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[Slideahare] fardh'ain(january-2015-batch)#10-arkaanul-islam-(shahadahtain)-striving-to-be witness-(17-april-2015)

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[Slideahare] fardh'ain(january-2015-batch)#10-arkaanul-islam-(shahadahtain)-striving-to-be witness-(17-april-2015)

  1. 1. ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSEA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English forLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsAdults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” 18 weekly class started from: 23 JANUARY 2015 Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim BATCH # 13 - JANUARY 2015 INTAKEBATCH # 13 - JANUARY 2015 INTAKE All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015) ““ARKAAN AL-ISLAMARKAAN AL-ISLAM Pillars of Islam (submission)Pillars of Islam (submission) SHAHADATAINSHAHADATAIN (DECLARATION AS WITNESS)(DECLARATION AS WITNESS) UPDATED - 17 APRIL 2015UPDATED - 17 APRIL 2015 HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL LESSON # 10 LESSON # 10
  2. 2. (The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam) FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOKLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK ““Beginners’ Manual on IslamBeginners’ Manual on Islam”” 2 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  3. 3. ““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, itArabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator,refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is GodLord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah.– there is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  4. 4. ““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaningArabic name meaning ““the Praised Onethe Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, theProphet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom thereAwaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent.will be no more prophet sent. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  6. 6. IIMANIIMAN BeliefBelief FaithFaith ConvictionConviction IHSANIHSAN Best orBest or RighteousRighteous ConductConduct ‘‘AMALAMAL [Islam][Islam] SubmissionSubmission ObedienceObedience PracticePractice Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith isFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANTogether, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionThus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  7. 7. THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHHEED)EED) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  8. 8. Muslims today have to be carefulMuslims today have to be careful, as some of them may have already, as some of them may have already been influenced bybeen influenced by Orientalist’s teachings garbed as IslamicOrientalist’s teachings garbed as Islamic, especially, especially taught or disseminated amongst certain academicians. In early times,taught or disseminated amongst certain academicians. In early times, these academicians were non-Muslim Westerners. Today, it includesthese academicians were non-Muslim Westerners. Today, it includes Muslims but with the similar mind-set, taught to them just as theseMuslims but with the similar mind-set, taught to them just as these earlierearlier OrientalistOrientalist, disseminating their teachings in seminars, lecture, disseminating their teachings in seminars, lecture courses, books, journals, study or reading groups etc.courses, books, journals, study or reading groups etc. Thus there is today a lot of confusion where such people speak aboutThus there is today a lot of confusion where such people speak about ‘‘many types of Islammany types of Islam’ whereas the truth is there is only one “’ whereas the truth is there is only one “AD-DEEN-AD-DEEN- AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM ”.”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  9. 9. They are confused because they could not differentiate “the religionThey are confused because they could not differentiate “the religion ((DEENDEEN)” itself from people’s “understanding ()” itself from people’s “understanding (FIQHFIQH)” of the religion –)” of the religion – between “between “DEENUL-ISLAMDEENUL-ISLAM” with “” with “FIQHUL-ISLAMFIQHUL-ISLAM”.”. Past Muslim scholars are ever careful not to be presumptuousPast Muslim scholars are ever careful not to be presumptuous (arrogant even) to claim their(arrogant even) to claim their FIQHFIQH to be theto be the DEENDEEN.. ThisThis DEENDEEN belongs to Allah s.w.t. whereas man can only claim to hisbelongs to Allah s.w.t. whereas man can only claim to his FIQHFIQH of theof the DeenDeen.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  10. 10. Therefore thisTherefore this DEENDEEN is the “is the “AbsoluteAbsolute” as Allah s.w.t. is Absolute, and” as Allah s.w.t. is Absolute, and those who doubt or deny this has not understood the clear assertion ofthose who doubt or deny this has not understood the clear assertion of Allah, or purposely twist its meaning and significance :Allah, or purposely twist its meaning and significance : ““This day haveThis day have I perfected your religion (DEEN)I perfected your religion (DEEN) for you, completedfor you, completed my favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as yourmy favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.”religion.” ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 3Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 3)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  11. 11. Their twisted logic is :Their twisted logic is : ““since Man is imperfect, therefore their religion is imperfect and cannotsince Man is imperfect, therefore their religion is imperfect and cannot be absolutebe absolute.”.” But,But, AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM is not man-created but a revealed religion from a Divineis not man-created but a revealed religion from a Divine Perfect Being.Perfect Being. Another fallacy is to equate “Another fallacy is to equate “KAAFFAHKAAFFAH” with “” with “SHUMULSHUMUL”, as though”, as though these are interchangeable.these are interchangeable. Surely there is need to differentiate betweenSurely there is need to differentiate between AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM the (perfected)the (perfected) DEENDEEN and theand the MUSLIMSMUSLIMS, who are far from being perfect., who are far from being perfect. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  12. 12. ““KAAFFAHKAAFFAH” (sufficiently, whole-heartedly, fully etc.) pertains to man’s” (sufficiently, whole-heartedly, fully etc.) pertains to man’s potential and capability. And Allah only expects the Muslims to givepotential and capability. And Allah only expects the Muslims to give their fullest, for Allah does not put a burden greater than they cantheir fullest, for Allah does not put a burden greater than they can bear. So thebear. So the Muslims are to strive to practice Islam “Muslims are to strive to practice Islam “Kaa-fahKaa-fah”” (sufficiently)(sufficiently) and therefore it is not referring to theand therefore it is not referring to the DEENDEEN (religion)(religion) itself.itself. ““SHUMULSHUMUL” (or all-encompassing nature of” (or all-encompassing nature of AD-DEEN AL-ISLAMAD-DEEN AL-ISLAM) on the) on the other hand, pertains to the perfect and Absolute aspect of Allah’sother hand, pertains to the perfect and Absolute aspect of Allah’s guidance, the fundamental rules and laws established by His finalguidance, the fundamental rules and laws established by His final Prophet s.a.w.Prophet s.a.w. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  13. 13. AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM’s guiding principles and teachings are already perfected’s guiding principles and teachings are already perfected ((KAAMILKAAMIL) and which encompasses every aspect of man’s life, with) and which encompasses every aspect of man’s life, with adequate principles for dynamism in its implementation to faceadequate principles for dynamism in its implementation to face whatever possible problem that the future may hold for mankind.whatever possible problem that the future may hold for mankind. This is because, if it is not all-encompassing “This is because, if it is not all-encompassing “SHUMULSHUMUL ”, then”, then another Prophet would be needed, and this in fact is a denial ofanother Prophet would be needed, and this in fact is a denial of the perfection ofthe perfection of AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAMAD-DEEN-AL-ISLAM –– itit tantamount to ‘unbelief’tantamount to ‘unbelief’ ((KUFRKUFR).). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  14. 14. They purport : “They purport : “that sincethat since Muslim’s understandingMuslim’s understanding of Islam isof Islam is “evolving” towards a much better understanding of Islam than“evolving” towards a much better understanding of Islam than Muslims of previous past generations, therefore even the core-Muslims of previous past generations, therefore even the core- fundamental teachings of “fundamental teachings of “AD-DEENUL-ISLAMAD-DEENUL-ISLAM ” must continue to be” must continue to be changed (evolved) just like as had happened as in in other religion’schanged (evolved) just like as had happened as in in other religion’s historical “historical “reformationreformation”. This is not only inaccurate, erroneous but”. This is not only inaccurate, erroneous but downright mischievous.downright mischievous. As we have stated, there is a difference between “As we have stated, there is a difference between “SHARI’AHSHARI’AH”” (literally the “(literally the “Way or SourceWay or Source” of the religion) core-fundamental” of the religion) core-fundamental teachings, and another term “teachings, and another term “FIQHFIQH” (the Islamic scholars’” (the Islamic scholars’ understanding of the religion).understanding of the religion). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  15. 15. The core-fundamental teachings of “The core-fundamental teachings of “AD-DEENUL-ISLAMAD-DEENUL-ISLAM” have been” have been perfected and it is comprehensive enough to provide the basis forperfected and it is comprehensive enough to provide the basis for every Muslim to seek solutions to whatever problem that arose.every Muslim to seek solutions to whatever problem that arose. As regards its application, which must take into consideration theAs regards its application, which must take into consideration the changing context,changing context, AD-DEENUL-ISLAMAD-DEENUL-ISLAM already allows for differingalready allows for differing interpretations and application of these principles by theinterpretations and application of these principles by the ULAMA’ULAMA’ (Islamic scholars), to the specific problems their community is facing(Islamic scholars), to the specific problems their community is facing in every age or conditions –in every age or conditions – as long as it does not contradict oras long as it does not contradict or oppose these core (fundamental) teachingsoppose these core (fundamental) teachings.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  16. 16. Each era requires it’s own unique solution. If Muslims scholarsEach era requires it’s own unique solution. If Muslims scholars ((‘ULAMA‘ULAMA) attained to correct interpretation based upon their) attained to correct interpretation based upon their FIQHFIQH,, than that is regarded as good, irrespective of whether it is done inthan that is regarded as good, irrespective of whether it is done in the past or in the modern present. Past interpretations (the past or in the modern present. Past interpretations (FATWAFATWA) if) if flawed cannot be binding to others, nay, it can be criticised andflawed cannot be binding to others, nay, it can be criticised and corrected. Yet, thecorrected. Yet, the principlesprinciples of thisof this DEENDEEN must be preserved andmust be preserved and upheld, to remainupheld, to remain unchangedunchanged.. Lest people get carried away by trends set by people today whoLest people get carried away by trends set by people today who instigate for change or renewal, - we must remember to beinstigate for change or renewal, - we must remember to be discerning as to what can and what cannot, be changed.discerning as to what can and what cannot, be changed. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  17. 17. ““Evolving into following error and deviancyEvolving into following error and deviancy” can never be good. And” can never be good. And thus the “thus the “calling for changecalling for change ” - cannot and must not be applied to” - cannot and must not be applied to what is already “what is already “perfect and goodperfect and good.“.“ Reformation “Reformation “TAJDEEDTAJDEED” – for us is “” – for us is “renewalrenewal “ with regards to“ with regards to Muslims scholars’ application of rulings or judgementMuslims scholars’ application of rulings or judgement which arewhich are affected by whatever context or circumstances. Thus, new oraffected by whatever context or circumstances. Thus, new or changing context may require new rulings and need not be bound bychanging context may require new rulings and need not be bound by previous rulings. However the primary sources and principles areprevious rulings. However the primary sources and principles are always preserved – it isalways preserved – it is NOTNOT a “a “total replacementtotal replacement” of the” of the SHARI’AHSHARI’AH.. This methodology has been taught by the Prophet s.a.a.w. , codifiedThis methodology has been taught by the Prophet s.a.a.w. , codified and continuously applied and adhered to since then by our ‘and continuously applied and adhered to since then by our ‘ULAMAULAMA.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  18. 18. In fact after the best three generations (In fact after the best three generations (SALAFUS-SOLISALAFUS-SOLIHHEENEEN),), accretions and deviations have occurred within the Muslim “mind”accretions and deviations have occurred within the Muslim “mind” regarding thisregarding this DEENDEEN. Thus the emergence of Islamic scholars who. Thus the emergence of Islamic scholars who ““strive to preserve the purity of this religionstrive to preserve the purity of this religion“ through the endeavour“ through the endeavour termed as “termed as “TAJDEEDTAJDEED”” ((renewalrenewal) of their thinking (mindset) -) of their thinking (mindset) - FIQHFIQH. And. And this does not imply “this does not imply “replacementreplacement” of” of AD-DEEN-UL-ISLAMAD-DEEN-UL-ISLAM’s principle’s principle teachings –teachings – SHARI’AHSHARI’AH.. We are not against changing for the better and embracing ‘progress’ inWe are not against changing for the better and embracing ‘progress’ in facing the reality of contemporary needs and circumstances. But wefacing the reality of contemporary needs and circumstances. But we have to beware, “have to beware, “EvolutionEvolution” that they advocate may even lead to” that they advocate may even lead to replacement, when innovations (replacement, when innovations (BID’AHBID’AH) are introduced directed) are introduced directed towards total change in the principles (overhauling) of thistowards total change in the principles (overhauling) of this DEENDEEN.. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  19. 19. These ‘These ‘academicianacademicianss’ would not admit that their methodology –’ would not admit that their methodology – whichwhich is from a humanist sociological study and perspectiveis from a humanist sociological study and perspective – (– ( Not of IslamNot of Islam)) is in fact imposing a false parallel, advocating that contemporaryis in fact imposing a false parallel, advocating that contemporary Muslims should imitate the ‘Muslims should imitate the ‘Judeo-ChristianJudeo-Christian’ historical experience.’ historical experience. Their error may perhaps be due to their assuming that “Their error may perhaps be due to their assuming that “ALAL-ISLAM-ISLAM” is” is exactly similar to (if not implying that Islam is copying from earlierexactly similar to (if not implying that Islam is copying from earlier religions ), and therefore they purport, it must inevitably undergo thereligions ), and therefore they purport, it must inevitably undergo the same historical process as that of the “same historical process as that of the “Judeo-ChristianJudeo-Christian” – indeed a” – indeed a mischievous suggestion and rather simplistic and misplaced analogy.mischievous suggestion and rather simplistic and misplaced analogy. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  20. 20. AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAMAD-DEEN-AL-ISLAM, as established by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. in, as established by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. in fact, was Divinely revealed to complete that process in which thefact, was Divinely revealed to complete that process in which the ““People of the BookPeople of the Book” went through historically, precisely because they” went through historically, precisely because they have erred and have caused their religion to ‘have erred and have caused their religion to ‘evolvedevolved ’ into something’ into something contrary to the original universal message of every Prophet of Allah.contrary to the original universal message of every Prophet of Allah. Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. came to stem this deviant ‘Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. came to stem this deviant ‘evolutionevolution’ and’ and correct whatever was wrong, by referring and inviting them back to thecorrect whatever was wrong, by referring and inviting them back to the pristinepristine ABRAHAMICABRAHAMIC creed ofcreed of TAUTAUHHEEDEED. It was a ‘. It was a ‘devolutiondevolution’ back to’ back to the principles rather than ‘the principles rather than ‘evolutionevolution’.’. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  21. 21. Lest it be misconstrued, man’s development entailing change for theLest it be misconstrued, man’s development entailing change for the betterment (or what is regarded as progress in the sense of ’betterment (or what is regarded as progress in the sense of ’IkhtiyarIkhtiyar’)’) is not in any way to be curtailed.is not in any way to be curtailed. Only that theOnly that the changes MUST NOT be made to the universal principleschanges MUST NOT be made to the universal principles and the established foundationand the established foundation of thisof this DEENDEEN (religion). Tampering with(religion). Tampering with these principles is deviancy, clearly condemned by Allah and Histhese principles is deviancy, clearly condemned by Allah and His Messenger (inMessenger (in Al-QUR’ANAl-QUR’AN andand AS-SUNNAHAS-SUNNAH).). Beware, clamouring blindly for “Beware, clamouring blindly for “EvolutionEvolution” may even lead to” may even lead to ““replacementreplacement” i.e. total change even in the principles of this” i.e. total change even in the principles of this DEENDEEN.. WaAllaahu a’lamWaAllaahu a’lam All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  23. 23. ““So direct your face toward the religion (So direct your face toward the religion (DEENDEEN),), inclining to truth (inclining to truth (HENEEFANHENEEFAN). [Adhere to] the). [Adhere to] the FITwRAHFITwRAH of Allah upon which He has createdof Allah upon which He has created [all] people. No change should there be in the[all] people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah. That is the correct religion, butcreation of Allah. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know.”most of the people do not know.” ((Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30Qur’an: Rum: 30: 30)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  25. 25. ““[Adhere to it], turning in repentance to Him, and[Adhere to it], turning in repentance to Him, and (be conscious and)) fear Him ((be conscious and)) fear Him (TAQWATAQWA) and establish) and establish prayer (prayer (SWOLAHSWOLAH) and do not be of those who) and do not be of those who associate others with Allah (associate others with Allah (MUSHRIKINMUSHRIKIN).). [Or] of those who have divided their religion and[Or] of those who have divided their religion and become sects, every faction rejoicing in what itbecome sects, every faction rejoicing in what it has.”has.” ((Qur’an: Rum: 30: 31-32Qur’an: Rum: 30: 31-32)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  26. 26. This label is suggestive as though Muslims all along are totallyThis label is suggestive as though Muslims all along are totally constrained and coerced by its teachings which has successfullyconstrained and coerced by its teachings which has successfully prevented their ‘prevented their ‘LiberalLiberal’ agenda from being accepted, and therefore’ agenda from being accepted, and therefore they are fomenting a kind of ‘rebellion’ amongst Muslims to embracethey are fomenting a kind of ‘rebellion’ amongst Muslims to embrace their “their “freedomfreedom” movement of this post-modernist era. They seek only” movement of this post-modernist era. They seek only for the upholding of ‘socio-humanistic’, secular human-right values orfor the upholding of ‘socio-humanistic’, secular human-right values or perspectives – over-glorifying rationalism, in opposition to revelation,perspectives – over-glorifying rationalism, in opposition to revelation, religious values and morality opposed to their ‘modernist’ agenda.religious values and morality opposed to their ‘modernist’ agenda. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  27. 27. When the label “When the label “Liberal IslamLiberal Islam” has been vehemently rejected and” has been vehemently rejected and exposed, and fearing alienation thereby diminishing their influence, theseexposed, and fearing alienation thereby diminishing their influence, these liberal proponents are now hiding behind this new label to defuse (orliberal proponents are now hiding behind this new label to defuse (or confuse) general Muslims’ negative perceptions of them.confuse) general Muslims’ negative perceptions of them. Also, it is notoriously blatant in implying as though reasoning –or ‘Also, it is notoriously blatant in implying as though reasoning –or ‘criticalcritical thinkingthinking’ - is absent in our tradition and scholarship – i.e. until these’ - is absent in our tradition and scholarship – i.e. until these people come along. Reducing Islam to only its ‘rationalism’ and glorifyingpeople come along. Reducing Islam to only its ‘rationalism’ and glorifying such scholars alone while ignoring revelation and traditional wisdom, orsuch scholars alone while ignoring revelation and traditional wisdom, or placing human thoughts as the highest, is being dishonest to our heritage.placing human thoughts as the highest, is being dishonest to our heritage. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  28. 28. Abul Ahad ‘Umar Gary Miller All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) "Exalted are You (O Allah); we have no"Exalted are You (O Allah); we have no knowledge except what You have taught us.knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.“Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.“ ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 32Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 32)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL AN-NASEEHAHAN-NASEEHAH Sincere AdviceSincere Advice
  29. 29. This labeling exposes the motive behind those who advocate it. ObviouslyThis labeling exposes the motive behind those who advocate it. Obviously they are uneasy of the trend of increasing religiosity amongst thethey are uneasy of the trend of increasing religiosity amongst the Muslims. Perhaps this ‘religiosity’ may be seen as thwarting their agendaMuslims. Perhaps this ‘religiosity’ may be seen as thwarting their agenda to artificially ‘integrate’ Muslims into their nationalistic (secular) agenda.to artificially ‘integrate’ Muslims into their nationalistic (secular) agenda. To be ‘To be ‘moderatemoderate’ imply ‘’ imply ‘don’t be religiousdon’t be religious’ in the practice of Islam. And’ in the practice of Islam. And after the tragic ‘9-11’, with increasing Islamaphobia, practicing Muslimsafter the tragic ‘9-11’, with increasing Islamaphobia, practicing Muslims are demonized as ‘are demonized as ‘extremistsextremists’ or ‘’ or ‘terroriststerrorists’. This proved their ignorance’. This proved their ignorance of the true teaching of Islam itself (which in fact advocate moderation).of the true teaching of Islam itself (which in fact advocate moderation). To be “To be “extreme in practicing Islamextreme in practicing Islam” is to ‘” is to ‘become extremely moderatebecome extremely moderate.”.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  30. 30. ITS RELIGIOUS TEACHINGS SEEK TO CORRECT BOTHITS RELIGIOUS TEACHINGS SEEK TO CORRECT BOTH THETHE EXTREMISTEXTREMIST AND THEAND THE DEFICIENTDEFICIENT AMONGST MUSLIMSAMONGST MUSLIMS ““And thus have We willed you to be aAnd thus have We willed you to be a communitycommunity of the middle way (of the middle way (UMMATAN WASOTANUMMATAN WASOTAN) “) “ ((Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143)) AN-NASEEHAHAN-NASEEHAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL..
  31. 31. This label is unfortunately being used (especially by politicians) toThis label is unfortunately being used (especially by politicians) to forge an identity of the Muslims in Singapore, more so since ourforge an identity of the Muslims in Singapore, more so since our separation from Malaysia.separation from Malaysia. There is only one IslamThere is only one Islam. Its principle teachings are universally to be. Its principle teachings are universally to be practiced but, yet it provides for their adherent to becomepracticed but, yet it provides for their adherent to become adaptable to any country which do not opposed these broadadaptable to any country which do not opposed these broad principles. History of Islam and Muslims has borne out this fact. Theprinciples. History of Islam and Muslims has borne out this fact. The correct term should be “correct term should be “Singaporean MuslimsSingaporean Muslims ” or “” or “Muslims ofMuslims of SingaporeSingapore ” - not trying to imply a different form of Islam.” - not trying to imply a different form of Islam. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  32. 32. Some people are advocating this label, because of their concernSome people are advocating this label, because of their concern with how they see Muslims in the community tend to be insular andwith how they see Muslims in the community tend to be insular and keeping aloof from others (non-Muslims), alienating themselves –keeping aloof from others (non-Muslims), alienating themselves – which they regard as being “which they regard as being “exclusiveexclusive”.”. They failed to differentiate the “They failed to differentiate the “ MuslimsMuslims ” and how they practice” and how they practice ((‘AMAL‘AMAL) it , with “) it , with “Al-IslamAl-Islam ” which is the teaching of the Deen.” which is the teaching of the Deen. ““DEEN AL-ISLAMDEEN AL-ISLAM ” – cannot be simplistically categorized or labeled” – cannot be simplistically categorized or labeled as either “as either “ exclusive-inclusiveexclusive-inclusive ”, but its teachings encompasses both”, but its teachings encompasses both aspects.aspects. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  33. 33. The Orientalists have perceived Islam and history of the Muslim theThe Orientalists have perceived Islam and history of the Muslim the way they view the Judaic-Christian historical tradition. Among theirway they view the Judaic-Christian historical tradition. Among their agenda is to incite contemporary Muslims towards change andagenda is to incite contemporary Muslims towards change and rejection of orthodox or traditional scholarship through the re-rejection of orthodox or traditional scholarship through the re- interpretation (by the non-interpretation (by the non-’Ulama’Ulama – academician, or even lay Muslim)– academician, or even lay Muslim) They are hoping for the kind of change that has happened in EuropeanThey are hoping for the kind of change that has happened in European history of Reformation, whence the Protestant (breaking away fromhistory of Reformation, whence the Protestant (breaking away from Catholic Church) is regarded by them as the critical milestone for them.Catholic Church) is regarded by them as the critical milestone for them. Thus they are encouraging this form of sectarianism amongst Muslims.Thus they are encouraging this form of sectarianism amongst Muslims. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  34. 34. Islam asIslam as AD-DEENAD-DEEN, (total way of life) provides Muslims with guidance in, (total way of life) provides Muslims with guidance in every spheres, not excluding politics. Yet, its spread was relativelyevery spheres, not excluding politics. Yet, its spread was relatively peaceful, without coercion (but through “peaceful, without coercion (but through “civilizational-osmosiscivilizational-osmosis”), except”), except where they encounter oppression and injustice which had to bewhere they encounter oppression and injustice which had to be removed through the concept ofremoved through the concept of JIHADJIHAD (peaceful striving through(peaceful striving through DA’WAHDA’WAH) and under exceptional condition to resort to arm struggle and) and under exceptional condition to resort to arm struggle and warfare (warfare (QITALQITAL). Today, any Muslim who may be seen as indulging in). Today, any Muslim who may be seen as indulging in this – struggle against oppression (never mind if it is justifiable) -this – struggle against oppression (never mind if it is justifiable) - unfortunately are derogatively being labelled as representing “Politicalunfortunately are derogatively being labelled as representing “Political Islam”.Islam”. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  35. 35. ““Do they seek for other than theDo they seek for other than the Religion of AllahReligion of Allah?―While all?―While all creatures in the heavens and on earth have willing, or unwilling,creatures in the heavens and on earth have willing, or unwilling, bowed (submitted) to His Will (“Islam” ), and to Him shall theybowed (submitted) to His Will (“Islam” ), and to Him shall they all be brought back.”all be brought back.” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 83Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 83)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  36. 36. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  37. 37. “Now then, for that (reason), call (them to the Faith), and stand steadfast as thou art commanded nor follow thou their vain desires; but say: "I believe in the Book which Allah has sent down; and I am commanded to judge justly between you. Allah is Our Lord and your Lord. For us (is the responsibility for) Our deeds, and for you for your deeds. There is no contention between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is (Our) final goal.” (Qur’an: ash-Shura: 42: 15) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  38. 38. The word “The word “IslamIslam” - literally means “” - literally means “surrendersurrender;; submissionsubmission”. When added with the prefix “”. When added with the prefix “alal” ( definite article” ( definite article “t“thehe” - to denote a name) yet the word refers to the essential” - to denote a name) yet the word refers to the essential traits of this religion signifying an external manifestation of one’straits of this religion signifying an external manifestation of one’s inner conviction, belief (inner conviction, belief (iimaniiman) towards “) towards “obedience to the will ofobedience to the will of AllahAllah”.”. The true meaning of “The true meaning of “believebelieve” or “” or “iimaniiman”” is :is : ““to be convinced in one’s heart/mind (to be convinced in one’s heart/mind (QolbQolb);); and declare with one’s tongue,and declare with one’s tongue, and practice deeds in accordance with its pillarsand practice deeds in accordance with its pillars”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  39. 39. So “So “how does one begin to submit to Allah’s willhow does one begin to submit to Allah’s will ”?”? This was succinctly enumerated by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.This was succinctly enumerated by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. in what is referred to as :in what is referred to as : the Pillars of Islamthe Pillars of Islam ((Arkaan-ul-IslaamArkaan-ul-Islaam).). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  40. 40. Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars): [1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] To bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is theAllah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah;Messenger of Allah; [2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory) Swolah;Swolah; [3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth); [4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House) for those who has the means toHouse) for those who has the means to (do) it;(do) it; [5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  41. 41. As ‘As ‘belief or convictionbelief or conviction’ resides in a person’s heart, there is a need’ resides in a person’s heart, there is a need to first express ones’ commitment verbally – declaring it to othersto first express ones’ commitment verbally – declaring it to others such that it becomes a solemn pledge or a promise, as well as asuch that it becomes a solemn pledge or a promise, as well as a sign of one’s entrance into a social & spiritual contract with thesign of one’s entrance into a social & spiritual contract with the universal community as Muslim.universal community as Muslim. So, the gateway into Islam is simple. Yet, this entrance – by verbalSo, the gateway into Islam is simple. Yet, this entrance – by verbal ‘declaration’ - leads to a whole program to be implemented so as‘declaration’ - leads to a whole program to be implemented so as to ‘build’ a truly Muslim personality of one who submits histo ‘build’ a truly Muslim personality of one who submits his whole-self to the Will of the Creator.whole-self to the Will of the Creator. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  42. 42. For to submit to Allah is to begin to be living in the presence withFor to submit to Allah is to begin to be living in the presence with every witnesses of the Truth of the Lordship and Sovereignty ofevery witnesses of the Truth of the Lordship and Sovereignty of the One and only God – Allah, Who Alone is Deity worthy ofthe One and only God – Allah, Who Alone is Deity worthy of worship; committed to upholding and standing firm with justice,worship; committed to upholding and standing firm with justice, in accordance with the Way of life (in accordance with the Way of life (DEENDEEN) as established by His) as established by His Final Messenger Muhammad s.a.a.w.Final Messenger Muhammad s.a.a.w. The first pillar, the “The first pillar, the “SHAHADATAINSHAHADATAIN” is to begin to “” is to begin to “ self-self- actualiseactualise”. And it does not stand alone, but are connected to the”. And it does not stand alone, but are connected to the other four pillars to be upheld and implemented.other four pillars to be upheld and implemented. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  43. 43. As these five pillars are inter-related, beginning with a solemnAs these five pillars are inter-related, beginning with a solemn commitment, a covenant, thus a Muslim is to strive to fulfil allcommitment, a covenant, thus a Muslim is to strive to fulfil all these – as these are to be regarded as athese – as these are to be regarded as a FARDH ‘AINFARDH ‘AIN (a personal(a personal obligation) unto those who enter into Islam:obligation) unto those who enter into Islam: ““O ye who believe! enter into Islam whole-heartedly (fully); andO ye who believe! enter into Islam whole-heartedly (fully); and follow not the footsteps of the Evil One; for he is to you anfollow not the footsteps of the Evil One; for he is to you an avowed enemy.”avowed enemy.” (Qur’an: Surah al-Baqorah: 2: 208(Qur’an: Surah al-Baqorah: 2: 208)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  44. 44. Thus, the five pillars must be regarded as that educational andThus, the five pillars must be regarded as that educational and developmental program to nurture a total personality of “developmental program to nurture a total personality of “one whoone who submits to Allah’s Willsubmits to Allah’s Will ” (” (MUSLIMMUSLIM).). Each of these five pillars, contains the medium through which theEach of these five pillars, contains the medium through which the deeper meanings must impact a Muslim – leading to yet higherdeeper meanings must impact a Muslim – leading to yet higher consciousness of how to transform his/her entire life into one ofconsciousness of how to transform his/her entire life into one of complete submission to the Will of Allah.complete submission to the Will of Allah. For to be a Muslim is about “For to be a Muslim is about “beingbeing” and “” and “becomingbecoming”. It’s about ones”. It’s about ones ‘‘HAALHAAL ’ (spiritual condition) and ‘’ (spiritual condition) and ‘MAQOMMAQOM ’ (spiritual station) – not’ (spiritual station) – not mere labels.mere labels. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  45. 45. ““There is no god but He: that isThere is no god but He: that is the witness of Allah Histhe witness of Allah His angels and those endued with knowledgeangels and those endued with knowledge, standing firm on, standing firm on justice. There is no god but He, the Exalted in Power, thejustice. There is no god but He, the Exalted in Power, the Wise.”Wise.” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:18Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:18)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  46. 46. Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars): [1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] To bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is theAllah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah;Messenger of Allah; [2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory) Swolah;Swolah; [3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth); [4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House) for those who has the means toHouse) for those who has the means to (do) it;(do) it; [5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  47. 47. Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars): [1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] To bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is theAllah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah;Messenger of Allah; [2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory) Swolah;Swolah; [3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth); [4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House) for those who has the means toHouse) for those who has the means to (do) it;(do) it; [5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  48. 48. THE FIRST PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE FIRST PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TO THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  49. 49. THE FIRST PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE FIRST PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TO THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL LESSON # 10 LESSON # 10 Every Friday night @Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road,Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid#02-00 next to Masjid KassimKassim ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail TOPIC ON 17 APRIL 2015TOPIC ON 17 APRIL 2015 All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  50. 50. Extracted from All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““LESSON ON ISLAMICLESSON ON ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF ADAB”CONCEPT OF ADAB” While most country’s educational objective is to produce “good citizens” able to fulfil national policy (usually based on socio-economic criteria), yet it does not guarantee that its ‘good citizen’ is therefore automatically a ‘good person’ . Islamic perspective of a ‘good person’ is of a person who is willing to submit his will and desire, to the will of his Creator.
  51. 51. Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Initial traitsInitial traits :: [1] Appetite,[1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs,[2] Emotion still link to needs, [3] curiosity, memory,[3] curiosity, memory, [4] imitative, see, listen & do,[4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of[5] application of basic sensory feelingsbasic sensory feelings NAFS al-AMMARAHNAFS al-AMMARAH (Commanding self)(Commanding self) Link to variousLink to various QuwwahQuwwah (powers):(powers): [1][1] shahwiyyashahwiyya (desires)(desires) [2][2] ghadabiyyaghadabiyya (anger)(anger) [3][3] WahmiyahWahmiyah (imaginative)(imaginative) [4][4] ‘aqliyya‘aqliyya (thoughts)(thoughts) Importance of linguistics to thoughts: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Since education involve the seeking KNOWLEDGE
  52. 52. Relationship with the SelfRelationship with the Self THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODYBODY TONGUETONGUE MINDMIND DESIREDESIRE HEARTHEART Initial traitsInitial traits :: [1] Appetite,[1] Appetite, [2] Emotion still link to needs,[2] Emotion still link to needs, [3] curiosity, memory,[3] curiosity, memory, [4] imitative, see, listen & do,[4] imitative, see, listen & do, [5] application of[5] application of basic sensory feelingsbasic sensory feelings NAFS al-AMMARAHNAFS al-AMMARAH (Commanding self)(Commanding self) Link to variousLink to various QuwwahQuwwah (powers):(powers): [1][1] shahwiyyashahwiyya (desires)(desires) [2][2] ghadabiyyaghadabiyya (anger)(anger) [3][3] WahmiyahWahmiyah (imaginative)(imaginative) [4][4] ‘aqliyya‘aqliyya (thoughts)(thoughts) Importance of linguistics to thoughts: ““He (Allah) has created man: He has impartedHe (Allah) has created man: He has imparted unto him articulate thought and speech.” (Q:55: 3-5)unto him articulate thought and speech.” (Q:55: 3-5) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) Since education involve the seeking KNOWLEDGE
  53. 53. Islam: to submit the entire self (body, tongue, heart and Mind) – Freeing it from desire which needs to always be guided to the Will of Allah. THE WORLDTHE WORLD TIMETIME SELFSELFBODY TONGUE MIND DESIRE HEART Obedience to Parents and teachersObedience to Parents and teachers Beginning of education: [1] Tarbiyya pertains to training of the soul still attached to desires, etc. Teacher/Educator: [1] Parent [2] Teacher Although primarily in education it involves the inculcation of Knowledge, (both theoretical and practical) – initial disciplining, rote learning, memorization, etc. may be crucial. PARENTSPARENTS TEACHERSTEACHERS KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE Relationship with the Parents and TeacherRelationship with the Parents and Teacher All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  54. 54. ““declaration; make manifest; witness;declaration; make manifest; witness; testimony; give evidence; attestation; attest;testimony; give evidence; attestation; attest; credential; creed; identification;credential; creed; identification; martyrdom.”martyrdom.” SHA-HAA-DAH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  55. 55. ASH-HADU – AN- LAA-ILAA-HA IL-LALLAAHASH-HADU – AN- LAA-ILAA-HA IL-LALLAAH I bear witness, that there is no god except AllahI bear witness, that there is no god except Allah All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  56. 56. WA-ASH-HADU – AN-NA- MUHAM-MADARWA-ASH-HADU – AN-NA- MUHAM-MADAR RO-SUU-LULLAAHRO-SUU-LULLAAH And I bear witness, that Muhammad is theAnd I bear witness, that Muhammad is the Messenger of AllahMessenger of Allah All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  57. 57. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  58. 58. ””Let there beLet there be no compulsion in religionno compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear. Truth stands out clear from Error; whoever rejects Evil and believes in Allah hathfrom Error; whoever rejects Evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks.grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah hears and knows all things.”And Allah hears and knows all things.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  59. 59. ”” If it had been the Lord's Will they would all have believed allIf it had been the Lord's Will they would all have believed all who are on earth!who are on earth! Wilt thou then compel mankind against theirWilt thou then compel mankind against their will to believe?will to believe?”” ((Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 99Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 99)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  60. 60. ””This is the way of thy Lord, leading straight (This is the way of thy Lord, leading straight (SwIRATU-ROB-BIKA –SwIRATU-ROB-BIKA – MUS-TA-QEE-MAMUS-TA-QEE-MA) : We have detailed the Signs for those who receive) : We have detailed the Signs for those who receive admonition. For them will be a Home of Peace (admonition. For them will be a Home of Peace (DARUS-SALAAMDARUS-SALAAM) in) in the presence of their Lord: He (Allah) will be their Friend (the presence of their Lord: He (Allah) will be their Friend (WALIYYWALIYY)) because they practised (righteousness).”because they practised (righteousness).” ((Qur’an: An’am: 6: 126-127Qur’an: An’am: 6: 126-127)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  61. 61. ““Allah is the ProtectorAllah is the Protector of those who have faith:of those who have faith: from the depthsfrom the depths of darkness, He will lead them forth into light.of darkness, He will lead them forth into light. Of those whoOf those who reject faith the patrons are the Evil Ones: from light they will leadreject faith the patrons are the Evil Ones: from light they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companionsthem forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (for ever).”of the fire, to dwell therein (for ever).” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257-258Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257-258)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  62. 62. ““Say: "Say: "O my ServantsO my Servants who have transgressed against their souls!who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of AllahDespair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” ((Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 53Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 53)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  63. 63. "Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and"Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and (ASLIMU-LAHU) bow to(ASLIMU-LAHU) bow to His (WillHis (Will), before the Penalty comes on you: after that ye shall), before the Penalty comes on you: after that ye shall not be helped. “not be helped. “ ((Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 54Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 54)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  64. 64. ““Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deedsUnless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for, for Allah will change the evil of such persons into goodAllah will change the evil of such persons into good and Allahand Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful . And whoever repents andis Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful . And whoever repents and does good has truly turned to Allah with an (acceptable)does good has truly turned to Allah with an (acceptable) conversion―”conversion―” ((Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 70-71Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 70-71))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  65. 65. ““We are to accept what is manifested and Allah will (be the OneWe are to accept what is manifested and Allah will (be the One to) look into what is (secretly) concealed (in the person’s heart.)”to) look into what is (secretly) concealed (in the person’s heart.)” ((Hadith of the Prophet s.a.wHadith of the Prophet s.a.w.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  66. 66. No one should be forced to embrace Islam.No one should be forced to embrace Islam. A person is expected tois expected to enter into it willingly, with full certainty of the basic truth that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. Those who are born into a Muslim family needs to be nurtured with the correct understanding of Islam to attain certainty . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  67. 67. Thus, the declaration marks a person’s commitment towards adhering to all that Islam teaches. It is in fact a covenant between him and Allah – to be witnessed at least by other Muslims because he will be accorded every rights and respect as fellow Muslims; as much as other Muslims have rights over him. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  68. 68. Amongst these are for Muslims to exhort one another towardsAmongst these are for Muslims to exhort one another towards truth and patient constancy; makingtruth and patient constancy; making DU’ADU’A (prayer) for one(prayer) for one another; protecting each others rights and dignity; assisting in allanother; protecting each others rights and dignity; assisting in all matters leading tomatters leading to AL-BIRRAL-BIRR (Goodness) and(Goodness) and AL-TAQWAAL-TAQWA (consciousness of Allah) with love for one another for the sake of(consciousness of Allah) with love for one another for the sake of Allah.Allah. When a person enters or embraces Islam, his/her past sins areWhen a person enters or embraces Islam, his/her past sins are forgiven and erased whereas merit of all their good deeds remainsforgiven and erased whereas merit of all their good deeds remains (including now also, merit of repentance of those past sins). This is(including now also, merit of repentance of those past sins). This is similar to Muslims whose repentance have been accepted by Allah.similar to Muslims whose repentance have been accepted by Allah. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  69. 69. “Renew your iiman (faith) by (reciting) : Laa-ilaa-ha il-lalLaah (there is no god except Allah)” (Hadith reported by Ibnu Majah) Our Prophet s.a.w. advises: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  71. 71. ““And thus have We willed you to be a community of theAnd thus have We willed you to be a community of the middle way (middle way (UMMATAN WASOTANUMMATAN WASOTAN) [i.e. justly balanced], so) [i.e. justly balanced], so that [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truththat [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truth before all mankind (before all mankind (SHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAASSHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAAS) , and the) , and the Messenger as a witness over you.“Messenger as a witness over you.“ ((Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  72. 72. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  73. 73. ““And strive (And strive (WA-JAA-HADUWA-JAA-HADU) in His cause as ye ought) in His cause as ye ought to strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He hasto strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you inchosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is Hereligion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in thisWho has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation); that the Messenger ((Revelation); that the Messenger (SHAHEEDANSHAHEEDAN) may) may be a witness for you, and ye be witnesses forbe a witness for you, and ye be witnesses for mankind! (mankind! (SHUHADAA-A- ‘ALAN-NAASSHUHADAA-A- ‘ALAN-NAAS)).“.“ ((Qur’an: al- Hajj: 22:78Qur’an: al- Hajj: 22:78)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  74. 74. And say: "And say: "Work (righteousness)Work (righteousness): soon will Allah observe your: soon will Allah observe your work, and His Messenger and the Believers: soon will ye bework, and His Messenger and the Believers: soon will ye be brought back to the knower of what is hidden and what is open:brought back to the knower of what is hidden and what is open: then will He show you the truth of all that ye did."then will He show you the truth of all that ye did." ((Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 10Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 105)5) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  75. 75. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  76. 76. ““ Those whom Allah (in His plan) wills to guide,Those whom Allah (in His plan) wills to guide, He opens their breast to ISLAMHe opens their breast to ISLAM; those whom He; those whom He wills to leave straying, He makes their breastwills to leave straying, He makes their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb upclose and constricted, as if they had to climb up to the skies: thus doth Allah (heap) the penaltyto the skies: thus doth Allah (heap) the penalty on those who refuse to believe. "on those who refuse to believe. " ((Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 12Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 125)5) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  77. 77. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  78. 78. ““Is one whose heart Allah has opened toIs one whose heart Allah has opened to ISLAMISLAM,, so that he has received Enlightenment fromso that he has received Enlightenment from Allah, (no better than one hard-hearted)? WoeAllah, (no better than one hard-hearted)? Woe to those whose hearts are hardened againstto those whose hearts are hardened against celebrating the praises of Allah! they arecelebrating the praises of Allah! they are manifestly wandering (in error)!”manifestly wandering (in error)!” ((Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 22Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 22)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  79. 79. “People are like minerals, the best of them in Jahiliyah (during times of ignorance) will still be the best amongst them in Islam, so long as they have proper (profound) understanding.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim, Darimi and Ahmad) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  80. 80. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  81. 81. “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” ((Reported by Bukhary and MuslimReported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  82. 82. ““And those who (And those who (JAAHADUJAAHADU) strive in Our (cause),- We) strive in Our (cause),- We will certainly guide them to our Paths (will certainly guide them to our Paths (SUBUULANASUBUULANA) :) : For verily Allah is with those who do right.For verily Allah is with those who do right.”” ((Qur’an: Ahnkabut: 29: 69Qur’an: Ahnkabut: 29: 69)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  83. 83. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  84. 84. ““The best one amongst youThe best one amongst you is the person whois the person who makes you remember Allahmakes you remember Allah when you lookwhen you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increasesupon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledgeyou your knowledge ( ‘ilm( ‘ilm of theof the DeenDeen), and), and with his deeds (‘with his deeds (‘amalamal) it inspires (motivates)) it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.”you to strive for your Hereafter.” ((Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.aHadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  85. 85. ““And whenAnd when Allah guides a single person (to Islam),Allah guides a single person (to Islam), through youthrough you (with your sincere effort), (the reward) for(with your sincere effort), (the reward) for you is better than (if you are given) the whole worldyou is better than (if you are given) the whole world and whatever it contains.”and whatever it contains.” ((Hadith of the ProphetHadith of the Prophet )) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  86. 86. ““Among theAmong the believers are men who have [always] been truebelievers are men who have [always] been true to what they have vowed before Allahto what they have vowed before Allah: Of them some have: Of them some have fulfilled their obligations (with their lives), and some of themfulfilled their obligations (with their lives), and some of them are still waiting (for its fulfillment) without having changedare still waiting (for its fulfillment) without having changed [their resolve] in the least.”[their resolve] in the least.” ((Qur’an: al-Ahzab: 33: 23Qur’an: al-Ahzab: 33: 23)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  87. 87. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  88. 88. Meaning:Meaning: ““polytheism; idolatry; setting up partners to Godpolytheism; idolatry; setting up partners to God” -” - from the word meaning “from the word meaning “partner, associatepartner, associate”” Belief that “Belief that “regards others as partners or associates to Allah;regards others as partners or associates to Allah; ascribing to others the absolute attributes which exclusivelyascribing to others the absolute attributes which exclusively belongs to Allahbelongs to Allah;;”” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  89. 89. SUCH AS: [a] Ascribing to others, the independent exclusive attributes of Allah Who is the Unique Creator, Lord, Sovereign, Law-giver; Who alone is the all-knowing. [b] Believe in the practices of fortune telling; divination with[b] Believe in the practices of fortune telling; divination with arrows or astrology; delving in sorcery; invoking spirits, idols, etc.arrows or astrology; delving in sorcery; invoking spirits, idols, etc. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  90. 90. SUCH AS: [c] To deny that “Allah has absolute power over all things, and that things which occur, although by means of ‘cause and effect’ yet, it can occur only by Allah’s permission.” [d] Ascribing to Allah attributes that contradict His Exalted Majesty e.g. holding to anthropomorphic beliefs. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  91. 91. Meaning:Meaning: ““apostasy; renouncement; withdraw; desertion; renegade;apostasy; renouncement; withdraw; desertion; renegade;”” Acts, through words and deeds, that causes a person to noActs, through words and deeds, that causes a person to no longer be regarded as a Muslim.longer be regarded as a Muslim. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  92. 92. SUCH AS:SUCH AS: [a] Outright renunciation.[a] Outright renunciation. [b] Rejecting or opposing principle teachings of Islam.[b] Rejecting or opposing principle teachings of Islam. [c] To regard what is clearly forbidden to be lawful – or vice-versa;[c] To regard what is clearly forbidden to be lawful – or vice-versa; [d] Blasphemy or committing acts which demeans Islam’s sacred[d] Blasphemy or committing acts which demeans Islam’s sacred symbols (symbols (SHI’-ARSHI’-AR) e.g. Allah’s names, Al-Qur’an, Prophets, Ka’aba,) e.g. Allah’s names, Al-Qur’an, Prophets, Ka’aba, mosques, sacred rites, etc. – act of defiance, treachery.mosques, sacred rites, etc. – act of defiance, treachery. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  93. 93. SUCH AS:SUCH AS: [e] Imitating others in their religious rites or worship; purposefully[e] Imitating others in their religious rites or worship; purposefully trying to resemble others such that his/her own Muslim identity istrying to resemble others such that his/her own Muslim identity is being compromised:being compromised: ““Whosoever resembles (or imitates) a people,Whosoever resembles (or imitates) a people, then he is from amongst them”then he is from amongst them” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  94. 94. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  95. 95. ““Those who believe then reject Faith, then believeThose who believe then reject Faith, then believe (again) and (again) reject Faith and go on(again) and (again) reject Faith and go on increasing in unbelief ― Allah will not forgive them,increasing in unbelief ― Allah will not forgive them, nor guide them on the way.nor guide them on the way. To the Hypocrites (To the Hypocrites (MUNAAFIQEENMUNAAFIQEEN) give the glad) give the glad tidings that there is for them a grievous penalty.―”tidings that there is for them a grievous penalty.―” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 137-138Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 137-138)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  96. 96. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  97. 97. ““O you who have attained to faith! If you everO you who have attained to faith! If you ever ((MURTADMURTAD) abandon your faith," Allah will in time bring) abandon your faith," Allah will in time bring forth [in your stead] people whom He loves and whoforth [in your stead] people whom He loves and who love Him - humble towards the believers, powerfullove Him - humble towards the believers, powerful (stern) towards all who deny the truth: [people] who(stern) towards all who deny the truth: [people] who ((YUJAAHIDUYUJAAHIDU) strive hard in Allah's cause, and do not) strive hard in Allah's cause, and do not fear to be censured by anyone who might censure them:fear to be censured by anyone who might censure them: such is Allah's favour, which He grants unto whom Hesuch is Allah's favour, which He grants unto whom He wills. And Allah is infinite, all-knowing.”wills. And Allah is infinite, all-knowing.” ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 54Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 54)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  98. 98. LET US TURN TO ALLAH WITH THIS .... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  99. 99. "Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our"Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our progeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us ourprogeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us our places for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy);places for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful.”for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 128Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 128)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH S.W.T.
  100. 100. "Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm;"Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm; Help us against those that reject faith."Help us against those that reject faith." ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:250Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:250)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH S.W.T.
  101. 101. ““Our Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth afterOur Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth after You have guided us; and bestow upon us the gift of ThyYou have guided us; and bestow upon us the gift of Thy Grace (Mercy): verily, You are the (true) giver of GiftsGrace (Mercy): verily, You are the (true) giver of Gifts (bestowals).”(bestowals).” ((Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 8Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 8)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH S.W.T.
  102. 102. “(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance with what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  103. 103. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our LeaderAnd salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions .Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  104. 104. ””Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) fromGlory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praisewhat they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” ((Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) DU’A TAUGHT BY ALLAH S.W.T.
  105. 105. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog: 106All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))

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