INTRODUCTION TO APPLIED LINGUISTICS Video Lesson 1 Linguistics vs Applied LinguisticsMgs. Nina Nesterenko
Linguistics is a comparatively new science, or new,at least, in the form it has taken in recent years. It’s a scientific study of language. Its goal isdescribe the varieties of languages and explainthe unconscious knowledge all speakers have of their language
Linguistics – the study oflanguage in general or of someparticular language or languages It is the science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics It is the study of the structure, development, changes, etc, of a particular language and its relationship to other languages
Linguistics is subdivided into: applied historical
field of study that identifies, investigates, and offers solutions to language related problems Applied Linguistics describes theIt can be applied to all language, andaspects of language use. teaches how it is It deals with mother, foreign, learned and usedsecond language acquisition
A.L. extends into such practical application fields as as: Clinical Linguistics (analysis and treatment of language disorders) Language Acquisition ( L1 and L2) Teaching and Learning Foreign Languages (developing foreign language teaching methods)Educational Linguistics (the useof the mother tongue in school)
Lexicography ( theory and practice in organizing dictionaries; methods and techniques for creating dictionaries Computational Linguistics (the use of computers in language analysis and use) Machine Translation ASR –Automatic( computerized translation ) Speech Recognition
Language assessment(to measure studentlearning of languages, todetermine what a studentknows and/or can do andhow well instruction isproceeding ). Forensic Linguistics (the application of linguistic knowledge, methods and insights to the context of law, language, crime investigation, trial, experts, court, evidence, law, jurislinguistique )
Data Mining – (the process of processinglarge volumes of data usually stored in adatabase and searching for patterns andrelationships within that data. It is automaticextraction and processing of data )Language pedagogy (theory of developingteaching methods ) Psycholinguistics (the study of the psychological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce speech , relationship between language and human behavior)
Internet linguistics ( It studies new language styles and forms that have arisen under the influence of the Internet and Short Message Service (SMS)Sociolinguistics Neurolinguistics (describes(study of the link the application of linguisticbetween language theories to the classification andand society) analysis of acquired disorders of language or speech in patients with brain damage ) Language interpretation (facilitating of oral or sign language communication between users of different languages)
Corpus linguistics(the study of language as expressed in samples (corpora) or "real world" text ; it is approach to deriving a set of abstract rules by which a natural language is governed or else relates to another language) Text Analysis ( written Language Control / discourse) Dialectology (study of linguisticLanguage, dialect, variations inculture, and language and is basedpragmatics primarily on geographic( cultural aspects distribution ;in language divergence of two localteaching in dialects from aintercultural common ancestor andcommunication ) synchronic variation )
Education Sociology(teaching, learning, (the scientific study ofacquisition, human social behaviorassessment and the study of society) Applied Linguistics Linguistics Psychology(The study of the (the science of mindnature, structure, and and behavior, andvariation of language, Anthropology ( the scientific study the application ofincluding phonetics, of the origin and such knowledge ofphonology,morphology and the behavior of man, various spheres ofstudy of human including the human activity, suchspeech, language physical, social, and as education,form, language cultural development health, occupationalmeaning , and of societies and and employmentlanguage in context services cultures ).
Difference between Linguistics and Applied LinguisticsLinguistics is a science that studies languages and has some subfields:PHONETICS - it deals with the sounds of language, how they are producedPHONOLOGY – it deals with how the sounds are organizedMORPHOLOGY – it deals with how sounds are put together to form words, and everything related to word formationSYNTAX – it deals with how sentences are formedSEMANTICS – it deals with the meaning of words, sentences, and textsPRAGMATICS –studies how people comprehend and produce a communicative act or speech act in a concrete speech situation
Applied linguistics can be applied to all aspectsof language use.It deals with mother, foreign, second languageacquisition.It examined the relationship between languageand such areas as law, communication, media,social and educational psychology andeducation in general.Domain of applied linguistics – approaches totext, language, literacy, research, languageteaching and learning and translation.