Allah s.w.t. warns us: "And"And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast nodo not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledgeknowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day)."them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day)." ((Qur’an: Bani Israil : 17 :36Qur’an: Bani Israil : 17 :36)) NOTE:NOTE: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  43. 43. One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of the true knowledge of thisthe true knowledge of this DEENDEEN of Islam in matters ofof Islam in matters of AQEEDAHAQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us:. Allah s.w.t. warns us: NOTE:NOTE: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  44. 44. One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of the true knowledge of thisthe true knowledge of this DEENDEEN of Islam in matters ofof Islam in matters of AQEEDAHAQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us:. Allah s.w.t. warns us: " Now if you pay" Now if you pay heed (follow) unto the majority of thoseheed (follow) unto the majority of those [who live] on earth[who live] on earth, they will but lead thee astray from the, they will but lead thee astray from the path of Allah: they follow but [other people's]path of Allah: they follow but [other people's] conjecturesconjectures,, and they themselves do nothing butand they themselves do nothing but guessguess."." ((Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 116Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 116)) NOTE:NOTE: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  45. 45. One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of the true knowledge of thisthe true knowledge of this DEENDEEN of Islam in matters ofof Islam in matters of AQEEDAHAQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us:. Allah s.w.t. warns us: NOTE:NOTE: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  46. 46. One of the primary cause leading toOne of the primary cause leading to SHIRKSHIRK is ignorance ofis ignorance of the true knowledge of thisthe true knowledge of this DEENDEEN of Islam in matters ofof Islam in matters of AQEEDAHAQEEDAH. Allah s.w.t. warns us:. Allah s.w.t. warns us: " But when they are told, "" But when they are told, "Follow what Allah has revealedFollow what Allah has revealed" some" some answers, "Nay, we shall follow (only) that which we found ouranswers, "Nay, we shall follow (only) that which we found our forefathers believe in and did." What!forefathers believe in and did." What! even though theireven though their forefathers did not understand anything and had no guidanceforefathers did not understand anything and had no guidance?“?“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 170Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 170)) NOTE:NOTE: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  47. 47. Thus, Muslims mustThus, Muslims must avoid blindly imitatingavoid blindly imitating others inothers in matters of belief (matters of belief (AQEEDAHAQEEDAH) and devotional practices) and devotional practices ((‘IBAADAH‘IBAADAH) related to belief, without basis in Islamic) related to belief, without basis in Islamic knowledge. These kinds of belief, which are untruths toknowledge. These kinds of belief, which are untruths to be avoided are termed:be avoided are termed: - “- “khkhurafaturafat” : superstitions; myths; fables; etc.” : superstitions; myths; fables; etc. -“-“TaTakhkhayyulatayyulat” (pl. From “” (pl. From “tatakhkhayyulayyul”) :”) : imaginations; whims, delusions; fantasies; etcimaginations; whims, delusions; fantasies; etc NOTE:NOTE: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  48. 48. ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins which I do not know.” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la) DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD :DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD : All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  49. 49. ASMA’ WA-SIFATASMA’ WA-SIFAT TO CONTINUETO CONTINUE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  50. 50. ""AllahAllah is He, whom there is no other god;is He, whom there is no other god; (‘(‘AALIM AL-GHAYBI WAS-SHAHAADAAALIM AL-GHAYBI WAS-SHAHAADA) Who) Who knows (all things), both secret and open,knows (all things), both secret and open, He, (He, (AR-RAH-MAANAR-RAH-MAAN) the Most Compassionate,) the Most Compassionate, ((AR-RAHEEMAR-RAHEEM) the Most Merciful.“) the Most Merciful.“ ((Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 22Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 22)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  51. 51. ""AllahAllah is He, whom there is no other god; (is He, whom there is no other god; (AL-MAALIKAL-MAALIK)) the Sovereign, (the Sovereign, (AL-QUD-DUSAL-QUD-DUS) the Holy One, () the Holy One, (AS-SALAAMAS-SALAAM)) the Source of Peace and Perfection, (the Source of Peace and Perfection, (AL-MU’-MEENAL-MU’-MEEN)) the Guardian of faith, (the Guardian of faith, (AL-MUHAY-MEENAL-MUHAY-MEEN) the Preserver of Safety,) the Preserver of Safety, ((AL-’AZIZAL-’AZIZ) the Exalted in Might, () the Exalted in Might, (AL-JAB-BARAL-JAB-BAR) the Irresistible,) the Irresistible, ((AL-MUTAKABBIRAL-MUTAKABBIR) the Supreme.“) the Supreme.“ ((Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 22Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 22)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  52. 52. "Glory be to"Glory be to AllahAllah! (High is He) above the! (High is He) above the partners they attribute to Him.“partners they attribute to Him.“ ((Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 23Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 23)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  53. 53. "He is Allah! (AL-KHAALIQ) The Creator, (AL-BAA-RI-U) the Evolver, (AL-MUSAW-WIR) the Bestower of forms (and colours) – to Him belongs (ASMA-UL-HUSNA) the Most Beautiful (Most Perfect) Names!“ (Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 24) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  54. 54. "Whatever is in the heavens or on Earth, both declare His Praise and Glory: for He alone is almighty, truly wise!!“ (Qur'an: Hashr: 59: 24) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  55. 55. "And if my servants ask you concerning Me – behold,"And if my servants ask you concerning Me – behold, I am nearI am near;; II respond to the call of him who calls Me: let him then respond untorespond to the call of him who calls Me: let him then respond unto Me, and believe in MeMe, and believe in Me, so that they might follow the right way“, so that they might follow the right way“ ((Qur'an: Baqarah: 2: 186Qur'an: Baqarah: 2: 186)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  56. 56. ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Extracted from: IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  57. 57. "Say: '[Thus speaks Allah] O you servants of Mine who have"Say: '[Thus speaks Allah] O you servants of Mine who have transgressed (sinned) against your own selves!transgressed (sinned) against your own selves! Despair not of Allah'sDespair not of Allah's mercymercy: behold,: behold, Allah forgives all sinsAllah forgives all sins – for verily, He alone is much-– for verily, He alone is much- forgiving, a dispenser of Grace!“forgiving, a dispenser of Grace!“ ((Qur'an: Zumar: 39: 53Qur'an: Zumar: 39: 53)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  59. 59. ““AndAnd return [in repentance] to your Lord and submit to Him (AS-return [in repentance] to your Lord and submit to Him (AS- LIMU) before the punishment comes upon youLIMU) before the punishment comes upon you; then you will not be; then you will not be helped.helped. And follow the best of what was revealed to you from your LordAnd follow the best of what was revealed to you from your Lord before the punishment comes upon you suddenly while you do notbefore the punishment comes upon you suddenly while you do not perceive.perceive. Lest a soul should say, "Oh [how great is] my regret over what ILest a soul should say, "Oh [how great is] my regret over what I neglected in regard to Allah and that I was among the mockers.“neglected in regard to Allah and that I was among the mockers.“ ((Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 54-56Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 54-56)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  60. 60. There is no such thing as the Original Sin… Because to us God (Allah) is Most Just Ever-forgiving and Most Merciful All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  61. 61. "That"That no bearer of burdens shall be made to bearno bearer of burdens shall be made to bear another's burdenanother's burden; and naught shall be accounted unto; and naught shall be accounted unto man except what he is striving for; “man except what he is striving for; “ ((Qur'an: Najm: 53: 38Qur'an: Najm: 53: 38)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  62. 62. Our question to them :Our question to them : Is original sinIs original sin compatible with standards of God’s justicecompatible with standards of God’s justice mentioned in their own book ?mentioned in their own book ? “ The soul that sinneth it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity (sins) of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity (sins) of the son, the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.” (Ezekiel 18: 20) Consider: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  63. 63. “But the wicked will turn from all his sins that he hath committed, and keep all my statutes and do that which is lawful and right, he shall surely live, he shall not die.” (Ezekiel 18 : 21) ((Note the concept of repentance hereNote the concept of repentance here : is consistent with that in Islam.: is consistent with that in Islam. Unfortunately Christians have replaced this with ‘blood redemption’)Unfortunately Christians have replaced this with ‘blood redemption’) Consider: Our question to them :Our question to them : Is original sinIs original sin compatible with standards of God’s justicecompatible with standards of God’s justice mentioned in their own book ?mentioned in their own book ? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  64. 64. Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  65. 65. Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement) Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  66. 66. Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement) Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned Man was placed on earth innocent – not condemned ISLAM’S MESSAGEISLAM’S MESSAGE THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  67. 67. Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement) Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned Man was placed on earth innocent – not condemned For in life he may fall into sin Thus he requires GUIDANCE ISLAM’S MESSAGEISLAM’S MESSAGE THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  68. 68. Thus for them, it requires a Saviour to redeem him out of the ‘Sin’ – (by vicarious atonement) Man was placed on earth in the hole - condemned Man was placed on earth innocent – not condemned Yet in life he may fall into sin Thus he requires GUIDANCE Even if he falls, there is hope of Allah’s Mercy and Forgiveness ISLAM’S MESSAGEISLAM’S MESSAGE Forgiveness through repentance and reparation, while in this world THEIR CONCEPT OF SALVATION MERCYMERCY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  69. 69. Because to us God (Allah) Has already forgiven Adam and Hawa There is no such thing as the Original Sin… also All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  70. 70. “They (Adam and Hawa) said, "Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.” (Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 23) There is no such thing as the Original Sin… also All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  71. 71. ““Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words,Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, andand He accepted his repentanceHe accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who. Indeed, it is He who isis the Accepting of repentancethe Accepting of repentance, the, the Most MercifulMost Merciful.”.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 37Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 37)) There is no such thing as the Original Sin… also All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  72. 72. "No vision can encompass Him whereas He"No vision can encompass Him whereas He encompasses all vision : for He is (encompasses all vision : for He is (AL-LATIFFAL-LATIFF) unfathomable,) unfathomable, ((AL-KHABIRAL-KHABIR) all-Aware.") all-Aware." ((Qur'an: An'am: 6: 103Qur'an: An'am: 6: 103)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  73. 73. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  74. 74. "That no bearer of burdens shall be made to bear"That no bearer of burdens shall be made to bear another's burden; and naught shall be accounted untoanother's burden; and naught shall be accounted unto man except what he is striving for; and in time [theman except what he is striving for; and in time [the nature of all] his striving will be shown [to him in itsnature of all] his striving will be shown [to him in its true light], whereupon he shall be requited for it withtrue light], whereupon he shall be requited for it with the fullest requital; and thatthe fullest requital; and that with thy Sustainer is thewith thy Sustainer is the beginning and the end [of all that existsbeginning and the end [of all that exists].“].“ ((Qur'an: Najm: 53: 38-42Qur'an: Najm: 53: 38-42)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  75. 75. This is one of the traditional approaches inThis is one of the traditional approaches in ensuring the understanding of attributes ofensuring the understanding of attributes of Allah, amongst Muslims who are exposedAllah, amongst Muslims who are exposed to other religious or philosophical views,to other religious or philosophical views, does not deviate from that of the piousdoes not deviate from that of the pious predecessors’ (Salafus-Soleheen)predecessors’ (Salafus-Soleheen) EXTRACTED FROM “INTRODUCTION TO TAUHEED COURSE NOTES” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  76. 76. TO DISTINGUISHTO DISTINGUISH ALLAH’S EXISTENCEALLAH’S EXISTENCE FROM THAT OF CREATIONFROM THAT OF CREATION AND MUSLIMS’ UNDERSTANDINGAND MUSLIMS’ UNDERSTANDING OF ALLAH’S ESSENTIAL ATTRIBUTESOF ALLAH’S ESSENTIAL ATTRIBUTES ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  77. 77. "No vision can encompass Him,"No vision can encompass Him, whereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone iswhereas He encompasses all vision: for He alone is unfathomable (latif)unfathomable (latif) **, all-aware.“, all-aware.“ ((Qur’an: An'am: 6: 103Qur’an: An'am: 6: 103)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  78. 78. "There is nothing like unto Him"There is nothing like unto Him**, and yet He alone is all-, and yet He alone is all- hearing, all-seeing.“hearing, all-seeing.“ ((Qur’an: As-Shura 42 : 11Qur’an: As-Shura 42 : 11)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  79. 79. 79 Thus, even the "Thus, even the "howhow " of His being "" of His being "differentdifferent" from" from everything else is beyond the categories of humaneverything else is beyond the categories of human thought.thought. Therefore, the concern in Islamic theology is not inTherefore, the concern in Islamic theology is not in trying to discern His Essence (trying to discern His Essence (DzatDzat), which is an), which is an impossibility due to human imperfection and limitation.impossibility due to human imperfection and limitation. But we are encourage to know Him by way of HisBut we are encourage to know Him by way of His attributes and other Signs (attributes and other Signs (AayatAayat).). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  80. 80. 80 Thus, even the "Thus, even the "howhow " of His being "" of His being "differentdifferent" from everything" from everything else is beyond the categories of human thought.else is beyond the categories of human thought. Therefore, the concern in Islamic theology is not in trying toTherefore, the concern in Islamic theology is not in trying to discern His Essence (discern His Essence (DzatDzat), which is an impossibility due to), which is an impossibility due to human imperfection and limitation. But we are encourage tohuman imperfection and limitation. But we are encourage to know Him by way of His attributes and other Signs (know Him by way of His attributes and other Signs (AayatAayat).). The Holy Prophet MuhammadThe Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.ws.a.a.w. have said:. have said: "(To know Allah) Think and reflect upon Allah's attributes ("(To know Allah) Think and reflect upon Allah's attributes (SifatSifat)) and do not try to think of (reality of) His Essence (and do not try to think of (reality of) His Essence (DzatDzat).“).“ (Hadith reported by Abu-Shaykh – al Jami’ : 134 Risalah Tauhid) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  81. 81.  In man’s reliance upon rationalising to understand the ‘nature’In man’s reliance upon rationalising to understand the ‘nature’ of God, they may be prone to error which, if left unguided, may leadof God, they may be prone to error which, if left unguided, may lead to grave consequences.to grave consequences.  Although mankind may discern the existence of God – theAlthough mankind may discern the existence of God – the Supreme Being, Creator of every creations, yet knowledge aboutSupreme Being, Creator of every creations, yet knowledge about who that Supreme Being is (what are His names, attributes etc.),who that Supreme Being is (what are His names, attributes etc.), must come from God Himself.must come from God Himself. 81 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  82. 82.  Islamic scholars responded by stipulating the ‘criteria’ orIslamic scholars responded by stipulating the ‘criteria’ or guideline for using reason (guideline for using reason (‘aqliyyah‘aqliyyah) in theology, which must also) in theology, which must also be substantiated with textual basis in Revelations (be substantiated with textual basis in Revelations (naqliyyahnaqliyyah).).  Without which, man’s tendencies towards speculating withWithout which, man’s tendencies towards speculating with anthropomorphicanthropomorphic imaginings may occur – especially when ignoringimaginings may occur – especially when ignoring difference in meaning of words in Qur’an, between metaphoricaldifference in meaning of words in Qur’an, between metaphorical and literal.and literal. 82 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  83. 83. ““.. in it (Al-Qur’an) are.. in it (Al-Qur’an) are AAYAT MUAAYAT MUHHKAMATKAMAT - verses- verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning); theybasic or fundamental (of established meaning); they are theare the FOUNDATION OF THE BOOKFOUNDATION OF THE BOOK: others are: others are AAYATAAYAT MUTASHAABIHATMUTASHAABIHAT – verses not of well-established– verses not of well-established meaning.”meaning.” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  84. 84. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  85. 85. “But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is not of well-established meaning (AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT ), seeking discord, and searching for its interpretation but no one knows its true meaningsbut no one knows its true meanings except Allahexcept Allah **, and those who are firmly grounded in, and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it isknowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it is from our Lord"; and none will grasp the Messagefrom our Lord"; and none will grasp the Message except men of understanding.”except men of understanding.”...” (Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  86. 86. ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  87. 87. * Attributing human forms or personalities to Allah.Attributing human forms or personalities to Allah. ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  88. 88.  There are countless ways to verify the existence of God. WhenThere are countless ways to verify the existence of God. When Muslim acknowledges God’s existence, by this he is also certain ofMuslim acknowledges God’s existence, by this he is also certain of what God is not – i.e. anything antithetical to this notion is rejected aswhat God is not – i.e. anything antithetical to this notion is rejected as absurd, and cannot be attributed to God.absurd, and cannot be attributed to God. EXISTENCEEXISTENCE WUJUDWUJUD ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTE (ALLAH’S ATTRIBUTE (SIFATSIFAT) WHICH IS ALSO HIS ESSENCE () WHICH IS ALSO HIS ESSENCE (DZATDZAT)) ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  89. 89.  Our understanding of “Our understanding of “existenceexistence” must be differentiated when” must be differentiated when applied to God. Firstly, Allah is the creator of our ‘notion’ of time, thusapplied to God. Firstly, Allah is the creator of our ‘notion’ of time, thus only Allah alone has existed without any beginning (forever existing).only Allah alone has existed without any beginning (forever existing). Whose existence is (Whose existence is (WAJIB-AL-WUJUDWAJIB-AL-WUJUD) essential ,to the existence of) essential ,to the existence of creations – i.e. termed ‘contingent existence’ - (creations – i.e. termed ‘contingent existence’ - (MUMKIN-AL-WUJUDMUMKIN-AL-WUJUD).). EXISTENCEEXISTENCE QIDAM ETERNITY - FOREVER EXISTING WITHOUT ANY BEGINNING ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  90. 90.  As our understanding of “existence” must be differentiated when applied to God, therefore secondly, Allah alone is Absolute and will always exist without any ending (forever existing). All other existence (i.e. in creations) is only contingent existence (mumkin al-wujud) which may cease, dependent upon the Will of Allah. EXISTENCE BAQA’ EVERLASTINGNESS –EVERLASTINGNESS – ETERNALLY WITHOUT ENDETERNALLY WITHOUT END ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  91. 91.  Muslim holds the belief that we cannot attribute to Allah similarMuslim holds the belief that we cannot attribute to Allah similar attributes like those possessed by creations. Any descriptions inattributes like those possessed by creations. Any descriptions in the Qur’an andthe Qur’an and As-SunnahAs-Sunnah which use metaphors or allegoricalwhich use metaphors or allegorical verses (verses (ayat mutashabbihaayat mutashabbiha) for Allah, must not be taken as literal or) for Allah, must not be taken as literal or regarded as having a decisive meaning.regarded as having a decisive meaning. EXISTENCEEXISTENCE DIFFERENT FROM ANYTHING WHICHDIFFERENT FROM ANYTHING WHICH IS REGARDED AS NEW (CREATION)IS REGARDED AS NEW (CREATION) MUKHALA-FATUHU-LIL-MUKHALA-FATUHU-LIL- HAWADITHHAWADITH ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  92. 92.  Men’s tendencies towards anthropomorphic attributions to God isMen’s tendencies towards anthropomorphic attributions to God is to beto be refutedrefuted. Allah alone is God, the One Being who is Absolute and. Allah alone is God, the One Being who is Absolute and utterly transcends the notion of ever needing a cause, other than inutterly transcends the notion of ever needing a cause, other than in and by Himself.and by Himself. EXISTENCEEXISTENCE HE EXISTED BY HIMSELFHE EXISTED BY HIMSELF (WITHOUT NEED FOR OTHERS)(WITHOUT NEED FOR OTHERS) QIYAA-MUHU-BI-NAFSIHIQIYAA-MUHU-BI-NAFSIHI ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  93. 93.  In our understanding Allah - His attributes (In our understanding Allah - His attributes (sifaatsifaat ), His Names), His Names ((asmaasma’’) and His Acts () and His Acts (Af -’alAf -’al ); we do not in any way negate His); we do not in any way negate His Absolute Oneness. Allah being the Absolute One, indivisible, InfiniteAbsolute Oneness. Allah being the Absolute One, indivisible, Infinite Being – having no partners, etc. is fundamental in the Islamic Creed.Being – having no partners, etc. is fundamental in the Islamic Creed. EXISTENCEEXISTENCE ABSOLUTE ONENESSABSOLUTE ONENESS WAH-DAA-NIYAH ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  94. 94.  Certainly Allah is all-powerful. Thus, we regard as absurdity forCertainly Allah is all-powerful. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as having attributes ofany one to entertain the assertion of God as having attributes of weakness, impotent etc.weakness, impotent etc. EXISTENCEEXISTENCE QUDRAH POSSESSING POWERPOSSESSING POWER ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  95. 95.  Certainly Allah possesses ‘Will’. Thus, we regard as absurdity forCertainly Allah possesses ‘Will’. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the misconception of God without a Will,any one to entertain the misconception of God without a Will, incapable of decree and decision, inconsequential, uncreative, etc.incapable of decree and decision, inconsequential, uncreative, etc. EXISTENCEEXISTENCE IRAADAH POSSESSING WILLPOSSESSING WILL ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  96. 96.  Certainly Allah is all-knowing. Thus, we regard as absurdity forCertainly Allah is all-knowing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God as being ignorant,any one to entertain the assertion of God as being ignorant, forgetful, etc.forgetful, etc. EXISTENCEEXISTENCE ‘‘ILMUNILMUN KNOWINGKNOWING ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  97. 97.  Certainly Allah is the Ever-Living. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the assertion of God who is dead or who can die. EXISTENCEEXISTENCE HAYAAT LIVINGLIVING ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  98. 98.  Certainly Allah is all-Hearing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being deaf, deprived or obstructed from hearing etc. EXISTENCEEXISTENCE SAM’UN HEARINGHEARING ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  99. 99.  Certainly Allah is All-Seeing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for anyCertainly Allah is All-Seeing. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being blind, orone to entertain the ridiculous assertion of God as being blind, or that things can be concealed or hidden from Him, etc.that things can be concealed or hidden from Him, etc. EXISTENCEEXISTENCE BASWARUN SEEINGSEEING ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  100. 100.  Certainly Allah possesses Speech. Thus, we regard as absurdityCertainly Allah possesses Speech. Thus, we regard as absurdity for any one to entertain the foolish assertion of God as being dumb,for any one to entertain the foolish assertion of God as being dumb, unable to communicate, etc.unable to communicate, etc. EXISTENCEEXISTENCE KALAAMUN SPEECHSPEECH ADDITIONAL NOTESADDITIONAL NOTES All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  101. 101. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  102. 102. Say, "O disbelievers,Say, "O disbelievers, I do not worship what you worshipI do not worship what you worship. Nor are. Nor are you worshippers of what I worship.you worshippers of what I worship. Nor will I be a worshipper ofNor will I be a worshipper of what you worshipwhat you worship. Nor will you be worshippers of what I. Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.“worship. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.“ ((Qur’an: Kafirun: 109: 1-6Qur’an: Kafirun: 109: 1-6)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  103. 103. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  104. 104. ““ He is (He is (AL-HAYUAL-HAYU) the Ever-Living; there is no deity except) the Ever-Living; there is no deity except Him, so (Him, so (FAD-’UUHUFAD-’UUHU) call upon Him, [being] sincere to Him in) call upon Him, [being] sincere to Him in religion (religion (MUMUKHKH-LISAN LAHUD-DEEN-LISAN LAHUD-DEEN). [All] praise is [due] to). [All] praise is [due] to Allah, (Allah, (ROB-BIL-’AA-LA-MEENROB-BIL-’AA-LA-MEEN) Lord of the worlds.) Lord of the worlds. Say, [O Muhammad], "Say, [O Muhammad], "Indeed, I have been forbidden toIndeed, I have been forbidden to worship those you call uponworship those you call upon ((TAD-’UUNATAD-’UUNA)) besides Allah oncebesides Allah once the clear proofs have come to me from my Lordthe clear proofs have come to me from my Lord, and I have, and I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds.”been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds.” ((Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 65-66Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 65-66)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  105. 105.  Difference between the terms:Difference between the terms: ““The DivineThe Divine” – that Supreme Being, acknowledged by all religions to” – that Supreme Being, acknowledged by all religions to transcend in His Infiniteness, from others in creation and the created.transcend in His Infiniteness, from others in creation and the created. ““That which is worshippedThat which is worshipped” – that object or entity of worship, defined” – that object or entity of worship, defined (rightly or wrongly) by one’s theological doctrines as “(rightly or wrongly) by one’s theological doctrines as “the Divinethe Divine”.”. Therefore “Therefore “ilaahilaah” and “” and “ma’budma’bud” are not necessarily synonymous.” are not necessarily synonymous. Thus we assert there is noThus we assert there is no “ilaah“ilaah” except Allah, but we reject what” except Allah, but we reject what others are worshipping (termed as their “others are worshipping (termed as their “ma’budma’bud”) and invite them”) and invite them to the correct “to the correct “ilaahilaah” i.e. Allah – the pure message of” i.e. Allah – the pure message of TAUTAUHHEEDEED.. “ILAAH” “MA’-BUD” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  106. 106. ““Say: ‘Say: ‘O People of the Book (Scripture)! Exceed not in your religionO People of the Book (Scripture)! Exceed not in your religion the bounds (of what is proper), trespassing beyond the Truththe bounds (of what is proper), trespassing beyond the Truth, nor, nor follow the vain desires of people who went wrong in times gone byfollow the vain desires of people who went wrong in times gone by – who misled many, and strayed (themselves from the even Way.”– who misled many, and strayed (themselves from the even Way.” ((Qur’an: al- Maa-’idah: 5 : 77Qur’an: al- Maa-’idah: 5 : 77)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  107. 107. Say: O People of the Scripture! Come to a common word between usSay: O People of the Scripture! Come to a common word between us and youand you: that we shall worship none but Allah (God), and that we: that we shall worship none but Allah (God), and that we shall ascribe no partner unto Him, and that none of us shall takeshall ascribe no partner unto Him, and that none of us shall take others for lords beside Allah (God). And if they turn away, then say:others for lords beside Allah (God). And if they turn away, then say: Bear witness that we are they who have surrendered (unto Him).Bear witness that we are they who have surrendered (unto Him). ((Qur’an: Aal ‘Imran 3:64Qur’an: Aal ‘Imran 3:64)) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  108. 108. ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ISLAM” Extracted from: IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Lessons on Fardhu’Ain for Adults in EnglishLessons on Fardhu’Ain for Adults in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailConducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail
  109. 109. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) ALL RELIGION TEACH GOOD AND ALL LEADS TO THE SAME GOD JESUS SAID HE IS THE “SON OF GOD’, “I AND MY FATHER ARE ONE” ETC. WHY CAN’T GOD HAVE A ‘SON’, HE HAS POWER TO DO ANYTHING RIGHT? YES WE CANNOT UNDERSTAND ‘TRINITY’ WITH OUR MIND, BECAUSE IT IS A ‘MYSTERY’ HUMAN MIND IS FINITE WHEREAS ‘GOD’ IS INFINITE
  110. 110. ““There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped)There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except Allexcept Allaah, alone, without partner, to Him belongsh, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful overall sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .”all things .” LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WALAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WAHHDAHU –DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU –LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL-WALAHUL-HHAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAAAMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER,KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, IMPORTANT DZIKRIMPORTANT DZIKR All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  111. 111. TO BE CONTINUED –TO BE CONTINUED – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  112. 112. THE SECOND ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGINGTHE SECOND ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL TO BE CONTINUED –TO BE CONTINUED – All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  113. 113. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 113 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)

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