DSS 'Conferencing' - Gabriella


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Dr. Gabriella Alberti from Work and Employment Relations at Leeds University Business School talked about various skills and techniques to use during academic presentations.

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DSS 'Conferencing' - Gabriella

  1. 1. Presentation skills fordoctoral studentsGetting the message acrossDr. Gabriella AlbertiWork andEmploymentRelations DivisionLUBS
  2. 2. Agenda1.Preparing and delivering power pointpresentations-general2.Assessment criteria3.Presenting your PhD: work in progressand completed research4.Examples of conference presentations
  3. 3. Preparing the power pointQuestions to be asked in advance of writing the ppt:• Who is my audience?• What are they expecting from me?• What is the purpose of my presentation?In sum, know your audience: make sure the audience knowswhy they should listen…why is your topic important?
  4. 4. Preparing your presentation•Keep it focused and with few (1 to 3) clear messages•Visual elements and formatting:-Don’t ‘overcrowd’ your slides with text/avoid obviousempty spaces-Avoid different font styles in one slide
  5. 5. Golden Rules for a good presentationPREPARE, PLAN, PRACTICE!•Good preparation is key to achieve confidence, being relaxed(“settling the butterflies”).•Good rehearsal will reduce your nerves by 75%, increase thelikelihood of avoiding errors to 95% (Fred Pryor Organisation,provider of seminars and open presentation events)• “Change grabs attention” (Daniel Willingham 2009 “Whystudents don’t like school”)•Your body language, and the changing tone and pitch of yourvoice are all ways to bring your presentation to life
  6. 6. Delivering your presentation 1•Make sure your audience is comfortable- smiling and eye contact•How long for is my audience going to pay attention?the attention of an average listener is apparently between five and tenminutes for any single unbroken subject→Break up the content so that no single item takes longer than a fewminutes→ Don’t stay too long/too short on the same subject
  7. 7. Delivering your presentation (2)→Draw audience attention through a picture, a quote, a bit ofaudience interaction - anything to break it up and keep peopleinterested ( e.g. using a variety of media and movement)However, use multi-media with moderation, remember this isan academic presentation and needs very goodIDEAS/CONTENTS
  8. 8. Other tips• Presentation always take longer to deliver than you think:practice pace and time and leave some extra time• At the end demand action from your audience (questions,exercise, ‘go away and think about it’…)• Don’t stand in front of the screen when the projector is on• Your body language is the most powerful visual• Be firm, confident and in control: the floor is yours and theaudience is on your sideSource: “Presentations skills: presentations forbusiness, sales, and training - oral and multimedia”, Personal Tutorial for HRM, VLE
  9. 9. Assessment criteria fordoctoral presentations1.Presentation flow and use of visual aids2.Contents: ideas, coherence, focus3.Overall ImpactImpact: persuasion, audienceinvolvement, timing, clarity
  10. 10. ImpactKnowledge and preparation is key as much as…control andconfidence:“Good presenting is about entertaining as well asconveying information”In practice…The first impression is important: make sure you have a good,strong, solid introduction and conclusions and…a clear structure
  11. 11. Structure: key elements1) Title/key question2) Structure/Agenda for the presentation3) Introduction/Background4) Central slides –YOUR ARGUMENT: make sure that you includeFINDINGS, case-studies, evidence TO SUPPORT IT5) Summary/Key points in the CONCLUSIONS6) Way forward /CHALLENGES/Possible new research fields7) References
  12. 12. Presenting your PhDWork in progress Completed PhD/ research project1. Theoretical background (epistemology)1. Research questions1. Theoretical background and literature(existing research)2. Description of the research (problems,methods used)3. Method/methodology 3. Summary of key findings4. Early findings and analysis 4. Illustration of findings selecting powerfulquotes/data/statistics5. Tentative conclusions /implications 5. Conclusions and policy implications6. Challenges/Future research
  13. 13. Academic presentation atconferencesSOME REAL LIFE EXAMPLES…•Alberti G. (2010) The new stratification of migrant labour in the hospitality industry: everydayexperiences at work and mobility strategies, Paper presented at the InternationalConference ‘New Migrations, New Challenges: Trinity Immigration Initiative’,Trinity College, 30 June – 3 July 2010, Dublin•Alberti, G., (2012) ‘Strategic intersectionality’: challenges and opportunities for organisingmigrant labour in London’s hospitality. ‘Gender, Work and Organization Conference’,27th – 29th June 2012, Keele University•Alberti, G., Holgate, J. and Tapia, M. (2012) Integrating or organising migrant workers?Identities, educational initiatives and new alliances for trade unions in the UK, the ‘EqualityDiversity and Inclusion 2012 Conference’, 23-25 July 2012, Toulouse, France
  14. 14. Summary-Prepare and structure your ppt according to the stage of youresearch (i.e. in progress/completed) and to the audience-Present your theoretical/literature background but go as soonas you can into the findings if the research is completed-Preparation and rehearsal are key for delivering goodpresentation with high impact on the public-Strike a balance between conveying information and engagingthe audience-Be confident, relaxed and focus on few key messages you wantto get across