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Dr.KISHORE 1
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GIST OF TOPIC
INTRODUCTION
DEFINITION, TYPES
AIMS OF SNEHA
KALPANA
GENERAL METHOD OF
PREPARATION
7 RULES OF KALPANA
SNEHA PAKA AND
SIDDHI LAXANAS
MURCHANA
AVARTANA
SNEHA KALPANA
WITH RASA DRAVYAS
SNEHA KALPANA IN
SDM TEACHING
PHARMACY
DISCUSSION
CONCLUSION
Dr.KISHORE 3
INTRODUCTION
• Derivation – स्निह् प्रीतौ
• Sneha Fat or Fatty material
• Kalpana Pharmaceutical process of
medicaments
• Eg: Ghrita kalpana and Taila kalpana
• Produces snigdhata to the body
Dr.KISHORE 4
DERIVATIONS OF DRAVYAS IN
SNEHA KALPANA
• कल्क रसपिष्ट द्रव्य पिण्डे
• द्रव द्रव्यम ् तरलद्रव्ये
• निेह दुग्धसारर
Dr.KISHORE 5
Ref--VAIDHYAKA SHABDHA SINDHU
DEFINITION
• Ghritas are preparations in which ghee is boiled with
prescribed Kashayas (decoctions) and kalkas of drugs
according to the formula. This process ensures
absorption of the active therapeutic principles of the
ingredients used
• Tailas are preparations in which taila is boiled with
prescribed Kashayas (decoction) and kalkas of drugs
according to the formula. This process ensures
absorption of the active therapeutic properties of the
ingredients used.
Dr.KISHORE 6
Ref--AFI
Majja
Vasa
Taila
Ghrita
Sthavara
Jangama
TYPES
Dr.KISHORE 7REF—CHA.SU/13/13
BAHYA ABHYANTARA
Dr.KISHORE 8
AIMS OF SNEHA KALPANA
• The rationality behind taking an Taila / Ghrita as
a base is presumably –
• To Extract water soluble, lipid soluble active
fractions from the ingredients used
• To Enhance Shelf life
• To Enhance the Drug Absorption
Dr.KISHORE 9
UPAKARANA
PAATRA
DARVI
VASTRA
AGNI
Dr.KISHORE
10
IMPORTANCE OF AGNI
TEEVRAAGNI
MANDAAGNI
Dr.KISHORE
11
STANDARDIZATION OF KSHEERABALA TAILA
V. NAGESWAR RAO, T. SHANKAR, S.K DIXIT and A.B RAY
Department of Rasa shastra , Institute of medical sciences , BHU Varanasi
ESSENTIAL INGREDIENTS
Dr.KISHORE
12
Ref—Sha Ma /9/1
GENERAL METHOD OF
PREPARATION
1:4:16
or ¼:1:4
ANUKTA MANA
Dr.KISHORE 13Ref—Sha Ma /9/1
PREPARATION OF KWATHA FOR SNEHA
KALPANA
1 PART
DRUG
4
PARTS
WATER
1/4
Dr.KISHORE 14Ref—Sha Ma /9/2
BASED ON NATURE OF DRUG
MADHYAMA
AND
KATINA
DRAVYA
4
8
16
PARTS
Dr.KISHORE 15Ref—Sha Ma /9/3
BASED ON QUANTITY OF DRUG
• ONE
KARSHA
(12g )
• ONE
PALA (48
g)
• ONE
PALA
(48g)
• ONE
KUDAVA
(192 g)
• ONE
KUDAVA
(192 g)
• ONE
KHARI
(196.5 KG
APPRX)
16
PARTS
8
PARTS
4
PARTS
Drug
Water
Dr.KISHORE 16
Ref—Sha Ma /9/4
METHOD OF SNEHA PAKA
MURCHANA OF
SNEHA DRAVYA
DRAVA DRAVYA
KALKA
GANDHA
DRAVYAS
Dr.KISHORE 17
TAILA
KWATHA
KALKA
SUGANDHA
DRAVYAS
DUGDHA
REF- YR/SPVP/96REF- B.R/5/1283-1284
18
SEVENRULES
Dr.KISHORE
Ref—Sha Ma /9/6-12
Sneha kalpana is prepared with different Drava
Dravyas
1/4 th
1/6 th
1/8th
Dr.KISHORE 19
?
EXAMPLES
JALA
KASHAYA
SWARASA ARKA TAILA , ARJUNA GRITHA
BALA TAILA , TRIPHALA GRITHA
Dr.KISHORE 20
PINDA TAILA , JATYADI GRITHA
Ref—A.F.I
Drava dravyas like
Kalka is 1/8 th part of sneha add 4 parts of water
1/8:1:4
DUGDHA
DHADHI
MAMSARASA
TAKRA
Dr.KISHORE 21
?
EXAMPLES
DUGDHA
Go Dugdha Aja Dugdha
Kumkumadi Taila Anu Taila
• DADHI Kottam Chukkadhi Taila
• TAKRA Grahanimihira Taila
• MAMSA RASA Sambukadya Taila
Dr.KISHORE 22Ref—A.F.I
• GHRITAS with MAMSA RASA
AMRITHA PRASHA GHRITA
BRIHATH CHAAGALYADHI
GRITHA
BRIHAT ASWAGANDHA GHRITA
GO DUGDA
AMRITHA BHALLATAKA GHRITA
KSHIRA SHATPHALA GHRITA
Dr.KISHORE 23Ref—A.F.I
• If 4 or less they have to be four times to the
quantity of sneha in total
• If drava dravyas are 5 or more in number then
each one should be taken equal to that of sneha
Dr.KISHORE 24
?
EXAMPLES
• NILI BRINGADI TAILA
DRAVA DRAVYAS are
NILI SWARASA
BRINGARAJA SWARASA
AJA KSHIRA
NARIKELA KSHIRA
MAHISHI KSHIRA
GO DUGDA
6
Dr.KISHORE 25Ref—A.F.I
KALKA DRAVYA AND SNEHA
Then DRAVA DRAVYA WATER
¼:1:4
Dr.KISHORE 26
?
EXAMPLES
• WATER as DRAVA DRAVYA in
CHITRAKADI TAILA
PINDA TAILA
Dr.KISHORE 27Ref—A.F.I
• KALKA
(Kwatha dravyas are used as Kalka dravya)
• Only Sneha and KWATHA
1/6:1:4
Dr.KISHORE 28
?
EXAMPLES
KETHAKI MULADI TAILA
Dr.KISHORE 29Ref—SAHASRA YOGAM
• DRAVA DRAVYA and SNEHA
• WITHOUT KALKA
0:1:4
Dr.KISHORE 30
?
EXAMPLES
• NIRGUNDI TAILA
NIRGUNDI PATRA SWARASA
SNEHA DRAVYA
Dr.KISHORE 31
• If Pushpa is kalka dravya
• Kalka is 1/8 th part of sneha
1/8:1:4
Dr.KISHORE 32
?
EXAMPLES
VASA GHRITA SURASADI TAILA
Ref—A.H.CHI/2/42-44 Ref—SUSRUTHA
SAVEERYATA AVADHI AND MATRA
Dr.KISHORE 33Ref—Sha Ma /9/1
SNEHA PAAKA KAALA
• The Duration of Paka period depends on the
nature of the Drava dravyas added to Sneha.
• Valli , Moola - 12 days
• Kwatha, Aranala and Takra - 5 days
• Swarasa - 3 days
• Dugdha - 2 days
• Mamsa rasa, Vrihi dhanya - 1 day
Dr.KISHORE
34Ref—B.R/1/1310-1312
SNEHA SIDDHI LAXANAS
वार्तिवत् निेहकल्कः नयाद् अंगुल्या पवमर्दिताः
शब्दहीिो अस्ग्ि र्िक्षिप्तः निेहः ससध्दो ववेत् तदा
यदा फे िोद्गमनतैले
फे िशास्ततश्च सपििपि
गतध वर्ि रसोत्िपतः निेहससस्ध्दः तदा ववेत्
Dr.KISHORE 35Ref—Sha Ma /9/12-13
? FOAM APPEARS IN TAILA
Dr.KISHORE 36
? FOAM DISAPPEARS IN GHRITA
Dr.KISHORE 37
SNEHA PAKA
आम िाक र्िवीयि अस्ग्िमातध्य गुु
मॄदु िाक िनय कमि
मध्यम िाक सवि कमि
खर िाक अभ्यड़गार्थं
दग्ध िाक दाह् , र्िश्प्रयोजि
Dr.KISHORE 38Ref—Sha Ma /9/17
HOW TO ASSESS PAKA
• Ama paka Apari Paka
• Mridu paka Less quantity of Moisture in Kalka
• Madhayama paka Soft but devoid of moisture
• Khara paka Slightly rough to touch
• Dagdha paka Katina Tara Sneha kalka
Dr.KISHORE 39
PAKA SHARANGADHARA CHARAKA SUSHRUTHA VAGBHATA
MRIDU NASYA NASYA PANA NASYA
MADHYAMA SARVA KARMA PANA &
BASTI
NASYA &
ABHYANGA
PANA &
BASTI
KHARA ABHYANGA ABHYANGA BASTI AND
KARNA
PURANA
ABHYANGA
Dr.KISHORE 40
ADITYA PAKA
Dravya + Sneha
appropriate paatra
ADITYA PAKA
EXAMPLE
KASISADI GHRITA
Kasisa Nisha Musta etc., drugs
are taken in quantity of 1 Karsha
and powdered
30 Pala of GHRITA
kept in TAMRA PAATRA
Exposed to SUN for 7 days
Dr.KISHORE 41Ref—Sha Ma /9/51-57
GANDHA PAKA
• Drugs are taken in equal quantity and
powdered thoroughly and packed in cotton
cloth
• Taila is to be taken about 16 times to that of
drugs powder
• When Taila is boiled, the Pottali is immersed
in the Taila and vessel is closed
• Its immersed for Ten days then the pottali is to
be squeezed properly to obtain GANDHA
PAKA
Dr.KISHORE 42Ref—B.R/5/1309
MURCHANA
• Sneha is subjected to one particular samskara
called Sneha murchana.
• Applicable for both Ghrita and Taila.
• Durgandha vinahanthi, Ama dosha harathi
• Veeryavan , Soukhya dhaayi
Dr.KISHORE 43Ref—B.R/5/1285
GHRITA MURCHANA
One
Pala
each
One
Prastha
Four
Prastha
Pathya, Dhatri
Vibhitaki Jaladha
Rajani
Matulunga
swarasa
GHRITA
JALA
Dr.KISHORE 44Ref—B.R/5/1285
TILA TAILA MURCHANA
Manjishta
Rajani , Lodhra
Musta, Nalika
Triphala, Bala
Vatankura, Suchi
Pushpa mula rasa
TILA
TAILA
JALA
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1/16 Parts
1/64
Parts
1 Part
4 Parts
Dr.KISHORE 45Ref—A.F.I
QUALITIES OF MURCHITHA SNEHA
• Significant increase in Iodine and Saponification
values
• Decrease in the Acid value
• Decrease in the Rancidity
• Decrease in the Saturated acid profile and increase in
the Unsaturation Percentage
Dr.KISHORE 46
Standardization of Tila taila (Sesamum oil) - An Ingredient used in
the Ayurvedic Vaitarana Basti
Dr. Sriram Chandra Mishra, Dr. Narayan Chandra Dash.
Department of Kayachikitsa, Gopabandhu Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Puri, Odisha
WHY TILA TAILA IS BEST
• LIGNANS
Acts as anti cholesterol agents
• SESAMIN
Protects liver from the oxidative damage
Dr.KISHORE 47
AVARTANA
• Repeating the process (sneha kalpana)
for several times means Avartana
• This potentiates the final product; to
achieve the maximum benefit of the
drug
Dr.KISHORE 48Ref—CHA.CHI.29/117-120
METHOD OF PREPARATION
• The general procedure of Sneha kalpana is
followed to obtain sneha
• Kalka and Drava dravya are added for second
Avarthy and Sneha paka is done
• Number of such repetitions would determine
the number of AVARTANA
• Variation in consistency, colour and odour of
the product may be observed after each
Avartana
Dr.KISHORE 49
EXAMPLES OF AVARTAYUKTA
SNEHA KALPANAS
• KSHEERA BALA TAILA 101
• DHANWANTARAM TAILA 101
Dr.KISHORE 50
PHARMACEUTICAL STUDY OF AVARTITA
HINGUSAUVARCHALADI GHRITA
Roshy Joseph C, Ilanchezhian R
KUZHAMBU
• Kerala Pharmacies are using Kuzhambu
practically in Sneha kalpana
• To get more Vatahara action than the Taila by
adding Eranda taila, etc.
• By doing this procedure viscosity of the Sneha
will increase
• There will be no change in the ingredients but only
in the Sneha dravya
Dr.KISHORE 51
EXAMPLES
Dr.KISHORE 52Sesame oil, Cow's ghee, Castor Oil
Sesame Oil, Cow ghee,
Castor Oil
SNEHA KALPANA WITH RASA
DRAVYAS
• Tailas like
KUSHTA RAKSHASA TAILA
Shuddha Parada, Shuddha Gandhaka ,
Sindhura, Haratala, Tamra, Manashila
JATYADI TAILA ------- Tuttha
VRANA RAKSHASA TAILA …..
Shuddha Parada, Gandhaka, Haratala,
Manashila Tamra bhasma
Dr.KISHORE 53Ref—A.F.I
CONTD….
• GHRITAS LIKE
KASISADI GHRITA
KASISA, MANASHILA, HARATALA,
GANDHAKA SINDHURA, KAMPILLAKA
Dr.KISHORE 54Ref—A.F.I
SNEHA KALPANA IN
SDM TEACHING PHARMACY
Dr.KISHORE 55
RESEARCH WORKS
• PHARMACEUTICO ANALYTICAL STUDY OF SNEHA
PAKA SAMAYA W.S.R. BRAHMI GRITHA AND ITS
EFFECT ON MEMORY IN ALBINO RATS
SARAN BABU ; SDMCA, HASSAN
• CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF NIRGUNDI TAILA W.S.R.TO
PREPARE IN DIFFERENT NUMBER OF DAYS
• PRASHANTH BK RAO K SHANKAR
Dr.KISHORE 56
DISCUSSION
• Kalpana in which Agni, Jala and Kaala
samskaras are used to obtain active principles
is Sneha kalpana
• Unique procedure to extract both water and
lipid soluble active principles
• It is administered by different routes as Bahya
and Abhyantara
• Madhyama paka is considered as Sarva karma
yukta
Dr.KISHORE 57
CONTD…..
• Murchana plays an important role in Pharmaceutics
and Therapeutics
• Avartana increases potency of the product
• Viscosity of Kuzhambu is more than normal Taila
because of more Sneha dravyas incorporated
• Rules are set for complete or proper extraction of
gunas (active principles) into Sneha
Dr.KISHORE 58
CONCLUSION
• Sneha kalpana is widely used dosage form in
Ayurvedic pharmaceutics
• Method of preparation and rules are explained to
acquire the complete efficacy of the drugs
employed
• More research needs to be done to revalidate the
concepts explained
Dr.KISHORE 59
Dr.KISHORE 60
• VAIDHYAKA SHABDHA SINDHU
• AYURVEDIC FORMULARY OF INDIA
• SHARANGADHARA SAMHITHA
• ASHTANGA HRIDAYAM CHIKITSA STHANAM
• BHAISHAJYA RATNAVALI
• SAHASRA YOGAM
• AN EXTENSIVE CHEMICALAND
CHROMATOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS OF
AMURCHITHA, MURCHITHAAND
AUSHADHA SIDDHA TAILAS PREPARED
WITH AMURCHITHA AND MURCHITHA
TAILAS, HIREMATH B
REFERENCES
Dr.KISHORE 61
7
Dr.KISHORE 62
Dr.KISHORE 63
HAPPY
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IN ADVANCE

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Sneha Kalpana Methods and Types

  • 3. GIST OF TOPIC INTRODUCTION DEFINITION, TYPES AIMS OF SNEHA KALPANA GENERAL METHOD OF PREPARATION 7 RULES OF KALPANA SNEHA PAKA AND SIDDHI LAXANAS MURCHANA AVARTANA SNEHA KALPANA WITH RASA DRAVYAS SNEHA KALPANA IN SDM TEACHING PHARMACY DISCUSSION CONCLUSION Dr.KISHORE 3
  • 4. INTRODUCTION • Derivation – स्निह् प्रीतौ • Sneha Fat or Fatty material • Kalpana Pharmaceutical process of medicaments • Eg: Ghrita kalpana and Taila kalpana • Produces snigdhata to the body Dr.KISHORE 4
  • 5. DERIVATIONS OF DRAVYAS IN SNEHA KALPANA • कल्क रसपिष्ट द्रव्य पिण्डे • द्रव द्रव्यम ् तरलद्रव्ये • निेह दुग्धसारर Dr.KISHORE 5 Ref--VAIDHYAKA SHABDHA SINDHU
  • 6. DEFINITION • Ghritas are preparations in which ghee is boiled with prescribed Kashayas (decoctions) and kalkas of drugs according to the formula. This process ensures absorption of the active therapeutic principles of the ingredients used • Tailas are preparations in which taila is boiled with prescribed Kashayas (decoction) and kalkas of drugs according to the formula. This process ensures absorption of the active therapeutic properties of the ingredients used. Dr.KISHORE 6 Ref--AFI
  • 9. AIMS OF SNEHA KALPANA • The rationality behind taking an Taila / Ghrita as a base is presumably – • To Extract water soluble, lipid soluble active fractions from the ingredients used • To Enhance Shelf life • To Enhance the Drug Absorption Dr.KISHORE 9
  • 11. IMPORTANCE OF AGNI TEEVRAAGNI MANDAAGNI Dr.KISHORE 11 STANDARDIZATION OF KSHEERABALA TAILA V. NAGESWAR RAO, T. SHANKAR, S.K DIXIT and A.B RAY Department of Rasa shastra , Institute of medical sciences , BHU Varanasi
  • 13. GENERAL METHOD OF PREPARATION 1:4:16 or ¼:1:4 ANUKTA MANA Dr.KISHORE 13Ref—Sha Ma /9/1
  • 14. PREPARATION OF KWATHA FOR SNEHA KALPANA 1 PART DRUG 4 PARTS WATER 1/4 Dr.KISHORE 14Ref—Sha Ma /9/2
  • 15. BASED ON NATURE OF DRUG MADHYAMA AND KATINA DRAVYA 4 8 16 PARTS Dr.KISHORE 15Ref—Sha Ma /9/3
  • 16. BASED ON QUANTITY OF DRUG • ONE KARSHA (12g ) • ONE PALA (48 g) • ONE PALA (48g) • ONE KUDAVA (192 g) • ONE KUDAVA (192 g) • ONE KHARI (196.5 KG APPRX) 16 PARTS 8 PARTS 4 PARTS Drug Water Dr.KISHORE 16 Ref—Sha Ma /9/4
  • 17. METHOD OF SNEHA PAKA MURCHANA OF SNEHA DRAVYA DRAVA DRAVYA KALKA GANDHA DRAVYAS Dr.KISHORE 17 TAILA KWATHA KALKA SUGANDHA DRAVYAS DUGDHA REF- YR/SPVP/96REF- B.R/5/1283-1284
  • 19. Sneha kalpana is prepared with different Drava Dravyas 1/4 th 1/6 th 1/8th Dr.KISHORE 19 ?
  • 20. EXAMPLES JALA KASHAYA SWARASA ARKA TAILA , ARJUNA GRITHA BALA TAILA , TRIPHALA GRITHA Dr.KISHORE 20 PINDA TAILA , JATYADI GRITHA Ref—A.F.I
  • 21. Drava dravyas like Kalka is 1/8 th part of sneha add 4 parts of water 1/8:1:4 DUGDHA DHADHI MAMSARASA TAKRA Dr.KISHORE 21 ?
  • 22. EXAMPLES DUGDHA Go Dugdha Aja Dugdha Kumkumadi Taila Anu Taila • DADHI Kottam Chukkadhi Taila • TAKRA Grahanimihira Taila • MAMSA RASA Sambukadya Taila Dr.KISHORE 22Ref—A.F.I
  • 23. • GHRITAS with MAMSA RASA AMRITHA PRASHA GHRITA BRIHATH CHAAGALYADHI GRITHA BRIHAT ASWAGANDHA GHRITA GO DUGDA AMRITHA BHALLATAKA GHRITA KSHIRA SHATPHALA GHRITA Dr.KISHORE 23Ref—A.F.I
  • 24. • If 4 or less they have to be four times to the quantity of sneha in total • If drava dravyas are 5 or more in number then each one should be taken equal to that of sneha Dr.KISHORE 24 ?
  • 25. EXAMPLES • NILI BRINGADI TAILA DRAVA DRAVYAS are NILI SWARASA BRINGARAJA SWARASA AJA KSHIRA NARIKELA KSHIRA MAHISHI KSHIRA GO DUGDA 6 Dr.KISHORE 25Ref—A.F.I
  • 26. KALKA DRAVYA AND SNEHA Then DRAVA DRAVYA WATER ¼:1:4 Dr.KISHORE 26 ?
  • 27. EXAMPLES • WATER as DRAVA DRAVYA in CHITRAKADI TAILA PINDA TAILA Dr.KISHORE 27Ref—A.F.I
  • 28. • KALKA (Kwatha dravyas are used as Kalka dravya) • Only Sneha and KWATHA 1/6:1:4 Dr.KISHORE 28 ?
  • 30. • DRAVA DRAVYA and SNEHA • WITHOUT KALKA 0:1:4 Dr.KISHORE 30 ?
  • 31. EXAMPLES • NIRGUNDI TAILA NIRGUNDI PATRA SWARASA SNEHA DRAVYA Dr.KISHORE 31
  • 32. • If Pushpa is kalka dravya • Kalka is 1/8 th part of sneha 1/8:1:4 Dr.KISHORE 32 ? EXAMPLES VASA GHRITA SURASADI TAILA Ref—A.H.CHI/2/42-44 Ref—SUSRUTHA
  • 33. SAVEERYATA AVADHI AND MATRA Dr.KISHORE 33Ref—Sha Ma /9/1
  • 34. SNEHA PAAKA KAALA • The Duration of Paka period depends on the nature of the Drava dravyas added to Sneha. • Valli , Moola - 12 days • Kwatha, Aranala and Takra - 5 days • Swarasa - 3 days • Dugdha - 2 days • Mamsa rasa, Vrihi dhanya - 1 day Dr.KISHORE 34Ref—B.R/1/1310-1312
  • 35. SNEHA SIDDHI LAXANAS वार्तिवत् निेहकल्कः नयाद् अंगुल्या पवमर्दिताः शब्दहीिो अस्ग्ि र्िक्षिप्तः निेहः ससध्दो ववेत् तदा यदा फे िोद्गमनतैले फे िशास्ततश्च सपििपि गतध वर्ि रसोत्िपतः निेहससस्ध्दः तदा ववेत् Dr.KISHORE 35Ref—Sha Ma /9/12-13
  • 36. ? FOAM APPEARS IN TAILA Dr.KISHORE 36
  • 37. ? FOAM DISAPPEARS IN GHRITA Dr.KISHORE 37
  • 38. SNEHA PAKA आम िाक र्िवीयि अस्ग्िमातध्य गुु मॄदु िाक िनय कमि मध्यम िाक सवि कमि खर िाक अभ्यड़गार्थं दग्ध िाक दाह् , र्िश्प्रयोजि Dr.KISHORE 38Ref—Sha Ma /9/17
  • 39. HOW TO ASSESS PAKA • Ama paka Apari Paka • Mridu paka Less quantity of Moisture in Kalka • Madhayama paka Soft but devoid of moisture • Khara paka Slightly rough to touch • Dagdha paka Katina Tara Sneha kalka Dr.KISHORE 39
  • 40. PAKA SHARANGADHARA CHARAKA SUSHRUTHA VAGBHATA MRIDU NASYA NASYA PANA NASYA MADHYAMA SARVA KARMA PANA & BASTI NASYA & ABHYANGA PANA & BASTI KHARA ABHYANGA ABHYANGA BASTI AND KARNA PURANA ABHYANGA Dr.KISHORE 40
  • 41. ADITYA PAKA Dravya + Sneha appropriate paatra ADITYA PAKA EXAMPLE KASISADI GHRITA Kasisa Nisha Musta etc., drugs are taken in quantity of 1 Karsha and powdered 30 Pala of GHRITA kept in TAMRA PAATRA Exposed to SUN for 7 days Dr.KISHORE 41Ref—Sha Ma /9/51-57
  • 42. GANDHA PAKA • Drugs are taken in equal quantity and powdered thoroughly and packed in cotton cloth • Taila is to be taken about 16 times to that of drugs powder • When Taila is boiled, the Pottali is immersed in the Taila and vessel is closed • Its immersed for Ten days then the pottali is to be squeezed properly to obtain GANDHA PAKA Dr.KISHORE 42Ref—B.R/5/1309
  • 43. MURCHANA • Sneha is subjected to one particular samskara called Sneha murchana. • Applicable for both Ghrita and Taila. • Durgandha vinahanthi, Ama dosha harathi • Veeryavan , Soukhya dhaayi Dr.KISHORE 43Ref—B.R/5/1285
  • 44. GHRITA MURCHANA One Pala each One Prastha Four Prastha Pathya, Dhatri Vibhitaki Jaladha Rajani Matulunga swarasa GHRITA JALA Dr.KISHORE 44Ref—B.R/5/1285
  • 45. TILA TAILA MURCHANA Manjishta Rajani , Lodhra Musta, Nalika Triphala, Bala Vatankura, Suchi Pushpa mula rasa TILA TAILA JALA M U R C H I T H A T I L A T A I L A 1/16 Parts 1/64 Parts 1 Part 4 Parts Dr.KISHORE 45Ref—A.F.I
  • 46. QUALITIES OF MURCHITHA SNEHA • Significant increase in Iodine and Saponification values • Decrease in the Acid value • Decrease in the Rancidity • Decrease in the Saturated acid profile and increase in the Unsaturation Percentage Dr.KISHORE 46 Standardization of Tila taila (Sesamum oil) - An Ingredient used in the Ayurvedic Vaitarana Basti Dr. Sriram Chandra Mishra, Dr. Narayan Chandra Dash. Department of Kayachikitsa, Gopabandhu Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Puri, Odisha
  • 47. WHY TILA TAILA IS BEST • LIGNANS Acts as anti cholesterol agents • SESAMIN Protects liver from the oxidative damage Dr.KISHORE 47
  • 48. AVARTANA • Repeating the process (sneha kalpana) for several times means Avartana • This potentiates the final product; to achieve the maximum benefit of the drug Dr.KISHORE 48Ref—CHA.CHI.29/117-120
  • 49. METHOD OF PREPARATION • The general procedure of Sneha kalpana is followed to obtain sneha • Kalka and Drava dravya are added for second Avarthy and Sneha paka is done • Number of such repetitions would determine the number of AVARTANA • Variation in consistency, colour and odour of the product may be observed after each Avartana Dr.KISHORE 49
  • 50. EXAMPLES OF AVARTAYUKTA SNEHA KALPANAS • KSHEERA BALA TAILA 101 • DHANWANTARAM TAILA 101 Dr.KISHORE 50 PHARMACEUTICAL STUDY OF AVARTITA HINGUSAUVARCHALADI GHRITA Roshy Joseph C, Ilanchezhian R
  • 51. KUZHAMBU • Kerala Pharmacies are using Kuzhambu practically in Sneha kalpana • To get more Vatahara action than the Taila by adding Eranda taila, etc. • By doing this procedure viscosity of the Sneha will increase • There will be no change in the ingredients but only in the Sneha dravya Dr.KISHORE 51
  • 52. EXAMPLES Dr.KISHORE 52Sesame oil, Cow's ghee, Castor Oil Sesame Oil, Cow ghee, Castor Oil
  • 53. SNEHA KALPANA WITH RASA DRAVYAS • Tailas like KUSHTA RAKSHASA TAILA Shuddha Parada, Shuddha Gandhaka , Sindhura, Haratala, Tamra, Manashila JATYADI TAILA ------- Tuttha VRANA RAKSHASA TAILA ….. Shuddha Parada, Gandhaka, Haratala, Manashila Tamra bhasma Dr.KISHORE 53Ref—A.F.I
  • 54. CONTD…. • GHRITAS LIKE KASISADI GHRITA KASISA, MANASHILA, HARATALA, GANDHAKA SINDHURA, KAMPILLAKA Dr.KISHORE 54Ref—A.F.I
  • 55. SNEHA KALPANA IN SDM TEACHING PHARMACY Dr.KISHORE 55
  • 56. RESEARCH WORKS • PHARMACEUTICO ANALYTICAL STUDY OF SNEHA PAKA SAMAYA W.S.R. BRAHMI GRITHA AND ITS EFFECT ON MEMORY IN ALBINO RATS SARAN BABU ; SDMCA, HASSAN • CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF NIRGUNDI TAILA W.S.R.TO PREPARE IN DIFFERENT NUMBER OF DAYS • PRASHANTH BK RAO K SHANKAR Dr.KISHORE 56
  • 57. DISCUSSION • Kalpana in which Agni, Jala and Kaala samskaras are used to obtain active principles is Sneha kalpana • Unique procedure to extract both water and lipid soluble active principles • It is administered by different routes as Bahya and Abhyantara • Madhyama paka is considered as Sarva karma yukta Dr.KISHORE 57
  • 58. CONTD….. • Murchana plays an important role in Pharmaceutics and Therapeutics • Avartana increases potency of the product • Viscosity of Kuzhambu is more than normal Taila because of more Sneha dravyas incorporated • Rules are set for complete or proper extraction of gunas (active principles) into Sneha Dr.KISHORE 58
  • 59. CONCLUSION • Sneha kalpana is widely used dosage form in Ayurvedic pharmaceutics • Method of preparation and rules are explained to acquire the complete efficacy of the drugs employed • More research needs to be done to revalidate the concepts explained Dr.KISHORE 59
  • 60. Dr.KISHORE 60 • VAIDHYAKA SHABDHA SINDHU • AYURVEDIC FORMULARY OF INDIA • SHARANGADHARA SAMHITHA • ASHTANGA HRIDAYAM CHIKITSA STHANAM • BHAISHAJYA RATNAVALI • SAHASRA YOGAM • AN EXTENSIVE CHEMICALAND CHROMATOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS OF AMURCHITHA, MURCHITHAAND AUSHADHA SIDDHA TAILAS PREPARED WITH AMURCHITHA AND MURCHITHA TAILAS, HIREMATH B REFERENCES