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CHURNA KALPA
(As per C.C.I.M. Syllabus for P.G. Final year Rasa
Shastra and Bhaishajya kalpana)
Dr. Somil Dubey
M.D. (Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana)
Medical officer, Pt. Khushilal Sharma Govt.
(Auto.) Ayurveda College, Bhopal (M.P)
Email id- somildubey11@gmail.com
INTRODUCTION
•Ayurvedic Churna is the simplest form of Ayurvedic medicine
which can be easily prepared. It is also very effective in clinical
practice.
•Present presentation is based on Churna kalpa according to
C.C.I.M. Syllabus for M.D. Final year curriculum of Rasa Shastra
and Bhaishajya kalpana paper 3, Rasa Chikitsa and aushadha
vigyana, Part B (c).
CONTENTS
S.
No.
NAME OF CHURNA
1 SITOPLADI CHURNA
2 TALISADI CHURNA
3 TRIPHALA CHURNA
4 HINGVASHTAKA CHURNA
5 AVIPATTIKARA CHURNA
6 SWADISHTA VIRECHANA CHURNA
7 LAVANA BHASKAR CHURNA
8 SUDARSHANA CHURNA
9 MAHA SUDARSHANA CHURNA
10 GANDHARVA HARITAKI CHURNA
CONTENTS...
S.
No.
NAME OF CHURNA
11 PUSHYANUGA CHURNA
12 AJAMODADI CHURNA 1 & 2
13 HINGVADI CHURNA
14 ELADI CHURNA
15 DADIMASHTAKA CHURNA
16 TRIKATU CHURNA
17 VAISHWANARA CHURNA
18 GANGADHARA CHURNA (LAGHU AND VHRITA)
19 JATI PHALADI CHURNA
20 NARAYANA CHURNA
SITOPLADI CHURNA
Charaka Samhita Chikitsa sthana Rajayakshma 8/103-104
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
Dose- 6-12 gm
Anupana- honey and ghrita
Indications- Swasa, kasa (respiratory disorders), kapha diseases,
suptajihwa (hypogeusia), arochaka (anorexia), alpagni (loss of
digestive fire), parshwashoola (pain due to pleurisy).
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Mishri Sugar candy 16 tola (192 gm)
2 Tabasheer Bamboo silica 8 tola (96 gm)
3 Pippali Piper longum 4 tola (48 gm)
4 Ela Elettaria cardamomum 2 tola (24 gm)
5 Twak Cinnamomum verum 1 tola (12 gm)
TALISADI CHURNA
Charaka Samhita Chikitsa sthana Rajayakshma 8/145-147
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Talisha patra Abies Webbiana 1 tola (12 gm)
2 Maricha Piper nigrum 2 tola (24 gm)
3 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 3 tola (36 gm)
4 Pippali Piper longum 4 tola (48 gm)
5 Subha
(vanshlochana
Bamboo silica 5 tola (60 gm)
6 Ela Elettaria cardamomum Half tola (6 gm)
7 Twak Cinnamomum verum Half tola (6 gm)
8 Mishri Sugar candy 8 times of pippali
i.e. (32 gm)
Cont...
Dose- 6-12 gm
Anupana- either with sugar syrup (in gutika form) or honey and
ghrita
Indications- Swasa, kasa (respiratory disorders), deepana (increases
appetite and digestive fire), hridya (cardiac disorders), pandu
(anaemia), grahni (I.B.S.), pleeha roga (spleenic disorders), jwara
(fever), vomiting and diarrhoea, shoolaghna (relives pain), muda
vata anulomana (carminative).
TRIPHALA CHURNA
Bhavaprakasha nighantu Haritakyadi varga 43-43
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/9-11
Yoga ratnakara paribhashik dravya prakrana
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
Note- In Sharangdhara and Yogaratnakara it is advised to constitute
triphala based on numbers.
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 part
2 Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica 1 part
3 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 1 part
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
(NUMBERS)
1 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 no.
2 Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica 2 no.
3 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 4 no.
Cont...
Note cont...
But in both the condition it is same because by calculating the
weight, 1 haritaki fruit is equal to 2 karsha (12 gm) which is equal
to 2 vibhitaki fruits (each vibhitaki having weight 1 karsha so 2
vibhitaki weights 24 gm), similarly weight of 1 aamlaki fruit is half
karsha, so four aamlaki fruits weights 4x6 gm=24 gm.
Dose- 6-12 gm
Anupana- honey and ghrita (for eye disorders)
Indications- meha (diabetes and its complications), sotha
(oedema), vishama jwara (fever of recurrent nature), deepana
(increases digestive fire), kapha-pittahara, kusthahantri (used in
skin ailments), rasayana (rejuvenate), eye disorders, sara (laxative),
aruchi (anorexia).
HINGVASHTAKA CHURNA
Bhaishajya ratnavali agnimandhya rogadhikara 37
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S.
No.
NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part
2 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part
3 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
4 Ajmoda Trachyspermum ammi/Apium
graveolens
1 part
5 Saindhava lavana Rock salt 1 part
6 Sveta jeeraka Cuminum cyminum 1 part
7 Krishna jeeraka Carum carvi 1 part
8 Hingu (goghrita
bharjita)
Asafoetida 1/8 part
Cont...
Dose- 2-4 gm
Anupana- it is to be taken with goghrita in first kavala (first bolus
of food)
Indications- increases appetite and pacifies vata.
AVIPATTIKAR CHURNA
Bhaishajya ratnavali amlapitta rogadhikara 24-27
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 1 part
2 Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica 1 part
3 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 part
4 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part
5 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part
6 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
7 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part
8 Vida lavana Ammonium chloride 1 part
9 Vidanga Embelia ribes 1 part
10 Ela Elettaria cardamomum 1 part
11 Patra Cinnamomum tamala 1 part
12 Lavanga Szygium aromaticum 11 part
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
13 Trivrit Operculina turpethum 44 part
14 Mishri Sugar candy 66 part
Dose- 6-12 gm
Anupana- water
Indications-amlapitta(hyperacidity), malabandha (constipation),
mutrabandha (dysuria), mandagni (low digestive fire), arsha
(piles).
SWADISHTA VIRECHANA CHURNA
Siddha Yoga Sangraha by Acharya Yadav Ji Trikamji; Aanaha adhikara 8
pg. no. 53
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
Note- this yoga is mentioned by Acharya Yadav ji trikam ji, by the name YASTRAYADI
CHURNA, it is famously sold by name SWADISHTA VIRECHANA CHURNA.
Dose- 3-6 gm
Anupana- Luke warm water
Indications- constipation
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Yastimadhu Glycyrrhiza glabra 2 part
2 Sanaya Cassia Augustifolia 2 part
3 Saunf Foeniculum vulgare 1 part
4 Shuddha
Gandhaka
Purified Sulphur 1 part
5 Mishri Sugar candy 6 parts
LAVANA BHASKAR CHURNA
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/140-146
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Samudra lavana Sea salt 8 karsha (96 gm)
2 Sauvarchal lavana Black salt 5 karsha (60 gm)
3 Vida lavana Ammonium chloride 2 karsha (24 gm)
4 Saindhava lavana Rock salt 2 karsha (24 gm)
5 Dhanyaka Coriandrum sativum 2 karsha (24 gm)
6 Pippali Piper longum 2 karsha (24 gm)
7 Pippalimoola Piper longum roots 2 karsha (24 gm)
8 Krishna jeeraka Carum carvi 2 karsha (24 gm)
9 Tejapatra Cinnamomum tamala 2 karsha (24 gm)
10 Nagakesara Mesua ferrea 2 karsha (24 gm)
11 Talisha patra Abies Webbiana 2 karsha (24 gm)
12 Amlavetasa Garcinia pedunculata 2 karsha (24 gm)
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
13 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 karsha (12 gm)
14 Sveta jeeraka Cuminum cyminum 1 karsha (12 gm)
15 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 karsha (12 gm)
16 Dadima Punica granatum 4 karsha (48 gm)
17 Twak Cinnamomum verum Half karsha (6 gm)
18 Ela Elettaria cardamomum Half karsha (6 gm)
Dose- 1 shana (4 gm)
Anupana- mastu (curd water), takra (butter milk), sura and
asava (alcoholic preparation)
Cont...
Indications- kapha vataja gulma (abdominal pain of various
aetiology), pleeha roga (spleen disorders), udara roga (diseases of
abdomen), kshaya (emaciation), piles, grahni (I.B.S.), kustha (skin
disorders), vivandha (constipation), bhagandara (fistula), sotha
(oedema), shoola (pain), swasa-kasa (respiratory disorders),
aamvata (rheumatoid arthritis), hridashoola (pain of cardiac
origin), mandagni (loss of digestive fire), deepana-pachana
(increases appetite and enhances digestion).
SUDARSHANA CHURNA
Yoga ratnakara Vishama jwara chikitsa 76-77
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Guduchi Tinospora cordifolia 1 part
2 Pippalimoola Piper longum roots 1 part
3 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
4 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 part
5 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part
6 Devkusuma Syzygium aromaticum 1 part
7 Nimba twaka Azadirachta indica 1 part
8 Sveta chandana Santalum album 1 part
Cont...
Dose- 3-6 gm
Anupana- water
Indications- tridoshahara (pacifies all three doshas), all types of
jwara (fever).
NOTE- In syllabus two separate churnas by name Sudarshana and
Maha Sudarshana are mentioned. Considering maha sudarshana
churna that will mentioned in next slide all the authors have
mentioned it by the name Sudarshana churna with slight variations
in constitution. Their is no as such drug mentioned by name Maha
sudarshana churna in classics. So most of the pharmaceutical
company manufacture sudarshana churna of Sharangdhara
samhita as Maha sudarshana churna. Here laghu sudarshana
churna mentioned by yoga ratnakara is considered as Sudarshana
churna.
MAHA SUDARSHANA CHURNA
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/27-37
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 1 part
2 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 part
3 Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica 1 part
4 Haridra Curcuma longa 1 part
5 Daruharidra Berberis aristata 1 part
6 Kantakari Solanum Xanthocarpum 1 part*
7 Brihati Solanum indicum 1 part
8 Shati Hedychium spicatum 1 part
9 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part**
10 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part
11 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
12 Pippalimoola Piper longum (roots) 1 part
13 Moorva Marsdenia tenacissima 1 part
14 Guduchi Tinospora cordifolia 1 part
15 Dhamasa Fagonia arabica 1 part
16 Katuki Picrorhiza kurroa 1 part
17 Parpataka Fumaria indica 1 part
18 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part
19 Trayamana Gentiana kurroo 1 part
20 Balakam Pavonia odorata. 1 part
21 Nimba Azadirachta indica 1 part
22 Pushkarmoola Inula racemosa 1 part
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
23 Yastimadhu Glycyrrhiza glabra 1 part
24 Vatsaka Holorrhena antidysenterica (bark) 1 part
25 Yavani Trachyspermum ammi 1 part
26 Indrayava Holorrhena antidysenterica (seeds) 1 part
27 Bharangi Clerodendrum serratum 1 part
28 Shigrubeeja Moringa Oleifera 1 part
29 Phitkari Alum 1 part
30 Vacha Acorus calamus 1 part
31 Twak Cinnamomum verum 1 part
32 Padmaka Prunus puddum 1 part
33 Ushira Vetiveria zizanioides 1 part
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
34 Sveta chandana Santalum album 1 part
35 Ativisha Aconitum heterophyllum 1 part
36 Bala Sida cordifolia 1 part
37 Shalaparni Desmodium gangeticum 1 part
38 Prishnaparni Uraria picta 1 part
39 Vidanga Embelia ribes 1 part
40 Tagara Valeriana wallichii 1 part
41 Chitraka Plumbago zyelanica 1 part
42 Devdaru Cedrus deodara 1 part
43 Chavya Piper retrofractum 1 part
44 Patola patra Trichosanthes dioica 1 part
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
45 Jeevaka Microstylis mucifera 1 part
46 Rishbhaka Microstylis wallichi 1 part
47 Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum 1 part
48 Vanslochana Bamboo silica 1 part
49 Pundiraka Nelumbo nucifera 1 part
50 Kakoli Roscoca procera 1 part
51 Jatipatra Myristica fragrans 1 part
52 Talisha patra Abies Webbiana 1 part
53 Kiratatikta Swertia chirata Half of all the
above churnas
Cont...
Dose- 3-6 gm
Anupana- sheetambu (cold or normal water)
Indications- indicated in all types of jwara (fever) of various
aetiology, moha, tandra, bhrama (altered level of consciousness),
thirst, swasa-kasa (respiratory disorders), pandu (anaemia), kaamla
(jaundice), hridaroga (cardiac ailments), trik-pristha-kati-janu-
parswa shoola nivaranama (pain in sacro-iliac region, backache,
knee joints pain, pain in ribs or pleurisy).
GANDHARVA HARITAKI CHURNA
Bhavaprakash madhyama khanda Vata vyadhi adhikara 24/139
Bharat Bhaishajya Ratnakara 1st part Ekaradi taila prakrana pg no. 193
Vangasena samhita Slipada rogadhikara 76/35
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
In Bharat Bhaishajya Ratnakra this yoga is mentioned by name Erand taila
haritaki (also called Eranda bhrista Haritaki) having only two ingredients
Eranda taila and Haritaki churna indicated in aamvata (rheumatoid
arthrits), gridhasi (sciatica), vriddhi (abnormal growth), ardita (facial
palsy).
Similar yoga is mentioned in Vangasena Samhita in slipada rogadhikara by
name ‘Gomutra Haritaki’ (eranda taila siddha haritaki and using gomutra
as anupana).
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
PROCEDURE
1 Gomutra Cow’s urine BY TAILA PAKA
METHOD UNTILL
CHURNA LIKE
CONSISTENCY IS
OBTAINED
2 Eranda taila Ricinis communis
3 Haritaki Terminalia chebula
4 Pippali Piper longum
Cont...
Gandharva haritaki churna is quite famous in Maharashtra, here it
is prepared by many pharmacies, with slight variation which is
mentioned as below.
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
(each 10 gm of
churna contains)
1 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 6.5 gm
2 Eranda oil Ricinis communis 1.6 gm
3 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 0.5 gm
3 Saindhava lavana Rock salt 0.7 gm
4 Sauvarchal lavana Black salt 0.2 gm
5 Pippali Piper longum 0.5 gm
Dose- 3-6 gm
Anupana- with luke warm water or cow’s urine
Indications- aamvata (rheumatoid arthritis), gridhasi (sciatica), slipada
(elephantiasis), vriddhi (abnormal growth).
PUSHYANUGA CHURNA
Bhaishajya ratnavali striroga adhikara 46-51
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Patha Cissampelos pareira 1 part
2 Jambu beeja majja Eugenia jambolana 1 part
3 Aamrabeeja Mangifera indica 1 part
4 Shilabheda Saxifraga ligulata 1 part
5 Rasanjana Berberis aristata extract 1 part
6 Ambastha Cissampelos pareira 1 part*
7 Mocharasa Salmalia malabarica 1 part
8 Samanga Rubia cordifolia 1 part
9 Padmakesara Nelumbo nucifera 1 part**
10 Vahlika (kumkuma) Crocus sativus 1 part
11 Ativisha Aconitum heterophyllum 1 part
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
12 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part
13 Bilwa Aegle marmelos 1 part
14 Lodhra Symplocos racemosa 1 part
15 Shuddha Gairika Red ochre 1 part
16 katphala Myrica esculenta 1 part
17 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part
18 Sunthi Zingiber Officinale 1 part
19 Mrdvika Vitis vinifera 1 part
20 Raktachandana Pterocarpus santalinus 1 part
21 Katvanga Oroxylum indicum 1 part
22 Vatsaka Holorrhena antidysenterica
(seeds)
1 part
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
23 Anatmoola Hemidesmus indicus 1 part
24 Dhtaki pushpa Woodfordia fruticosa 1 part
25 Yastimadhu Glycyrrhiza glabra 1 part
26 Arjuna Terminalia arjuna 1 part
*Ambastha is controversial drug here, but most of the authors have
suggested it is actually patha so patha should be taken two times in this
formulation.
**Acharya Charaka has mentioned Vatsaka (bark of Holorrhena
antidysenterica ) instead of padmkesara, rest of the drugs are same in both
the text.
Cont...
Dose- 3-6 gm
Anupana- Honey and tandulodaka (rice water).
Indications- raktapradara (abnormal uterine bleeding), raktatisara
(ulcerative colitis), sveta pradara (leucorrhoea), menorrhagia, and
other type of problems menstrual problem.
AJAMODADI CHURNA
AJAMODADI CHURNA-1
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/53
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
Dose- 6-12 gm
Anupana- butter milk or curd water
Indications- Atisara (diarrhoea)
‘Its potency is compared with capacity to stop the flow of
river Ganga’
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Ajamoda Apium graveolens 1 part
2 Mocharasa Salmalia malabarica 1 part
3 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part
4 Dhatki pushpa Woodfordia fructiosa 1 part
AJAMODADI CHURNA
AJAMODADI CHURNA-2
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/115-119
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Ajamoda Apium graveolens 1 karsha (12 gm)
2 Vidanga Embelia ribes 1 karsha (12 gm)
3 Saindhava lavana Rock salt 1 karsha (12 gm)
4 Devdaru Cedrus deodara 1 karsha (12 gm)
5 Chitraka Plumbago zyelanica 1 karsha (12 gm)
6 Pippali moola Piper nigrum (roots) 1 karsha (12 gm)
7 Shatapushpa Anthenum sowa 1 karsha (12 gm)
8 Pippali Piper longum 1 karsha (12 gm)
9 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 karsha (12 gm)
10 Pathya Terminalia chebula 5 karsha (60 gm)
11 Vriddhadaruka Argyreia nervosa 10 karsha (120 gm)
12 Nagara Zingiber officinale 10 karsa (120 gm)
Cont...
Dose- 3-6 gm
Anupana- ushna jala (luke warm water)
It is also suggested to make it in Vataka form by mixing it
with jaggery.
Indications- sotha (oedema), aamvata (rheumatoid arthritis),
polyarticular pain, gridhasi (sciatica), kati-prustha-guda-jangha
rooja (pain in back, anal region and thighs), tuni-pratituni (renal
colic and intestinal colic), diseases caused by kapha and vata.
HINGVADI CHURNA
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/121-127
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Hingu (goghrita
bharjita)
Asafoetida 1 part
2 Patha Cissampelos pareira 1 part
3 Abhaya Terminalia chebula 1 part
4 Dhanyaka Coriandrum sativum 1 part
5 Dadima Punica granatum 1 part
6 Chitraka Plumbago zeylanica 1 part
7 Shati Hedychium spicatum 1 part
8 Ajmoda Trachyspermum ammi/Apium
graveolens
1 part
9 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part
10 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part
11 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
12 Hapusha Juniperus communis 1 part
13 Amlavetasa Garcinia pedunculata 1 part
14 Ajagandha Ocimum basilicum 1 part
15 Tindhitaka Tamarindus indica 1 part
16 Jeeraka Cuminum cyminum 1 part
17 Pushkarmoola Inula Racemosa 1 part
18 Vacha Acorus calamus 1 part
19 Chavya Piper retrofractum 1 part
20 Kshara dvaya Swarjika and yava kshara 1 part each (total 2
parts)
21 Pancha lavana Saindhava, samudra, vida,
sauvarcha, romaka lavana
1 part each (total 5
parts
Cont...
Dose- 2-4 gm before food or in between food.
Anupana- jeerna madhya (alcoholic preparation), takra (butter
milk), ushnodaka (luke warm water).
It is also suggested to make it in gutika form by triturating with
matulunga swarasa (lemon juice).
Indications- vata-kaphaja gulma, hridaghriha (feeling of tightness in
chest), ashthila (B.P.H.), hriday shoola (pain of cardiac origin), basti
shoola (bladder pain), parswashoola (pain due to pleurisy), uterine
and anal region pain, Mutrakrichra (dysuria), aanaha (abdominal
distension), pandu (anaemia), aruchi (anorexia), hiccups, yakrit and
pleeha vikara (liver and spleen disorders), swasa-kasa (respiratory
disorders), galaghriha (hoarseness of voice), grahni (I.B.S.), arsha
(piles).
ELADI CHURNA
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/147-148
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Ela Elettaria cardamomum 1 part
2 Priyangu Callicarpa macrophylla 1 part
3 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part
4 Kola majja Ziziphus mauritiana (fruit pulp) 1 part
5 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
6 Sri chandana Santalum album 1 part
7 Laja Puffed rice 1 part
8 Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum 1 part
9 Nagakesara Mesua ferrea 1 part
Cont...
Dose- 6-12 gm
Anupana- Shita (sugar candy) and honey
Indications- tridosha janya chardi (nausea and vomiting)
DADIMASHTAKA CHURNA
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/60-61
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
Note- as it is having 8 contents so it is called Dadimashtaka churna.
Dose- 6-12 gm
Indications- ruchikaraka (increases appetite and desire for food),
deepana (increases digestive fire), kanthya (soothing for throat),
grahi (Antidiarrheal), kasahara and jwarahara (alleviate cough and
fever).
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Dadima Punica granatum 2 pala (96 gm)
2 Khanda Sugar candy 10 pala (480 gm)
3 Trigandha Combination of twak, ela and
tejapatra
1 pala (48 gm)
4 Trikatu Combination of Sunthi, maricha
and pippali
3 pala (144 gm)
TRIKATU CHURNA
Bhavaprakasha nighantu Haritakyadi varga 62-63
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/12
Yoga ratnakara paribhashik dravya prakrana
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
Dose- 3-6 gm
Indications- Deepana, mandagni (increases digestive fire), swasa-
kasa (respiratory disorders), skin disorders, shoola hara (mainly
anti-spasmodic), vata-kaphahara.
Gulma (abdominal pain of various aetiology), meha
(diabetes and its complications), sthaulya (obesity), meda roga
(hyperlipidemia), slipada (elephantiasis), pinasa (rhinits).
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part
2 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part
3 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
VAISHWANARA CHURNA
Charkradata aamvata adhikara 15-18
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
Note- Here ajwain and ajmoda are taken as two seperate drugs, many authors
recommend to take ajwain in 5 parts (taking ajwain and ajmoda as single drug)
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Saindhava lavana Rock salt 2 part
2 Ajwain Trachyspermum ammi 2 part
3 Ajmoda Apium graveolens* 3 part
4 Nagara Zingiber officinale 5 part
5 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 12 part
Cont...
Dose- 3-6 gm
Anupana- curd water, kanji, takra (butter milk), ghrita, usnodaka
(warm water).
Indications- aamvata (rheumatoid arthritis), gulma (abdominal pain
of various aetiology), hrida and basti rooja (cardiac and bladder
pain), pleeha roga (spleen disorder), pain, aanaha (abdominal
distension), gudaja vikara (piles and fistula tracts), vata anulomana
(carminative), and cures diseases related to udara (abdomen),
hasta and pada (upper and lower extremity).
GANGADHARA CHURNA
1. LAGHU GANGADHARA CHURNA
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/48-49
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
Dose- 6-12 gm
Anupana- Takra and guda (butter milk and jaggery)
Indications- pravahika (dysentry),
‘Sangrahakam param’.
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part
2 Indrayava Holorrhena antidysenterica (seeds) 1 part
3 Bilwa Aegle marmelos 1 part
4 Lodra Symplocos racemosa 1 part
5 Mocharasa Salmalia malabarica 1 part
6 Dhatki pushpa Woodfordia fruticosa 1 part
GANGADHARA CHURNA
2. VHRITA GANGADHARA CHURNA
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/50-52
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part
2 Aralu Ailanthus Excelsa 1 part
3 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part
4 Dhatki pushpa Woodfordia fructiosa 1 part
5 Lodhra Symplocos racemosa 1 part
6 Balakam Pavonia odorata. 1 part
7 Bilwa Aegle marmelos 1 part
8 Mocharasa Salmalia malabarica 1 part
9 Patha Cissampelos pareira 1 part
10 Indrayava Holorrhena antidysenterica (seeds) 1 part
11 Vatsaka Holorrhena antidysenterica (bark) 1 part
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
12 Aamrabeeja Mangifera indica 1 part
13 Prativisha Aconitum heterophyllum 1 part
14 Lajjalu Mimosa pudica 1 part
Dose- 6-12 gm
Anupana- honey and tandulodaka (rice water).
Indications- Pravahika (dysentery), sarva atisara (all types of
diarrhoea), grahni (I.B.D.).
‘In its phalashruti author has mentioned its potency by
comparing it to as competent as it can stop a flowing river’.
JATIPHALADI CHURNA
Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/72-76
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Jatiphala Myristica fragrans 1 part
2 Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum 1 part
3 Ela Elettaria cardamomum 1 part
4 Tejapatra Cinnamomum tamala 1 part
5 Nagakesara Mesua ferrea 1 part
6 Karpura Cinnamomum camphora 1 part
7 Chandana Santalum album (sveta variety) 1 part
8 Tila Sesamum Indicum 1 part
9 Vanslochana Bamboo silica 1 part
10 Tagara Valeriana wallichii 1 part
11 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 1 part
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
12 Talisha patra Abies Webbiana 1 part
13 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
14 Pathya Terminalia chebula 1 part
15 Sveta jeeraka Cuminum cyminum 1 part
16 Chitraka Plumbago zeylanica 1 part
17 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part
18 Vidanga Embelia ribes 1 part
19 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part
20 Bhanga Cannabis Sativa Equal to all above
drugs
21 Mishri Sugar candy Equal to all above
drugs
Cont...
Dose- 1 karsha (12 gm)
Anupana- Honey
Indications- Grahni (I.B.S.), kasa, swasa (respiratory disorders),
aruchi (anorexia), kshaya (emaciation), vata-kaphaja pratishaya
(rhintis).
NARAYANA CHURNA
Charaka Samhita Chikitsa sthana Udara roga 13/125-132
Pharmacological aspects
Contents-
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
1 Yavani Trachyspermum ammi 1 part
2 Hapusha Juniperus communis 1 part
3 Dhanyaka Coriandrum sativum 1 part
4 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 1 part
5 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 part
6 Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica 1 part
7 Upkunchika Carum carvi 1 part
8 Karvi Nigella sativa 1 part
9 Pippalimoola Piper longum (roots) 1 part
10 Ajagandha Ocimum basilicum 1 part
11 Shati Hedychium spicatum 1 part
12 Vacha Acorus calamus 11 part
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
13 Saunf Foeniculum vulgare 1 part
14 Jeeraka Cuminum cyminum 1 part
15 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part
16 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part
17 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
18 Swarnakshiri Argimone mexicana 1 part
19 Chitraka Plumbago zeylanica 1 part
20 Kshara dvaya Swarjika and yava kshara 1 part each (total 2
parts)
21 Pancha lavana Saindhava, samudra, vida,
sauvarcha, romaka lavana
1 part each (total 5
parts
Contents Cont...
S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH
NAME
QUANTITY
22 Pushkarmoola Inula Racemosa 1 part
23 Kustha Saussurea lappa 1 part
24 Vidanga Embelia ribes 1 part
25 Danti Baliospermum montanum 3 part
26 Trivirt Operculina turpethum 2 part
27 Indrayana Citrullus Colocynthis 2 part
28 Satla Euphorbia neriifolia/ E. tirucali 4 part
Cont...
Dose- 3-6 gm
Anupana according to roga-
S. No. Disease Anupana
1. Udara roga (abdominal diseases) Takra (butter milk)
2. Gulma (abdominal pain of various aetiology) Badarodaka (water
prepared with indian
jujube)
3. Anadha vata (flatulence) Sura (alcoholic prepration)
4. Vata roga Prasanna (type of alcoholic
preparation)
5. Vita sangha (constipation) Dadhi manda (whey)
6. Piles Dadhima ambu
(pomegranate juice)
7. Parikartika (fissure-in-ano) Vrikshamla (Garcinia indica)
8. Ajeerna (indigestion) Usna jala (luke warm water)
Cont...
Indications- it is also suggested for bhagandara (fistula-in-ano),
pandu (anaemia), swasa-kasa (respiratory disorders), galaghriha
(hoarseness of voice), hridaroga (cardiac disorders), grahni roga
(I.B.S.), kustha (skin disorders), mandagni (low digestive fire), jwara
(fever), danstra visha (animal poison), moola visha (plant poison)
and artificial poison.
Used in all the above diseases with suitable anupana. Also
suggested as purgative after proper oleation therapy.
REFERENCES
•Sharangdhara Samhita of Acharya Sharangdhara, with Deepika Hindi
Commentary by Dr. Brahamanand Tripathi, Chaukhambha Surabharati Prakashan,
Varanasi, Reprint edition, 2007.
•Vangasena Samhita of Acharya Vangasena, with ‘Hari’ Hindi Commentary by Pt.
Hariprasad Tripathi, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Series, Varanasi, First edition, 2009.
•Siddha Yoga Sangraha by Acharya Yadav ji Trikam ji, Baidyanath Ayurveda
Bhavana limited, edition 2013.
•Bhavaprakasha Nighantu of Acharya Bhava Mishra, with Hindi commentary by
Prof. K.C. Chunekar, Chaukhambha Bharati Academy, Varanasi, Reprint edition,
2013.
•Yogaratnakara, with Vaidya Prabha Hindi Commentary, by Dr. Indradeva Tripathi,
Chowkhambha Krishnadas Academy, Varanasi, 3rd edition, 2011.
•Bhaishajya Ratnavali of Acharya Govind Das, edited by Pt. Lalchandra Vaidya,
Motilal Banrasidas, Delhi, 8th edition, 1970.
•Bharat Bhaishajya Ratnakara by Shri Nagindas Chaganlaal Shah Rasa Vaidya, New
Delhi, Reprint edition 2012.
REFERENCES Cont...
•Chakradatta by Acharya Chakrapani, Translated by Pt. Jagannatha Sharma
Bajpeyee, Khemraja Shri Krishnadasa Prakasana, Mumbai, 4th edition, 2006.
•Charaka Samhita of Acharya Agnivesa, Revised by Charaka and Drinabala,
Vidhtyotni Hindi Commentary by Pt. Kashinath Shastri, Chaukhambha Bharati
Academy, Varanasi, Reprint edition 2011.
•https://ayurcentralonline.com/3086-large_default/gandharva-haritaki-
powder.jpg
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Churna kalpa

  • 1. CHURNA KALPA (As per C.C.I.M. Syllabus for P.G. Final year Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya kalpana) Dr. Somil Dubey M.D. (Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana) Medical officer, Pt. Khushilal Sharma Govt. (Auto.) Ayurveda College, Bhopal (M.P) Email id- somildubey11@gmail.com
  • 2. INTRODUCTION •Ayurvedic Churna is the simplest form of Ayurvedic medicine which can be easily prepared. It is also very effective in clinical practice. •Present presentation is based on Churna kalpa according to C.C.I.M. Syllabus for M.D. Final year curriculum of Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya kalpana paper 3, Rasa Chikitsa and aushadha vigyana, Part B (c).
  • 3. CONTENTS S. No. NAME OF CHURNA 1 SITOPLADI CHURNA 2 TALISADI CHURNA 3 TRIPHALA CHURNA 4 HINGVASHTAKA CHURNA 5 AVIPATTIKARA CHURNA 6 SWADISHTA VIRECHANA CHURNA 7 LAVANA BHASKAR CHURNA 8 SUDARSHANA CHURNA 9 MAHA SUDARSHANA CHURNA 10 GANDHARVA HARITAKI CHURNA
  • 4. CONTENTS... S. No. NAME OF CHURNA 11 PUSHYANUGA CHURNA 12 AJAMODADI CHURNA 1 & 2 13 HINGVADI CHURNA 14 ELADI CHURNA 15 DADIMASHTAKA CHURNA 16 TRIKATU CHURNA 17 VAISHWANARA CHURNA 18 GANGADHARA CHURNA (LAGHU AND VHRITA) 19 JATI PHALADI CHURNA 20 NARAYANA CHURNA
  • 5. SITOPLADI CHURNA Charaka Samhita Chikitsa sthana Rajayakshma 8/103-104
  • 6. Pharmacological aspects Contents- Dose- 6-12 gm Anupana- honey and ghrita Indications- Swasa, kasa (respiratory disorders), kapha diseases, suptajihwa (hypogeusia), arochaka (anorexia), alpagni (loss of digestive fire), parshwashoola (pain due to pleurisy). S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Mishri Sugar candy 16 tola (192 gm) 2 Tabasheer Bamboo silica 8 tola (96 gm) 3 Pippali Piper longum 4 tola (48 gm) 4 Ela Elettaria cardamomum 2 tola (24 gm) 5 Twak Cinnamomum verum 1 tola (12 gm)
  • 7. TALISADI CHURNA Charaka Samhita Chikitsa sthana Rajayakshma 8/145-147
  • 8. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Talisha patra Abies Webbiana 1 tola (12 gm) 2 Maricha Piper nigrum 2 tola (24 gm) 3 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 3 tola (36 gm) 4 Pippali Piper longum 4 tola (48 gm) 5 Subha (vanshlochana Bamboo silica 5 tola (60 gm) 6 Ela Elettaria cardamomum Half tola (6 gm) 7 Twak Cinnamomum verum Half tola (6 gm) 8 Mishri Sugar candy 8 times of pippali i.e. (32 gm)
  • 9. Cont... Dose- 6-12 gm Anupana- either with sugar syrup (in gutika form) or honey and ghrita Indications- Swasa, kasa (respiratory disorders), deepana (increases appetite and digestive fire), hridya (cardiac disorders), pandu (anaemia), grahni (I.B.S.), pleeha roga (spleenic disorders), jwara (fever), vomiting and diarrhoea, shoolaghna (relives pain), muda vata anulomana (carminative).
  • 10. TRIPHALA CHURNA Bhavaprakasha nighantu Haritakyadi varga 43-43 Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/9-11 Yoga ratnakara paribhashik dravya prakrana
  • 11. Pharmacological aspects Contents- Note- In Sharangdhara and Yogaratnakara it is advised to constitute triphala based on numbers. S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 part 2 Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica 1 part 3 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 1 part S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY (NUMBERS) 1 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 no. 2 Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica 2 no. 3 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 4 no.
  • 12. Cont... Note cont... But in both the condition it is same because by calculating the weight, 1 haritaki fruit is equal to 2 karsha (12 gm) which is equal to 2 vibhitaki fruits (each vibhitaki having weight 1 karsha so 2 vibhitaki weights 24 gm), similarly weight of 1 aamlaki fruit is half karsha, so four aamlaki fruits weights 4x6 gm=24 gm. Dose- 6-12 gm Anupana- honey and ghrita (for eye disorders) Indications- meha (diabetes and its complications), sotha (oedema), vishama jwara (fever of recurrent nature), deepana (increases digestive fire), kapha-pittahara, kusthahantri (used in skin ailments), rasayana (rejuvenate), eye disorders, sara (laxative), aruchi (anorexia).
  • 13. HINGVASHTAKA CHURNA Bhaishajya ratnavali agnimandhya rogadhikara 37
  • 14. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part 2 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part 3 Pippali Piper longum 1 part 4 Ajmoda Trachyspermum ammi/Apium graveolens 1 part 5 Saindhava lavana Rock salt 1 part 6 Sveta jeeraka Cuminum cyminum 1 part 7 Krishna jeeraka Carum carvi 1 part 8 Hingu (goghrita bharjita) Asafoetida 1/8 part
  • 15. Cont... Dose- 2-4 gm Anupana- it is to be taken with goghrita in first kavala (first bolus of food) Indications- increases appetite and pacifies vata.
  • 16. AVIPATTIKAR CHURNA Bhaishajya ratnavali amlapitta rogadhikara 24-27
  • 17. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 1 part 2 Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica 1 part 3 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 part 4 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part 5 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part 6 Pippali Piper longum 1 part 7 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part 8 Vida lavana Ammonium chloride 1 part 9 Vidanga Embelia ribes 1 part 10 Ela Elettaria cardamomum 1 part 11 Patra Cinnamomum tamala 1 part 12 Lavanga Szygium aromaticum 11 part
  • 18. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 13 Trivrit Operculina turpethum 44 part 14 Mishri Sugar candy 66 part Dose- 6-12 gm Anupana- water Indications-amlapitta(hyperacidity), malabandha (constipation), mutrabandha (dysuria), mandagni (low digestive fire), arsha (piles).
  • 19. SWADISHTA VIRECHANA CHURNA Siddha Yoga Sangraha by Acharya Yadav Ji Trikamji; Aanaha adhikara 8 pg. no. 53
  • 20. Pharmacological aspects Contents- Note- this yoga is mentioned by Acharya Yadav ji trikam ji, by the name YASTRAYADI CHURNA, it is famously sold by name SWADISHTA VIRECHANA CHURNA. Dose- 3-6 gm Anupana- Luke warm water Indications- constipation S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Yastimadhu Glycyrrhiza glabra 2 part 2 Sanaya Cassia Augustifolia 2 part 3 Saunf Foeniculum vulgare 1 part 4 Shuddha Gandhaka Purified Sulphur 1 part 5 Mishri Sugar candy 6 parts
  • 21. LAVANA BHASKAR CHURNA Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/140-146
  • 22. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Samudra lavana Sea salt 8 karsha (96 gm) 2 Sauvarchal lavana Black salt 5 karsha (60 gm) 3 Vida lavana Ammonium chloride 2 karsha (24 gm) 4 Saindhava lavana Rock salt 2 karsha (24 gm) 5 Dhanyaka Coriandrum sativum 2 karsha (24 gm) 6 Pippali Piper longum 2 karsha (24 gm) 7 Pippalimoola Piper longum roots 2 karsha (24 gm) 8 Krishna jeeraka Carum carvi 2 karsha (24 gm) 9 Tejapatra Cinnamomum tamala 2 karsha (24 gm) 10 Nagakesara Mesua ferrea 2 karsha (24 gm) 11 Talisha patra Abies Webbiana 2 karsha (24 gm) 12 Amlavetasa Garcinia pedunculata 2 karsha (24 gm)
  • 23. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 13 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 karsha (12 gm) 14 Sveta jeeraka Cuminum cyminum 1 karsha (12 gm) 15 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 karsha (12 gm) 16 Dadima Punica granatum 4 karsha (48 gm) 17 Twak Cinnamomum verum Half karsha (6 gm) 18 Ela Elettaria cardamomum Half karsha (6 gm) Dose- 1 shana (4 gm) Anupana- mastu (curd water), takra (butter milk), sura and asava (alcoholic preparation)
  • 24. Cont... Indications- kapha vataja gulma (abdominal pain of various aetiology), pleeha roga (spleen disorders), udara roga (diseases of abdomen), kshaya (emaciation), piles, grahni (I.B.S.), kustha (skin disorders), vivandha (constipation), bhagandara (fistula), sotha (oedema), shoola (pain), swasa-kasa (respiratory disorders), aamvata (rheumatoid arthritis), hridashoola (pain of cardiac origin), mandagni (loss of digestive fire), deepana-pachana (increases appetite and enhances digestion).
  • 25. SUDARSHANA CHURNA Yoga ratnakara Vishama jwara chikitsa 76-77
  • 26. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Guduchi Tinospora cordifolia 1 part 2 Pippalimoola Piper longum roots 1 part 3 Pippali Piper longum 1 part 4 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 part 5 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part 6 Devkusuma Syzygium aromaticum 1 part 7 Nimba twaka Azadirachta indica 1 part 8 Sveta chandana Santalum album 1 part
  • 27. Cont... Dose- 3-6 gm Anupana- water Indications- tridoshahara (pacifies all three doshas), all types of jwara (fever). NOTE- In syllabus two separate churnas by name Sudarshana and Maha Sudarshana are mentioned. Considering maha sudarshana churna that will mentioned in next slide all the authors have mentioned it by the name Sudarshana churna with slight variations in constitution. Their is no as such drug mentioned by name Maha sudarshana churna in classics. So most of the pharmaceutical company manufacture sudarshana churna of Sharangdhara samhita as Maha sudarshana churna. Here laghu sudarshana churna mentioned by yoga ratnakara is considered as Sudarshana churna.
  • 28. MAHA SUDARSHANA CHURNA Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/27-37
  • 29. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 1 part 2 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 part 3 Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica 1 part 4 Haridra Curcuma longa 1 part 5 Daruharidra Berberis aristata 1 part 6 Kantakari Solanum Xanthocarpum 1 part* 7 Brihati Solanum indicum 1 part 8 Shati Hedychium spicatum 1 part 9 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part** 10 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part 11 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
  • 30. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 12 Pippalimoola Piper longum (roots) 1 part 13 Moorva Marsdenia tenacissima 1 part 14 Guduchi Tinospora cordifolia 1 part 15 Dhamasa Fagonia arabica 1 part 16 Katuki Picrorhiza kurroa 1 part 17 Parpataka Fumaria indica 1 part 18 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part 19 Trayamana Gentiana kurroo 1 part 20 Balakam Pavonia odorata. 1 part 21 Nimba Azadirachta indica 1 part 22 Pushkarmoola Inula racemosa 1 part
  • 31. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 23 Yastimadhu Glycyrrhiza glabra 1 part 24 Vatsaka Holorrhena antidysenterica (bark) 1 part 25 Yavani Trachyspermum ammi 1 part 26 Indrayava Holorrhena antidysenterica (seeds) 1 part 27 Bharangi Clerodendrum serratum 1 part 28 Shigrubeeja Moringa Oleifera 1 part 29 Phitkari Alum 1 part 30 Vacha Acorus calamus 1 part 31 Twak Cinnamomum verum 1 part 32 Padmaka Prunus puddum 1 part 33 Ushira Vetiveria zizanioides 1 part
  • 32. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 34 Sveta chandana Santalum album 1 part 35 Ativisha Aconitum heterophyllum 1 part 36 Bala Sida cordifolia 1 part 37 Shalaparni Desmodium gangeticum 1 part 38 Prishnaparni Uraria picta 1 part 39 Vidanga Embelia ribes 1 part 40 Tagara Valeriana wallichii 1 part 41 Chitraka Plumbago zyelanica 1 part 42 Devdaru Cedrus deodara 1 part 43 Chavya Piper retrofractum 1 part 44 Patola patra Trichosanthes dioica 1 part
  • 33. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 45 Jeevaka Microstylis mucifera 1 part 46 Rishbhaka Microstylis wallichi 1 part 47 Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum 1 part 48 Vanslochana Bamboo silica 1 part 49 Pundiraka Nelumbo nucifera 1 part 50 Kakoli Roscoca procera 1 part 51 Jatipatra Myristica fragrans 1 part 52 Talisha patra Abies Webbiana 1 part 53 Kiratatikta Swertia chirata Half of all the above churnas
  • 34. Cont... Dose- 3-6 gm Anupana- sheetambu (cold or normal water) Indications- indicated in all types of jwara (fever) of various aetiology, moha, tandra, bhrama (altered level of consciousness), thirst, swasa-kasa (respiratory disorders), pandu (anaemia), kaamla (jaundice), hridaroga (cardiac ailments), trik-pristha-kati-janu- parswa shoola nivaranama (pain in sacro-iliac region, backache, knee joints pain, pain in ribs or pleurisy).
  • 35. GANDHARVA HARITAKI CHURNA Bhavaprakash madhyama khanda Vata vyadhi adhikara 24/139 Bharat Bhaishajya Ratnakara 1st part Ekaradi taila prakrana pg no. 193 Vangasena samhita Slipada rogadhikara 76/35
  • 36. Pharmacological aspects Contents- In Bharat Bhaishajya Ratnakra this yoga is mentioned by name Erand taila haritaki (also called Eranda bhrista Haritaki) having only two ingredients Eranda taila and Haritaki churna indicated in aamvata (rheumatoid arthrits), gridhasi (sciatica), vriddhi (abnormal growth), ardita (facial palsy). Similar yoga is mentioned in Vangasena Samhita in slipada rogadhikara by name ‘Gomutra Haritaki’ (eranda taila siddha haritaki and using gomutra as anupana). S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME PROCEDURE 1 Gomutra Cow’s urine BY TAILA PAKA METHOD UNTILL CHURNA LIKE CONSISTENCY IS OBTAINED 2 Eranda taila Ricinis communis 3 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 4 Pippali Piper longum
  • 37. Cont... Gandharva haritaki churna is quite famous in Maharashtra, here it is prepared by many pharmacies, with slight variation which is mentioned as below. S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY (each 10 gm of churna contains) 1 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 6.5 gm 2 Eranda oil Ricinis communis 1.6 gm 3 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 0.5 gm 3 Saindhava lavana Rock salt 0.7 gm 4 Sauvarchal lavana Black salt 0.2 gm 5 Pippali Piper longum 0.5 gm Dose- 3-6 gm Anupana- with luke warm water or cow’s urine Indications- aamvata (rheumatoid arthritis), gridhasi (sciatica), slipada (elephantiasis), vriddhi (abnormal growth).
  • 38. PUSHYANUGA CHURNA Bhaishajya ratnavali striroga adhikara 46-51
  • 39. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Patha Cissampelos pareira 1 part 2 Jambu beeja majja Eugenia jambolana 1 part 3 Aamrabeeja Mangifera indica 1 part 4 Shilabheda Saxifraga ligulata 1 part 5 Rasanjana Berberis aristata extract 1 part 6 Ambastha Cissampelos pareira 1 part* 7 Mocharasa Salmalia malabarica 1 part 8 Samanga Rubia cordifolia 1 part 9 Padmakesara Nelumbo nucifera 1 part** 10 Vahlika (kumkuma) Crocus sativus 1 part 11 Ativisha Aconitum heterophyllum 1 part
  • 40. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 12 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part 13 Bilwa Aegle marmelos 1 part 14 Lodhra Symplocos racemosa 1 part 15 Shuddha Gairika Red ochre 1 part 16 katphala Myrica esculenta 1 part 17 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part 18 Sunthi Zingiber Officinale 1 part 19 Mrdvika Vitis vinifera 1 part 20 Raktachandana Pterocarpus santalinus 1 part 21 Katvanga Oroxylum indicum 1 part 22 Vatsaka Holorrhena antidysenterica (seeds) 1 part
  • 41. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 23 Anatmoola Hemidesmus indicus 1 part 24 Dhtaki pushpa Woodfordia fruticosa 1 part 25 Yastimadhu Glycyrrhiza glabra 1 part 26 Arjuna Terminalia arjuna 1 part *Ambastha is controversial drug here, but most of the authors have suggested it is actually patha so patha should be taken two times in this formulation. **Acharya Charaka has mentioned Vatsaka (bark of Holorrhena antidysenterica ) instead of padmkesara, rest of the drugs are same in both the text.
  • 42. Cont... Dose- 3-6 gm Anupana- Honey and tandulodaka (rice water). Indications- raktapradara (abnormal uterine bleeding), raktatisara (ulcerative colitis), sveta pradara (leucorrhoea), menorrhagia, and other type of problems menstrual problem.
  • 43. AJAMODADI CHURNA AJAMODADI CHURNA-1 Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/53
  • 44. Pharmacological aspects Contents- Dose- 6-12 gm Anupana- butter milk or curd water Indications- Atisara (diarrhoea) ‘Its potency is compared with capacity to stop the flow of river Ganga’ S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Ajamoda Apium graveolens 1 part 2 Mocharasa Salmalia malabarica 1 part 3 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part 4 Dhatki pushpa Woodfordia fructiosa 1 part
  • 45. AJAMODADI CHURNA AJAMODADI CHURNA-2 Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/115-119
  • 46. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Ajamoda Apium graveolens 1 karsha (12 gm) 2 Vidanga Embelia ribes 1 karsha (12 gm) 3 Saindhava lavana Rock salt 1 karsha (12 gm) 4 Devdaru Cedrus deodara 1 karsha (12 gm) 5 Chitraka Plumbago zyelanica 1 karsha (12 gm) 6 Pippali moola Piper nigrum (roots) 1 karsha (12 gm) 7 Shatapushpa Anthenum sowa 1 karsha (12 gm) 8 Pippali Piper longum 1 karsha (12 gm) 9 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 karsha (12 gm) 10 Pathya Terminalia chebula 5 karsha (60 gm) 11 Vriddhadaruka Argyreia nervosa 10 karsha (120 gm) 12 Nagara Zingiber officinale 10 karsa (120 gm)
  • 47. Cont... Dose- 3-6 gm Anupana- ushna jala (luke warm water) It is also suggested to make it in Vataka form by mixing it with jaggery. Indications- sotha (oedema), aamvata (rheumatoid arthritis), polyarticular pain, gridhasi (sciatica), kati-prustha-guda-jangha rooja (pain in back, anal region and thighs), tuni-pratituni (renal colic and intestinal colic), diseases caused by kapha and vata.
  • 48. HINGVADI CHURNA Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/121-127
  • 49. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Hingu (goghrita bharjita) Asafoetida 1 part 2 Patha Cissampelos pareira 1 part 3 Abhaya Terminalia chebula 1 part 4 Dhanyaka Coriandrum sativum 1 part 5 Dadima Punica granatum 1 part 6 Chitraka Plumbago zeylanica 1 part 7 Shati Hedychium spicatum 1 part 8 Ajmoda Trachyspermum ammi/Apium graveolens 1 part 9 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part 10 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part 11 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
  • 50. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 12 Hapusha Juniperus communis 1 part 13 Amlavetasa Garcinia pedunculata 1 part 14 Ajagandha Ocimum basilicum 1 part 15 Tindhitaka Tamarindus indica 1 part 16 Jeeraka Cuminum cyminum 1 part 17 Pushkarmoola Inula Racemosa 1 part 18 Vacha Acorus calamus 1 part 19 Chavya Piper retrofractum 1 part 20 Kshara dvaya Swarjika and yava kshara 1 part each (total 2 parts) 21 Pancha lavana Saindhava, samudra, vida, sauvarcha, romaka lavana 1 part each (total 5 parts
  • 51. Cont... Dose- 2-4 gm before food or in between food. Anupana- jeerna madhya (alcoholic preparation), takra (butter milk), ushnodaka (luke warm water). It is also suggested to make it in gutika form by triturating with matulunga swarasa (lemon juice). Indications- vata-kaphaja gulma, hridaghriha (feeling of tightness in chest), ashthila (B.P.H.), hriday shoola (pain of cardiac origin), basti shoola (bladder pain), parswashoola (pain due to pleurisy), uterine and anal region pain, Mutrakrichra (dysuria), aanaha (abdominal distension), pandu (anaemia), aruchi (anorexia), hiccups, yakrit and pleeha vikara (liver and spleen disorders), swasa-kasa (respiratory disorders), galaghriha (hoarseness of voice), grahni (I.B.S.), arsha (piles).
  • 52. ELADI CHURNA Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/147-148
  • 53. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Ela Elettaria cardamomum 1 part 2 Priyangu Callicarpa macrophylla 1 part 3 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part 4 Kola majja Ziziphus mauritiana (fruit pulp) 1 part 5 Pippali Piper longum 1 part 6 Sri chandana Santalum album 1 part 7 Laja Puffed rice 1 part 8 Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum 1 part 9 Nagakesara Mesua ferrea 1 part
  • 54. Cont... Dose- 6-12 gm Anupana- Shita (sugar candy) and honey Indications- tridosha janya chardi (nausea and vomiting)
  • 55. DADIMASHTAKA CHURNA Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/60-61
  • 56. Pharmacological aspects Contents- Note- as it is having 8 contents so it is called Dadimashtaka churna. Dose- 6-12 gm Indications- ruchikaraka (increases appetite and desire for food), deepana (increases digestive fire), kanthya (soothing for throat), grahi (Antidiarrheal), kasahara and jwarahara (alleviate cough and fever). S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Dadima Punica granatum 2 pala (96 gm) 2 Khanda Sugar candy 10 pala (480 gm) 3 Trigandha Combination of twak, ela and tejapatra 1 pala (48 gm) 4 Trikatu Combination of Sunthi, maricha and pippali 3 pala (144 gm)
  • 57. TRIKATU CHURNA Bhavaprakasha nighantu Haritakyadi varga 62-63 Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/12 Yoga ratnakara paribhashik dravya prakrana
  • 58. Pharmacological aspects Contents- Dose- 3-6 gm Indications- Deepana, mandagni (increases digestive fire), swasa- kasa (respiratory disorders), skin disorders, shoola hara (mainly anti-spasmodic), vata-kaphahara. Gulma (abdominal pain of various aetiology), meha (diabetes and its complications), sthaulya (obesity), meda roga (hyperlipidemia), slipada (elephantiasis), pinasa (rhinits). S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part 2 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part 3 Pippali Piper longum 1 part
  • 60. Pharmacological aspects Contents- Note- Here ajwain and ajmoda are taken as two seperate drugs, many authors recommend to take ajwain in 5 parts (taking ajwain and ajmoda as single drug) S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Saindhava lavana Rock salt 2 part 2 Ajwain Trachyspermum ammi 2 part 3 Ajmoda Apium graveolens* 3 part 4 Nagara Zingiber officinale 5 part 5 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 12 part
  • 61. Cont... Dose- 3-6 gm Anupana- curd water, kanji, takra (butter milk), ghrita, usnodaka (warm water). Indications- aamvata (rheumatoid arthritis), gulma (abdominal pain of various aetiology), hrida and basti rooja (cardiac and bladder pain), pleeha roga (spleen disorder), pain, aanaha (abdominal distension), gudaja vikara (piles and fistula tracts), vata anulomana (carminative), and cures diseases related to udara (abdomen), hasta and pada (upper and lower extremity).
  • 62. GANGADHARA CHURNA 1. LAGHU GANGADHARA CHURNA Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/48-49
  • 63. Pharmacological aspects Contents- Dose- 6-12 gm Anupana- Takra and guda (butter milk and jaggery) Indications- pravahika (dysentry), ‘Sangrahakam param’. S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part 2 Indrayava Holorrhena antidysenterica (seeds) 1 part 3 Bilwa Aegle marmelos 1 part 4 Lodra Symplocos racemosa 1 part 5 Mocharasa Salmalia malabarica 1 part 6 Dhatki pushpa Woodfordia fruticosa 1 part
  • 64. GANGADHARA CHURNA 2. VHRITA GANGADHARA CHURNA Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/50-52
  • 65. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Musta Cyperus rotundus 1 part 2 Aralu Ailanthus Excelsa 1 part 3 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part 4 Dhatki pushpa Woodfordia fructiosa 1 part 5 Lodhra Symplocos racemosa 1 part 6 Balakam Pavonia odorata. 1 part 7 Bilwa Aegle marmelos 1 part 8 Mocharasa Salmalia malabarica 1 part 9 Patha Cissampelos pareira 1 part 10 Indrayava Holorrhena antidysenterica (seeds) 1 part 11 Vatsaka Holorrhena antidysenterica (bark) 1 part
  • 66. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 12 Aamrabeeja Mangifera indica 1 part 13 Prativisha Aconitum heterophyllum 1 part 14 Lajjalu Mimosa pudica 1 part Dose- 6-12 gm Anupana- honey and tandulodaka (rice water). Indications- Pravahika (dysentery), sarva atisara (all types of diarrhoea), grahni (I.B.D.). ‘In its phalashruti author has mentioned its potency by comparing it to as competent as it can stop a flowing river’.
  • 67. JATIPHALADI CHURNA Sharangdhara Samhita madhyama khanda churna kalpana 6/72-76
  • 68. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Jatiphala Myristica fragrans 1 part 2 Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum 1 part 3 Ela Elettaria cardamomum 1 part 4 Tejapatra Cinnamomum tamala 1 part 5 Nagakesara Mesua ferrea 1 part 6 Karpura Cinnamomum camphora 1 part 7 Chandana Santalum album (sveta variety) 1 part 8 Tila Sesamum Indicum 1 part 9 Vanslochana Bamboo silica 1 part 10 Tagara Valeriana wallichii 1 part 11 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 1 part
  • 69. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 12 Talisha patra Abies Webbiana 1 part 13 Pippali Piper longum 1 part 14 Pathya Terminalia chebula 1 part 15 Sveta jeeraka Cuminum cyminum 1 part 16 Chitraka Plumbago zeylanica 1 part 17 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part 18 Vidanga Embelia ribes 1 part 19 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part 20 Bhanga Cannabis Sativa Equal to all above drugs 21 Mishri Sugar candy Equal to all above drugs
  • 70. Cont... Dose- 1 karsha (12 gm) Anupana- Honey Indications- Grahni (I.B.S.), kasa, swasa (respiratory disorders), aruchi (anorexia), kshaya (emaciation), vata-kaphaja pratishaya (rhintis).
  • 71. NARAYANA CHURNA Charaka Samhita Chikitsa sthana Udara roga 13/125-132
  • 72. Pharmacological aspects Contents- S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 1 Yavani Trachyspermum ammi 1 part 2 Hapusha Juniperus communis 1 part 3 Dhanyaka Coriandrum sativum 1 part 4 Aamlaki Emblica officinalis 1 part 5 Haritaki Terminalia chebula 1 part 6 Vibhitaki Terminalia bellerica 1 part 7 Upkunchika Carum carvi 1 part 8 Karvi Nigella sativa 1 part 9 Pippalimoola Piper longum (roots) 1 part 10 Ajagandha Ocimum basilicum 1 part 11 Shati Hedychium spicatum 1 part 12 Vacha Acorus calamus 11 part
  • 73. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 13 Saunf Foeniculum vulgare 1 part 14 Jeeraka Cuminum cyminum 1 part 15 Sunthi Zingiber officinale 1 part 16 Maricha Piper nigrum 1 part 17 Pippali Piper longum 1 part 18 Swarnakshiri Argimone mexicana 1 part 19 Chitraka Plumbago zeylanica 1 part 20 Kshara dvaya Swarjika and yava kshara 1 part each (total 2 parts) 21 Pancha lavana Saindhava, samudra, vida, sauvarcha, romaka lavana 1 part each (total 5 parts
  • 74. Contents Cont... S. No. NAME BOTANICAL NAME/ENGLISH NAME QUANTITY 22 Pushkarmoola Inula Racemosa 1 part 23 Kustha Saussurea lappa 1 part 24 Vidanga Embelia ribes 1 part 25 Danti Baliospermum montanum 3 part 26 Trivirt Operculina turpethum 2 part 27 Indrayana Citrullus Colocynthis 2 part 28 Satla Euphorbia neriifolia/ E. tirucali 4 part
  • 75. Cont... Dose- 3-6 gm Anupana according to roga- S. No. Disease Anupana 1. Udara roga (abdominal diseases) Takra (butter milk) 2. Gulma (abdominal pain of various aetiology) Badarodaka (water prepared with indian jujube) 3. Anadha vata (flatulence) Sura (alcoholic prepration) 4. Vata roga Prasanna (type of alcoholic preparation) 5. Vita sangha (constipation) Dadhi manda (whey) 6. Piles Dadhima ambu (pomegranate juice) 7. Parikartika (fissure-in-ano) Vrikshamla (Garcinia indica) 8. Ajeerna (indigestion) Usna jala (luke warm water)
  • 76. Cont... Indications- it is also suggested for bhagandara (fistula-in-ano), pandu (anaemia), swasa-kasa (respiratory disorders), galaghriha (hoarseness of voice), hridaroga (cardiac disorders), grahni roga (I.B.S.), kustha (skin disorders), mandagni (low digestive fire), jwara (fever), danstra visha (animal poison), moola visha (plant poison) and artificial poison. Used in all the above diseases with suitable anupana. Also suggested as purgative after proper oleation therapy.
  • 77. REFERENCES •Sharangdhara Samhita of Acharya Sharangdhara, with Deepika Hindi Commentary by Dr. Brahamanand Tripathi, Chaukhambha Surabharati Prakashan, Varanasi, Reprint edition, 2007. •Vangasena Samhita of Acharya Vangasena, with ‘Hari’ Hindi Commentary by Pt. Hariprasad Tripathi, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Series, Varanasi, First edition, 2009. •Siddha Yoga Sangraha by Acharya Yadav ji Trikam ji, Baidyanath Ayurveda Bhavana limited, edition 2013. •Bhavaprakasha Nighantu of Acharya Bhava Mishra, with Hindi commentary by Prof. K.C. Chunekar, Chaukhambha Bharati Academy, Varanasi, Reprint edition, 2013. •Yogaratnakara, with Vaidya Prabha Hindi Commentary, by Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Chowkhambha Krishnadas Academy, Varanasi, 3rd edition, 2011. •Bhaishajya Ratnavali of Acharya Govind Das, edited by Pt. Lalchandra Vaidya, Motilal Banrasidas, Delhi, 8th edition, 1970. •Bharat Bhaishajya Ratnakara by Shri Nagindas Chaganlaal Shah Rasa Vaidya, New Delhi, Reprint edition 2012.
  • 78. REFERENCES Cont... •Chakradatta by Acharya Chakrapani, Translated by Pt. Jagannatha Sharma Bajpeyee, Khemraja Shri Krishnadasa Prakasana, Mumbai, 4th edition, 2006. •Charaka Samhita of Acharya Agnivesa, Revised by Charaka and Drinabala, Vidhtyotni Hindi Commentary by Pt. Kashinath Shastri, Chaukhambha Bharati Academy, Varanasi, Reprint edition 2011. •https://ayurcentralonline.com/3086-large_default/gandharva-haritaki- powder.jpg