4 of 30Attending Conferences• Academic Conferences are essential...– Access to latest advances in the field– Feedback from experts– Networking with peers, editors, employers• Academic Conferences are costly...– Time– Fees– Travel– Inconvenience– Opportunity costs
5 of 30Academic Presentations• Weak presenters• Poor communication skills• Weak presentationsOutcome is often...• Boring and disengaging• Little or no value to audience and presenter
6 of 30Opportunity...• Become a strong presenter• Deliver engaging presentations• Attract people’s interest in your work• Receive valuable feedback• Publish!
18 of 30Glossophobia...FACT 1:95% of all public speakers experience anxiety…FACT 2:95% of the audience cannot tell when this happens…
19 of 30Glossophobia...• Prepare• Rehearse• Breathe• Move• Eye Contact
20 of 30Murphy’s Law...“If anything can go wrong, it will…”• Rehearse• Arrive early• Keep backups of presentation• Be prepared...• When something unexpected happens , keep going...It goes wrong only when you call attention to the issueor you let it ruin the rest of your presentation
22 of 30Your positionAdapted from Mandel (2000)• Or to the audience?• Presenting to the visual?“Do not speak until you haveeye contact with youraudience!”
23 of 30Energy• Movement > Normal & Controlled• Gestures > Natural Gestures• Voice > Confidence & Variety• Expressions > Important (but avoid theatrics)
24 of 30Composure• Posture > Straight• Eye contact > 3-5 seconds• Pace > Controlled• Pauses > Breathe, drink some waterAvoid umm, err, ahh, etc
25 of 30Your introduction• Anecdotal Evidence• Shocking statement• Rhetorical question• QuotationIf you feel confident enough:• Question• Humour
26 of 30Communicate your topic...• Tell the audience what you are going to tell them...• Tell them...• Then tell them what you told them...• Tell the audience how you are going to bore them ...• Bore them ...• Then tell them how you bored them ...
27 of 30Encouraging QuestionsStand away, hand in your pockets and ask:“Any questions?”Approach audience, raise hand and ask:“What questions do you have?”
28 of 30Answering Questions• Listen carefully• Observe body language• Remain calm and confident• Clarify• Amplify• Don’t ignore the audience (25%-75%)
29 of 30Hostile Questions• Position- Action- Benefit• Acknowledge fact• Respond with informationAnswer structures :- Past, present, future- Argument 1, 2, 3- Pros vs. Cons• Maintain position (if appropriate)
30 of 30Keep paying attention to...• The room• The audience• Yourself• The TIME!