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Open Badges for Certification of Lecturers and Universities


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Defense of Master's Thesis, Graz University of Technology, December 2017

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Open Badges for Certification of Lecturers and Universities

  1. 1. 1 S C I E N C E n P A S S I O N n T E C H N O L O G Y u Open Badges for Certification of Lecturers and Universities 21.12.17 Master‘s Thesis, Robert Hafner
  2. 2. 22 Outline •  Concept •  Research Questions •  Open Badges •  Open Educational Resources (OER) •  Project •  TYPO3 •  Implementation •  Conclusion •  Future Work 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  3. 3. 33 Concept Starting Point •  Working Group „Open Educational Resource“ of Forum Neue Medien in der Lehre Austria (fnm- austria) •  Create a label to certify lecturers and Austrian universities with Open Badges •  Central authority •  Parts and levels •  Certification system •  Specification Open Badges v.2.0 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  4. 4. 44 Certification System Requirements •  Self-developed Open Badge issuer system •  Open Source Software •  Modules or Extensions •  Long Term Support (LTS) •  Active community Content Management System TYPO3 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  5. 5. 55 Research Questions Q1: What are the aspects of a successful Open Badges system? Q2: Is TYPO3 a suitable technology for Open Badge issuing to certify lecturers and Austrian universities? 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  6. 6. 66 Open Badges Definition: “Open Badges communicate skills and achievements by providing visual symbols of accomplishments packed with verifiable data and evidence that can be shared across the web.” Source: Badge Alliance, , last accessed 13.12.2017 Image (PNG, SVG) + Metadata = Open Badge Method: baking 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  7. 7. 77 Open Badges Ecosystem •  Issuer: Awards Open Badges •  Recipient aka. Earner •  Displayer: Platform for displaying Open Badges •  Consumer: Employer, social organisation, community, … •  Backpack service: Stores Open Badges for Recipients, connects Displayers, and Recipients 21.12.17 Robert Hafner Source: Erik Knutson, Concentric Sky, licensed CC-BY
  8. 8. 88 Open Badges Vocabulary Specification v2.0 JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) JavaScript Object Notation-Linked Data (JSON-LD) Core Data Classes: Validation and verification 21.12.17 Robert Hafner Source: files/Badges/OBv2p0/faq/index.html IMS Global
  9. 9. 99 Conclusion Q1 1/2 •  Conventional institutions have problems setting up an ecosystem •  Acceptance increases by reducing the formal level of institution •  Inclusion in existing social environment •  Internal endorsement works better than external endorsement •  If the ecosystem competes with alternative information sources - badges did not succeed Source: Hickey, Daniel T, J Willis, and J Quick “Where badges work better”, 2015 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  10. 10. 1010 Conclusion Q1 2/2 Gamification •  Recipients need to be informed about the current position and how to reach the next level •  The closer a recipient is to the next level, the higher the steering influence of the issuer Source:Anderson, Ashton, Daniel Huttenlocher, Jon Kleinberg, and Jure Leskovec „Steering user behavior with badges”, 2013 Incentives •  The incentives are less effective if the number of awarded badges increases Source: Easley, David and Arpita Ghosh, „Incentives, gamification, and game theory: an economic approach to badge design”, 2016 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  11. 11. 1111 Open Educational Resources Definition: “Open Educational Resources are defined as technology-enabled, open provision of educational resources for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes.” Source: UNESCO, „Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries”, 2002 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  12. 12. 1212 Open Educational Resources Metadata standard for learning material •  IEE Learning Object Metadata (LOM) •  9 categories and 60 elements •  Dublin Core •  15 elements •  Learning Resource Metadata Initiative (LRMI) •  17 elements •  CreativeWork, AlignmentObject, EducationalRole Source: Rensing, Christoph „Standards für Lehr-und Lerntechnologien-Metadaten, Inhaltsformate und Beschreibung von Lernprozessen”. 2013 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  13. 13. 1313 Project •  Stakeholder – all involved persons and organisations •  Actors-Roles •  Lecturer •  Inserts data metadata •  Austrian university •  Inserts data •  Central Authority/Administrator/Editor •  Checks input and issue Open Badges •  Consumer •  Visitors of website 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  14. 14. 1414 Modularisation •  Generate and maintain content (text, news) •  Module for client input data (lecturer and universities) - without login •  Verify the input and maintain the conditions •  Open Badge issue system 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  15. 15. 1515 TYPO3 CMS: application to manage, create, store, edit, and distribute content (files, images, and media) for the web •  Certifications •  Editor, Integrator, Developer, Consultant •  Structure •  Core system, Extensions •  Front End, Back End, TypoScript •  Long Term Support 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  16. 16. 1616 TYPO3 Extension Inbuilt principles: •  Object Oriented Programming •  Coding Standard •  Domain Driven Development •  Model View Controller Pattern •  Test Driven Development Front End, Back End Plugin 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  17. 17. 1717 Implementation/Content 21.12.17 Robert Hafner Robert Hafner, CC-BY
  18. 18. 1818 Implementation/User Input SYS:Form Domain Model 21.12.17 Robert Hafner Robert Hafner, CC-BY Robert Hafner, CC-BY
  19. 19. 1919 Implementation/Conditions Lecturer: input is serialized and inserted into the domain model University: input is inserted into the domain model by the Editor 21.12.17 Robert Hafner Robert Hafner, CC-BY
  20. 20. 2020 Implementation Open Badges Issuer System Five Open Badges 21.12.17 Robert Hafner Robert Hafner, CC-BY
  21. 21. 2121 Conclusion Q2 1/2 •  Editorial Content •  Perfect •  Data Input •  SYS:Form •  Conditions •  Depends on programming language 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  22. 22. 2222 Conclusion Q2 2/2 Open Badges issuer system •  Domain modeling made by extension_builder •  fails if number of models increases significantly •  real_url extension is needed for verification of the linked Data Classes •  collapse of the TypoScript 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  23. 23. 2323 Future Work •  Login System for lecturers and universities (Campus Management System) •  Backpack services •  Careful implementation of gamification •  Dashboard with charts •  Extension class for the Open Educational Resources metadata •  Blockchain Badgechain 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  24. 24. 2424 Alternatives •  Web application framework such as Zend framework, Spring MVC, Django, etc. •  Provider of Open Badges issuer system (Open Badge Factory) and a Web Content Management System •  Fork the server of Open Badge issuer system Badgr-Django 21.12.17 Robert Hafner
  25. 25. 2525 Thank you for your attentation! 21.12.17 Robert Hafner