What is demonstration?It is “ a public showing and emphasizing of the salient merits, utility, efficiency of a product or an article.(according to Webster’s International Dictionary)In teaching it is showing how a thing is done and emphasizing of the salient merits, utility and efficiency of a concept, a method or a process or an
Instances in Demonstration: There is an audience A process of speaking A process of showing a product or a method or proofs.
Guiding Principles in Using Demonstration:Establish a rapport.Avoid the COIK ( Clear Only If Known).Watch for the key points.
In planning or preparing for demonstration, Brown suggests methodologicalprocedures by following this question:What are the objectives?How does your class stand with respect to these objectives?
Is there a better way to achieve your ends?Do you have access to all the necessary materials and equipment to make the demonstration?Are you familiar with the sequence and content of the proposed demonstration?Are the time limits realistic?
Several points to observe in demonstration:Set the tone for good communication.Do not wander from the main ideas.Check to see that your demonstration is being understood.Do not hurry your demonstration.
Do not drag out the demonstration.Summarize as you go along and provide a concluding summary.Hand out written materials at the conclusion.
Things to be considered in evaluating classroom demonstration:Was your demonstration adequately and skillfully prepared? Did you select demonstration skills or ideas? Were the desired behavioral outcomes clear?Did you follow the step-by-step plan?
Did you make use of additional materials appropriate to your purposes?Was the demonstration itself correct?Was your explanation simple enough so that most of the students understood easily?Did you keep checking to see that all your students were concentrating on what you were doing?
Could every person see or hear?Did you help students do their generalization?Did you take enough time to demonstrate the key points?Did you review and summarize your key points?
Did your students participate in what you were doing by asking thoughtful question at the appropriate time?Did your evaluation of student learning indicate that your demonstration achieved its purpose?
Advantages of Demonstration: It Promotes peer learning and creates synergy (basically getting a better outcome with groups than what would have been produced with one individual). Promotes critical thinking.