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Student Culture            and Designing            the Learning            Environment            Beth White Bigler MA   ...
Understanding OurStudentsHow Student Statistics Explain Learning Successes andChallenges at the University of Tennessee
PRESENTATIONOVERVIEWMillennials2012-2013 Freshman   ClassAdult LearnersStudent MotivationUT Student SurveyConclusion
Millennials Born 1982-2002             Exceptional Technology                              Skills 70-95 Million People...
2012-2013 Freshman Class 4200 Students 89% In-State 19% Minority Average GPA: 3.89 27 ACT Score Mean Family Income: ...
Adult and Non-Traditional Learners      More experience & prior knowledge      Intrinsically motivated      Responsibil...
Student Motivations      1.     Self:                                         4.       Method & Process           ◦ Extrin...
Student Success             Students who leave      Orientation              UT: The Top 6 Reasons 83% thought earning As...
Conclusions Most students will be performance-oriented Many of the bright and more motivated  students want to “own” the...
Questions?UT Students Working Together
Understanding TheLearning Environment
Index of Learning Styles   Developed in 1991 by Richard Felder and    Barbara Solomon (NCSU)   44 question instrument de...
Identifying Your Learning Preference      11   9   7   5   3   1   1   3   5   7   9   11  Four dimensions:   Sensing/Int...
Sensing - Intuitive           Sensing                        Intuitive   Like learning facts and       Often prefer disc...
Visual - Verbal     Visual Learners               Verbal Learners Prefer explanations with      Prefer                  ...
Global - Sequential Global Learners               Sequential Learners Tend  to learn in large       Tend  to follow logi...
Active - ReflectiveActive Learners                   Reflective Learners Learn by trying things out       Learn by think...
Does it Really Matter?Students have different                           Teachers have different     strengths and         ...
In the Conflicted Space   Students are likely to:       Be inattentive, passive learners       Become discouraged about...
Ask The Experts: Please take a few minutes to think of a question or two about teaching or learning you would like the st...
Where Do We Go From Here?   Vary the sources of information   Vary instructional strategies   Vary evaluation/assessmen...
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Ut students millenials learning preferences

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Ut students millenials learning preferences

  1. 1. Student Culture and Designing the Learning Environment Beth White Bigler MA Karen BrinkleySession 2
  2. 2. Understanding OurStudentsHow Student Statistics Explain Learning Successes andChallenges at the University of Tennessee
  3. 3. PRESENTATIONOVERVIEWMillennials2012-2013 Freshman ClassAdult LearnersStudent MotivationUT Student SurveyConclusion
  4. 4. Millennials Born 1982-2002  Exceptional Technology Skills 70-95 Million People 30% of the Population  Confident and Optimistic 34% Minority  Self-Expressive  Open to Change  Sheltered  Pressured to Succeed  Achievement-Focused  Extrinsically Motivated Source: “The Millennials: Confident, Connected and Open to Change.” (2012). Pew Research Center Source: Howe and Strauss (2003). “Millennials Go to College.”
  5. 5. 2012-2013 Freshman Class 4200 Students 89% In-State 19% Minority Average GPA: 3.89 27 ACT Score Mean Family Income: $125,000 99% Qualify for HOPE Student qualifications are in-line with the “Top-25” Research Universities
  6. 6. Adult and Non-Traditional Learners  More experience & prior knowledge  Intrinsically motivated  Responsibilities or challenges that can interfere with the learning process  Adults learn differently ◦ Prefer active learning & practical application ◦ May be less comfortable with technologySource: Bash, L. (1999). Adult learners in the academy. Indianapolis, IN: Josey-Bass.Source: Cercone, K. (2008). Characteristics of adult learners with implications for online learning design,AACE Journal, 16(2), 137-159.
  7. 7. Student Motivations 1. Self: 4. Method & Process ◦ Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic ◦ Encouragement and ◦ Individual and Social Praise Factors ◦ Guided Discussion ◦ Values 5. Environment 2. Instructor: ◦ Structure ◦ Passion for Material ◦ Emotionally-literate ◦ Caring for Students 3. Content: ◦ Shared Responsibility ◦ Co-Creation of ValueSource: Williams, K.C. and Williams, C.C. (2011). Five key ingredients for improving student motivation.Research in Higher Education Journal, (12): 1-23
  8. 8. Student Success Students who leave Orientation UT: The Top 6 Reasons 83% thought earning As and  Didn’t fit in Bs in high school was  Difficulty adjusting to UT “Somewhat Easy”  Financial Reasons 68.5% spent less than one  Campus is too large and hour each day on impersonal homework  Too far from home / homesick  Too much pressure / stress UT Student Survey Results
  9. 9. Conclusions Most students will be performance-oriented Many of the bright and more motivated students want to “own” their education and be involved in the decision-making Students will likely experience a “learning adjustment” when compared to high school Practicing effective teaching can reach all students Responsibility rests with the student
  10. 10. Questions?UT Students Working Together
  11. 11. Understanding TheLearning Environment
  12. 12. Index of Learning Styles Developed in 1991 by Richard Felder and Barbara Solomon (NCSU) 44 question instrument designed to assess preferences on the four dimensions of the Felder -Silverman model (1988)  Designed for engineering students
  13. 13. Identifying Your Learning Preference 11 9 7 5 3 1 1 3 5 7 9 11 Four dimensions:  Sensing/Intuitive  Visual/Verbal  Active/Reflective  Sequential/Global
  14. 14. Sensing - Intuitive Sensing Intuitive Like learning facts and  Often prefer discovering solving problems using possibilities and well-established methods relationships Tend to be patient with  Like innovation NOT details and good at repetition memorization  Tend to work faster than Don’t like courses with sensors no apparent connection  Don’t like courses that to the real world require a lot of Like doing hands-on memorization work
  15. 15. Visual - Verbal Visual Learners Verbal Learners Prefer explanations with  Prefer written and spoken many charts, graphs, explanations pictures, etc. Have difficulty in classes were information is presented mostly through lectures and written material
  16. 16. Global - Sequential Global Learners Sequential Learners Tend to learn in large  Tend to follow logical step jumps, they may begin by step paths to find slowly and then make solutions large leaps  Learn in small May be able to solve and incremental steps synthesize complex  Make steady progress problems  Easily explain and Can see the “big picture” analyze but may have difficulty explaining how they did it
  17. 17. Active - ReflectiveActive Learners Reflective Learners Learn by trying things out  Learn by thinking things Tend to like group work through Lecture style teaching is  Tend to prefer working difficult for active learners alone  Lecture style teaching is also hard for reflective learners
  18. 18. Does it Really Matter?Students have different Teachers have different strengths and strengths andpreferences in the ways preferences in the waysin which they take in or they present materials process information
  19. 19. In the Conflicted Space Students are likely to:  Be inattentive, passive learners  Become discouraged about the course  Do poorly on tests  Change majors Professors are likely to:  Become inattentive  Become discouraged  Become hostile  Become apathetic and ineffective
  20. 20. Ask The Experts: Please take a few minutes to think of a question or two about teaching or learning you would like the students to address. Write it on one of the index cards in the center of your table.
  21. 21. Where Do We Go From Here? Vary the sources of information Vary instructional strategies Vary evaluation/assessment methods

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