Macro-changes Change the visual medium e.g.: from slides to flipchart and back again Change the physical state of the audience eg: from sitting around a table to standing around a flipchart Change the location of the room that you present from eg: from the front to the back Change the activity your audience is engaged in eg: from listening to you to discussing a problem with their neighbor Change presenters Change topics. Micro-changes Make the edges between subtopics in your presentation clear eg: “So that’s the problem we’re trying to fix, let’s look now at what some of the options are.” If somebody has mentally checked out this gives them a cue to check back in again. Show a short video Use silence before and after critical statements Change your style of delivery according to the content . For instance when you’re making statements of fact, use a measured deliberate tone and stand still. When you tell a story, speed up, get chatty and move around. Source: Olivia Mitchell (2013) “7 ways to keep audience attention during your presentation” available at: http://www.speakingaboutpresenting.com/content/7-ways-audience-attention-presentation/
The flows refers to progression but also competence in the use of the media, if the presentation flows well it is a sign of good preparation and will increase overall impact. Overall impact is about persuading the audience of your central message, involving it in the discussion, through eye contact and enthusiasm, but also timing and modulation of the voice are key ingredient to achieve a high quality and high impact presentation. When confidence is low impact is very poor. As I told you IDEAS are a key criteria of assessment in academic presentation It is about the originality and criticality of the arguments presented but also if the ideas are logically and coherently developed: creativity, focus and clarity are key.
Agenda1.Preparing and delivering power pointpresentations-general2.Assessment criteria3.Presenting your PhD: work in progressand completed research4.Examples of conference presentations
Preparing the power pointQuestions to be asked in advance of writing the ppt:• Who is my audience?• What are they expecting from me?• What is the purpose of my presentation?In sum, know your audience: make sure the audience knowswhy they should listen…why is your topic important?
Preparing your presentation•Keep it focused and with few (1 to 3) clear messages•Visual elements and formatting:-Don’t ‘overcrowd’ your slides with text/avoid obviousempty spaces-Avoid different font styles in one slide
Golden Rules for a good presentationPREPARE, PLAN, PRACTICE!•Good preparation is key to achieve confidence, being relaxed(“settling the butterflies”).•Good rehearsal will reduce your nerves by 75%, increase thelikelihood of avoiding errors to 95% (Fred Pryor Organisation,provider of seminars and open presentation events)• “Change grabs attention” (Daniel Willingham 2009 “Whystudents don’t like school”)•Your body language, and the changing tone and pitch of yourvoice are all ways to bring your presentation to life
Delivering your presentation 1•Make sure your audience is comfortable- smiling and eye contact•How long for is my audience going to pay attention?the attention of an average listener is apparently between five and tenminutes for any single unbroken subject→Break up the content so that no single item takes longer than a fewminutes→ Don’t stay too long/too short on the same subject
Delivering your presentation (2)→Draw audience attention through a picture, a quote, a bit ofaudience interaction - anything to break it up and keep peopleinterested ( e.g. using a variety of media and movement)However, use multi-media with moderation, remember this isan academic presentation and needs very goodIDEAS/CONTENTS
Other tips• Presentation always take longer to deliver than you think:practice pace and time and leave some extra time• At the end demand action from your audience (questions,exercise, ‘go away and think about it’…)• Don’t stand in front of the screen when the projector is on• Your body language is the most powerful visual• Be firm, confident and in control: the floor is yours and theaudience is on your sideSource: “Presentations skills: presentations forbusiness, sales, and training - oral and multimedia”, Personal Tutorial for HRM, VLE
Assessment criteria fordoctoral presentations1.Presentation flow and use of visual aids2.Contents: ideas, coherence, focus3.Overall ImpactImpact: persuasion, audienceinvolvement, timing, clarity
ImpactKnowledge and preparation is key as much as…control andconfidence:“Good presenting is about entertaining as well asconveying information”In practice…The first impression is important: make sure you have a good,strong, solid introduction and conclusions and…a clear structure
Structure: key elements1) Title/key question2) Structure/Agenda for the presentation3) Introduction/Background4) Central slides –YOUR ARGUMENT: make sure that you includeFINDINGS, case-studies, evidence TO SUPPORT IT5) Summary/Key points in the CONCLUSIONS6) Way forward /CHALLENGES/Possible new research fields7) References
Presenting your PhDWork in progress Completed PhD/ research project1. Theoretical background (epistemology)1. Research questions1. Theoretical background and literature(existing research)2. Description of the research (problems,methods used)3. Method/methodology 3. Summary of key findings4. Early findings and analysis 4. Illustration of findings selecting powerfulquotes/data/statistics5. Tentative conclusions /implications 5. Conclusions and policy implications6. Challenges/Future research
Academic presentation atconferencesSOME REAL LIFE EXAMPLES…•Alberti G. (2010) The new stratification of migrant labour in the hospitality industry: everydayexperiences at work and mobility strategies, Paper presented at the InternationalConference ‘New Migrations, New Challenges: Trinity Immigration Initiative’,Trinity College, 30 June – 3 July 2010, Dublin•Alberti, G., (2012) ‘Strategic intersectionality’: challenges and opportunities for organisingmigrant labour in London’s hospitality. ‘Gender, Work and Organization Conference’,27th – 29th June 2012, Keele University•Alberti, G., Holgate, J. and Tapia, M. (2012) Integrating or organising migrant workers?Identities, educational initiatives and new alliances for trade unions in the UK, the ‘EqualityDiversity and Inclusion 2012 Conference’, 23-25 July 2012, Toulouse, France
Summary-Prepare and structure your ppt according to the stage of youresearch (i.e. in progress/completed) and to the audience-Present your theoretical/literature background but go as soonas you can into the findings if the research is completed-Preparation and rehearsal are key for delivering goodpresentation with high impact on the public-Strike a balance between conveying information and engagingthe audience-Be confident, relaxed and focus on few key messages you wantto get across